Fough East

Antoinette Lydon

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Fough East is in the civil parish of Kilcummin. The civil Parish corresponds with the following Church of Ireland parish of Kilcummin, Galway West. In general the civil parish and the Church of Ireland parish are the same as is the case in the Kilcummin Oughterard area.

Irish form of the name is Fuath  – an image, hatred.

Fough East is in the Electoral Division of Oughterard, in Civil Parish of Kilcummin, in the Barony of Moycullen, in the County of Galway

Other Forms of the Name

Fough
Fuath
Fuathmhar
Fuadhach, a burial place
Fuogh (Castr) Inquis. Temp. Car. I
Foagh East Boundary Surveyor
Fuagh Barony Cess Book
Fough Local
Fough at large Rector of Kilcummin
Foughone alias Fough T. H. O’Flaherty, Esq., Proprietor
De castro vocat Ffoagh infra baronia de muckullyn cum alies particuls terr in baronis de Muckullyn et BallynahinsyInq. Temp. Eliz.

Comment:

Fuathmhar, burial place

Some other place names in or near this townland are:

Boundaries:

Fough East is situated in the northern extremity of the parish of Kilcummin.

Fough East borders the following other townlands:

Corribdale House  former residence of William Pearce, Esq. situate in the southern extremity of the townland – the centre of the Galway and Oughterard road forms its southern boundary and centre of the road leading from Oughterard to the Ordnance Ground forms its western boundary.

Landlord:

Captain O’Flahertie, Esq., Lemonfield, Proprietor.

O’Flahertie (Lemonfield) – The O’Flaherties of Lemonfield are descended from the O’Flaherties of Aughnanure Castle near Oughterard, county Galway. Their estate was in the parish of Kilcummin, barony of Moycullen, county Galway, and Lemonfield, close to the village of Oughterard, was their seat from the mid 18th century. There are some 17th and 19th century records relating to them in the Westport Papers. The O’Flahertie estate of over 4500 acres was advertised for sale in 1854 and a reduced acreage of 2346 acres in 1864. Both rentals included lead mines and a black marble quarry. The Irish Times reports that the 1864 sale saw many of the lots bought by a Mr. Carpenter. In the 1870s the O’Flaherties owned 2340 acres in county Galway. By March 1916 they had accepted offers from the Congested Districts’ Board for parts of their estate.

The family spelt the name O‘fflahertie.

Down Survey

The Down Survey is a mapped survey. Using the Civil Survey as a guide, teams of surveyors, mainly former soldiers, were sent out under Petty’s direction to measure every townland to be forfeited to soldiers and adventurers. The resulting maps, made at a scale of 40 perches to one inch (the modern equivalent of 1: 50,000), were the first systematic mapping of a large area on such a scale attempted anywhere. The primary purpose of these maps was to record the boundaries of each townland and to calculate their areas with great precision. The maps are also rich in other detail showing churches, roads, rivers, castles, houses and fortifications. Most towns are represented pictorially and the cartouches, the decorative titles, of each map in many cases reflect a specific characteristic of each barony. (http://downsurvey.tcd.ie)

Down Survey Name: Foagh
1641 Owner: Clanrickard, Earl of (Protestant)
1670 Owner: Clanrickard, Earl of (Protestant)
County: Galway
Barony: Muckullin
Parish: Killcumyn

The Down Survey website will tell you who owned this townland in 1641 (pre Cromwell) and in 1671 (post Cromwell).

Down Survey website

Tithe Applotment Books 1829

About the Records

Tithes were a tax on agricultural produce which was payable by the occupiers of agricultural land. They were the main source of income for the parish clergy of the Church of Ireland (the largest Protestant church and the church established by law). However, in many parishes a large part of the tithes were ‘appropriate’, which meant that they were payable to a bishop, cathedral chapter or other ecclesiastical recipient, or were ‘impropriate’, which generally meant that they were payable to a local landowner. The parishes used in the Tithe Applotment Books are civil or Church of Ireland parishes, which often differ in name and territory from Catholic parishes, Acts of Parliament of 1823 and 1832 provided for the conversion of tithes into a fixed charge on land, and specified the average price of wheat or oats in the parish in the seven years before 1821 as the basis on which the tithes would be calculated. They also extended the application of tithes to pasture, where previously they had been levied only on tillage.

This change in the law resulted in the valuation of individual holdings in almost all parishes containing agricultural land, in order to assess the portion of the tithes for which each occupier of land would be liable. The apportionment was recorded for each Church of Ireland parish in a Tithe Composition Applotment Book. The information was collected and the amounts were calculated by two Parochial Commissioners, one of whom was appointed by the cess-payers of the parish and the other by the relevant Diocese of the Church of Ireland. This procedure was carried out in over 2,500 parishes between the years 1823 and 1837.

The Tithe Applotment Books are in a variety of formats, from a few pages sewn together to elaborately bound volumes. In most cases they are written in manuscript throughout, although some consist of manuscript entries on printed questionnaires. The information in the books is broadly uniform and generally includes at least the name of occupier; the size of holding, the valuation and the tithe payable. In some cases more detailed information is provided. Some volumes have maps and most have certificates and correspondence attached.

The sub-divisions of the parish were recorded. Some of these subdivisions, such as ploughlands, ceased to be in official use after the six inch survey of the Ordnance Survey was completed in the 1840s. Only productive land was subject to tithe, and the books usually distinguish between this tithable land and untithable land such as roads or mountains. Tithable land was in some cases classified by quality, and a money value was given to each class. In some cases the proportion of tithe payable to the rector, vicar or lay proprietor of the tithes was set out. The column for observations was sometimes completed, with information about commonage, for example.

There are a number of other points that should be noted. The acreages given in the Tithe Applotment Books are in Irish or Plantation measure, which is 1.62 times larger than statute measure. Only occupiers of land at the time of the tithe composition are recorded, so not all heads of households living in a parish at the time are included. Only rural areas are systematically covered, although inhabitants of towns who held plots of cultivable land are included. The equivalent tax in urban areas, Minister’s Money, has left few records.

The Tithe Applotment Books are an important source of information for a wide variety of researchers of pre-Famine Ireland. They provide the first surviving national list of the occupiers of land, and are used by genealogists as a partial substitute for returns of the 1821 and 1831 censuses of population, which were destroyed in 1922. They also record information on the quality of land, and provide information on pre-Ordnance Survey territorial divisions, some of which were not recognised after the 1840s.

The National Archives hold the original Tithe Applotment Books only for the twenty-six counties of the Republic of Ireland. The books for the six counties of Northern Ireland are held in the Public Record Office of Northern Ireland in Belfast. (http://titheapplotmentbooks.nationalarchives.ie/search/tab/aboutmore.jsp)

Tithes Applotment – Fough

Patt McDonagh & Hugh O’Flanagan are listed as having land in Fough.

Payment of Tithes went to Richard Martin Esq., James Daly & John Wilson.

http://titheapplotmentbooks.nationalarchives.ie/search/tab/results.jsp?county=Galway&parish=Kilcummin&townland=Fough&search=Search&sort=last_name_sort

Griffith Valuation 1850’s

In Griffith’s Valuation the area was 43 acres 22 perches with a land value of £32 1s 0d. Value of Buildings was £54 13s 0d, and the total value is £86 14s 0d.

Occupiers of the Land

Mary Sullivan,  Andrew Joyce, L. S. Maughan, Patrick Rooney, Michael Joyce, Edmund Joyce, John Fox, Patrick Walsh, John Sullivan, Anne Welby, Edmund Osbourne, Patrick Rape, Martin Walsh, William Murphy, William Wright, George F O’Flahertie, Martin Conway, John McDaniel, John O’Brien, John Ferris, James Rhall, Margaret Burke, Patrick McHugh, John Peacocke, William Meazies, William Murphy, Nicholas Hopkins, Martin Concannon, George Roan.

The immediate Lessors are listed as:

Rep. James Hogan, Patrick Craig, Ml & Edmund Joyce, Martin McDonagh & George F O’Flahertie.

http://www.askaboutireland.ie/griffith-valuation/index.xml?action=doNameSearch&PlaceID=559906

Poor Law Union Ireland

In Ireland the Poor Relief Act of 1838 divided into districts or “unions” in which the local taxable inhabitants were to be financially responsible for all paupers in the area. In 1898 the Poor Law Union was adopted as the basic administrative division in place of the civil parish and barony. Further subdivision into 828 registration districts and 3,751 district electoral divisions followed. Townlands were not arranged according to these divisions with parish and barony retained as a means to make comparisons with records gathered before 1898.

The 1838 Act

The main provisions of the 1838 Act were:

  • The extension of the existing Poor Law Commissioners’ powers to Ireland, with the appointment of Assistant Commissioners who were to implement the Act in Ireland.
  • The division of the country into Poor Law Unions based on Irish electoral divisions which were themselves made up from townlands.
  • The creation of a Board of Guardians for each Union, two-thirds of whom were to be elected, the other third to be appointed ex officio.
  • The setting up of a workhouse in each Union.
  • The collection of a local poor-rate to finance the system.
  • Assistance for emigration.

Initially, 130 Unions were created, based upon 2,049 electoral divisions. The divisions were composed of townlands, a peculiarly Irish unit, traditionally of 120 Irish acres in area. (Between 1848 and 1850, an additional 33 Unions were created by subdividing and reorganizing the boundaries of some existing Unions, particularly in the west of the country.

Boards of Guardians were elected annually on 25th March. Only rate-payers were eligible for election, which effectively disenfranchised most of the native Irish who were usually tenants at this time. Rate-payers were allowed between one and six votes depending on the size of a valuation of their property.

Townlands

A town land is one of the smallest land divisions in Ireland. They range in size from a few acres to thousands of acres. Many are Gaelic in origin, but some came into existence after the Norman invasion 1169. Fough East is a townland.

Population & Census Information

You can retrieve a list of people who lived in this townland from 1827 to 1911. This list is compiled from the following resources.

  • The Tithe Applotment Books
  • Griffith’s Valuation
  • 1901 Census
  • 1911 Census

List of nineteenth century and early twentieth century inhabitants.

1901 Census Faugh East

This is a return of the members of the family, their Visitors, Boarders, and Servants who slept or abode in their house on the night of Sunday March 31st 1901 in Faugh East

There were 33 houses listed in the Townland of Faugh East. Of the people living in Faugh East were 117 Roman Catholics and 12 Church of Ireland.

People that lived in Faugh East were born included Co. Galway, Co. Mayo, Galway town, Glasgow Scotland, Carrick on Shannon, Co. Leitrim, Rosbercon, Co. Kilkenny, Co. Cork, Co. Londonderry & Wicklow City.

There were a total of 46 farm buildings and out offices which included a coach house, store, stables, cow houses, barns, piggeries, and sheds.

Class of House: The class of house depended on the materials used in the roof, walls, number of rooms and number of front windows. A 1st class house was considered the highest standard.

Walls of the houses: The walls were of stone, brick, and concrete or of mud, wood or other perishable material. The houses in Faugh East were built of stone, brick or concrete. There were no mud cabins.

House Occupancy: 25 houses were occupied & 8 unoccupied on the night of the Census.

Enumerators Extract

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/reels/nai000841121/

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/reels/nai000841122/

House & Building Return

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/reels/nai000841123/

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/reels/nai000841124/

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/reels/nai000841125/

Out Offices & Farm Steading

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/reels/nai000841126/

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/reels/nai000841127/

House 1

John Shaughnessy aged 60, head of the family, married to Mary aged 50 they lived with their children Patrick 23 and Mary 14 both single. John was a farmer. The parents did not read. Patrick was a Postman and Mary a Scholar and Lace maker, both could read and write. All the family spoke Irish & English.

John & his wife Mary were born in Co. Mayo.

They lived in a 3rd class house with 2 rooms and 2 front windows. They also had 2 Cow houses & 1 Piggery. This premise was a Private Dwelling.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Oughterard/Faugh_East/1394850/

House 2

Michael Forrell (Farrell) aged 49, Head of the family married to Catherine aged 48 they lived with their children Delia aged 10 and Maggie aged 8, both scholars. Michael was an Angler & Fisherman, Catherine a Housekeeper. All the family could read & write. Catherine was the only one listed for both English & Irish.

They lived in a 3rd class house with 2 rooms and 1 front window. They had no Offices or farm steads. This premise was a Private Dwelling.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Oughterard/Faugh_East/1394851/

House 3

Martin Heraghty aged 79, Head of the family married to Honor aged 78 they lived with their son Michael 34 a widower and grandchildren Nora Bridget aged 4 and John Mortin(Martin) aged 2. Martin was a Farmer, Honor a Housekeeper, Michael a Fisherman, Nora Bridget & John Morton listed as Scholars. Martin, Honor & John Morton cannot read; Michael & Nora Bridget can read. Martin, Honor & Michael can speak both Irish & English.

They lived in a 3rd class house with 2 rooms and 2 front windows. They also had 1 Cow house. This premise was a Private Dwelling.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Oughterard/Faugh_East/1394852/

House 4

James Byrne aged 36, Head of the family married to Julia aged 36 they lived with their children Leo (female) aged 5, Kate Ann aged, Mary aged 6 months, niece-in-law Margret Mannion aged 20, John Keally aged 20 servant & Barbara Hare aged 14 a servant. This premise was a Private Dwelling.

James was a Baker. James & Julia Byrne and Margret Mannion could read and write, John Keally, Barbara Hare & Leo Byrne could read. Kate Ann & Mary Byrne could not read. James Byrne, John Keally & Barbara Hare could speak both Irish & English.

They lived in a 2nd class house with 3 rooms and 5 front windows. They also had 1 Piggery. These premises were a Bakery.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Oughterard/Faugh_East/1394853/

House 5

John Joyce aged 62, Head of the family married to Mary Anne aged 44 they lived with their children John H aged 15, Kate aged 13, Sabina aged 11, Josephine aged 8, Martin aged 5, Honor Kelly aged 86 a Nurse and Widow, Man Walsh aged 20 female servant, Pat McDonough aged 19 servant, Mark McDonough aged 15 servant & Pat Curley aged 20 Shop Assistant.

John & Mary Anne were Farmers, Grocer & Publican, both could read and write and spoke Irish & English. John H a farmer’s son, he could read and write, Kate, Sabina & Josephine were scholars, they could read and write. Martin was a scholar, he cannot read or write.

Honor cannot read or write, she spoke both Irish & English.

Man Walsh, Pat McDonough, Mark McDonough & Pat Curley were all single; all could read, write & spoke both Irish & English.

They lived in a 1st class house with 5 rooms and 10 front windows. They also had 4 Stables, 1 Coach House, 1 Cow house, 1 Calf house, 1 Piggery, 1 Fowl house, 1 Turf house & 1 Store. These premises were a Public House.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Oughterard/Faugh_East/1394854/

House 6

Michael Walsh aged 28, Head of the family married to Anne aged 23 they lived with their daughter Sarah aged 1, niece Kate Walsh aged 9 & boarder Thomas Barnacle aged 56.

Michael was a Grocer, Kate a scholar & Thomas a Baker. Michael, Sarah & Kate cannot read. Anne & Thomas could read and write. All spoke Irish & English except baby Sarah.

They lived in a 2nd class house with 2 rooms and 4 front windows. They also had 1 Cow house & 1 Piggery. These premises were a Shop.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Oughterard/Faugh_East/1394855/

House 7

Joseph Kelly aged 21, Head of the family married to Mary aged 25 lived with their daughters Annie aged 2, Delia aged 8 months, brother Patrick Kelly aged 26 & Mary Keady aged 20 Servant.

Joseph was a Publican, Patrick a fisherman. All the adults could read and write & spoke English.

They lived in a 1st class house with 5 rooms and 9 front windows. They also had 1 Stable &1 Cow house. These premises were a Public House.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Oughterard/Faugh_East/1394856/

House 8

Anne Farrell aged 48, Head of the family, a widow & farmer, she lived with her children John aged 17 a farmer’s son, Edward aged 15, Mary aged 13, Michael aged 9 & Anne aged 4. All the children are not married. Edward, Mary, Michael & Anne were all scholars. All could read and write except Michael & Anne (child). All spoke English and Anne the mother could speak Irish.

They lived in a 2nd class house with 3 rooms and 4 front windows. They also had 1 Cow house & 1 Piggery. These premises were a Lodging House.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Oughterard/Faugh_East/1394857/

House 9

Patrick Gill aged 40, Head of the family married to Sarah aged 24/34 (not clear on census returns), they lived with their children Mary aged 9, Margaret aged 7, John aged 5, Patrick aged 3 & Nora Bridget aged 1.

Patrick was a Shopkeeper, Sarah a Shop Assistant, Mary, Margaret & John as Scholars. They can all read except Patrick & Nora Bridget. It does not state if they can write. Patrick & Sarah spoke Irish & English, the children spoke English.

They lived in a 3rd class house with 2 rooms and 2 front windows. They also had 1 Stable, 1 Piggery & 1 Shed. These premises were a Shop.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Oughterard/Faugh_East/1394858/

Houses 10

John Byrne aged 60,  Head of the family married to Mary A aged 45, they lived with their children Elizabeth aged 19, Michael J aged 18, Robert aged 17, James aged 14, Ellen aged 11, Mary aged 10, Charlie aged 7 & John W aged 5.

John was a Baker & Grocer, both he & his wife Mary were born in Galway town, all the children were born in Oughterard. Elizabeth was a Shop Assistant, Michael J & Robert were Bakers, the rest of the children were scholars. John spoke both Irish & English; the rest of the family spoke only English. All could read & write except John W, he could read. John & his wife Mary A were born in Galway town.

They lived in a 3rd class house with 2 rooms and 2 front windows. They had no out offices. These premises were a Bakery.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Oughterard/Faugh_East/1394859/

Houses 11 & 12 were inhabited.

House 13

Anne Griffin aged 50, Head of the family, a widow & General Servant-Domestic, she lived with her niece Honor Fahy aged 40 General Servant-Domestic & single & Grandniece Kate Anne Fahy aged 7 a scholar. Anne cannot read, she spoke Irish & English; Honor could read, write & spoke Irish & English. Kate Anne could read, write & spoke English.

They lived in a 2nd class house with 2 rooms and 3 front windows. They also had 1 Stable, 1 Piggery & 1 Shed. This premise was a Private Dwelling.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Oughterard/Faugh_East/1394860/

House 14

Mary Joyce aged 60, Head of the family, a widow & Laundress, she lived with her daughter Mary McLaughlin aged 23, and granddaughter Kate A McLoughlin aged 3 & Grandson Willie Lee aged 12.

Mary Joyce cannot read, she spoke Irish & English. Mary McLaughlin was married, no occupation given; she could read, write & spoke English. Kate A cannot read, she spoke English, Willie Lee is a Domestic servant he could read write & spoke English.

They lived in a 2nd class house with 2 rooms and 4 front windows. They had no out offices. This premise was a Private Dwelling.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Oughterard/Faugh_East/1394861/

House 15

Patrick McDonagh aged 52, Head of the family, married to Bridget aged 50. Patrick is a Grocer Shopkeeper; he could read, write & spoke Irish & English. Bridget cannot read, she spoke Irish & English.

They lived in a 3rd class house with 2 rooms and 2 front windows. They had 1 Piggery. These premises were a Shop.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Oughterard/Faugh_East/1394862/

House 16

Martin Connor aged 32, Head of the family, married to Brigid aged 30 they lived with their children Mary Jo aged 2 and Patrick aged 2 months. Martin was a farmer; he cannot read or write, he spoke Irish & English. Brigid was a Cook/ Domestic servant; she could read & spoke Irish & English. Mary Jo spoke English.

They lived in a 3rd class house with 2 rooms and 2 front windows. They had no out offices. This premise was a Private Dwelling.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Oughterard/Faugh_East/1394863/

House 17

Michl(Michael) Walsh aged 68, Head of the family, married to Margt(Margaret) aged 65. Michl(Michael)  was a farmer; he could read, write & spoke Irish & English. Margt(Margaret)  is a dressmaker; she could read & spoke Irish & English.

They lived in a 2nd class house with 2 rooms and 3 front windows. They had no out offices. This premise was a Private Dwelling.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Oughterard/Faugh_East/1394864/

House 18

Margaret Walsh aged 63, Head of the family; she is a Housekeeper, a widow.  She cannot read, she spoke Irish & English.

They lived in a 3rd class house with 2 rooms and 2 front windows. This premise was a Private Dwelling.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Oughterard/Faugh_East/1394865/

House 19

Mary Barry aged 60, Head of the family; she lived with her grandson Barcley Finnerty aged 19. Mary was a Farmer, and a widow. She cannot read, she spoke Irish & English. Barcley was a Farm servant, he could read, write & spoke English, and he was born in Glasgow, Scotland.

They lived in a 3rd class house with 2 rooms and 2 front windows. This premise was a Private Dwelling.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Oughterard/Faugh_East/1394866/

House 20

John Ferriss aged 50, Head of the family, married to Mary aged 45 they lived with their children Harry aged 16, Jones aged 14, Alfred aged 11, May aged 9 & Cathleen aged 7. John was a Farmer & Fisherman. Mary was a Housekeeper. All the children were scholars. All the family could read and write. Mary spoke Irish & English.

They lived in a 2nd class house with 3 rooms and 4 front windows. This premise was a Private Dwelling.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Oughterard/Faugh_East/1394867/

House 21

James O’Brien aged 35, Head of the family; he lived with Thomas Connor aged 75 a lodger with no occupation. James was a Bootmaker. Both could read, write & spoke Irish & English.

They lived in a 2nd class house with 2 rooms and 6 front windows. This premise was a Private Dwelling.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Oughterard/Faugh_East/1394868/

House 22

Mary Gannon aged 69, Head of the family, she lived with her sons Bartly aged 40 & Stephen aged 26. Mary was a Nurse Domestic servant & a widow. She cannot read, she spoke Irish & English. Bartly was a Fisherman & single, he could read, write & speak Irish & English. Stephen was a Plasterer & married; he could read, write & spoke English.

They lived in a 3rd class house with 2 rooms and 2 front windows. This premise was a Private Dwelling.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Oughterard/Faugh_East/1394869/

House 23 was uninhabited.

House 24

William Peacocke aged 79, Head of the family; he lived with his niece Fanny Peacocke aged 34. William is retired H.C.R.I.C and a widower. He was born in Carrick-on-Shannon, Co. Leitrim. Fanny was a housekeeper and single. Both could read, write & spoke English, she was born in Rosbercon, Co. Kilkenny.

They lived in a 3rd class house with 2 rooms and 2 front windows. This premise was a Private Dwelling.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Oughterard/Faugh_East/1394870/

House 25

John Carr aged 78, Head of the family, married to Julia aged 69 they lived with their son Alick Carr aged 40 & daughter Julia Gannan aged 22. John has no occupation as he was blind. Both mother & daughter are occupied at home at the time of the census. Alick was a General Labourer. The parents cannot read, both spoke Irish & English. Alick & Julia could read & write, Alick spoke Irish & English, and Julia spoke English.

They lived in a 3rd class house with 2 rooms and 2 front windows. This premise was a Private Dwelling.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Oughterard/Faugh_East/1394871/

House 26

Richard Savage aged 70, Head of the family; he lived with his daughter Elizabeth aged 26. Richard was a Slater & Plasterer and a Widower; he could read, write & spoke Irish & English. Elizabeth was a Housekeeper, single, she could read, write & spoke English.

They lived in a 3rd class house with 3 rooms and 3 front windows. This premise was a Private Dwelling.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Oughterard/Faugh_East/1394872/

House 27 was uninhabited.

House 28

Maria McMahon aged 35 wife of Head of the household, she lived with her children Jam Patrick aged 10, John Joseph aged 9 & Peter V aged 6. Maria was married and no occupation was given on census. The children were all scholars. All the family could read & write. Maria spoke Irish & English. Mary, Jam Patrick & John Joseph were born in Co. Mayo.

They lived in a 2nd class house with 2 rooms and 4 front windows. This premise was a Private Dwelling.

Jam should read James as per birth record on Rootsireland.ie.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Oughterard/Faugh_East/1394873/

Head of Family will be accounted for in Barrack return

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Oughterard/Faugh_West/1394933/

This family moved to Tuam Co. Galway in the 1911 Census

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Tuam_Urban__part_of_/Circular_Road/548416/

Houses 29/30 & 31 are uninhabited.

House 31

Mary Hutcheson aged 54, Head of the family; she lived with her daughter Sarah Jane aged 20. Mary was a Widow in receipt of Pension from R.I.C. Sarah Jane was a Lace maker & single. Both could read, write & spoke English. Sarah Jane was born in Co. Cork.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Oughterard/Faugh_East/1394874/

Note: On the main body of the Census it has Mary listed as living in House 31, while on the B1 form (House & Building Returns) it has Mary living in the Mission House (House 32).

House 32.1

William H Flanagan aged 50, Head of the family is married to Annie E aged 45, they lived with their children Jemima E aged 17, James H aged 12, Arthur T aged 10 & Annie M aged 6. William was Registrar of Births & Deaths, Annie E’s occupation was given as wife, and the children were all scholars. All the family could read, write & spoke English. William also spoke Irish.

Annie E was born in Co. Londonderry.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Oughterard/Faugh_East/1394875/

House 32.2

Jane Halliday aged 60, Head of the family; she was a widow of Police pensioner. She could read & write and is deaf. She was born in Wicklow city.

Houses 31/32.1/32.2

They lived in a 1st class house with 3 rooms and 3 front windows, there were no out offices or farm stead buildings. These premises were a Mission House.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Oughterard/Faugh_East/1394876/

House 33 was a Mission School

Note: All were born in Co. Galway unless otherwise stated.

1911 Census

This is a return of the Members of the families in Fough East, their visitors, boarders and servants who slept or abode in the house on the night of Sunday 2nd April 1911.

There were 30 houses listed in the Townland of Faugh East. Of the people living in Faugh East were 104 Roman Catholics and 3 Church of Ireland.

People that lived in Faugh East were born included Co. Galway, Co. Kerry, Co. Clare, Co. Mayo, Co. Kildare, Sligo, Kings County (Offaly) & Co. Kilkenny. There were a total of 18 farm buildings and out offices which included a coach house, store, stables, cow houses, barns, piggeries, and sheds.

Enumerators Extract

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/reels/nai002436243/

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/reels/nai002436244/

House & Building Return

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/reels/nai002436245/

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/reels/nai002436246/

Out Office & Farm Steadings

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/reels/nai002436247/

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/reels/nai002436248/

Fough East Camp Street

House 1

Mary Ann Ferris aged 58, head of the family, a widow; she lived with her daughter Catherine Maud aged 19, single. No occupation given for the women. Both could read, write & spoke English & Irish. Mary Ann was married for 31 years, she had 13 children and 7 were still living at the time of the census.

They lived in a 2nd class house with 3 rooms and 4 front windows. They also had 1 turf shed. This premise was a Private Dwelling.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Oughterard/Fough_East__Camp_St_/471432/

House 2

Mary Gannon aged 75, head of the family, a widow; she lived with her son Bartley aged 45, single. Mary was a midwife, could not read, spoke Irish & English, Bartley was a fisherman, could read & write & spoke Irish & English. Mary was married for 45 years, she had 9 children and 8 were still living at the time of the census.

They lived in a 3rd class house with 1 room and 1 front window. They had 1 turf shed. This premise was a Private Dwelling.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Oughterard/Fough_East__Camp_St_/471433/

House 3

Julia Carr aged 79, head of the family, a widow; she lived with son Alexander aged 47, single & her niece Mary G Gannon aged 9. Julia was listed as blind, Alexander a general labourer. Alexander & Mary could read, write & spoke Irish & English. Julia spoke Irish & English. Julia was married for 51 years, she had 6 children and 5 were still living at the time of the census.

They lived in a 3rd class house with 1 room and 1 front window. This premise was a Private Dwelling.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Oughterard/Fough_East__Camp_St_/471434/

 House 4

James Shea aged 32, head of the family, married to Bridget aged 30; they lived with their daughter Margaret Mary aged 8 months. James was a Sergeant in the Royal Irish Constabulary. James & Bridget could read, write & spoke Irish & English. James was born in Co. Kerry; Bridget was born in Co. Clare. They were married for 3 years and had 1 child.

They lived in a 3rd class house with 2 rooms and 4 front windows. This premise was a Private Dwelling.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Oughterard/Fough_East__Camp_St_/471435/

House 5

James O’Shea aged 50, head of the family, he lived alone. He was married for 10 years; had 1 child, still living. He was a shoemaker; could read, write & spoke Irish & English.

He lived in a 3rd class house with 2 rooms and 2 front windows. This premise was a Private Dwelling.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Oughterard/Fough_East__Camp_St_/471436/

House 6

Bartly(Bartley) Finnerty aged 27m head of the family, married to Julia aged 29, they lived with their children Mary aged 6, Michael aged 3, John aged 2, Bridget aged 5 months & boarder Mary Barry a 73year old widow. Bartley was a labourer. Bartley & Julia could read, write & spoke Irish & English, they were married 8 years had four children and they were all still living at the time of the census. Mary & the children could not read.

They lived in a 3rd class house with 1 room and 1 front window. This premise was a Private Dwelling.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Oughterard/Fough_East__Camp_St_/471437/

House 7

John Shoughnessy (Shaughnessy) aged 73, head of the family, married to Mary aged 71, they lived with their son Patrick aged 34, daughter in law Bridget aged 34 & granddaughters Mary aged 3 & Julia aged 1.

John was a farmer, Patrick a postman. John & Mary could not read they spoke Irish & English; they were married for 49 years had 9 children with 6 still living. Patrick & Bridget could read, write & spoke Irish & English. They were married for 4 years, they had 2 children and both were still living at the time of the census.

They lived in a 3rd class house with 2 rooms and 3 front windows. They had 1 stable & 1cow house. This premise was a Private Dwelling.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Oughterard/Fough_East__Camp_St_/471438/

House 8

Uninhabited

House 9

Stephen Gannon aged 37, head of the family, married to Julia aged 34, they lived with their children Barty(Bartley) C aged 6 & Patrick T aged 3.

Stephen was a postman; he & his wife could read, write & spoke English. They were married 10 years, had 3 children with 2 still living at the time of the census.

They lived in a 3rd class house with 2 rooms and 2 front windows. This premise was a Private Dwelling.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Oughterard/Fough_East__Camp_St_/471439/

House 10

Charles Lewis aged 59, head of the family; he lived with his daughter Mary Ellen aged 13.

Charles was married, a RIC pensioner. Mary Ellen was a scholar. Both could read, write & spoke English. Charles was born in Co. Kildare he was married for 6 years & had 5 children at the time of the census.

They lived in a 3rd class house with 2 rooms and 2 front windows. This premise was a Private Dwelling.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Oughterard/Fough_East__Camp_St_/471440/

House 11

Margaret Walsh aged 75, head of the family; she was a widow & lived alone. She could not read & spoke Irish & English. She was married for 32 years had 3 children and with 3 still living at the time of the census.

She lived in a 3rd class house with 2 rooms and 2 front windows. This premise was a Private Dwelling.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Oughterard/Fough_East__Camp_St_/471441/

House 12

Uninhabited

House 13

Mary Roland, no aged given, head of the family; a widow she lived with her son David aged 37, single. He was a labourer who could read, write & spoke Irish & English. Mary could not read she spoke Irish & English; she was married for 38 years had 5 children with 5 still living at the time of the census.

They lived in a 3rd class house with 2 rooms and 2 front windows. This premise was a Private Dwelling.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Oughterard/Fough_East__Camp_St_/471442/

House 14

Patrick Conlon no aged given, head of the family; married to Maria aged 37, they lived with their daughters Mary Anne aged 3 & Ellen Jane aged 1. No information given about Patrick, Maria could read & write. They were married for 5 years had 2 children, both living at the time of the census. Maria was born in Sligo.

They lived in a 2nd class house with 2 rooms and 4 front windows. They had 1 shed. This premise was a Private Dwelling.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Oughterard/Fough_East__Camp_St_/471443/

House 15

Martin Connor aged 38, head of the family, married to Bridget aged 36, they lived with their children, Mary aged 12, Patrick aged 10, Delia aged 9, Michael John aged 6 & Martin Joseph aged 4. Martin was a labourer, Mary, Patrick, Delia & Michael John were scholars. Martin & Bridget could not read, they spoke Irish & English. All the children except Martin Joseph could read & write & spoke Irish & English. Martin & Bridget were married for 14 years had 5 children; all were living at the time of the census.

They lived in a 3rd class house with 2 rooms and 2 front windows. This premise was a Private Dwelling.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Oughterard/Fough_East__Camp_St_/471444/

House 16

Honor Faherty aged 76, head of the family, a widow she lived with her son Peter aged 33 & a boarder John Finnerty aged 16.

Honor & Peter were shopkeepers & John was a labourer. Both men were single. Peter could read & write, all three spoke Irish & English. Honor was married for 56 years had 7 children; all 7 were living at the time of the census.

They lived in a 3rd class house with 2 rooms and 2 front windows. This premise was a Private Dwelling.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Oughterard/Fough_East__Camp_St_/471445/

House 17

Mark Molloy aged 34, head of the family married to Mary aged 26; they lived with their daughter Margaret aged 1.

Mark was a fisherman. Mark & Mary could read, write & spoke Irish & English, they were married 3 years had 1 child; she was living at the time of the census.

They lived in a 3rd class house with 2 rooms and 2 front windows. This premise was a Private Dwelling.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Oughterard/Fough_East__Camp_St_/471446/

House 18

Anne Griffin aged 68, head of the family, a widow, she lived alone, no occupation given, she could not read, she spoke Irish & English. It does not state how many years Anne was married, she had 1 child & this child was still living at the time of the census.

She lived in a 3rd class house with 2 rooms and 2 front windows. This premise was a Private Dwelling.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Oughterard/Fough_East__Camp_St_/471447/

House 19

Honor Fahy aged 42, head of the family, a widow she lived with her daughter Kate aged 18, single.

Honor was a wash woman, no occupation given for Kate.

Both women could read, write, & spoke Irish & English. Honor was married for 3 years had 1 child & she was still living at the time of the census.

They lived in a 3rd class house with 2 rooms and 2 front windows. This premise was a Private Dwelling.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Oughterard/Fough_East__Camp_St_/471448/

House 20

Matthew Molloy aged 36, head of the family, married to Julia aged 25, they lived with their children Matthew aged 2 & Michael Joseph aged 1.

Matthew was a fisherman. Matthew & Julia could read, write & spoke Irish & English, they were married 4 years had 2 children; both were living at the time of the census.

They lived in a 3rd class house with 2 rooms and 2 front windows. This premise was a Private Dwelling.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Oughterard/Fough_East__Camp_St_/471449/

House 21

Patrick Gill aged 55, head of the family, married to Sarah aged 45, they lived with their children, John aged 15, Norah aged 12, Thomas aged 8, Sarah aged 4 & Maria aged 1.

Patrick was a carter, he cannot read, he spoke Irish & English. Sarah could read & write & spoke Irish & English. The children cannot read, the older children spoke Irish & English. Patrick & Sarah were married 21 years they had 9 children with 8 still living at the time of the census.

They lived in a 3rd class house with 2 rooms and 2 front windows.  They had 1 stable and 1 cow house. This premise was a Private Dwelling.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Oughterard/Fough_East__Camp_St_/471450/

Fough East Main Street:

Enumerators Extract

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/reels/nai002436304/

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/reels/nai002436305/

House & Building Return

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/reels/nai002436306/

Out Offices & Farm Steadings

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/reels/nai002436308/

House 22

Michael Fogarty aged 48, head of the family, married to Maria aged 40, they lived with their children Mary Jane aged 14, Patrick J aged 12, Margaret A aged 9 & Josephine aged 7.

Michael was a Constable in the Royal Irish Constabulary, all the family could read & write & spoke English. Michael & Maria were married for 15 years had 7 children with 5 still living at the time of the census.

Michael was born in King’s County (Offaly), Maria & Mary Jane were born in Mayo.

They lived in a 3rd class house with 2 rooms and 2 front windows.  They had 1 shed. This premise was a Private Dwelling.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Oughterard/Fough_East__Main_St_/471451/

House 23

John Farrell aged 26, head of the family, he lived with his sister Anne aged 15 & cousin Bridgit(Bridget) Sullivan aged 24.

John was a fisherman, Bridget a dressmaker. All three were single, they could read & write.

They lived in a 3rd class house with 2 rooms and 2 front windows.  They had 1 shed. This premise was a Private Dwelling.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Oughterard/Fough_East__Main_St_/471452/

House 24

Mary Sweeney aged 74, head of the family, a widow she lived with her children Julia aged 40, Edward Alfred aged 36, nephew Charles aged 3 & servant Michael Joseph Conneely aged 15.

Edward was a merchant. Mary could not read, she spoke Irish & English. She was married for 25 years had 10 children with 6 still living at the time of the census. Julia, Edward & Michael Joseph could read, write & spoke Irish & English, they were all single. Charles spoke Irish & English.

They lived in a 1st class house with 5 rooms and 9 front windows. They had 1 stable, 1cow house & 1 store. These premises were a Public House.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Oughterard/Fough_East__Main_St_/471453/

House 25

Michael Walsh aged 40, head of the family, married to Ann aged 35, they lived with their children Serah(Sarah) aged 12, Mary aged 9, David aged 7, Bridget aged 1 and lodgers Michael Walsh an 80 year old Pensioner & Joe Ahern aged 40.

Michael was a shopkeeper, he could not read spoke Irish & English. Anne, Sarah & Mary could read & write. Anne & Sarah spoke Irish & English. Mary & David spoke English. Michael the pensioner was a widower, he could not read he spoke Irish & English. It does not state how long he was married and if he had any children. Joe was a painter, single, he could read write & spoke Irish & English.

Michael & Ann were married for 13 years had 5 children with 4 still living at the time of the census.

They lived in a 3rd class house with 2 rooms and 2 front windows. They had 1 shed. These premises were a Shop.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Oughterard/Fough_East__Main_St_/471454/

House 26

John Power aged 63, head of the family, married to Mary Anne aged 60, they lived with their children John aged 24 & Mary aged 20, both single.

John was a shopkeeper. All the family could read & write. Mary Anne spoke Irish & English. John was born in Co. Kilkenny.

John & Mary Anne were married for 27 years had 2 children and both were alive at the time of the census.

They lived in a 3rd class house with 2 rooms and 2 front windows. They had 1 stable. These premises were a Public House.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Oughterard/Fough_East__Main_St_/471455/

House 27

John Joyce aged 72, head of the family, a widower he lived with his children Patrick aged 27, John aged 25, Katie aged 23 & Ina aged 21, all single.

John was a shopkeeper & farmer, Patrick a wine & tea agent, John a shopkeeper’s son, Katie a trained Nurse, Ina a shopkeeper’s daughter. All the family could read write & spoke Irish & English.

It does not state how many years that John was married or if he had other children, however from the 1901 census it shows two younger children Josephine aged 8, Martin aged 5.

They lived in a 1st class house with 4 rooms and 6 front windows. They had 1 stable, 1 cow shed & 1store. These premises were a Public House.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Oughterard/Fough_East__Main_St_/471456/

House 28

James Byrnes aged 50, head of the family married to Julia aged 36, they lived with their children Mollie aged 11, Teresa aged 10, John aged 8 & Maggie aged 4.

James was a baker, Mollie, Teresa & John were scholars, and they could read and write. James & Julia could read write & spoke Irish & English. They were married for 15 years had 9 children with 7 living at the time of the census.

They lived in a 3rd class house with 2 rooms and 2 front windows. They had 1 stable. This premise was a Private Dwelling.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Oughterard/Fough_East__Main_St_/471457/

House 29

William H Flanagan aged 65, head of the family, married to Annie Elizabeth aged 56; they lived with their daughter Anna Matilda aged 16.

William was the Registrar, he could read write & spoke Irish & English. Annie Elizabeth & Anna Matilda could read write & spoke English.

William & Annie were married for 32 years had 7 children with 6 living at the time of the census.

They lived in a 2nd class house with 2 rooms and 2 front windows. These premises were a Private School.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Oughterard/Fough_East__Main_St_/471458/

House 30

Michael McDonagh aged 37, head of the family, married to Julia aged 29, they lived with Katie O’Hara aged 35, a boarder from County Sligo & Bridget McDonagh aged 17, both ladies were single.

Michael was a draper & grocer, Katie a Lace Instructress & Bridget a general domestic servant. The entire household could read and write & spoke Irish & English.

Michael & Julia were married for 3 years and had no children.

They lived in a 2nd class house with 3 rooms and 5 front windows. These premises were a Shop.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Oughterard/Fough_East__Main_St_/471459/

Note: All were born in Co. Galway unless otherwise stated.

Church records of births, deaths and marriages:

Church records of births, deaths and marriages are available online at http://www.rootsireland.ie. To search these records you will need to know the ‘church parish’ rather than the ‘civil parish’. (The civil parish is the pre-reformation parish and was frequently used as a unit of administration in the past.)

Fough is in the civil parish of Kilcummin.

Catholic parish:

This civil parish corresponds with the following Roman Catholic parish or parishes.

  • Clonbern & Kilkerrin in Galway East.
  • Carraroe in Galway West.
  • Kilannin in Galway West.
  • Kilcummin/Oughterard in Galway West.
  • Rosmuc in Galway West.

Church of Ireland parish:

This civil parish corresponds with the following Church of Ireland parish.

  • Kilcummin in Galway West.

In general, the civil parish and the Church of Ireland parish are the same, but, this is not always the case.

Maps:

Original OS map of this area

Ireland was first mapped in the 1840s. These original maps are available online.

Fough

Original OS maps at the Ordnance Survey of Ireland website

Below is a link to the Ordnance Survey of Ireland website. It displays the original OS map that was created in the 1840s.

Fough

Information from Google Maps:

You can use this link to find this townland on Google Maps.

Google Maps
Information from the National Monuments Service:

You can use this link to view a map of archaeological features. This link brings you to a website wherein you will have to search for your townland.

Archaeological map from the National Monuments Service

Other Sources

View Logainm information;
http://www.townlands.ie/galway/moycullen/kilcummin/oughterard-ed/fough-east/

On a natural limestone bridge which spans the Owenriff River. In existence in 1574 when it was in the possession of ‘Murrogh ne doo’ O’Flaherty (Nolan 1901, 115). Known as Fough Castle or Nowghe, it appears to have been completely demolished in the 18th C when the nearby military barracks of Oughterard was built. No visible surface trace survives.

(Hardiman 1846, 52-3; O’Flanagan 1927a, Vol. 3, 145)The above description is derived from the published ‘Archaeological Inventory of County Galway Vol. I – West Galway’. Compiled by Paul Gosling (Dublin: Stationery Office, 1993).

 

 

 

 

 

This page was added on 03/06/2014.

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