Magheramore

Sandra Casey & Antoinette Lydon

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Magheramore is in the civil parish of Kilcummin. The civil parish corresponds with the following Church of Ireland parish of Kilcummin, Galway West. In general, the civil parish and the Church of Ireland parish are the same as is the case in the Kilcummin Oughterard area.

Irish Form of Name: Machaire Mór – Translation: Great plain.

Description: The land is not good, it’s boggy and mountainous.

Magheramore is in the Electoral Division of Oughterard, in Civil Parish of Kilcummin, in the Barony of Moycullen, in the County of Galway

Boundaries

Magheramore is situated in the Eastern extremity of the parish of Kilcummin. It is bounded on the north by Moyvoon and Bealnalappa, on the east by Kilannin parish and on the south by Raha and the west by Magheramore.

Other forms of name.

Magheramore Machaire Mór Magharamore in the Boundary Surveyor Magheramore in the Barony Cess Book Maghremore in the County Map Magharamore – Local

Maugheremore – Rector of Kilcummin Magheramore in the Barony Map

This is a list of townlands that share a border with this townland.

Some other placenames in or near this townland are…

Area

Magheramore contains 907 ½ acres of land, two thirds of which is under tillage and the remainder is boggy pasture. It also contains 21 acres of water. There is a School House near its center, an old road passes through it. The landlord was Arthur French, Tyrone.

Landlord

The landlord was Arthur French St George of Tyrone. Arthur French resided at Tyrone House.  St. George (Tyrone House) – The St. George estate was centered on the house at Tyrone, parish of Drumacoo, barony of Dunkellin, built about 1779. This had originally been a French estate but the family assumed the title of St. George in 1774 due to inheritance from the St. George family of Hatley Manor, county Leitrim. In the 1830s A.F. St. George owned Tyrone House and Kilcolgan Castle, his agent was J. O’Hara. Wm. Griffith of Dublin also acted as an agent for the St. George estate. Arthur French St. George is described as a resident proprietor in 1824. In the early 19th century the St. Georges also owned large amounts of land in the baronies of Moycullen, Ballynahinch and Clare, which they advertised for sale in the early 1850s. Land in the barony of Clare had been acquired through Arthur French’s marriage with a Kirwan in the late 17th century. A portion of the St. George estate, situated in the barony of Longford, was offered for sale in the Encumbered Estates court in November 1853. In 1870s the family owned 15,777 acres in county Galway. By the early 1900s, however, some of the estate had been sold and the house at Tyrone had been left empty for long periods. In 1914 over 3000 acres of an estate described as St. George and Concannon was vested in the Congested Districts Board. Many members of the family are buried in a church-style mausoleum in the cemetery at Drumacoo.

Information from the Down Survey Website:

The Down Survey is a mapped survey. Using the Civil Survey as a guide, teams of surveyors, mainly former soldiers, were sent out under Petty’s direction to measure every townland to be forfeited to soldiers and adventurers. The resulting maps, made at a scale of 40 perches to one inch (the modern equivalent of 1: 50,000), were the first systematic mapping of a large area on such a scale attempted anywhere. The primary purpose of these maps was to record the boundaries of each townland and to calculate their areas with great precision. The maps are also rich in other detail showing churches, roads, rivers, castles, houses and fortifications. Most towns are represented pictorially and the cartouches, the decorative titles, of each map in many cases reflect a specific characteristic of each barony. (http://downsurvey.tcd.ie)

The Down Survey website will tell you who owned this townland in 1641 (pre Cromwell) and in 1671 (post Cromwell).

Townland of MAGHERA MORE (Moycullen By)

Down Survey Name: Maghery

1641 Owner(s): Clanrickard, Earl of (Protestant)

1670 Owner(s): Clanrickard, Earl of (Protestant)

County: Galway

Barony: Muckullin

Parish: Killcumyn

Unprofitable land: 276 plantation acres

Profitable land: 207 plantation acres

Forfeited: 207 plantation acres

Down Survey Website

The Tithe Applotment Books

About the Records

Tithes were a tax on agricultural produce which was payable by the occupiers of agricultural land. They were the main source of income for the parish clergy of the Church of Ireland (the largest Protestant church and the church established by law). However, in many parishes a large part of the tithes was ‘appropriate’, which meant that they were payable to a bishop, cathedral chapter or other ecclesiastical recipient, or were ‘impropriate’, which generally meant that they were payable to a local landowner. The parishes used in the Tithe Applotment Books are civil or Church of Ireland parishes, which often differ in name and territory from Catholic parishes, Acts of Parliament of 1823 and 1832 provided for the conversion of tithes into a fixed charge on land, and specified the average price of wheat or oats in the parish in the seven years before 1821 as the basis on which the tithes would be calculated. They also extended the application of tithes to pasture, where previously they had been levied only on tillage.

This change in the law resulted in the valuation of individual holdings in almost all parishes containing agricultural land, in order to assess the portion of the tithes for which each occupier of land would be liable. The apportionment was recorded for each Church of Ireland parish in a Tithe Composition Applotment Book. The information was collected and the amounts were calculated by two Parochial Commissioners, one of whom was appointed by the cess-payers of the parish and the other by the relevant Diocese of the Church of Ireland. This procedure was carried out in over 2,500 parishes between the years 1823 and 1837.

The Tithe Applotment Books are in a variety of formats, from a few pages sewn together to elaborately bound volumes. In most cases they are written in manuscript throughout, although some consist of manuscript entries on printed questionnaires. The information in the books is broadly uniform and generally includes at least the name of occupier; the size of holding, the valuation and the tithe payable. In some cases, more detailed information is provided. Some volumes have maps and most have certificates and correspondence attached.

The sub-divisions of the parish were recorded. Some of these subdivisions, such as plough lands, ceased to be in official use after the six-inch survey of the Ordnance Survey was completed in the 1840s. Only productive land was subject to tithe, and the books usually distinguish between this tithable land and untithable land such as roads or mountains. Tithable land was in some cases classified by quality, and a money value was given to each class. In some cases, the proportion of tithe payable to the rector, vicar or lay proprietor of the tithes was set out. The column for observations was sometimes completed, with information about commonage, for example.

There are a number of other points that should be noted. The acreages given in the Tithe Applotment Books are in Irish or Plantation measure, which is 1.62 times larger than statute measure. Only occupiers of land at the time of the tithe composition are recorded, so not all heads of households living in a parish at the time are included. Only rural areas are systematically covered, although inhabitants of towns who held plots of cultivable land are included. The equivalent tax in urban areas, Minister’s Money, has left few records.

The Tithe Applotment Books are an important source of information for a wide variety of researchers of pre-Famine Ireland. They provide the first surviving national list of the occupiers of land, and are used by genealogists as a partial substitute for returns of the 1821 and 1831 censuses of population, which were destroyed in 1922. They also record information on the quality of land, and provide information on pre-Ordnance Survey territorial divisions, some of which were not recognized after the 1840s.

The National Archives hold the original Tithe Applotment Books only for the twenty-six counties of the Republic of Ireland. The books for the six counties of Northern Ireland are held in the Public Record Office of Northern Ireland in Belfast. (http://titheapplotmentbooks.nationalarchives.ie/search/tab/aboutmore.jsp)

Harry Burke, Michl Burke, Michl Conway, James Darcy, John Flaherty, Martin Gasen, Patt Gibbens, Pat Hearnes, Peter Kelly, John Lee, Matt Lee, Anthony McDonogh, Peter McDonogh, Michl Nolan, John Peerick, Michl Rutlage, Gilbert Sullivan, Henry Sullivan, John Sullivan, Michl Sullivan, Robt Sullivan, Thos Sullivan, John Towell, Patt Towell & Robt Wilby (Welby) are listed as having 206 acres of land (30 acres of 1st quality land with a payment of 1s 6d, 30 acres of 2nd quality land with a payment of 1s, 60 acres 3rd quality land  with a payment of 3d & 86 acres 5th quality land with a payment of ⅛d.)

Payment of Proportion of Tithes went to Richard Martin Esq, Rev. James Daly & Rev. John Wilson.

http://titheapplotmentbooks.nationalarchives.ie/reels/tab//004587459/004587459_00444.pdf

Griffith’s Valuation 1850’s

In Griffith’s Valuation the area is 929 acres 27perches with a land value of £102 10s 0d.   Area of water was 21 acres 3 roods 1 perch.

Occupiers of the Land:

The occupiers of the land in Magheramore at this time were:

David Moloney, Michael Faherty, Stephen Gavan, Michael Rutledge, Stephen D’arcy (Tom), Anthony D’arcy, John D’arcy, Patrick Welby, Thomas D’arcy, Andrew D’arcy, Thomas Gibbons, Stephen D’arcy (Michael), John Logan, Thomas Logan and Patrick Logan.

The Landlords were John Doig.

Ownership of Land and Property

All of the occupiers owned a house, office and land except Stephen Gavan who owned a house and land.

Annual Valuation

The total annual valuation of rateable property in Magheramore came to £102 10s 0d.

Land Rates: David Moloney, John Logan and Thomas Logan were rated at £5 10s each. Michael Faherty, Stephen Gavan and Stephen D’arcy (Michael) were rated at £7 0s each. Stephen D’arcy (Tom) and Anthony D’arcy were rated £6 15s each, John D’arcy was rated £8 15s, Patrick Welby was rated £6 10s, Thomas D’arcy was rated £5 15s, Andrew D’arcy and Patrick Logan were rated £6 10s each, Thomas Gibbons was rated £5 0s and Michael Rutledge was rated the highest at £13 5s.

Building Rates: The buildings were rated between 5 shillings and 10 shillings. Total rates for buildings was £6 15s.

View the heads of households in the townland at this time.

Out Offices and Land

The out office was a farm building, a cow house, piggery or barn. The land was very poor and sterile and people were always poverty-stricken. At this time most tenants were trying to eke out a living on 5acres or less and a farmer needed at least 15.3 acres to survive.

Clachan: The Irish is ‘Clochán’. A clachan was a small traditional settlement common in Ireland until the middle of the 20th century. They usually lacked a church, post office or other formal building. The origin is unknown but it is likely that they are of ancient root most likely dating to medieval times.

People living in Clachans had the support of a tight knit community.

In some cases, the clachans have evolved into holiday villages or one or two houses have been taken over turning smaller houses into agricultural outhouses.

Poor Law Union Ireland

In Ireland the Poor Relief Act of 1838 divided into districts or “unions” in which the local taxable inhabitants were to be financially responsible for all paupers in the area. In 1898 the Poor Law Union was adopted as the basic administrative division in place of the civil parish and barony. Further subdivision into 828 registration districts and 3,751 district electoral divisions followed. Townlands were not arranged according to these divisions with parish and barony retained as a means to make comparisons with records gathered before 1898.

The 1838 Act

The main provisions of the 1838 Act were:

  • The extension of the existing Poor Law Commissioners’ powers to Ireland, with the appointment of Assistant Commissioners who were to implement the Act in Ireland.
  • The division of the country into Poor Law Unions based on Irish electoral divisions which were themselves made up from townlands.
  • The creation of a Board of Guardians for each Union, two-thirds of whom were to be elected, the other third to be appointed ex officio.
  • The setting up of a workhouse in each Union.
  • The collection of a local poor-rate to finance the system.
  • Assistance for emigration.

Initially, 130 Unions were created, based upon 2,049 electoral divisions. The divisions were composed of townlands, a peculiarly Irish unit, traditionally of 120 Irish acres in area. (Between 1848 and 1850, an additional 33 Unions were created by subdividing and reorganizing the boundaries of some existing Unions, particularly in the west of the country.

Boards of Guardians were elected annually on 25th March. Only rate-payers were eligible for election, which effectively disenfranchised most of the native Irish who were usually tenants at this time. Rate-payers were allowed between one and six votes depending on the size of a valuation of their property.

Townlands

A town land is one of the smallest land divisions in Ireland. They range in size from a few acres to thousands of acres. Many are Gaelic in origin, but some came into existence after the Norman invasion 1169. Magheramore is a townland.

Population & Census Information

People who lived here:

You can retrieve a list of people who lived in this townland from 1827 to 1911. This list is compiled from the following resources.

  • The Tithe Applotment Books
  • Griffith’s Valuation
  • 1901 Census
  • 1911 Census

List of nineteenth century and early twentieth century inhabitants of this townland.

1841-1891 Census

1841 – 61 houses with 280 people living in Magheramore.

1851 – 21 houses with 118 people,

1861 – 17 houses with 107 people,

1871 – 13 house with 106 people,

1881- 22 houses (21 inhabited) with 117 people (59 males, 59 females). There were 43 outbuildings.

The valuation of Houses & Land in 1881 was £114 5s 0d.

1891 – 18 houses (44 inhabited) with 118 people (57 males, 61 females). There were 34 outbuildings.

The valuation of Houses & Land in 1891 was £109 15s 0d.

1901 Census Magheramore

This is a return of the members of the family, their Visitors, Boarders, Servants who slept or abode in their house on the night of Sunday March 31st 1901 in Magheramore.

There were 19 houses listed in the Townland of Magheramore. The people were all Roman Catholics and they were born in County Galway. There were 14 in total of farm buildings and out offices which included, stables, calf houses, cow houses, sheds, barns and piggeries.

Class of House: The class of house depended on the materials used in the roof, walls, number of rooms and number of front windows. A 1st class house was considered the highest standard.

Walls of the houses: The walls were of stone, brick, concrete or of mud, wood or other perishable material.

Roofs:  Roofs were of slate, iron, tiles, thatch, wood or other perishable material. The roofs of houses were of thatch, wood or perishable material. Most likely they were thatched as there was ample reeds for thatching in the lakes.

House Occupancy: Each of the 19 houses was occupied by one family.

Enumerators Extract

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/reels/nai000840834/

House & Building Return

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/reels/nai000840835/

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/reels/nai000840836/

Out Office & Farm Steadings

No form attached to the online census.

The people listed as Head of the Family were also listed as the lawful Landholder of the property.

House 1: John Gavin aged 37 was listed as head of the family and lived with his wife Maria aged 34. He was a farmer by occupation. They both spoke Irish and English but he couldn’t read. They lived with their three daughters, Mary aged 11, Maggie aged 9 and Maria aged 4 and their three sons, Stephen aged 6, Patrick aged 3 and John aged 1. Mary, Maggie and Stephen were listed as scholars and they all spoke Irish and English. John lived in a 3rd class house with 2 front windows and 3 rooms occupied by 8 persons.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Oughterard/Mahera_More/1394708/

House 2: John Moloney aged 80 was head of the family. He was married to Maria aged 70 and they lived with their two sons Thomas aged 29 and John aged 25 and their daughter Maria aged 22. John was a farmer, he spoke only Irish and he was unable to read. His wife Maria and children all spoke Irish and English however Maria and his eldest son, Thomas, could not read. His children were all listed as farmers and were unmarried. John lived in a 2nd class house with 3 front windows and 5 persons occupying 3 available rooms.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Oughterard/Mahera_More/1394709/

House 3: Margaret Faherty aged 50, was listed as head of the family. Margaret lived with her daughter Margaret aged 35, granddaughter Margaret Fahy aged 14 and grandson Patrick Gavin aged 7 months. Margaret was a widow and listed as a farmeress. Her daughter Margaret was also a widow and Margaret aged 14 was a scholar. All three spoke English and Irish but only Margaret Fahy 14, was able to read and write. Margaret lived in a class 3 house with 2 front windows and 4 persons occupying 3 rooms.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Oughterard/Mahera_More/1394710/

House 4: Michael Rutledge aged 65 was listed as head of the family. He lived with his wife Honor, aged 55 and his three sons, Thomas 30, Peter 24 and Pat 18 and his daughter Margaret aged 26. Michael and Honor were not able to read or write. Thomas and Margaret could read and write and Peter and Pat were able to read. They all spoke both English and Irish. Michael was a farmer and his children are all listed as farmers. They lived in a 2nd class house with 3 front windows and 3 rooms occupied by 6 persons.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Oughterard/Mahera_More/1394711/

House 5: Mark Rutledge aged 35 was listed as head of the family. He lived with his wife Sarah aged 30, his son Michael aged 4 and three daughters Honor aged 2, Mary aged 1 and baby Bridget A. aged 1 month. Mark and Sarah spoke both Irish and English, Mark could read and write but Sarah was unable to read and write. Mark was listed as a farmer. They lived in a 2nd class house with 3 front windows and 3 rooms occupied by 6 persons.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Oughterard/Mahera_More/1394712/

House 6: Bridget Logan aged 81 was head of the family. She was a widow living with her son Michael aged 60. Michael was unmarried and they both worked as farmers. Visiting on the night of the census was Bridget’s niece Delia Madden, aged 20 and nephew Patrick Madden aged 18. They lived in a 2nd class house with 3 front windows and 3 rooms occupied by 4 persons.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Oughterard/Mahera_More/1394713/

House 7: Pat Darcy aged 56 was listed as head of the family. Pat was married to Kate aged 48. They had two daughters, Kate 17 and Maggie 15 and four sons, Tom 13, Michael 11, Martin 8 and John aged 5. Pat was a farmer, he spoke both English and Irish and could read and write. His family all spoke English and Irish however his wife Kate could read and not write. Kate 17 was listed as a farmer’s daughter while Maggie, Tom, Michael and Martin were all scholars. They lived in a 3rd class house with 1 front window and 3 rooms occupying 8 persons.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Oughterard/Mahera_More/1394714/

House 8: Michael Darcy aged 62 was listed as the head of the family. Michael was married to Maggie aged 56. They had three sons, Thomas 28, Ned 20 and Willie aged 14 and three daughters, Bridget 22, Kate 16 and Maggie aged 11. He was listed as a farmer, his children were listed as farmers except for Kate, Willie and Maggie who were scholars. Also in the house the night of the census was Stephen Darcy, nephew, aged 15 and Michael’s grandmother Mary aged 98. Mary was a widow. They all spoke both English and Irish and they could read and write except for Mary who could only read. They lived in a 3rd class house with 2 front windows and 3 rooms occupying 10 persons.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Oughterard/Mahera_More/1394715/

House 9: Michael Logan, aged 60, was listed as head of the family. He lived with his wife Honor, aged 49 and his 3 sons, Thomas 25, John 17 and Michael 10 and 4 daughters, Mary 23, Maggie 15, Norah 13 and Delia aged 11. They all spoke both Irish and English. Michael was unable to read and neither was his eldest son, Thomas. His wife and other children could all read and write. Michael was listed as a farmer and his children Thomas, John, Mary and Maggie were listed as farmer’s children. Norah, Delia and Michael were all. They lived in a 3rd class house with 2 front windows and 3 rooms occupying 9 persons.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Oughterard/Mahera_More/1394716/

House 10: Julia Darcy, aged 60 was listed as head of the family. She was married and lived with her two sons, Patrick 20 and Stephen 10 and her three daughters Mary 12, Bridget 8 and Julia aged 6. Julie was listed as a farmeress and she and her children spoke both Irish and English. Julia could read and write, so too could her children except her eldest son Patrick and Julia who was just 6 at the time. They lived in a 2nd class house with 3 front windows and 3 rooms occupying 6 people.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Oughterard/Mahera_More/1394717/

House 11: Michael Darcy, aged 57 was listed as head of the family. He had 3 sons, Andrew 28, Stephen 14 and Michael aged 9 and 4 daughters, Bridget 18, Norah 16, Katie 7 and Mary Egan aged 22. Also in the house the night of the census was Michael’s granddaughter Margaret Egan aged 1. Michael was a widower and spoke both Irish and English. His daughter Mary Egan was a butcher’s wife. Stephen, Michael and Katie were all scholars while Andrew, Bridget and Norah were listed as farmer’s children. The children could all read and write with the exception of Katie who was only 7 years old at the time. They lived in a second class house with 3 front windows and 3 rooms occupied by 9 persons.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Oughterard/Mahera_More/1394718/

House 12: Stephen Darcy, aged 50 was listed as head of the family. He was married to Mary, aged 46. They had two daughters Mallie 15 and Delia aged 11 and five sons, Michael 13, Andrew 9, Stephen Joseph 7, John 3 and Thomas Joseph aged just 1. Stephen was a farmer and his daughter Mallie is listed as a farmer’s daughter. Michael, Delia, Andrew and Stephen Joseph were scholars. They all spoke English and Irish. They could all read and write with the exception of the youngest 3 children. They lived in a 2nd class house with 3 front windows and 3 rooms occupying 9 persons. The roof of the house unlike most houses in the area was not thatch.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Oughterard/Mahera_More/1394719/

House 13: Michael Gibbons aged 56 was listed as head of the family. He was married to Sarah aged 59. They had one son Tom 22 and two daughters Delia 18 and Maggie aged 16. In the house the night of the census was their niece Mary Moloney aged 5. All of the family could read and write except for Mary Moloney. They spoke both English and Irish. Michael was a farmer and his children were listed as farmer’s children. They lived in a 3rd class house with 2 front windows and 2 rooms occupying 6 persons.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Oughterard/Mahera_More/1394720/

House 14: Martin Moloney aged 35 is listed as head of the family. He was married to Mary aged 27. They had two daughters Bridget 4 and Maggie aged only 8 months and one son Martin aged 3. Martin was listed as a farmer. They spoke both English and Irish. They lived in a second class house with 3 front windows and 3 rooms occupying 5 persons.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Oughterard/Mahera_More/1394721/

House 15: Andrew D’arcy aged 31 was listed as head of the family. He was married to Kate aged 24. They had 3 sons, Stephen J. 7, John 4, and Thomas aged 3 and 3 daughters Mary 5, Kate Anne 2 and Delia aged 1. Andrew was a farmer. Both himself and his wife could read and write and their eldest son, Stephen J. Stephen J and Mary were scholars. They lived in a 2nd class house with 3 front windows and 3 rooms occupied by 8 persons.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Oughterard/Mahera_More/1394722/

House 16: Thomas Logan aged 50 is listed as head of the family. He was married to Nora aged 40. They had 5 sons, Michael 18, John 13, Willie 11, Stephen 9 and Pat aged 7 and 3 daughters, Ellen 16, Mary 15 and Bridget aged 1. They all spoke Irish and English. Thomas was listed as a farmer and Michael as a farmer’s son. The other children were all scholars. Both parents spoke both Irish and English. They lived in a 3rd class house with 2 front windows and 3 rooms occupying 10 persons.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Oughterard/Mahera_More/1394723/

House 17: Margaret Ruttledge aged 65 was listed as head of the family. Margaret was a widow with 2 sons, John 35 and Bartley aged 25. Living in the house with them was her daughter in law Catherine 24 and her daughter Maggie aged just 9 months. Margaret’s occupation was General Household Labourer, her 2 sons were Agricultural Labourers. Margaret spoke only Irish, John, Bartley and Catherine spoke English and Irish. Only Bartley and Catherine were able to read and write. They lived in a 2nd class house with 3 front windows and 3 rooms occupying 5 people.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Oughterard/Mahera_More/1394724/

House 18: Anthony D’arcy aged 75 was listed as head of the family. He was a widower with one son Patrick 39. Anthony was a farmer and he spoke English and Irish, he was unable to read and write. Also in the house was Anthony’s daughter in law, Kate aged 25 and 2 grandsons Anthony 3, Michael 2 and granddaughter Mary Bridget aged 8 months. Patrick and Kate could read and write and both spoke English and Irish. They lived in a 2nd class house with 2 front windows and 3 rooms occupying 6 persons.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Oughterard/Mahera_More/1394725/

House 19: Andy D’arcy aged 35 is listed as head of the family. He was married to Kate aged 23. They have one son Stephen J aged 1. Also in the house was Mary Molloy, Andy’s aunt aged 70. Both Andy and Kate could read and write but his aunt was unable to do so. Mary Molloy was a widow, they all spoke both Irish and English. They lived in a second class house with 3 front windows and 3 rooms occupying 4 persons.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Oughterard/Mahera_More/1394726/

Magheramore Census 1911

This is a return of the Members of families in Magheramore, their visitors, boarders and servants who slept or abode in the house on the night of Sunday the 2nd of April 1911.

Description of the Houses

All the houses in Magheramore were listed as private dwellings and were built of concrete or stone.  The roofs of the houses were of wood, thatch or other perishable material. Most likely they were thatched. The heads of the families were listed as the landholders. One family lived in each property. The Class of the house depended on the material used in the roof, walls, number of rooms and number of front windows. Most of the houses came under “2’ in the census form meaning that there could be 2, 3, or 4, rooms in the house.

General Information

One family lived in each of the 21 houses listed. They were all Roman Catholics and the head of the family was the landholder. There were 62 males and 61 females a total of 123 persons living in the village.

Enumerators Extract

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/reels/nai002435722/

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/reels/nai002435723/

House & Building Return

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/reels/nai002435725/

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/reels/nai002435726/

Out Office & Farm Steadings

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/reels/nai002435727/

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/reels/nai002435728/

House 1: Bridget Walsh aged 62 was head of the family. She was a widow. She had 2 sons, Michael aged 30 who was a farmer and John aged 25 who was a carpenter. They could all read and write and spoke both Irish and English. They lived in a 3rd class house with 2 front windows. They had 3 rooms occupying 3 persons. In addition to the main house they had one cow house.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Oughterard/Maghera_More/471289/

House 2: Honor Rutledge aged 72 was head of the Family. She was a widow and had 10 children born alive with 8 still living. Living with her was her 3 sons, Thomas 40, Peter 35 and Patrick aged 30 and her daughter Margaret aged 38. Thomas was a farmer and Peter and Patrick were labourers. They were not married. They all spoke Irish and English, they could read and write with the exception of Honor. They lived in a 2nd class house with 3 front windows. Three available room occupied by 5 persons. They had one barn.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Oughterard/Maghera_More/471290/

House 3: Mark Rutledge, a farmer, aged 48 was head of the family. He was married to Sarah, aged 43. They had 3 children, Michael 14, Nonie 13 and Maggie aged 4. In total they had 7 children born alive with 3 still living. They all spoke both Irish and English and could read and write with the exception of Sarah who was unable to read. Michael and Nonie were scholars. They lived in a 2nd class house with 3 windows at the front. The house had 3 rooms occupying 5 persons. Mark had 1 cow house and a piggery.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Oughterard/Maghera_More/471291/

House 4: James Clancy, a farmer aged 36 was listed as head of the family. He lived with his brother Peter, aged 31 and sister in law, Nora Mary aged 30. They could all read and write and spoke both Irish and English. Nora Mary was from County Limerick. They lived in a 3rd class house with one window at the front. Two rooms occupied by 3 persons. They also had one barn.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Oughterard/Maghera_More/471292/

House 5: John Gavin aged 46 was listed as head of the family. He was married to Maria aged 44. They lived with their 2 daughters, Maggie aged 19 and Bridget aged 6 and 4 sons, Stephen 16, Patrick 13, John 11 and Michael aged 3. They had 10 children born alive and now 7 still living. John was a farmer, he spoke English and Irish but was unable to read. His son Stephen was listed as a farmer’s son. His wife and children could read and write except for Michael who was only 3. Patrick, John and Bridget were scholars. They lived in a 3rd class house with 2 front windows. Just two rooms occupied by 8 persons. John had 1 cow house.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Oughterard/Maghera_More/471293/

House 6: Margaret Faherty was head of the house. She was a widow, aged 80. In the house at the time was her 2 daughters, Margaret Fahy, aged 50 who was also a widow and Winnifred Gavin aged 32, Michael her son aged 30 and her grandson Patrick Gavin 8. Margaret could not read, neither could her daughter Margaret Fahy. Michael and Winnifred however were able to read and write and Patrick a scholar could read. Michael Faherty was a farmer. Margaret had 6 children born alive and 5 were still living at this time. All of the family spoke both Irish and English. They lived in a 3rd class house with 2 front windows. They had 3 rooms occupying 5 persons and 1 cow house.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Oughterard/Maghera_More/471294/

House 7: Maria Molloney, aged 76 was head of the family. Maria was a widow and in the house at the time was her son, Thomas aged 40 and her granddaughter Kate Anne Melia aged 8. Thomas was single and was a farmer by occupation. Maria had 10 children born alive with only 3 living. They had a 3rd class house with 2 front windows and 3 rooms occupying 3 persons. They also had 1 cow house and a barn.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Oughterard/Maghera_More/471295/

House 8: Joseph Kelly aged 31 was head of the house. He lived with his wife Mary aged 35, 4 daughters Annie 12, Delia 10, Mary 8 and Norah aged 1 and his son Michael John aged 5. They could read and write with the exception of the three youngest children. Annie, Delia, Mary and Michael John were all scholars. Joseph Kelly was a farmer, with 1 cow house and 1 barn. They lived in a 3rd class house with 2 front windows and 3 rooms occupying 7 persons.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Oughterard/Maghera_More/471296/

House 9: Michael Darcy aged 72 was head of the family. He lived with his wife Maggie aged 67. In the house at the time was his three sons Tom 38, Ned 28, Willie 23 and his grandson John Maloney aged 5. They could all read and write except his grandson. Michael was a farmer and his sons were all listed as farmer’s sons. His grandson, John, came from Glasgow. They lived in a 3rd class house with 2 front windows and 3 rooms occupying 6 persons. They also had 1 stable, 1 cow house and 1 barn.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Oughterard/Maghera_More/471297/

House 10: Kate Darcy aged 58 was head of the family. Kate was a widow with 3 sons Michael 20, Martin 18 and John aged 15. She had her niece with her at the time, Maggie Maloney from Glasgow. They were all able to read and write. Kate spoke both Irish and English while the rest of the family spoke just English. Kate had 10 children born alive with 9 still living. They lived in a 3rd class house with 2 front windows, 3 rooms occupied 5 persons. They also had a stable and 1 cow house.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Oughterard/Maghera_More/471298/

House 11: Honor Logan aged 65 was head of the family. In the house at the time were her two daughters Norah 25 and Delia aged 23 and her son Michael aged 21. All of them could read and write and all spoke both Irish and English. Michael was listed as a farmer’s son. They had a 3rd class house with 2 front windows. Three rooms occupied 4 persons. They also had a stable and a cow house.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Oughterard/Maghera_More/471299/

House 12: Bartly Rutledge aged 43 was head of the family. He was married to Catherine aged 35. He was living with his mother Margaret, aged 82, who was a widow at the time. He had 3 daughters, Margaret 10, Mary Ellen 2 and Diane Catherine aged only 10 months and 4 sons, John 9, William 7, Patrick Thomas 5 and Michael Joseph aged 2. Bartly’s mother Margaret could not read however Bartley, Catherine, Margaret and John could read and write. Margaret, John and William were listed as scholars. Bartly was a farmer, he spoke both Irish and English as did his wife and children however his mother spoke only Irish. They lived in a 2nd class house with 3 windows and 3 rooms occupying 10 persons. He had a cow house and a barn.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Oughterard/Maghera_More/471300/

House 13: Andrew A. Darcy aged 53 was head of the family. He was married to Kate aged 33 and had 4 sons, Stephen Joseph 11, Patrick John 10, Anthony Michael 8 and Peter Benedick 3 and 3 daughters Mary Anne 7, Katie 4 and Delia aged just 6 months. They could all read and write except for the younger children. Andrew A. was a farmer, living in a 2nd class house with 3 front windows. They all spoke Irish and English. They had 3 rooms accommodating 9 persons, 1 stable, 1 cow house and a barn.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Oughterard/Maghera_More/471301/

House 14: Patrick Darcy aged 54 was head of the family. He was married to Kate aged 34. They had 4 sons Anthony 13, Michael 12, Stephen 4 and Martin aged 1 and three daughters Mary B 10, Annie 8 and Katie aged 3. They could all read and write except for the younger children and they all spoke both Irish and English. Kate had 9 children born alive with 7 still living. They lived in a 2nd class house with 2 front windows, 3 rooms occupied by 9 persons. They also had a cow house and a piggery.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Oughterard/Maghera_More/471302/

House 15: Thomas Logan, a farmer, aged 63 was listed as head of the family. He was married to Honor aged 53. Living with them at the time were their 2 sons John 23 and William aged 21 and 3 daughters Ellen 26, Mary 25 and Delia aged 11. Also living with them was Thomas’ widowed mother Ellen aged 91. They could all read and write, Delia was a scholar while the other children were listed as farmer’s children. William and Delia spoke only English while the rest of the family spoke both English and Irish. They had 9 children born alive and at the time 8 were still living.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Oughterard/Maghera_More/471303/

House 16: Kate D’arcy, a widow, aged 37 was head of the family. She had 4 sons, Stephen 17, Thomas 15, Michael 9 and Anthony Gerard aged just 1 and 3 daughters Mary 16, Kate Ann 13 and Delia aged 10. They could all read and write. Stephen was a farmer while the rest of the children were scholars. Delia and Michael spoke only English, the rest of the family spoke both English and Irish.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Oughterard/Maghera_More/471304/

House 17: Martin Moloney, a farmer, aged 45 was head of the family. He was married to Mary aged 37. They had 3 sons, Martin 13, Michael 2 and Patrick 1 and 2 daughters Margaret 11 and Sarah aged 8. Also living with them at the time was Jane Gibbons, a widow aged 84, she was listed as a “boarder”. They all spoke both Irish and English. Martin, Margaret and Sarah were scholars. Michael, Patrick and Jane Gibbons were unable to read however the other members of the household could read.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Oughterard/Maghera_More/471305/

House 18: Julia Darcy, aged 60, was head of the family. She was married and in the house with her at the time was her 2 daughters Bridget 18 and Julia 16 and her son Stephen aged 21. Stephen was a farmer. They could all read and write and all spoke both English and Irish. Julia had 10 children born alive and at the time 7 were still living.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Oughterard/Maghera_More/471306/

House 19: Stephen Darcy, a farmer, aged 56 was head of the family. He was married to Mary Agnus aged 50. In the house at the time were their 2 daughters, Kate 32 and Delia aged 21 and 3 sons Stephen Joseph 16, John 13 and Thomas aged 10. The 3 boys were all scholars. They had 10 children born alive and 9 were still living at this time. The family all spoke both English and Irish and all of them could read and write.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Oughterard/Maghera_More/471307/

House 20: Andrew D’arcy, a farmer aged 40 was head of the house. He was a single man who could read and write and spoke both English and Irish.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Oughterard/Maghera_More/471308/

House 21: Michael Gibbons, a farmer aged 68 was head of the house. He was married to Serah (Sarah) aged 73. In the house at the time were their son Thomas aged 33 a farmer, daughter in law Julia aged 32 & grandchildren Michael aged 5, Mary Margaret aged 3, John aged 3 months and granddaughter Mary Maloney aged 14. Michael & Sarah could not read; they spoke English & Irish. Thomas, Julia & Mary could read and write and they spoke English & Irish. Michael & Mary Margaret spoke English. Michael & Sarah were married for 40 years; they had 6 children born alive and 4 were still living at this time. Thomas & Julia were married for 6 years; they had 3 children born alive and 3 were still living at this time.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Oughterard/Maghera_More/471309/

Church records of births, deaths and marriages:

Church records of births, deaths and marriages are available online at http://www.rootsireland.ie. To search these records, you will need to know the ‘church parish’ rather than the ‘civil parish’. (The civil parish is the pre-reformation parish and was frequently used as a unit of administration in the past.)

Magheramore is in the civil parish of Kilcummin.

Roman Catholic parishes:

This civil parish corresponds with the following Roman Catholic parish or parishes.

  • Carraroe
  • Kilannin
  • Kilcummin/Oughterard
  • Rosmuc

Church of Ireland parishes:

This civil parish corresponds with the following Church of Ireland parish.

  • Kilcummin

In general, the civil parish and the Church of Ireland parish are the same, but, this is not always the case.

Maps

It is located at 53° 24′ 14″ N, 9° 18′ 38″ W.

Original OS map of this area.

Ireland was first mapped in the 1840s. These original maps are available online.

Magheramore

Original OS maps at the Ordnance Survey of Ireland website.

Below is a link to the Ordnance Survey of Ireland website. It displays the original OS map that was created in the 1840s.

Magheramore

Information from Google Maps.

You can use this link to find this townland on Google Maps.

Google Maps

Information from the National Monuments Service.

You can use this link to view a map of archaeological features. This link brings you to a website wherein you will have to search for your townland.

Archaeological map from the National Monuments Service

Galway Library Website

http://places.galwaylibrary.ie/place/52955

Townlands.ie Website

https://www.townlands.ie/galway/moycullen/kilcummin/oughterard/magheramore/

This page was added on 06/05/2014.

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