Lettermore

Antoinette Lydon

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Lettermore is in the civil parish of Kilcummin. The civil Parish corresponds with the following Church of Ireland parish of Kilcummin, Galway West. In general, the civil parish and the Church of Ireland parish are the same as is the case in the Kilcummin Oughterard area.

Irish Form of Name: Leitir Mór na Coille

Translation: great hillside of the wood

Civil Parish: Kilcummin View all place names in this civil parish.

Lettermore is in the Electoral Division of Kilcummin, in Civil Parish of Kilcummin, in the Barony of Moycullen, in the County of Galway

Other Forms of the Name with authority source (if provided) in italics:

Lettermore

Leitir Mór na Coille

Leitir mór na coille

Lettermore Barony Cess Book

Littermore Barony Map

Lettermore Boundary Surveyor

Littermore County Map

Littermore-na-coille Local

Lettermore East and West Rector of Kilcummin

Description:

Land very good, but stony in parts. Contains 1,251¼ acres about 50 acres of which are under tillage. There are 7¾ acres of water, the remainder is mountain pasture. There is nothing remarkable in this townland.

Situation:

In the eastern part of the parish, bounded on the North by Glantrasna, on the West by Derravonniv, on the South by Derryvrisk, and on the East by Logganaffrin and Shannawona.

This is a list of townlands that share a border with this townland.

Some other placenames in or near this townland are…

Landlord

The landlord was Thomas B. Martin, Esq., Ballinahinch. Thomas B. Martin was a member of the Martin of Ross Family as stated in the Landed Estates Database.

  • Martin (Ross) – The Martin family were established beside Ross Lake in the barony of Moycullen, county Galway, from the late 16th century, where they purchased land from the O’Flahertys. They were Royalist supporters and were dispossessed of their property in the city of Galway by the Cromwellians. Robert Martin received a grant of 2,909 acres in the barony of Moycullen, by patent dated 21 Aug 1677. Jasper Martin of Ross, who died in 1700, had two sons Jasper and Richard, from whom descend the two branches of the family settled at Ross and Ballynahinch. Nicholas Martin, who died in 1811, married Elizabeth O’Hara, daughter of Robert O’Hara of Lenaboy, and according to Burke’s” Landed Gentry”, a grandniece of James O’Hara, 2nd Baron Tyrawley. Their grandson, James Martin of Ross, had sixteen children from his two marriages. His daughter, Maud, married H. Callwell and they were the parents of the author, J. M. Callwell. The youngest daughter of James Martin was Violet Florence Martin of the well-known literary team Somerville and Ross. The Martins of Ross owned 5,767 acres in county Galway in the 1870s. They advertised the sale of their estate in the Landed Estates’ Court in May 1885.

Martin (Ballynahinch) – A branch of the Anglo Norman family of Martin, one of the Tribes of Galway, was granted the O’Flaherty lands in the Connemara region in the mid-17th century. This family were a junior branch of the Martins of Ross and under the Acts of Settlement were granted vast estates in counties Galway, Mayo, Roscommon, Clare and Sligo. By a patent dated 1698 they were confirmed in the possession of their Connemara estate known as the Manor of Claremount by King William. The Westport Estate Papers document the sale of over 27,000 acres in the baronies of Moycullen and Ballynahinch by the trustees for the sale of Colonel John Browne’s estate to John Edwards for Richard Martin in 1699. The early generations of Martins lived at Birch Hall and Dangan, in the townland of Oranhill, parish of Rahoon, near Galway city. Richard Martin, better known as ‘Humanity Dick’, was the first member of the family to be reared as a Protestant. He was a famous duellist and founded the Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals. Ballynahinch Castle was built in the centre of his estate. His son Thomas Martin died in 1847 during the Famine and Thomas’s only daughter and heir, Mary Laetita, inherited a heavily encumbered estate. She married her cousin, Arthur Gonne Bell, and died in New York in 1850. The Martin estates were offered for sale in two sections in 1849. Their property close to Galway town included Dangan, Corcullen, Bushypark and Killeen. Their Connemara estate was acquired by the Law Life Assurance Society in 1852, to whom it was heavily mortgaged. In 1853 the estate of almost 200,000 acres was surveyed by Thomas Colville Scott for a prospective buyer. Richard Martin, second son of Richard ‘Humanity Dick’ Martin of Ballynahinch, is recorded as holding five townlands in the parish of Killannin, barony of Moycullen, county Galway, at the time of Griffith’s Valuation although he emigrated to Canada in 1833. He was also recorded as the occupier of Clareville, a Martin home in the village of Oughterard. Many of his descendants still reside in Canada. http://www.martinhistory.net/

 

Information from the Down Survey Website.

The Down Survey is a mapped survey. Using the Civil Survey as a guide, teams of surveyors, mainly former soldiers, were sent out under Petty’s direction to measure every townland to be forfeited to soldiers and adventurers. The resulting maps, made at a scale of 40 perches to one inch (the modern equivalent of 1: 50,000), were the first systematic mapping of a large area on such a scale attempted anywhere. The primary purpose of these maps was to record the boundaries of each townland and to calculate their areas with great precision. The maps are also rich in other detail showing churches, roads, rivers, castles, houses and fortifications. Most towns are represented pictorially and the cartouches, the decorative titles, of each map in many cases reflect a specific characteristic of each barony. (http://downsurvey.tcd.ie)

Townland of LETTERMORE (ED Kilcummin)

Down Survey Name: Littermore

1641 Owner(s): Clanrickard, Earl of (Protestant)

1670 Owner(s): Clanrickard, Earl of (Protestant)

County: Galway

Barony: Muckullin

Parish: Killcumyn

Unprofitable land: 1269 plantation acres

Profitable land: 100 plantation acres

Forfeited: 100 plantation acres

The down survey website will tell you who owned this townland in 1641 (pre Cromwell) and in 1671 (post Cromwell).

Down Survey Website

The Tithe Applotment Books

About the Records

Tithes were a tax on agricultural produce which was payable by the occupiers of agricultural land. They were the main source of income for the parish clergy of the Church of Ireland (the largest Protestant church and the church established by law). However, in many parishes a large part of the tithes was ‘appropriate’, which meant that they were payable to a bishop, cathedral chapter or other ecclesiastical recipient, or were ‘impropriate’, which generally meant that they were payable to a local landowner. The parishes used in the Tithe Applotment Books are civil or Church of Ireland parishes, which often differ in name and territory from Catholic parishes, Acts of Parliament of 1823 and 1832 provided for the conversion of tithes into a fixed charge on land, and specified the average price of wheat or oats in the parish in the seven years before 1821 as the basis on which the tithes would be calculated. They also extended the application of tithes to pasture, where previously they had been levied only on tillage.

This change in the law resulted in the valuation of individual holdings in almost all parishes containing agricultural land, in order to assess the portion of the tithes for which each occupier of land would be liable. The apportionment was recorded for each Church of Ireland parish in a Tithe Composition Applotment Book. The information was collected and the amounts were calculated by two Parochial Commissioners, one of whom was appointed by the cess-payers of the parish and the other by the relevant Diocese of the Church of Ireland. This procedure was carried out in over 2,500 parishes between the years 1823 and 1837.

The Tithe Applotment Books are in a variety of formats, from a few pages sewn together to elaborately bound volumes. In most cases they are written in manuscript throughout, although some consist of manuscript entries on printed questionnaires. The information in the books is broadly uniform and generally includes at least the name of occupier; the size of holding, the valuation and the tithe payable. In some cases, more detailed information is provided. Some volumes have maps and most have certificates and correspondence attached.

The sub-divisions of the parish were recorded. Some of these subdivisions, such as plough lands, ceased to be in official use after the six-inch survey of the Ordnance Survey was completed in the 1840s. Only productive land was subject to tithe, and the books usually distinguish between this tithable land and untithable land such as roads or mountains. Tithable land was in some cases classified by quality, and a money value was given to each class. In some cases, the proportion of tithe payable to the rector, vicar or lay proprietor of the tithes was set out. The column for observations was sometimes completed, with information about commonage, for example.

There are a number of other points that should be noted. The acreages given in the Tithe Applotment Books are in Irish or Plantation measure, which is 1.62 times larger than statute measure. Only occupiers of land at the time of the tithe composition are recorded, so not all heads of households living in a parish at the time are included. Only rural areas are systematically covered, although inhabitants of towns who held plots of cultivable land are included. The equivalent tax in urban areas, Minister’s Money, has left few records.

The Tithe Applotment Books are an important source of information for a wide variety of researchers of pre-Famine Ireland. They provide the first surviving national list of the occupiers of land, and are used by genealogists as a partial substitute for returns of the 1821 and 1831 censuses of population, which were destroyed in 1922. They also record information on the quality of land, and provide information on pre-Ordnance Survey territorial divisions, some of which were not recognized after the 1840s.

The National Archives hold the original Tithe Applotment Books only for the twenty-six counties of the Republic of Ireland. The books for the six counties of Northern Ireland are held in the Public Record Office of Northern Ireland in Belfast. (http://titheapplotmentbooks.nationalarchives.ie/search/tab/aboutmore.jsp)

Patrick Burke, Edmd Conneely, Martin Conneely, Mich Conneely, Patt Walsh & Peter Walsh had 8 acres of land; 4 acres of 2nd quality land with a fee of 1s per acre, 4 acres of 3rd quality with a fee of 6d per acre.

The Tithes were payable to Richard Martin Esq. Reverend James Daly & Reverend John Wilson.

http://titheapplotmentbooks.nationalarchives.ie/search/tab/results.jsp?county=Galway&parish=Kilcummin&townland=East Lettermore&search=Search&sort=last_name_sort

http://titheapplotmentbooks.nationalarchives.ie/reels/tab//004587459/004587459_00440.pdf

Griffith Valuation 1855

In Griffith’s Valuation the area in Lettermore was a total of 1259 acres, 2 rood & 37 perch.  1251 acres 3 rood & 14 perch of land, houses & offices with a value of £15-0s-0d (Land) & £1-15s-0d (Buildings). 7 acres 3 rood & 23 perch of Water. Total rateable valuation value was £16-15s-0d.

Occupier: James Conneely, Ml Conneely (Mick), John Conneely, Colman Keane & Ml Conneely (Mar)

Immediate Lessor: Directors of the Law Life Assurance Co.

http://www.askaboutireland.ie/griffith-valuation/index.xml?action=doNameSearch&PlaceID=559552

View the heads of households in the townland at this time.

Poor Law Union Ireland

In Ireland the Poor Relief Act of 1838 divided into districts or “unions” in which the local taxable inhabitants were to be financially responsible for all paupers in the area. In 1898 the Poor Law Union was adopted as the basic administrative division in place of the civil parish and barony. Further subdivision into 828 registration districts and 3,751 district electoral divisions followed. Townlands were not arranged according to these divisions with parish and barony retained as a means to make comparisons with records gathered before 1898.

The 1838 Act

The main provisions of the 1838 Act were:

  • The extension of the existing Poor Law Commissioners’ powers to Ireland, with the appointment of Assistant Commissioners who were to implement the Act in Ireland.
  • The division of the country into Poor Law Unions based on Irish electoral divisions which were made up from townlands.
  • The creation of a Board of Guardians for each Union, two-thirds of whom were to be elected, the other third to be appointed ex officio.
  • The setting up of a workhouse in each Union.
  • The collection of a local poor-rate to finance the system.
  • Assistance for emigration.

Initially, 130 Unions were created, based upon 2,049 electoral divisions. The divisions were composed of townlands, a peculiarly Irish unit, traditionally of 120 Irish acres in area. (Between 1848 and 1850, subdividing and reorganizing the boundaries of some existing Unions, particularly in the west of the country created an additional 33 Unions.

Boards of Guardians were elected annually on 25th March. Only ratepayers were eligible for election, which effectively disenfranchised most of the native Irish who were usually tenants at this time. Ratepayers were allowed between one and six votes depending on the size of a valuation of their property.

What is a townland?

A townland is one of the smallest land divisions in Ireland. They range in size from a few acres to thousands of acres. Many are Gaelic in origin, but some came into existence after the Norman invasion of 1169

Lettermore is in the civil parish of Kilcummin.

Population & Census Information

People who lived here:

You can retrieve a list of people who lived in this townland from 1827 to 1911. This list is compiled from the following resources.

  • The Tithe Applotment Books
  • Griffith’s Valuation
  • 1901 Census
  • 1911 Census

List of nineteenth century and early twentieth century inhabitants of this townland.

1841-1891 Census

1841 – 5 houses with 36 people

1851 – 5 houses with 32 people

1861 – 7 houses with 33 people

1871 – 6 houses with 28 people

1881 – 9 houses (9 inhabited) with 53 people (29 males, 24 females). There were 7 outbuildings.

The valuation of Houses & Land in 1881 was £18 0s 0d.

1891 – 12 houses (11 inhabited) with 47 people (26 males, 21 females). There were 20 outbuildings.

The valuation of Houses & Land in 1891 was £18 0s 0d.

1901 Census

This is a return of the members of the family, visitors, boarders or servants who slept or abode in their house on the night of Sunday March 31st 1901 in Lettermore.

There were 12 houses listed in the Townland of Lettermore. The people were all Roman Catholics and they were born in Co. Galway & America. 48 people lived in Lettermore (28 males and 20 females) in the townland. There were 31 farm buildings and out offices which included cow houses, calf houses, fowl houses & piggeries, barns & stores.

Enumerators Extract (House 12 not included)

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/reels/nai000840201/

House & Building Return

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/reels/nai000840202/

Out Office & Farm Steadings

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/reels/nai000840203/

House 1

Patrick Conneely aged 40 was head of the family; married to Mary aged 35. They lived their sons Michael aged 19, Thomas aged 16, Joseph aged 6, John aged 4 & James aged 2.

Patrick was a farmer; Michael was a farmer’s son; Thomas & Joseph were scholars. Patrick, Joseph & John could not read; they spoke Irish & English. Mary & James could not read; they spoke only Irish. Michael & Thomas could read & write and spoke Irish & English. The family were Roman Catholic.

They lived in a 3rd class house with 2 rooms and 1 front window. They had a cow house & a fowl house. This was a private dwelling.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Kilcummin/Lettermore/1394394/

House 2

Mary Conneely aged 60 was head of the family; a widow. She lived with her son Pat aged 35, married and grandson John Conneely aged 6, he was born in America.

Mary was a farmer and Pat was a farmer’s son. Mary & John could not read; they spoke Irish & English. Pat could read & write and spoke Irish & English. The family were Roman Catholic.

They lived in a 3rd class house with 2 rooms and 1 front window. They had a cow house. This was a private dwelling.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Kilcummin/Lettermore/1394395/

House 3

Martin Conneely aged 39 was head of the family; married to Anne aged 29. They lived with their children Mary aged 5 & Michael aged 3.

Martin was a farmer; Anne was a farmer’s wife; Mary was a farmer’s daughter & Michael was a farmer’s son. Martin could read and write; he spoke Irish & English. Anne could not read; she spoke only Irish. Mary & Michael could not read; they spoke Irish & English. The family were Roman Catholic.

They lived in a 3rd class house with 2 rooms and 1 front window. They had a cow house & a piggery. This was a private dwelling.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Kilcummin/Lettermore/1394396/

House 4

Tom Keane aged 36 was head of the family; married to Nora aged 43. They lived with their children Mary aged 18, Michael aged 17, Pat aged 12, Bridget aged 10 & Barbara aged 5.

Tom was a shopkeeper & farmer; Mary was a farmer’s daughter; Michael was a farmer’s son; Pat, Bridget & Barbara were scholars. Tom & Barbara could not read; Nora, Mary, Michael, Pat & Bridget could read and write. The entire family spoke Irish & English. The family were Roman Catholic.

They lived in a 2nd class house with 2 rooms and 2 front windows. They had 2 cow houses, a piggery, fowl house & a store. This premise was a shop.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Kilcummin/Lettermore/1394397/

House 5

Patrick Conneely aged 40 was head of the family; married to Mary aged 30. They lived with their daughter Mary aged 4.

Patrick was a farmer. Patrick & daughter Mary could not read; his wife Mary could read & write. All three spoke Irish & English. The family were Roman Catholic.

They lived in a 3rd class house with 2 rooms and 2 front windows. They had a cow house, piggery & fowl house. This was a private dwelling.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Kilcummin/Lettermore/1394398/

House 6

John Conneely aged 35 was head of the family; married to Annie aged 30. They lived with Pat Laces aged 38.

John was a farmer and Pat was a general domestic servant; they could not read. Annie could read & write. All three spoke Irish & English. The family were Roman Catholic.

They lived in a 2nd class house with 2 rooms and 3 front windows. They had a cow house & a piggery. This was a private dwelling.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Kilcummin/Lettermore/1394399/

House 7

Tom Conneely aged 57 was head of the family; married to Mary aged 49. They lived with their son Edmond aged 19.

Tom was a farmer; Mary was a farmer’s wife and Edmond was a farmer’s son. Tom & Edmond spoke Irish & English; Mary spoke only Irish. All three could not read. The family were Roman Catholic.

They lived in a 3rd class house with 2 rooms and 2 front windows. They had a cow house & a piggery. This was a private dwelling.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Kilcummin/Lettermore/1394400/

House 8

Mathias Conneely aged 42 was head of the family; married to Bridget aged 40. They lived with their children Patt aged 12, Mary aged 10, Michael aged 8, Martin aged 6, Bridget aged 4 & Maggie aged 2.

Mathias was a farmer; Bridget was a housekeeper; Patt, Mary, Michael & Martin were scholars; Bridget(daughter) & Maggie were not yet at school. Mathias & Patt could read & write and spoke Irish & English. Bridget (wife), Mary & Michael could read; they spoke Irish & English. Martin, Bridget (daughter) & Maggie could not read and spoke only Irish. The family were Roman Catholic.

They lived in a 3rd class house with 2 rooms and 2 front windows. They had a piggery. This was a private dwelling.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Kilcummin/Lettermore/1394401/

House 9

Tom Conneely aged 47 was head of the household, single. He lived alone.

Tom was a farmer; he could not read and spoke only Irish. He was Roman Catholic.

He lived in a 3rd class house with 2 rooms and 1 front window. He had a cow house & a barn. This was a private dwelling.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Kilcummin/Lettermore/1394402/

House 10

Bridget Conneely aged 50 was head of the family; a widow. She lived with children Martin aged 26, Maggie aged 21, Pat aged 19 & Bridget aged 15.

Bridget was a farmer; Martin & Pat were farmer’s sons; Maggie was a farmer’s daughter & Bridget was a scholar. Bridget (mother) & Pat could not read; Martin could read; Maggie & Bridget (daughter) could read & write. The entire family spoke Irish & English. The family were Roman Catholic.

They lived in a 3rd class house with 2 rooms and 1 front window. They had a cow house, calf house, piggery & a barn. This was a private dwelling.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Kilcummin/Lettermore/1394403/

House 11

Thomas Lydon aged 40 was head of the family. He lived with his brother Bartley aged 25 and sister Mary aged 19, all single.

Thomas & Bartley were farmers; Mary was a housekeeper. They could read & write and spoke Irish & English. The family were Roman Catholic.

They lived in a 3rd class house with 2 rooms and 2 front windows. They had a cow house, 2 calf houses, piggery, fowl house & a store. This was a private dwelling.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Kilcummin/Lettermore/1394404/

House 12

Pat Conneely aged 60 was head of the family; a widower. He lived alone. He was a general labourer; he could not read and spoke only Irish. He was Roman Catholic.

He lived in a 4th class house with 1 room and no front window. He had a fowl house. This was a private dwelling.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Kilcummin/Lettermore/1394405/

Census 1911

This is a return of the Members of the families in Lettermore, their visitors, boarders and servants who slept or abode in the house on the night of Sunday 2nd April 1911.

There were 25 houses (2 uninhabited) listed in the Townland of Lettermore. Of the people living in Lettermore all 125 (63 males/62 females) were Roman Catholics.

People that lived in Lettermore were born included Co. Galway & America. There were a total of 53 farm buildings and out offices which included stable, coach house, cow houses, calf houses, piggeries, fowl houses, potato houses & a boat house.

Enumerators Extract

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/reels/nai002434530/

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/reels/nai002434531/

House & Building Return

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/reels/nai002434533/

Out Offices & Farm Steadings

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/reels/nai002434535/

House 1

Pat Conneely aged 69 was head of the family; married to Mary aged 60. They lived their sons Thomas aged 26, Joseph aged 16, John aged 14 & James aged 13.

All the family were listed as farmers. Pat & Mary could not read; they spoke only Irish. Thomas, Joseph, John & James could read & write and spoke Irish & English. The family were Roman Catholic.

Pat & Mary were married for 29 years; they had 5 children with 5 living at the time of the census.

They lived in a 3rd class house with 2 rooms and 2 front windows. They had a stable, cow house & piggery. This was a private dwelling.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Kilcummin/Lettermore/471192/

House 2

Mary Conneely aged 73 was head of the family; a widow. She lived with her son Pat aged 45 and grandson John Conneely aged 17, both single.

Mary & Pat were farmers. John was a farmer’s son.  Mary could not read; Pat & John could read & write. All three spoke Irish & English. The family were Roman Catholic.

Mary was married for 40 years; she had 2 children with both living at the time of the census.

They lived in a 3rd class house with 2 rooms and 1 front window. They had a cow house. This was a private dwelling.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Kilcummin/Lettermore/471193/

House 3

Thomas Keane aged 69 was head of the family; married to Honora aged 55. They lived with their children Michael aged 17, Bridget aged 10, Barbara aged 14 & servant Honora Conroy aged 17.

Thomas was a farmer; Michael was a farmer’s son; Bridget was a farmer’s daughter; Honora Conroy was a general domestic servant & Barbara was a scholar. Thomas could not read; he spoke only Irish. Honora (mother), Michael, Bridget, Honora Conroy & Barbara could read and write; they spoke Irish & English. The family were Roman Catholic.

Thomas & Honora were married for 33 years; they had 5 children with 4 living at the time of the census.

They lived in a 3rd class house with 2 rooms and 2 front windows. They had a stable, coach house, cow house, calf house, piggery & fowl house. This was a private dwelling.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Kilcummin/Lettermore/471194/

House 4

This was a shop.

House 5

Martin Conneely aged 50 was head of the family; married to Anne aged 35. They lived with their children Michael aged 13, Bridget aged 11, Anne age 9, Martin aged 7 & Thomas aged 3 months.

Martin & Anne were farmers; Anne was a farmer’s wife; Michael, Bridget & Anne were scholars. Martin, Michael & Bridget could read and write; Anne (wife), Martin & Thomas could not read; Anne (daughter) could read. The entire family spoke Irish. The family were Roman Catholic.

Martin & Anne were married for 15 years; they had 8 children with 6 living at the time of the census.

They lived in a 3rd class house with 2 rooms and 1 front window. They had a cow house. This was a private dwelling.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Kilcummin/Lettermore/471195/

House 6

Pat Conneely aged 68 was head of the family; married to Mary aged 50. They lived their children Mary aged 13, Martin aged 7 & lodger Annie Butler aged 20.

Pat was a farmer; Mary & Martin were scholars and Annie Butler was a National School Teacher. Pat & Mary could not read; they spoke only Irish. Annie & Mary could read & write and spoke Irish & English. Martin could read & write; he spoke Irish. The family were Roman Catholic.

Pat & Mary were married for 14 years; they had 2 children with both living at the time of the census.

They lived in a 3rd class house with 2 rooms and 2 front windows. They had a cow house & a piggery. This was a private dwelling.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Kilcummin/Lettermore/471196/

House 7

John Conneely aged 43 was head of the family; married to Annie aged 42, they lived with son John aged 7.

John was a farmer and son John was a scholar. All three could read & write and spoke Irish & English. The family were Roman Catholic.

John & Anne were married for 14 years; they had 1 child.

They lived in a 2nd class house with 2 rooms and 3 front windows. They had a cow house & a piggery. This was a private dwelling.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Kilcummin/Lettermore/471197/

House 8

Thomas Conneely aged 73 was head of the family; a widower. He lived with his daughter Annie Walsh aged 35 and grandchildren Mary aged 11, Annie aged 10, Bridget aged 9, Thomas aged 6 & James aged 3. All the grandchildren were born in America.

Thomas was a retired farmer; he could not read and spoke only Irish. Annie was a farmer’s daughter; Mary, Annie, Bridget & Thomas were scholars. They could read & write and spoke Irish & English. James was a son; he could not read; he spoke Irish & English. The family were Roman Catholic.

Annie Walsh was married for 13 years; she had 6 children with 5 living at the time of the census.

They lived in a 3rd class house with 2 rooms and 2 front windows. They had a cow house, calf house, piggery & fowl house. This was a private dwelling.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Kilcummin/Lettermore/471198/

House 9

Mathias Conneely aged 69 was head of the family; married to Bridget aged 46. They lived with their children Pat aged 20, Martin aged 16, Bridget aged 14, Maggie aged 12 & Honor aged 8.

Mathias was a farmer; Pat was a farmer’s son; Martin, Bridget & Honor were scholars; Mathias, daughter Bridget & Maggie could read and spoke Irish. Bridget (wife) & Martin could not read; they spoke Irish. Pat could read & write and spoke Irish & English. Honor could not read. The family were Roman Catholic.

Mathias & Bridget were married for 21 years; they had 6 children with all 6 living at the time of the census.

They lived in a 3rd class house with 2 rooms and 1 front window. They had a piggery & a fowl house. This was a private dwelling.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Kilcummin/Lettermore/471199/

House 10

Thomas Conneely aged 74 was head of the household, single. He lived alone.

Thomas was a farmer; he could not read and spoke only Irish. He was Roman Catholic.

He lived in a 3rd class house with 2 rooms and 1 front window. He had a cow house. This was a private dwelling.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Kilcummin/Lettermore/471200/

House 11

Martin Conneely aged 40 was head of the family; married to Nora aged 31. They lived with their son Michael aged 6 months.

Martin was a farmer. Martin & Nora could read and write & spoke Irish. Michael could not read. The family were Roman Catholic.

Martin & Nora were married for 2 years; they had 1 child.

They lived in a 3rd class house with 2 rooms and 2 front windows. They had a cow house, calf house & piggery. This was a private dwelling.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Kilcummin/Lettermore/471201/

House 12

Tom Lydon aged 50 was head of the family; married to Mary aged 40. They lived with children Mary aged 3, Bridget aged 2, John aged 2 weeks, his brother Bartley aged 40 and Michael was a farmer servant.

Tom & the children could not read. Mary (wife), Bartley & Michael could read & write. Tom, Mary, Bartley & Michael spoke Irish & English. The family were Roman Catholic.

Tom & Mary were married for 4 years; they had 3 children.

They lived in a 3rd class house with 2 rooms and 2 front windows. They had a cow house & a piggery. This was a private dwelling.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Kilcummin/Lettermore/471202/

House 13

Pat Conneely aged 76 was head of the family; a widower. He lived alone. He was a farmer; he could not read and spoke only Irish. He was Roman Catholic. He was married for 42 years and had 2 children.

He lived in a 4th class house with 1 room and no front window.

This was a private dwelling.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Kilcummin/Lettermore/471203/

 Church records of births, deaths and marriages:

Church records of births, deaths and marriages are available online at http://www.rootsireland.ie. To search these records, you will need to know the ‘church parish’ rather than the ‘civil parish’. (The civil parish is the pre-reformation parish and was frequently used as a unit of administration in the past.)

Roman Catholic parishes:

This civil parish corresponds with the following Roman Catholic parish or parishes.

  • Carraroe
  • Kilannin
  • Kilcummin/Oughterard
  • Rosmuc

Church of Ireland parishes:

This civil parish corresponds with the following Church of Ireland parish.

  • Kilcummin

In general, the civil parish and the Church of Ireland parish are the same, but, this is not always the case.

Maps

It is located at 53° 23′ 12″ N, 9° 30′ 23″ W.

Original OS map of this area.

Ireland was first mapped in the 1840s. These original maps are available online.

Lettermore

Original OS maps at the Ordnance Survey of Ireland website. Below is a link to the Ordnance Survey of Ireland website. It displays the original OS map that was created in the 1840s. Lettermore

Information from Google Maps.

You can use this link to find this townland on Google Maps.

Google Maps

Information from the National Monuments Service.

You can use this link to view a map of archaeological features. This link brings you to a website wherein you will have to search for your townland.

Archaeological map from the National Monuments Service

Galway Library Website

http://places.galwaylibrary.ie/place/52902

Townlands.ie Website

https://www.townlands.ie/galway/moycullen/kilcummin/kilcummin/lettermore/

This page was added on 29/07/2016.

Comments about this page

  • Hello Susan, the only reference to Shanvally in this article is that it borders Lettermore.

    By Antoinette Lydon (29/08/2016)
  • There is a cemetery here, and one part of the townland (near the cemetery) is referred to as Shanvally in the 1901 and 1911 Census, making it look as if it’s two different townlands, but there really is very little distinction.

    By Susan Toulson (28/08/2016)
  • This Lettermore townland should not be confused with “Lettermore – Parish of Killannin” commonly known as Lettermore Island which is in the same area.

    By Jim Fahy (31/07/2016)

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