Rusheeny

Treasa NicDhonncha (text) & Antoinette Lydon (Hyperlinks, Maps)

Rusheeny is in the civil parish of Kilcummin. The civil parish corresponds with the following Church of Ireland parish of Kilcummin, Galway West. In general, the civil parish and the Church of Ireland parish are the same as is the case in the Kilcummin Oughterard area.

Rusheeny is in the Electoral Division of Oughterard, in Civil Parish of Kilcummin, in the Barony of Moycullen, in the County of Galway

Irish Form of Name: Ruisinídhe

Translation: small points or woods

O’Donovan’s Field Name Books

Other Forms of the Name:

Rusheeny Ruisinídhe Rusheny Boundary Surveyor Russeeny Barony Cess Book Rusheeny County Map Rusheny Local Rusheeney Rector of Kilcummin Rusheeny Barony Map

Description:

Proprietor Patrick Regan, Galway. Land wet and mountainous. Contains 1,654½ acres of land about 100 acres of which are under patches of tillage, there are 19¼ acres of water, the remainder is mountain pasture.

Situation:  In the northern extremity of the parish.

Rusheeny borders the following other townlands:

 

Proprietor:

Patrick Regan

Information from the Down Survey Website:

The Down Survey is a mapped survey. Using the Civil Survey as a guide, teams of surveyors, mainly former soldiers, were sent out under Petty’s direction to measure every townland to be forfeited to soldiers and adventurers. The resulting maps, made at a scale of 40 perches to one inch (the modern equivalent of 1:50,000), were the first systematic mapping of a large area on such a scale attempted anywhere. The primary purpose of these maps was to record the boundaries of each townland and to calculate their areas with great precision. The maps are also rich in other detail showing churches, roads, rivers, castles, houses and fortifications. Most towns are represented pictorially and the cartouches, the decorative titles, of each map in many cases reflect a specific characteristic of each barony. (http://downsurvey.tcd.ie)

Townland of RUSHEENY (Moycullen By)

No townland information available.

The down survey website will tell you who owned this townland in 1641 (pre Cromwell) and in 1671 (post Cromwell).

Down Survey Website
The Tithe Applotment Books

About the Records

Tithes were a tax on agricultural produce which was payable by the occupiers of agricultural land. They were the main source of income for the parish clergy of the Church of Ireland (the largest Protestant church and the church established by law). However, in many parishes a large part of the tithes were ‘appropriate’, which meant that they were payable to a bishop, cathedral chapter or other ecclesiastical recipient, or were ‘impropriate’, which generally meant that they were payable to a local landowner. The parishes used in the Tithe Applotment Books are civil or Church of Ireland parishes, which often differ in name and territory from Catholic parishes,

Acts of Parliament of 1823 and 1832 provided for the conversion of tithes into a fixed charge on land, and specified the average price of wheat or oats in the parish in the seven years before 1821 as the basis on which the tithes would be calculated. They also extended the application of tithes to pasture, where previously they had been levied only on tillage.

This change in the law resulted in the valuation of individual holdings in almost all parishes containing agricultural land, in order to assess the portion of the tithes for which each occupier of land would be liable. The apportionment was recorded for each Church of Ireland parish in a Tithe Composition Applotment Book. The information was collected and the amounts were calculated by two Parochial Commissioners, one of whom was appointed by the cess-payers of the parish and the other by the relevant Diocese of the Church of Ireland. This procedure was carried out in over 2,500 parishes between the years 1823 and 1837.

The Tithe Applotment Books are in a variety of formats, from a few pages sewn together to elaborately bound volumes. In most cases they are written in manuscript throughout, although some consist of manuscript entries on printed questionnaires. The information in the books is broadly uniform and generally includes at least the name of occupier; the size of holding, the valuation and the tithe payable. In some cases more detailed information is provided. Some volumes have maps and most have certificates and correspondence attached.

The sub-divisions of the parish were recorded. Some of these subdivisions, such as ploughlands, ceased to be in official use after the six inch survey of the Ordnance Survey was completed in the 1840s. Only productive land was subject to tithe, and the books usually distinguish between this tithable land and untithable land such as roads or mountains. Tithable land was in some cases classified by quality, and a money value was given to each class. In some cases the proportion of tithe payable to the rector, vicar or lay proprietor of the tithes was set out. The column for observations was sometimes completed, with information about commonage, for example.

There are a number of other points that should be noted. The acreages given in the Tithe Applotment Books are in Irish or Plantation measure, which is 1.62 times larger than statute measure. Only occupiers of land at the time of the tithe composition are recorded, so not all heads of households living in a parish at the time are included. Only rural areas are systematically covered, although inhabitants of towns who held plots of cultivable land are included. The equivalent tax in urban areas, Minister’s Money, has left few records.

The Tithe Applotment Books are an important source of information for a wide variety of researchers of pre-Famine Ireland. They provide the first surviving national list of the occupiers of land, and are used by genealogists as a partial substitute for returns of the 1821 and 1831 censuses of population, which were destroyed in 1922. They also record information on the quality of land, and provide information on pre-Ordnance Survey territorial divisions, some of which were not recognised after the 1840s.

The National Archives hold the original Tithe Applotment Books only for the twenty-six counties of the Republic of Ireland. The books for the six counties of Northern Ireland are held in the Public Record Office of Northern Ireland in Belfast. (http://titheapplotmentbooks.nationalarchives.ie/search/tab/aboutmore.jsp)

Tithe Applotment Record for Canrawer East

Landholders

Listed in the Tithe Applotment book for Rusheeny were; John Conneely, Hugh Walsh, Martin Kelly, Lawrence Conneely, Peter Naughton, John Conneely & Co.

Land Liable for Tithe

The total land liable for tithes in Rusheeny was 60 acres. This was divided up into two separate columns according to the quality of land.

  • 30 acres of 2nd rate quality land with a tithe of 1s per acre.
  • 30 acres of 3rd rate quality land with a tithe of 3d per acre.

Tithes Payable

The proportion of tithes payable to Richard Martin Esq. was 18s 9d, the proportion of tithes payable to Reverend James Daly was 9s 4 1/2d, and the proportion of tithes payable to Reverend John Wilson was 9s 4 1/2d.

http://titheapplotmentbooks.nationalarchives.ie/reels/tab//004587459/004587459_00442.pdf

Griffith’s Valuation 1850s

In Griffith’s Valuation the area is 1,054 acres 1 rood and 31 perches with a land value of £50 and a building value of £5 10s with a total value of £55 10s. The total area of water is 19 acres 1 roods and 2 perches.

Occupiers of the Land:

John Conneely, Patrick Geoghagan, William Conneely, Thomas Conneely (Law), Matthias Houghagan, Peter Clancy, James Houghagan, John Houghagan, Patrick Kelly, John Clancy, Patrick Clancy, Thomas Clancy, Michael Naughton, Michael Thornton, John Conneely (Red), Thomas Conneely (Tom) and John Naughton.

The immediate lessors were George Cottingham & others.

Ownership of Land and Property

John Conneely, Patrick Geoghagan, William Conneely, Thomas Conneely (Law), Matthias Houghagan, Peter Clancy, Patrick Kelly, Patrick Clancy, Thomas Clancy and Michael Thornton each owned a house, office and land. James Houghagan, John Houghagan, John Clancy, Michael Naughton, John Conneely (Red), Thomas Conneely (Tom) and John Naughton each owned a house and land.

Annual Valuation

The total annual valuation of rateable property in Rusheeny came to £55 10.

Land Rates: John Conneely, Patrick Geoghagan, William Conneely, Thomas Conneely (Law), Matthias Houghagan, Peter Clancy and Patrick Kelly each paid £2 10s. James Houghagan and John Houghagan each paid £1 5s. John Clancy, Patrick Clancy, Thomas Clancy, Michael Naughton each paid £5. Michael Thornton paid £3 7s. John Conneely (Red), Thomas Conneely (Tom) each paid £3. John Naughton paid 10s.

Building Rates: John Conneely, Patrick Geoghagan, William Conneely, Thomas Conneely (Law), Matthias Houghagan, Peter Clancy, James Houghagan, John Houghagan, Patrick Kelly, John Conneely (Red) and John Naughton each paid 5s. Michael Thornton paid 8s. Thomas Conneely (Tom) paid 7s. John Clancy, Patrick Clancy, Thomas Clancy, Michael Naughton each paid 10s.

View the heads of households in the townland at this time.

Out Offices and Land

The out office was a farm building, a cow house, piggery or barn. The land was very poor and sterile and people were always poverty-stricken. At this time most tenants were trying to eke out a living on 5acres or less and farmers needed at least 15.3 acres to survive.

Poor Law Union Ireland

In Ireland the Poor Relief Act of 1838 divided into districts or “unions” in which the local taxable inhabitants were to be financially responsible for all paupers in the area. In 1898 the Poor Law Union was adopted as the basic administrative division in place of the civil parish and barony. Further subdivision into 828 registration districts and 3,751 district electoral divisions followed. Townlands were not arranged according to these divisions with parish and barony retained as a means to make comparisons with records gathered before 1898.

The 1838 Act

The main provisions of the 1838 Act were:

  • The extension of the existing Poor Law Commissioners’ powers to Ireland, with the appointment of Assistant Commissioners who were to implement the Act in Ireland.
  • The division of the country into Poor Law Unions based on Irish electoral divisions which were themselves made up from townlands.
  • The creation of a Board of Guardians for each Union, two-thirds of whom were to be elected, the other third to be appointed ex officio.
  • The setting up of a workhouse in each Union.
  • The collection of a local poor-rate to finance the system.
  • Assistance for emigration.

Initially, 130 Unions were created, based upon 2,049 electoral divisions. The divisions were composed of townlands, a peculiarly Irish unit, traditionally of 120 Irish acres in area. (Between 1848 and 1850, an additional 33 Unions were created by subdividing and reorganizing the boundaries of some existing Unions, particularly in the west of the country.

Boards of Guardians were elected annually on 25th March. Only rate-payers were eligible for election, which effectively disenfranchised most of the native Irish who were usually tenants at this time. Rate-payers were allowed between one and six votes depending on the size of a valuation of their property.

Census 1881/ 1891 

The Table shows that there were 4 Registrar’s Districts and Electoral Divisions in the Oughterard Poor Law Union. The total area of the whole Union was 172,289 acres.  The table gives the number of houses and the population for each district from 1841, 1851, 1861, 1871, 1881, to 1891.The divisions of the Oughterard Union were Kilcummin, Letterfore, Oughterard and Wormhole. The total number of houses listed in 1841 were 4,465 and by 1881 there were 3,641 houses. The population in 1871 was 19,572 and by 1891 it was 18,975.

Townlands

A town land is one of the smallest land divisions in Ireland. They range in size from a few acres to thousands of acres. Many are Gaelic in origin, but some came into existence after the Norman invasion 1169. Rusheeny is a townland. Other place names in the town land are;

  • Corkernarusheeny

Irish Form of Name: Carcair na Ruisinidhe – prison of the little points or woods

Other Forms of the Name; Corkernarusheeny, Carcair na Ruisinidhe and Corcirnarusheny Local. Described as a high hill in the townland across which a boundary wall runs which divides it from Cloash hill. Situated in Rusheny townland.

  • Lough Mall

Irish Form of Name: Loch Mheall – lake of the knolls

Other Forms of the Name; Lough Mall Local and Loch Mheall. Described as a small lough. Situated on boundary between Rusheeny and Clooash.

  • Loughaunoran [changed from Loughanooraun]

Irish Form of Name: Lochán an uaráin – little lake of the cold spring

Other Forms of the Name; Loughaunoran [changed from Loughanooraun], Lochán an uaráin and Loughanooran Local. Described as a small lough. Situated on the boundary of Rusheeny Deradda.

  • Loughderrynameliagh

Irish Form of Name: Loch Doire na mioltrach – lake of the oakwood of the midges

Other Forms of the Name;

Loughderrynameliagh,

Loch Doire na mioltrach,

Lough Derrynameltragh Local.

Described as a small lough.

Situated on the boundary of Rusheeny and Deradda.

  • Slievenarusheeny

Irish Form of Name: Sliabh na Ruisinidhe – mountain of the points or small woods

Other Forms of the Name; Slievenarusheeny, Sliabh na Ruisinidhe, Slieve na Rusheny or Rusheeny Mountain Local. Described as a tract of bog in the townland interspersed with hillocks called Rushenys from whence the townland and hill take their names. Situated in Rusheny townland.

Population & Census Information

People who lived here:

You can retrieve a list of people who lived in this townland from 1827 to 1911. This list is compiled from the following resources.

  • The Tithe Applotment Books
  • Griffith’s Valuation
  • 1901 Census
  • 1911 Census

List of nineteenth century and early twentieth century inhabitants of this townland.

1841-1891 Census

1841 – 24 houses with 120 people living in Rusheeny.

1851 – 23 houses with 120 people,

1861 – 25 houses with 131 people,

1871 – 23 houses with 110 people,

1881- 21 houses (21 inhabited) with 104 people (52 males, 52 females). There were 42 outbuildings.

The valuation of Houses & Land in 1881 was £56 6s 0d.

1891 – 22 houses (22 inhabited) with 115 people (60 males, 55 females). There were 45 outbuildings.

The valuation of Houses & Land in 1891 was £56 15s 0d.

1901 Census

This is a return of the members of the family, their Visitors, Boarders, Servants who slept or abode in their house on the night of Sunday March 31st 1901 in Rusheeny.

General Information

There were 24 buildings listed in the townland Rusheeny. 23 of the buildings were private dwellings and were inhabited. All the people in Rusheeny were Roman Catholic and were born in County Galway.

Farm Buildings and Out Offices

There were 34 out offices and farm steadings in the townland. They were 25 cow house an 9 piggeries.

Description of the Houses

Class of House: The class of house depended on the materials used in the roof, walls, number of rooms and number of front windows. A 1st class house was considered the highest standard.

Walls of the houses: The walls were of stone, brick, and concrete or of mud, wood or other perishable material. The houses in Rusheeny were built of stone, brick or concrete. There were no mud cabins.

Roofs:  Roofs were of slate, iron, tiles, thatch, wood or other perishable material. The roofs of houses were of thatch, wood or perishable material. They were most likely thatched.

House Occupancy

The houses were listed as private dwellings and were occupied by 1 family. The person listed as the head of the family was listed as the legal landholder. There was a total population of 110 with 56 males and 54 females residing in the townland.

Enumerators Extract (only 1 form available on the Census)

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/reels/nai000840901/

House & Building Return

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/reels/nai000840902/

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/reels/nai000840903/

Out Office & Farm Steadings (only 1 form available on the Census)

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/reels/nai000840904/

House No. 1 (4 occupants)

Thomas Geoghan aged 70 was the head of the family. He was a farmer and had 3 cow houses and 1 piggery. Thomas was a widower and lived with his sons John aged 28 and James aged 26 and his daughter Delia aged 22. They were listed as farmer’s sons and daughter and were all single. Thomas could not read, his children could read and write. Everyone in the house spoke Irish and English. They lived in a class 3 house with 2 front windows. 4 people occupied 2 available rooms.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Oughterard/Rusheeny/1394744/

House No. 2 (5 occupants)

Martin Naughton aged 68 was the head of the family. He was a farmer and had 2 cow houses and 1 piggery. Martin was a widower and lived with his son Peter aged 40 and Peter’s wife Margaret aged 40. Also living in the house were his grandsons Martin Joseph aged 7 and William Patrick aged 4. Peter was a farmer’s son. Martin Joseph was a scholar and could read, his mother, Margaret could read and write, no one else could read. They lived in a class 3 house with 2 front windows. 5 people occupied 3 available rooms.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Oughterard/Rusheeny/1394745/

House No. 3 (5 occupants)

Bridget Connelly aged 45 was the head of the family. She was a farmer and has 1 cow house and 1 piggery. Bridget was a widow and lived with her daughters Mary aged 18, Delia aged 13, Margaret aged 11 and Maria aged 7. Mary and Delia were farmer’s daughters and Margaret and Maria were scholars. Everyone in the house could read and write and spoke Irish and English. They lived in a class 3 house with 2 front windows. 5 people occupied 3 available rooms.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Oughterard/Rusheeny/1394746/

House No. 4 (7 occupants)

William Clancy aged 44 was the head of the family. He lived with his wife Sarah aged 36. They were both farmers and had 2 cow houses. Also living in the house were his daughter Catherine aged 17, his sons John aged 15 and James aged 13 and his daughters Mary aged 8 and Anne aged 5. Anne could not read, William could read and everyone else could read and write. Everyone except Anne spoke Irish and English. They lived in a class 3 house with 2 front windows. 7 people occupied 3 available rooms.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Oughterard/Rusheeny/1394747/

House No. 5 (10 occupants)

Larry Conneely aged 50 was the head of the family. He was a farmer and had 1 cow house. Larry lived with his wife Honor aged 40. Also living in the house were his sons Thomas aged 14, John aged 13 and Patrick aged 12, and his daughters May aged 10, Sarah Anne aged 8, Bridget aged 5, Noria aged 3 and Kate aged 1. All the children, apart from the two youngest, were scholars. Bridget could read and the eldest children could read and write. Neither Larry nor his wife could read. Everyone in the house, except the two youngest children, spoke Irish and English. They lived in a class 3 house with 1 front window. 10 people occupied 3 available rooms.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Oughterard/Rusheeny/1394748/

House No. 6 (5 occupants)

Patrick Conneely aged 35 was the head of the family. He was a farmer and had 1 cow house and 1 piggery. Larry lived with his wife Bridget aged 25. Also living in the house were his daughter Mary aged 6 who was a scholar, his son John aged 4 and his daughter Bridget aged 1. Neither Patrick nor his two youngest children could read. Bridget and her daughter Mary could read and write. Everyone apart from the two youngest spoke Irish and English. They lived in a class 3 house with 2 front windows. 5 people occupied 3 available rooms.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Oughterard/Rusheeny/1394749/

House No. 7 (2 occupants)

John Conneely aged 75 was the head of the family. He was a farmer and had 2 cow houses. He was a widower and lived with his son Mathias aged 30. Mathias was single and a farmer’s son. John could not read, Mathias could read and write. They both spoke Irish and English. They lived in a class 3 house with 2 front windows. 2 people occupied 3 available rooms.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Oughterard/Rusheeny/1394750/

House No. 8 (10 occupants)

Mary Conneely aged 79 was the head of the family. She was a farmer and had 2 cow houses and 1 piggery. Mary was a widow and lived with her son John aged 42 and his wife Penelope aged 40. Also living in the house were Mary’s grandsons John aged 12, Bartley aged 10 and Daniel aged 8, her granddaughter Mary aged 5 and her grandsons Martin aged 4, Peter aged 2 and Thomas aged 6 months. Penelope and her children John and Bartley could read and write, Mary could read, John and the youngest children could not read. The adults and John and Bartley spoke Irish and English. They lived in a class 3 house with 2 front windows. 10 people occupied 3 available rooms.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Oughterard/Rusheeny/1394751/

House No. 9 (6 occupants)

Bridget Geoghegan aged 82 was the head of the family. She was a farmer and had 2 cow houses and 1 piggery. Bridget was a widow and lived with her son Denis aged 46 and is wife Mary aged 24. Also living in the house was her daughter Honor aged 42 and her grandson Mathias aged 5 and her granddaughter Kate Anne aged 2. Denis was a farmer’s son and Honor was a farmer’s daughter and single. Denis and Mary could read and write; Bridget and Honor could not read. They lived in a class 3 house with 2 front windows. 6 people occupied 3 available rooms.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Oughterard/Rusheeny/1394752/

House No. 10 (4 occupants)

John Kelly aged 60 was the head of the family. He was a farmer and had 3 cow houses. John was a widower and lived with his son Patrick aged 33, his daughter Bridget aged 26 and his son John aged 22. They were listed a farmer’s sons and daughter and single. John could not read, all his children could read and write. Everyone spoke Irish and English. They lived in a class 3 house with 2 front windows. 4 people occupied 3 available rooms.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Oughterard/Rusheeny/1394753/

House No. 11 (2 occupants)

Patrick Geoghegan aged 70 was the head of the family. He was a farmers and had 1 cow house. Patrick was not married and lived with his niece Sarah Geoghegan aged 40. Sarah was a general domestic servant. Neither could read and they both spoke Irish and English. They lived in a class 3 house with 0 front windows. 2 people occupied 2 available rooms.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Oughterard/Rusheeny/1394754/

House No. 12 (5 occupants)

Honor Geoghegan aged 55 was the head of the family. She was a farmer and had 2 cow houses and 1 piggery. Honor was a widow and lived with her son Patrick aged 30, her daughter Mary aged 29, her son John aged 25 and her daughter Anne aged 16. All her children were farmer’s sons and daughters. Anne could read and write, no one else could read. Everyone spoke Irish and English. They lived in a class 3 house with 1 front window. 5 people occupied 2 available rooms.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Oughterard/Rusheeny/1394755/

House No. 13 (3 occupants)

Thomas Geoghegan aged 50 was the head of the family. He was a farmer and had 1 cow house and 1 piggery. Thomas was a widower and lived with his son Peter aged 30 and his daughter Margaret aged 22. They were listed as a farmer’s son and daughter and both were single. Margaret could read and write, no one else could read. Everyone spoke Irish and English. They lived in a class 3 house with 1 front window. 3 people occupied 2 available rooms.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Oughterard/Rusheeny/1394756/

House No. 14 (1 occupant)

Maria Conneely aged 62 was the head of the family. She was a farmer and had 1 cow house. Maria was a widow and lived alone. She could read and spoke Irish and English. She lived in a class 3 house with 1 front window. 1 person occupied 2 available rooms.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Oughterard/Rusheeny/1394757/

House No. 15 (4 occupants)

Michael Thornton aged 87 was the head of the family. He was a farmer and had 1 cow house and 1 piggery. He lived with his wife Margaret aged 60. Also living in the house were his sons Martin aged 21 and Patrick aged 18. They were both farmer’s sons and single. Patrick could read; no one else in the house could read. Everyone spoke Irish and English. They lived in a class 3 house with 2 front windows. 4 people occupied 2 available rooms.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Oughterard/Rusheeny/1394758/

House No. 16 (3 occupants)

Bridget Kelly aged 56 was the head of the family. She was a farmer and had 2 out buildings. Bridget was a widow and lived with her sons Patrick aged 24 and Thomas aged 22. Both were farmer’s sons and were single. Bridget could read, her sons could read and write. Everyone spoke Irish and English. They lived in a class 3 house with 1 front window. 3 people occupied 2 available rooms.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Oughterard/Rusheeny/1394759/

House No. 17 (3 occupants)

Mary Naughton aged 60 was the head of the family. She was a farmer and had 1 out building. Mary was a widow and lived with her sister Anne Flaherty aged 58. Anne was a farm servant and a widow. Also living in the house was Mary’s son Patrick aged 39. He was a farmer’s son and single. Patrick could read and write, no one else could. They lived in a class 3 house with 2 front windows. 3 people occupied 1 available room.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Oughterard/Rusheeny/1394760/

House No. 18 (7 occupants)

Martin Conneely aged 66 was the head of the family. He was a farmer and had 3 outbuildings. He lived with his wife Mary aged 55. Also living in the house were his son Patrick aged 30, his daughter Julia aged 25, his sons Joseph aged 19 and John aged 14 and his grandson Martin aged 8. All his children were farmer’s sons and daughter, his grandson was a scholar. Neither Martin nor his son Joseph could read, his grandson could read and everyone else could read and write. Everyone spoke Irish and English. They lived in a class 3 house with 1 front window. 7 people occupied 3 available rooms.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Oughterard/Rusheeny/1394761/

House No. 19 (10 occupants)

Patrick Naughton aged 45 was the head of the family. He was a farmer and had 4 out buildings. Patrick lived with his wife Barbara aged 45. Also living in the house were his son Michael, his daughter Bridget aged 16, his son John aged 14, his daughters Margaret aged 12 and Mary aged 10, his son Patrick aged 8 and his daughters Barbara aged 6 and Kate aged 4. The 3 eldest children were farmer’s sons and daughter and the youngest children, apart from Kate, were scholars. Patrick could read and write, Barbara could read. All the children could read and write, apart from Barbara who could read, and Kate who could not read. They lived in a class 3 house with 2 front windows. 10 people occupied 3 available rooms.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Oughterard/Rusheeny/1394762/

House No. 20 (3 occupants)

Larry Conneely aged 34 was the head of the family. He was a farmer and had 3 out buildings. Larry lived with his wife Honor aged 24 and his son John aged 3. Neither Larry nor his son could read, Honor could read and write. Larry and Honor spoke Irish and English. They lived in a class 3 house with 1 front window. 3 people occupied 3 available rooms.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Oughterard/Rusheeny/1394763/

House No. 21 (3 occupants)

John Clancy aged 50 was the head of the family. He was a farmer and had 4 out buildings. He lived with his wife Julia aged 42. Also living in the house were his daughter Kate aged 16, his son John aged 12 and his daughter Margaret aged 10. Kate was a farmer’s daughter, John and Margaret were scholars. John could not read everyone else could read and write. Everyone spoke Irish and English. They lived in a class 3 house with 1 front window. 5 people occupied 3 available rooms.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Oughterard/Rusheeny/1394764/

House No. 22 (2 occupants)

Julia Clancy aged 35 was the head of the family. She was a farmer and had 1 out building. Julia was not married and lived with her sister Anne Clancy aged 33. Anne was listed as a farmer’s sister and was not married. Julia could not read, Anne could read and write. Both spoke Irish and English. They lived in a class 3 house with 1 front window. 2 people occupied 3 available rooms.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Oughterard/Rusheeny/1394765/

House No. 23 (1 occupant)

Thomas Conneely aged 70 was the head of the family. He was an agricultural labourer and had no out buildings. Thomas was not married and lived alone. He lived in a class 4 house with no front windows. 1 person occupied 1 available room.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Oughterard/Rusheeny/1394766/

1911 Census

This is a return of the Members of families in Rusheeny, their visitors, boarders and servants who slept or abode in the house on the night of Sunday the 2nd of April 1911.

Description of the Houses

All the houses in Rusheeny were listed as private dwellings and were built of concrete or stone.  Most of the roofs of the houses were of wood, thatch or other perishable materials. They were most likely thatched. The heads of the families were listed as the landholders. One family lived in each property. The Class of the house depended on the material used in the roof, walls, number of rooms and number of front windows. Most of the houses came under “2’ in the census form meaning that there could be 2, 3, or 4, rooms in the house.

General Information

There were 22 buildings listed as private dwellings. 20 of the buildings were inhabited. House No 14 and House No 22 were not inhabited. The people were all Roman Catholics and the head of the family was the landholder. There were a total of 94 people living in the village, 46 males and 48 females. There were 32 outhouses, 7 stables, 18 cow house, 1 dairy, 3 piggeries and 1 barn and 2 sheds.

Enumerators Extract

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/reels/nai002435855/

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/reels/nai002435856/

House & Building Return

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/reels/nai002435857/

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/reels/nai002435858/

Out Offices & Farm Steadings

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/reels/nai002435859/

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/reels/nai002435860/

House No. 1 (6 occupants)

Martin Naughton aged 76 was the head of the family. He was a farmer and had 1 stable, 1 cow house and 1 shed. Martin was a widower and lived with his son Peter aged 50 and Peter’s wife Maggie aged 51. Peter was a farmer, he and Maggie were married for 25 years and had 6 children born alive and 3 children still living. Also living in the house were Martin’s grandsons Martin aged 17; William aged 14 and Peter aged 8. They were all scholars. Maggie and her sons could read and write, neither Martin nor Peter could read. Everyone spoke Irish and English. They lived in a class 3 house with 2 front windows, 6 people occupied 3 available rooms.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Oughterard/Rusheeny/471327/

House No. 2 (2 occupants)

Bridget Connolly aged 54 was listed as the wife of the head of the family and a widow. She was married for 13 years and had 4 children born alive and 4 children still living. There was no occupation listed for Bridget. She had 1 stable. She lived with her daughter Maria aged 18. They could both read and write and spoke Irish and English. They lived in a class 3 house with 2 front windows. 2 people occupied 2 rooms.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Oughterard/Rusheeny/471328/

House No. 3 (6 occupants)

William Clancy aged 60 was the head of the family. He was a farmer and had 1 stable and 1 cow house. He lived with his wife Sarah aged 48. They were married for 28 years and had 5 children born alive and 5 children still living. Also living in the house were his sons Thomas aged 25 and James aged 23, both farmers and single, and his daughters Mary aged 20 and Anne aged 16, both single. Everyone in the house could read and write and spoke Irish and English. They lived in a class 3 house with 2 front windows. 6 people occupied 2 rooms.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Oughterard/Rusheeny/471329/

House No. 4 (7 occupants)

James Geoghegan aged 36 was the head of the family. He was a farmer and had 1 cow house and 1 dairy. He lived with his wife Julia aged 36. They were married for 10 years and had 6 children born alive and 6 children still living. James was born in Rusheeny and Julia was born in Oughterard. Also living in the house were his daughter Kate Anne aged 7, his sons Thomas aged 5, Patrick aged 4 and Martin aged 2 ½ and his daughters Mary aged 1 ¼ and Delia who was 2 days old. James and Julia could read and write and spoke Irish and English. The children could not read. They lived in a class 3 house with 2 front windows. 7 people occupied 2 available rooms.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Oughterard/Rusheeny/471330/

House No. 5 (2 occupants)

Julia Clancy aged 61 was the head of the family. There was no occupation listed for Julia. She had 1 cow house and 1 piggery. Julia was single and lived with her sister Anne aged 59. Anne was also single. Neither could read or write and both spoke Irish and English. They lived in a class 3 house with 0 front windows. 2 people occupied 2 available rooms.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Oughterard/Rusheeny/471331/

House No. 6 (4 occupants)

Norah Conneely aged 34 was the head of the family. There was no occupation listed for Norah. She had 1 cow house. She was a widow and had been married for 13 years. She had 4 children born alive and 3 children still living. She lived with her son John aged 13 and her daughters Mary Anne aged 10 and Julia aged 7. They were all scholars. Norah and her son John could read and write. Neither Mary Anne nor Julia could read and write. Everyone spoke Irish and English. They lived in a class 3 house with 0 front windows. 4 people occupied 1 available room.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Oughterard/Rusheeny/471332/

House No. 7 (10 occupants)

Larry Conneely aged 67 was the head of the family. He was a farmer and had 1 cow house. Larry lived with his wife Honor aged 52. They were married for 26 years and had 8 children born alive and 8 children still living. Also living in the house were his sons Tom aged 25, John aged 23 and Pat aged 21, who were all single, and his daughters Mary aged 20, Sarah aged 18, Bridget aged 16, Norah aged 14 and Katie aged 11. Norah and Kate were scholars. Neither Larry, Honor nor Pat could read or write, the rest of the family could read and write. They all spoke Irish and English. They lived in a class 3 house with 1 front window. 10 people occupied 2 available rooms.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Oughterard/Rusheeny/471333/

House No. 8 (9 occupants)

Patrick Thomas Conneely aged 57 was the head of the family. He was a farmer and had a cow house and a piggery. He lived with his wife Bridget aged 42. They were married for 17 years and had 8 children born alive and 8 children still living. Also living in the house were his daughter Mary aged 16, his son John aged 14, his daughter Annie aged 8, his son Thomas aged 7 and his daughters Kate aged 4, Julia aged 4 and Maggie aged 9 months. Bridget, Mary and John could read and write no one else could. They all spoke Irish and English except the baby. They lived in a class 3 house with 2 front windows. 9 people occupied 2 available rooms.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Oughterard/Rusheeny/471334/

House No. 9 (1 occupant)

Mathias Conneely aged 46 was the head of the family. He was a farmer and had 1 cow house. Mathias was single and lived alone. He could read and write and spoke Irish and English. He lived in a class 3 house with 2 front windows. 1 person occupied 1 available room.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Oughterard/Rusheeny/471335/

House No. 10 (7 occupants)

John Conneely aged 55 was the head of the family. He was a farmer and had 1 stable and 1 cow house. He lived with his wife Penny aged 52. They were married for 24 years and had 8 children born alive and 7 children still living. Also living in the house were his sons Bartly aged 21 and Pat aged 19 who were both farmers, his daughter Mary aged 15 and his sons Martin aged 14 and Peter aged 13, who were both scholars. Everyone except for John could read and write and everyone spoke Irish and English. They lived in a class 3 house with 1 front window. 7 people occupied 2 available rooms.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Oughterard/Rusheeny/471336/

House No. 11 (1 occupants)

Thomas Kelly age 33 was the head of the family. He was a farm labourer and had 1 cow house. Thomas was single and lived alone. He could read and write and spoke Irish and English. They lived in a class 3 house with 1 front window. 1 person occupied 2 available rooms.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Oughterard/Rusheeny/471337/

House No. 12 (2 occupants)

Margaret Thornton aged 69 was the head of the family. There was no occupation listed for her. Margaret was a widow and had been married for 40 years. She had 8 children born alive and 6 children still alive. She lived with her son Martin aged 32. Martin was a farmer and they had 1 cow house. He was single. Neither could read Margaret spoke Irish, martin spoke Irish and English. They lived in a class 3 house with 1 front window. 2 people occupied 2 available rooms.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Oughterard/Rusheeny/471338/

House No. 13 (5 occupants)

Martin Conneely aged 76 was the head of the family. He was a farmer and had 1 stable, 1 cow house and a shed. He lived with his wife Mary aged 67. They were married for 47 years and had 9 children born alive and 7 children still living. Also living in the house were his sons Patrick aged 41 and Joseph aged 29, both farmer’s sons and single, and his grandson Martin Conneely aged 18, a labourer. Neither Martin nor Joseph could read everyone else could read and write. Everyone spoke Irish and English. They lived in a class 3 house with 2 front windows. 5 people occupied 2 available rooms.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Oughterard/Rusheeny/471339/

House No. 14 (0 occupants)

The house was uninhabited. The legal land holder was Patrick Naughton.

House No. 15 (7 occupants)

Patrick Naughton aged 59 was the head of the family. He was a farmer and had 1 cow house and 1 barn. Patrick lived with his wife Barbara aged 59. They were married for 30 years and had 9 children born alive and 9 children still living. Also living in the house were His son John aged 24, a farmer’s son, his daughter Mary aged 22, his son Patrick aged 19, a farmer’s son, his daughters Barbara aged 17 and Catherine aged 15 who was a scholar. Barbara aged 59 neither could or read, everyone else could read and write. They all spoke Irish and English. They lived in a class 3 house with 2 front windows. 7 people occupied 2 available rooms.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Oughterard/Rusheeny/471340/

House No. 16 (3 occupants)

John Clancy aged 65 was the head of the family. He was a farmer and had a cow house. He was a widower and had 8 children born alive and 7 children still living. He lived with his son John aged 22 who was a farmer and Maggie aged 20. They were both single. John Snr could not read, both his children could read and write. They all spoke Irish and English. They lived in a class 3 house with 2 front windows. 3 people occupied 2 available rooms.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Oughterard/Rusheeny/471341/

House No. 17 (2 occupants)

Patrick John Naughton aged 55 was the head of the family. He was a farmer and had no out buildings. He was single and lived with his aunt Anne Flaherty aged 95. Anne was a widow and had been married for 20 year. She had 2 children born alive and 1 child still living. Neither could read, Patrick John spoke Irish and English, Anne spoke Irish. They lived in a class 3 house with 0 front windows. 2 people occupied 2 available rooms.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Oughterard/Rusheeny/471342/

House No. 18 (6 occupants)

Denis Geoghegan aged 57 was the head of the family. He was a farmer and had a stable and a cow house. Denis was a widower and lived with his son Matthias aged 15, his daughters Kate A aged 12 and Maggie aged 10, and his sons Thomas aged 9 and Patrick aged 6. Mathias was a farmer and the other children were scholars. Patrick could read, everyone else could read and write. They all spoke Irish and English. They lived in a class 3 house with 0 front windows. 6 people occupied 2 available rooms.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Oughterard/Rusheeny/471343/

House No. 19 (6 occupants)

John Kelly aged 36 was the head of the family. He was a farmer and had a stable and a cow house. He lived with his wife Margaret aged 34. They were married for 7 years and had 4 children born alive and 4 children still living. Also living in the house were his daughters Mary aged 6, Bridget aged 5 and Margaret aged 3 and his son Martin aged 1. Mary could not read, John and Margaret could read and write. John and Margaret and their eldest daughter spoke Irish and English. They lived in a class 3 house with 1 front window. 6 people occupied 2 available rooms.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Oughterard/Rusheeny/471344/

House No. 20 (4 occupants)

Honor Geoghegan aged 74 was the head of the family. There was no occupation listed for her. She had a cow house and a piggery. Honor was a widow and had been married for 7 years. She had 7 children born alive and 3 children still living. She lived with her sons Patrick aged 40 and John aged 37 and her daughter Norah aged 29. They were all single. Patrick and John were farmers. Patrick and Norah could read and write; neither Honor nor John could read. Everyone spoke Irish and English. They lived in a class 3 house with 0 front windows. 4 people occupied 2 available rooms.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Oughterard/Rusheeny/471345/

House No. 21 (3 occupants)

Peter Geoghegan aged 37 was the head of the family. He was a farmer and had a cow house. He lived with his wife Lizzie aged 26. They were married for 1 year and 1 child born alive and 1 child still living. Also living in the house was their daughter Bridget who was 10 months old. Lizzie could read and write Peter could not. They both spoke Irish and English. They lived in a class 3 house with 1 front window. 3 people occupied 2 available rooms.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Oughterard/Rusheeny/471346/

House No. 22 (0 occupants)

The house was uninhabited. It had 2 rooms. Peter Geoghegan was the legal land holder.

Church records of births, deaths and marriages:

Church records of births, deaths and marriages are available online at http://www.rootsireland.ie. To search these records, you will need to know the ‘church parish’ rather than the ‘civil parish’. (The civil parish is the pre-reformation parish and was frequently used as a unit of administration in the past.)

Rusheeny is in the civil parish of Kilcummin.

Roman Catholic parishes:

This civil parish corresponds with the following Roman Catholic parish or parishes.

  • Carraroe
  • Kilannin
  • Kilcummin/Oughterard
  • Rosmuc

Church of Ireland parishes:

This civil parish corresponds with the following Church of Ireland parish.

  • Kilcummin

In general, the civil parish and the Church of Ireland parish are the same, but, this is not always the case.

Maps

It is located at 53° 24′ 17″ N, 9° 21′ 48″ W.

Original OS map of this area.

Ireland was first mapped in the 1840s. These original maps are available online. Rusheeny

Original OS maps at the Ordnance Survey of Ireland website.

 

Below is a link to the Ordnance Survey of Ireland website. It displays the original OS map that was created in the 1840s.

Rusheeny

Information from Google Maps.

You can use this link to find this townland on Google Maps.

Google Maps (This website will display in a new window.)

Information from the National Monuments Service.

You can use this link to view a map of archaeological features. This link brings you to a website wherein you will have to search for your townland.

Archaeological map from the National Monuments Service

Galway Library Website

http://places.galwaylibrary.ie/place/53054

Townlands.ie Website

https://www.townlands.ie/galway/moycullen/kilcummin/oughterard/rusheeny/

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

This page was added on 07/07/2016.

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