Glengowla West

Text - Mary Kyne, Hyperlinks/Map - Antoinette Lydon

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Glengowla West is in the civil parish of Kilcummin. The civil Parish corresponds with the following Church of Ireland parish of Kilcummin, Galway West. In general, the civil parish and the Church of Ireland parish are the same as is the case in the Kilcummin Oughterard area.

Glengowla West is in the Electoral Division of Oughterard, in Civil Parish of Kilcummin, in the Barony of Moycullen, in the County of Galway

The Irish form of the name is Glinn Gobhla  – glen of the fork.

Other forms of name.

Glengoula West

Glengoula West Boundary Surveyor

Glingowla Barony Cess Book

Glengoula West Local

Glonghowly alias Glongowlamore T. H. O’Flaherty, Esq., Proprietor

Glengowla County Map

Glengowla Barony Map

Information From Joyce’s Place Names

Translation according to P. W. Joyce

Glengowla in Galway; Gleann-gaibhle, glen of the river-fork.

Boundaries: Glengowla West is situated in the northern extremity of the parish of Kilcummin. It is bounded on the North by Lettercraff, West by Derryglin and Derryeighter, East by Glengowla East and South by Derradda and Rusheeny.

This is a list of townlands that share a border with this townland.

Derradda

Derreighter

Derryerglinna

Glengowla

Lettercraff

Area

The area contains 572¾ acres of land, 70 acres of which are under tillage and pasture and 24¾ acres of water, the remainder is mountain pasture. The Clifden and Oughterard road passes through it.

Landlord:

Captain O’Flahertie, Esq., Lemonfield, Proprietor.

of Lemonfield.

O’Flahertie (Lemonfield) – The O’Flahertie’s of Lemonfield are descended from the O’Flahertie’s of Aughnanure Castle near Oughterard, county Galway. Their estate was in the parish of Kilcummin, barony of Moycullen, county Galway, and Lemonfield, close to the village of Oughterard, was their seat from the mid-18th century. There are some 17th and 19th century records relating to them in the Westport Papers. The O’Flahertie estate of over 4500 acres was advertised for sale in 1854 and a reduced acreage of 2346 acres in 1864. Both rentals included lead mines and a black marble quarry. The Irish Times reports that the 1864 sale saw many of the lots bought by a Mr. Carpenter. In the 1870s the O’Flahertie’s owned 2340 acres in county Galway. By March 1916 they had accepted offers from the Congested Districts’ Board for parts of their estate.

The family spelt the name O‘fflahertie.

The Tithe Applotment Books

About the Records

Tithes were a tax on agricultural produce which was payable by the occupiers of agricultural land. They were the main source of income for the parish clergy of the Church of Ireland (the largest Protestant church and the church established by law). However, in many parishes a large part of the tithes was ‘appropriate’, which meant that they were payable to a bishop, cathedral chapter or other ecclesiastical recipient, or were ‘impropriate’, which generally meant that they were payable to a local landowner. The parishes used in the Tithe Applotment Books are civil or Church of Ireland parishes, which often differ in name and territory from Catholic parishes, Acts of Parliament of 1823 and 1832 provided for the conversion of tithes into a fixed charge on land, and specified the average price of wheat or oats in the parish in the seven years before 1821 as the basis on which the tithes would be calculated. They also extended the application of tithes to pasture, where previously they had been levied only on tillage.

This change in the law resulted in the valuation of individual holdings in almost all parishes containing agricultural land, in order to assess the portion of the tithes for which each occupier of land would be liable. The apportionment was recorded for each Church of Ireland parish in a Tithe Composition Applotment Book. The information was collected and the amounts were calculated by two Parochial Commissioners, one of whom was appointed by the cess-payers of the parish and the other by the relevant Diocese of the Church of Ireland. This procedure was carried out in over 2,500 parishes between the years 1823 and 1837.

The Tithe Applotment Books are in a variety of formats, from a few pages sewn together to elaborately bound volumes. In most cases they are written in manuscript throughout, although some consist of manuscript entries on printed questionnaires. The information in the books is broadly uniform and generally includes at least the name of occupier; the size of holding, the valuation and the tithe payable. In some cases, more detailed information is provided. Some volumes have maps and most have certificates and correspondence attached.

The sub-divisions of the parish were recorded. Some of these subdivisions, such as plough lands, ceased to be in official use after the six-inch survey of the Ordnance Survey was completed in the 1840s. Only productive land was subject to tithe, and the books usually distinguish between this tithable land and untithable land such as roads or mountains. Tithable land was in some cases classified by quality, and a money value was given to each class. In some cases, the proportion of tithe payable to the rector, vicar or lay proprietor of the tithes was set out. The column for observations was sometimes completed, with information about commonage, for example.

There are a number of other points that should be noted. The acreages given in the Tithe Applotment Books are in Irish or Plantation measure, which is 1.62 times larger than statute measure. Only occupiers of land at the time of the tithe composition are recorded, so not all heads of households living in a parish at the time are included. Only rural areas are systematically covered, although inhabitants of towns who held plots of cultivable land are included. The equivalent tax in urban areas, Minister’s Money, has left few records.

The Tithe Applotment Books are an important source of information for a wide variety of researchers of pre-Famine Ireland. They provide the first surviving national list of the occupiers of land, and are used by genealogists as a partial substitute for returns of the 1821 and 1831 censuses of population, which were destroyed in 1922. They also record information on the quality of land, and provide information on pre-Ordnance Survey territorial divisions, some of which were not recognized after the 1840s.

The National Archives hold the original Tithe Applotment Books only for the twenty-six counties of the Republic of Ireland. The books for the six counties of Northern Ireland are held in the Public Record Office of Northern Ireland in Belfast. (http://titheapplotmentbooks.nationalarchives.ie/search/tab/aboutmore.jsp)

No information available.

Information from the Down Survey Website.

The Down Survey is a mapped survey. Using the Civil Survey as a guide, teams of surveyors, mainly former soldiers, were sent out under Petty’s direction to measure every townland to be forfeited to soldiers and adventurers. The resulting maps, made at a scale of 40 perches to one inch (the modern equivalent of 1: 50,000), were the first systematic mapping of a large area on such a scale attempted anywhere. The primary purpose of these maps was to record the boundaries of each townland and to calculate their areas with great precision. The maps are also rich in other detail showing churches, roads, rivers, castles, houses and fortifications. Most towns are represented pictorially and the cartouches, the decorative titles, of each map in many cases reflect a specific characteristic of each barony. (http://downsurvey.tcd.ie)

Townland of GLENGOWLA WEST

Down Survey Name: Glaungoullearagh

1641 Owner(s): Clanrickard, Earl of (Protestant)

1670 Owner(s): Clanrickard, Earl of (Protestant)

County: Galway

Barony: Muckullin

Parish: Killcumyn

Unprofitable land: 177 plantation acres

Profitable land: 51 plantation acres

Forfeited: 51 plantation acres

The down survey website will tell you who owned this townland in 1641 (pre Cromwell) and in 1671 (post Cromwell).

Down Survey Website

Griffiths Valuation 1850’s

In Griffith’s Valuation the area was 597 acres 25 perches with a land value of £45 2s 0d. Value of Buildings was £10 8 s 0d, and the total value is £55 10s 0d. 18acres 9 perches were taken up by the School House and the mountain while 24 acres 3 roods and 11 perches was under water. The school House is known locally as “The Lodge”.

Occupiers of the Land

William Conneely, Denis Geoghegan, John (Patt) Geoghegan, James Geoghegan (Matthias), Peter Conneely, Matthias Conneely, Michael Geoghegan (Denis), John Geoghegan (Matthias),

Michael Geoghegan (Mark), John Murphy, Martin Joyce, Thomas Sullivan, John Toole, John Conneely, Denis Geoghegan (Tom), John Conneely, Thomas Malley, Patrick Gibbons, David Naughton, Michael Geoghegan, Matthias Connor, Irish Church Mission.  There were 22 families living in Glengowla West.

Ownership of Land and Property

William Conneely, Denis Geoghegan, John Geoghegan, Michael Geoghegan (Denis), James Geoghegan and Matthias Conneely owned a house and land Rated: £3

The remaining landowners had their lands rated £1 10s.

Irish Church Mission (School House and Mountain land) the buildings were rated from 5 shillings to 10 shillings. The total Valuation of buildings came to £10 8s. Land and buildings £55 10s

Annual Valuation

The total annual valuation of rateable property in Glengowla West came to £55 10 s d.

http://www.askaboutireland.ie/griffith-valuation/index.xml?action=doNameSearch&PlaceID=560027

View the heads of households in the townland at this time.

Out Offices and Land

The out office was a farm building, a cow house, piggery or barn. The land was very poor and sterile and people were always poverty-stricken. At this time most tenants were trying to eke out a living on 5acres or less and a farmers needed at least 15.3 acres to survive.

Clachan: The Irish is ‘Clochán’. The houses in Glengowla West formed a Clachan. A clachan was a small traditional settlement common in Ireland until the middle of the 20th century. They usually lacked a church, post office or other formal building. The origin is unknown but it is likely that they are of ancient root most likely dating to medieval times.

The Glengowla West clachan was a cluster of small single storey farmers’ cottages built on poor land. They were related to the rundale system of farming. According to David Lloyd, The Great Famine 1845–1849 caused such disruption to the social system that the clachans virtually disappeared.

People living in Clachans had the support of a tight knit community.

In some cases, the clachans have evolved into holiday villages or one or two houses have been taken over turning smaller houses into agricultural outhouses.

Poor Law Union Ireland

In Ireland the Poor Relief Act of 1838 divided into districts or “unions” in which the local taxable inhabitants were to be financially responsible for all paupers in the area. In 1898 the Poor Law Union was adopted as the basic administrative division in place of the civil parish and barony. Further subdivision into 828 registration districts and 3,751 district electoral divisions followed. Townlands were not arranged according to these divisions with parish and barony retained as a means to make comparisons with records gathered before 1898.

The 1838 Act

The main provisions of the 1838 Act were:

o   The extension of the existing Poor Law Commissioners’ powers to Ireland, with the appointment of Assistant Commissioners who were to implement the Act in Ireland.

o   The division of the country into Poor Law Unions based on Irish electoral divisions, which were, they made up from townlands.

o   The creation of a Board of Guardians for each Union, two-thirds of who were to be elected, the other third to be appointed ex officio.

o   The setting up of a workhouse in each Union.

o   The collection of a local poor-rate to finance the system.

o   Assistance for emigration.

Initially, 130 Unions were created, based upon 2,049 electoral divisions. The divisions were composed of townlands, a peculiarly Irish unit, traditionally of 120 Irish acres in area. (Between 1848 and 1850, subdividing and reorganizing the boundaries of some existing Unions, particularly in the west of the country created an additional 33 Unions.

Boards of Guardians were elected annually on 25th March. Only ratepayers were eligible for election, which effectively disenfranchised most of the native Irish who were usually tenants at this time. Ratepayers were allowed between one and six votes depending on the size of a valuation of their property.

Townlands

A town land is one of the smallest land divisions in Ireland. They range in size from a few acres to thousands of acres. Many are Gaelic in origin, but some came into existence after the Norman invasion 1169. Glengowla West is a townland.

Population & Census Information

People who lived here:

You can retrieve a list of people who lived in this townland from 1827 to 1911. This list is compiled from the following resources.

  • The Tithe Applotment Books
  • Griffith’s Valuation
  • 1901 Census
  • 1911 Census

List of nineteenth century and early twentieth century inhabitants of this townland.

1841-1891 Census

1841 – 21 houses with 108 people

1851 – 12 house with 73 people

1861 – 14 houses with 77 people

1871 – 18 houses with 97 people

1881 – 17 houses (17 inhabited) with 129 people (64 males, 65 females). There were 11 outbuildings.

The valuation of Houses & Land in 1881 was £20 5s 0d.

1891 – 20 houses (20 inhabited) with 118 people (63 males, 55 females). There were 24 outbuildings.

The valuation of Houses & Land in 1891 was £20 5s 0d.

1841/1851 Old Age Pension Census Search Forms

Geoghegan. (Walsh)

An application was made by Geoghegan  from Glengowla in the Parish of Kilcummin in the Barony of Moycullen. Reference # Cen/S/2014. The surname Walsh also appears on the application. Record was found for 1851.

Geoghegan

An application was made by Geoghegan  from Glengowla in the Parish of Kilcummin in the Barony of Moycullen. Reference # Cen/S/2015. Record was found for 1851.

Dennis Geoghegan

An application was made by Dennis Geoghegan (or Houghan). Address: Glengowla, Derryglinna, Maam Cross, Co. Galway

Full Names of Father and Mother of the applicant: John & Catherine Geoghegan (Walsh)

Residence in 1851: Townland: Glengowla E & W Parish: Kilcummin, Barony: Moycullen, County: Galway

Julia, Dennis & John also listed on the Application.

Date of receipt: 27.3.20 Reference: CenS/11/2014 Application No. C/20 4574

Return searched by FW 27.3.20 John & Catherine Geoghegan married 1848, no return of Dennis Sheet 10

2/- written on top right corner of application.

Application form

Dennis Geoghegan

An application was made by Dennis Geoghegan. Address: Glengowla, Derryglinna, Maam Cross, Co. Galway

Full Names of Father and Mother of the applicant: John & Catherine Geoghegan.

Name of  Head of Family (of other than Father) with which Applicant resided in 1851. Thomas & Margaret Hoghegan (Geoghegan) married 1807 (uncle and aunt)

Residence in 1851: Townland: Glengowla E & W Parish: Kilcummin, Barony: Moycullen, County: Galway

Julia, Dennis & John also listed on the Application.

Date of receipt: 27.3.20 Reference: CenS/11/2014 Application No. C/20 4574

Return searched by FW 27.3.20 John & Catherine Geoghegan married 1848, no return if Dennis Sheet 10

1901 Census Glengowla West

This is a return of the members of the family, their Visitors, Boarders, and Servants who slept or abode in their house on the night of Sunday March 31st 1901 in Glengowla West

There were 20 houses listed in the Townland of Glengowla West. The people were all Roman Catholics and they were born in County Galway. There were 31 in total of farm buildings and out offices, which included, a store, stables, cow houses, barns, piggeries, and sheds.

Class of House: The class of house depended on the materials used in the roof, walls, number of rooms and number of front windows. A 1st class house was considered the highest standard.

Walls of the houses: The walls were of stone, brick, concrete or of mud, wood or other perishable material. The houses in Glengowla West were built of stone, brick or concrete. There were no mud cabins.

Roofs Landholder of the property unless otherwise stated. Roofs were of slate, iron, tiles, thatch, wood or other perishable material. The roofs of houses were of thatch, wood or perishable material. Most likely they were thatched, as there were ample reeds for thatching in the lakes.

House Occupancy: Each of the 20 houses was occupied by one family.

The people listed as Head of the Family were also listed as the lawful Landholder of the property.

Enumerators Extract

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/reels/nai000840752/

House & Building Return

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/reels/nai000840753/

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/reels/nai000840754/

Out Office & Farm Steading

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/reels/nai000840755/

House 1: Patrick Geoghegan aged 60 head of the family married to Mary aged 58 lived with their children John 23 and Mary 19 both single. Mary was listed as a scholar and John as a farmer’s son. Patrick spoke Irish while the rest of the family spoke Irish and English. Patrick didn’t read but the rest of the family could read and write. They were farmers and owned a cow-house, piggery and barn and lived in a Class 3 house with 1 front window. 4 persons occupied 2 available rooms.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Oughterard/Glengowla_West/1394658/

House 2: Michael Geoghegan (Pat), aged 54 and head of the family was single and lived with his niece Julia Clancy – a scholar aged 16. They spoke Irish and English and could read and write. They had a cow-house and lived in a Class 3 house with no front window. 2 persons occupied 2 available rooms.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Oughterard/Glengowla_West/1394659/

House 3: Martin Thornton aged 60 and head of the family lived with his wife Bridget aged 60 and their children Ned 24, Ellen 20 Anne 18. Martin’s niece Kate Conneely aged 65 lived with the family. Martin, Bridget and Kate didn’t read or write but Ned, Anne and Ellen did. The family spoke Irish and English. Martin had a cow-house and lived in a Class 3 house with no front window. 6 persons occupied 2 available rooms.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Oughterard/Glengowla_West/1394660/

House 4: Patrick Conneely head of the family lived with his wife Annie aged 26 and their children Matthias 5, Mary 3, Michael 2 and Patrick 8 months. Kate Toole, a lodger living on charity aged 60 lived with the family. The family spoke English and Irish except Annie who spoke all Irish and didn’t read or write. The rest of the family could read and write.  They were farmers who had a cow-house and piggery and lived in a Class 3 house with 2 front windows. 8 persons occupied 2 available rooms.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Oughterard/Glengowla_West/1394661/

House 5: Thomas Geoghegan aged 40; a farmer lived with his wife Bridget 40 and their children James 9, Margaret 8, Michael 6, Thomas 4 and baby Patrick 1 month old. Thomas and Bridget didn’t read or write and they spoke Irish and English. They had a cow- house and piggery and lived in a Class 3 house with 1 front window. 7 persons occupied 2 available rooms.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Oughterard/Glengowla_West/1394662/

House 6: Mary Geoghegan aged 60 a widow and head of the family lived with her son John aged 30 and single. Mary didn’t read or write but John did and they both spoke Irish and English. They were farmers and owned a cow-house and piggery. They lived in a Class 3 house with 1 front window. 2 persons occupied 2 available rooms.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Oughterard/Glengowla_West/1394663/

House 7: John Mullin aged 60 lived with his wife Mary aged 48 and their children Pat 19, Mary 21 and Bridget 17 who were all single. The family could read and write and they spoke Irish and English. They were farmers and the children’s occupations were listed as farmer’s son and daughters. They owned a cow-house and piggery and lived in a Class 3 house with no front window. 5 persons occupied 2 available rooms.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Oughterard/Glengowla_West/1394664/

House 8: Barbara Conneely aged a widow and head of the family lived with her Uncle John Conneely aged 60 and her children Patrick 18, Bridget 16, John 14, Thomas 12, Stephen 11 and Catherine 9. John Conneely aged 60 didn’t read but the rest of the family could read and write and they all spoke Irish and English. The children were all single. Thomas, Stephen and Catherine were scholars while Patrick, John and Brigid were listed as farmer’s sons and daughters. They were farmers with one cow-house and a piggery. They lived in a Class 3 house with 2 front windows. 8 persons occupied 2 available rooms.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Oughterard/Glengowla_West/1394665/

House 9: Michael Conneely head of the family aged 69 lived with his wife Mary 68. They didn’t read or write. Living with them was their John 40 and his wife Delia 32 and their children Michael Joseph 5, Stephen Francis 3 and John William 1. The three children were born in America. John and Delia could read and write and the family spoke Irish and English. They were farmers and had a cow-house and piggery. They lived in a Class 3 house with 1 front window. 7 persons occupied 2 available rooms.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Oughterard/Glengowla_West/1394666/

House 10: Patrick Joyce aged 40 and head of the family lived with his sister Bridget 35. They could read and write and spoke Irish and English. Colman Joyce aged 16; a servant who didn’t read and spoke only Irish lived with them as servant/labourer. The occupants of the house were all single. They were farmers who owned a cow-house, piggery, barn and stable. They lived in a Class 3 house with 2 front windows. 3 persons occupied 2 available rooms.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Oughterard/Glengowla_West/1394667/

House 11: Patrick Walsh aged 80 and head of the family lived with his wife Margaret 75 and son John 29 and single. Patrick and Margaret didn’t read or write while their son John did. The all spoke Irish and English. They were farmers and had a cow-house and piggery and lived in a Class 3 house with 1 front window. 3 persons occupied 2 available rooms.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Oughterard/Glengowla_West/1394668/

House 12: Denis Geoghegan (Spelt Dinnes) head of the family and aged 44 lived with his wife Julia aged 35 their children – John 15, Michael 13, Mary 11, Bridget 9, Julia 7, Kate 4 and Thomas 2. Living with the family was Denis’ mother Catherine 76 a widow. Denis or his mother didn’t read but the rest of the family did. They all spoke English and Irish. John and Michael were listed as farmer’s sons and the younger children as scholars. They were farmers and had a cow-house, piggery and barn. They lived in a class 3 house with 1 front window. 10 persons occupied 2 available rooms.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Oughterard/Glengowla_West/1394669/

House 13: Pat Gibbons aged 69 a widower lived with his son John 30 and Tom 27 both single. They all spoke Irish and English but Pat didn’t read John and Tom did read. They were farmers and had 2 cow-houses and a piggery. They lived in a Class 3 house with 2 front windows. 3 persons occupied 2 available rooms.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Oughterard/Glengowla_West/1394670/

House 14: Mary Feenerty head of the family a widow who didn’t read or write but spoke Irish and English lived alone. Her occupation was a Huxter. She had a cow house and a piggery and lived in a Class 4 house with no front window. 1 person occupied 1 available room.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Oughterard/Glengowla_West/1394671/

House 15: Margaret Naughton a widow aged 55 and head of the family lived with her daughter Kate 19, son Pat 22 and Bridget Connell her daughter – a schoolteacher aged 26 and her child Helena Margaret Connell 6 months old. The all could read and write and they spoke Irish and English. Pat and Kate were listed as farmer’s son and daughter. They had a cow –house and piggery and lived in a Class 3 house with 2 front windows. 5 persons occupied 2 available rooms.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Oughterard/Glengowla_West/1394672/

House 16: Patrick Gibbons head of the family aged 53 lived with his wife Maggie aged 50 and their 8-year-old son John. They didn’t read but they all spoke Irish and English. They were farmers and had a cow-house and piggery and lived in a Class 3 house with 2 front windows. 3 persons occupied 2 available rooms.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Oughterard/Glengowla_West/1394673/

House 17: John Geoghegan, a widower, aged 76 and head of the family lived with his son Patrick 36 and his wife Honor 34 and children Julia 4, Michael 3 and Tomas 2. They didn’t read or write but all of them spoke Irish and English. They had a cow house and piggery. 6 persons occupied 2 available rooms.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Oughterard/Glengowla_West/1394674/

House 18: There was no record for this house so perhaps it was vacant. Patk Geoghegan was the legal owner.

House 19 Frank Mc Coy head of the family aged 48 lived with his wife Bridget 50. He was a wool weaver and Bridget’s occupation was listed as “general traffic” They didn’t read or write but the family spoke Irish and English. Living with them were their children Mary 18, Ellen 16, Alice 14 and James 11 a scholar.  The children all could read and write.  Mary Ellen and Alice occupation was listed as ‘General Traffic’.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Oughterard/Glengowla_West/1394675/

House 20: Catherine Burke a widow aged 60 head of the family lived in the house with Barbara Naughton a farm servant who was single and spoke only Irish. She was single. Catherine spoke Irish and English.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Oughterard/Glengowla_West/1394676/

Note: There was no mention of the occupants of the house known as the LODGE – perhaps that was house 18!!

House 21: Church Mission School

Glengowla West Census 1911

This is a return of the Members of families in Glengowla West, their visitors, boarders and servants who slept or abode in the house on the night of Sunday the 2nd of April 1911.

Description of the Houses

All the houses in Glengowla West were listed as private dwellings and were built of concrete or stone.  There were no mud cabins. The roofs of the houses were of wood, thatch or other perishable material. Most likely they were thatched. The head of the family was listed as the landholders. One family lived in each property. The Class of the house depended on the material used in the roof, walls, number of rooms and number of front windows. Most of the houses came under “2’ in the census form meaning that there could be 2, 3, or 4, rooms in the house. Class 3 meant that there were 2 rooms or less with one front window in the house.

There were 17 families in Glengowla West – 37 males and 39 females all Roman Catholics and all born in County Galway.

Farm Buildings: There were 35 farm buildings between cow houses, calf houses, piggeries, barns and sheds.

Enumerators Extract

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/reels/nai002435569/

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/reels/nai002435570/

House & Building Return

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/reels/nai002435571/

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/reels/nai002435572/

Out Office & Farm Steadings

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/reels/nai002435573/

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/reels/nai002435574/

House 1: Frank Mc Coy aged 60 head of the family lived with his wife Bridget aged 61 and children James 22, Ellen 24 both single. They spoke English and Irish and could read and write. Frank was married 33 years and had 6 children born alive and 6 were still living.  James and Ellen were listed as farmer’s son and daughter. Frank was a woolen weaver. They lived in a Class 2 house with 3 front windows. They had a stable, cow house, calf house and piggery. 4 persons occupied 2 available rooms.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Oughterard/Glengowla__West/471244/

House 2: Patrick Gibbons aged 50 married to Margaret 55 lived with their son John 18 who was single. The family could read and write and they spoke Irish and English. Patrick was married 24 years and had one child born alive and one still living. Patrick was a farmer who owned a cow house and a piggery and lived in a Class 3 house with 2 front windows. 3 persons occupied 2 available rooms.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Oughterard/Glengowla__West/471245/

House 3: Julia Geoghegan 92 was head of the family. She was a widow. She spoke Irish and English but didn’t read or write. Patrick her son aged 52 lived with her with his wife Nora 49 and their children Julia 14, Michael 13, Thomas 11, Mary 9, John 8 and Patrick 6. Patrick and Nora didn’t read or write but spoke Irish and English. The children were scholars and they could read and write. Patrick and Nora were married 15 years. They had 6 children born alive and 6 still living. They had 2 cow-houses and lived in a Class 3 house with 2 front windows. 9 persons occupied 3 available rooms.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Oughterard/Glengowla__West/471246/

House 4: Patrick Naughton aged 33 head of the family lived with his niece Helena O’Connell 11 – a scholar. They could read and write and spoke Irish and English. Patrick who was single and a farmer owned a stable, 2 cow houses, a barn and a shed. He lived in a Class 3 house with 2 front windows. 2 persons occupied 3 available rooms.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Oughterard/Glengowla__West/471247/

House 5: Catherine Burke aged 77 head of the family lived with her cousin Mary Naughton 40. Catherine was a widow and a farmer who could read and write and spoke Irish and English, as did Mary Naughton. Catherine had a cow-house and lived in a Class 2 house with 3 front windows. 2 persons occupied 3 available rooms.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Oughterard/Glengowla__West/471248/

House 6: John Gibbons aged 42 head of the family lived with his wife Bridget 30 and children Margaret 2 and baby Patrick 6 months old. They were farmers. They could read and write and spoke Irish and English. Catherine Conneely aged 8, John’s niece, lived with them They were married 3 years and 2 children were born alive to them and 2 were still living. They had a cow-house and a piggery and lived in a Class 3 house with 2 front windows. 5 persons occupied 2 available rooms.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Oughterard/Glengowla__West/471249/

House 7: Denis Tom Geoghegan aged 60 head of the family lived with his wife Julia aged 55 and their children – John 26, Michael 24, Julia 18, Catherine 15, Tom 12, Pat 9, and Denis 5. The children were all single.  John, Michael and Julia were listed as farmer’s son and daughters. Denis Tom and Julia couldn’t read or write but the family could read and write. The family spoke Irish and English. Denis Tom and Julia were married 27 years. 9 children were born alive and 9 were still living.  Denis Tom a farmer owned a cow-house, piggery and a barn. He lived in a Class 3 house with 1 front window. 9 persons occupied 2 available rooms.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Oughterard/Glengowla__West/471250/

House 8: John Walsh aged 42 head of the family lived with his wife Mary aged 38 and their children Mary 6, Bridget 5, Margaret 3 and baby John 2 months old. The family could read and write and they spoke Irish and English. They were married 8 years. 4 children were born alive and 4 were still living. John a farmer had a cow-house. He lived in a Class 3 house with one front window. 6 persons occupied 3 available rooms.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Oughterard/Glengowla__West/471251/

House 9: Patrick Joyce aged 64 head of the family lived with his sister Bridget Joyce aged 60. Both were single. They could read and write and they spoke Irish and English. Patrick, a farmer owned a cow-house, calf house and piggery. He lived in a Class 3 house with 2 font windows. 2 persons occupied 2 available rooms.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Oughterard/Glengowla__West/471252/

House 10: Michael Conneely head of the family, a farmer aged 79 lived with his wife Mary aged 72. They spoke Irish and English but didn’t read or write. They were married 49 years and had one child born alive and one still living. They owned a cow-house and lived in a Class 3 house with 1 front window. 2 persons occupied 2 available rooms.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Oughterard/Glengowla__West/471253/

House 11: Barbara Conneely a widow aged 60 head of the family lived with her son John 24 and daughter Kate 19 both single. The all could read and write and spoke Irish and English. They were farmers who owned 2 cow-houses and a piggery. They lived in a Class 2 house with 3 front windows. 3 persons occupied 3 available rooms.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Oughterard/Glengowla__West/471254/

House 12: John Mullin aged 77 head of the family lived with his wife Margaret aged 70 who didn’t read or write but spoke Irish and English and lived with their son Patrick aged 30 married to Margaret aged 43. John and Margaret were married 34 years and had 4 children born alive and 4 still living. Patrick and Margaret were married 3 years but had no family. They all spoke Irish and |English. Patrick and Margaret could read and write. The family was farmers and owned a cow-house and a shed. They lived in a Class 3 house with 1 front window. 4 persons occupied 2 available rooms.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Oughterard/Glengowla__West/471255/

House 13: John Geoghegan aged 42 head of the family lived with his wife Ellen 41. They didn’t read or write but spoke Irish and English. They were married 9 years and had 6 children born alive and 5 still living – Mary Bridget 8, Matthew 6, Margaret 3, Catherine 1 and baby Michael Joseph (couldn’t read how many months). They had a cow-house and a piggery and lived in a Class 2 house with 3 front windows. 7 persons occupied 3 available rooms.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Oughterard/Glengowla__West/471256/

House 14: Thomas Geoghegan a farmer aged 57 married to Bridget 54 lived with their children Margaret 17, Thomas 14 and Patrick 9. Thomas and Bridget didn’t read or write but the children did and they all spoke Irish and English. They were married 21 years and had 6 children born alive and 5 were still living. Margaret was listed as a farmer’s daughter and the other children as scholars. They had a cow house and a piggery and lived in a Class 3 house with 2 front windows. 6 persons occupied 3 available rooms.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Oughterard/Glengowla__West/471257/

House 15: Patrick Conneely, a widower aged 38 lived with his children Matthew 15, Mary 13, Michael 12, Patrick 10 and John 4. They could read and write and spoke Irish and English. Patrick, a farmer owned cow-house and piggery and lived in a Class 3 house with 2 front windows. 6 persons occupied 3 available rooms.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Oughterard/Glengowla__West/471258/

House 16: Bridget Thornton aged 74 a widow and head of the family Lived with her son Edward 30 and daughter Ellen 26 – both single. Her sister Catherine Conneely aged 76 lived with the family. Bridget and Catherine didn’t read or write while Edward and Catherine could read and write but the whole family spoke Irish and English. They were farmers who owned a cow-house and piggery and lived in a Class 3 house with 2 front windows. 4 persons occupied 2 available rooms.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Oughterard/Glengowla__West/471259/

House 17: Patrick Geoghegan aged 67 a farmer and head of the family lived with his wife Mary 71. They didn’t read or write but spoke Irish and English. They were married 35 years and 3 children were born alive and 2 were still living. They had a cow house and a piggery and lived in a Class 3 house with 1 front window. 2 persons occupied 3 available rooms.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Oughterard/Glengowla__West/471260/

Church records of births, deaths and marriages:

Church records of births, deaths and marriages are available online at http://www.rootsireland.ie.  To search these records, you will need to know the ‘church parish’ rather than the ‘civil parish’. (The civil parish is the pre-reformation parish and was frequently used as a unit of administration in the past.)

Glengowla West is in the civil parish of Kilcummin.

Roman Catholic parishes:

This civil parish corresponds with the following Roman Catholic parish or parishes.

  • Carraroe
  • Kilannin
  • Kilcummin/Oughterard
  • Rosmuc

Church of Ireland parishes:

This civil parish corresponds with the following Church of Ireland parish.

  • Kilcummin

In general, the civil parish and the Church of Ireland parish are the same, but, this is not always the case.

Maps

It is located at 53° 25′ 18″ N, 9° 23′ 36″ W.

Original OS map of this area. Ireland was first mapped in the 1840s. These original maps are available online.

Glengoula West

Original OS maps at the Ordnance Survey of Ireland website.

Below is a link to the Ordnance Survey of Ireland website. It displays the original OS map that was created in the 1840s.

Glengoula West

Information from Google Maps.

You can use this link to find this townland on Google Maps

Google Maps

Information from the National Monuments Service.

You can use this link to view a map of archaeological features. This link brings you to a website wherein you will have to search for your townland.

Archaeological map from the National Monuments Service

Galway Library Website

http://places.galwaylibrary.ie/place/52412

Townlands.ie Website

https://www.townlands.ie/galway/moycullen/kilcummin/oughterard/glengowla-west/

This page was added on 06/05/2014.

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