Corranellistrum

Antoinette Lydon

 

Corranellistrum is in the civil parish of Kilcummin. The civil Parish corresponds with the following Church of Ireland parish of Kilcummin, Galway West. In general, the civil parish and the Church of Ireland parish are the same as is the case in the Kilcummin Oughterard area.

Corranellistrum is in the Electoral Division of Wormhole, in Civil Parish of Kilcummin, in the Barony of Moycullen, in the County of Galway

The Irish form of the name is Corr an Fheileastruim

Translation round hill or pit of the flaggers

 Other Forms of the Name

Corranellistrim
Corr an Fheileastruim
Curranellestrum Boundary Surveyor
Curranillustron Barony Cess Book
Currenelstrum County Map
Curranellestrum or flagger Point Local
Carroonilistrum Rector of Kilcummin
Curnellistrum R. Martin, Esq., Proprietor

Other placenames in this townland:

COUNTY

Gaillimh/Galway

BARONY

Maigh Cuilinn/Moycullen

CIVIL PARISH

Cill Chuimín/Kilcummin

 

Information from Joyce’s Place Names

Translation according to P. W. Joyce

Corranellistrum in Galway; round hill of the ellistrums or flaggers. See vol. ii. p. 334 [reproduced below].

Flagger. The common marsh or river flag or flagger is called felestar or felestrom; or without the f, elestar or elestrom. This last form gives name to several places called Ellistrom; but sometimes the m in the end is replaced by n (1st Vol. Part I., c. iii.), as we find in Ellistrin near Letterkenny in Donegal, and Ellistron near Ballinrobe in Mayo: – all these names meaning a place producing flaggers. In the northern counties the word usually takes an s in the beginning instead of the southern f; and the resulting form gives name to Mullanshellistragh in the parish of Cleen-flaggers; and to Lisatilister near Carrickmacross in Monaghan, in which the s is eclipsed by t – Lios-a’-tdsiolastair, the fort of the flaggers.

Boundaries:

Corranellistrum borders the following other townlands:

Area:

Corranellistrum contains 256 acres, 2 roods, 24 perches all under rocky pasture and brushwood http://www.townlands.ie/galway/moycullen/kilcummin/wormhole-ed/corranellistrum/

Landlords

Robert Martin of Ross

Martin (Ross) – The Martin family was established beside Ross Lake in the barony of Moycullen, county Galway, from the late 16th century, where they purchased land from the O’Flahertys. They were Royalist supporters and were dispossessed of their property in the city of Galway by the Cromwellians. Robert Martin received a grant of 2,909 acres in the barony of Moycullen, by patent dated 21 Aug 1677. Jasper Martin of Ross, who died in 1700, had two sons Jasper and Richard, from whom descend the two branches of the family settled at Ross and Ballynahinch. Nicholas Martin, who died in 1811, married Elizabeth O’Hara, daughter of Robert O’Hara of Lenaboy, and according to Burke’s ”Landed Gentry”, a grandniece of James O’Hara, 2nd Baron Tyrawley. Their grandson, James Martin of Ross, had sixteen children from his two marriages. His daughter, Maud, married H. Callwell and they were the parents of the author, J. M. Callwell. The youngest daughter of James Martin was Violet Florence Martin of the well known literary team Somerville and Ross. The Martins of Ross owned 5,767 acres in county Galway in the 1870s. They advertised the sale of their estate in the Landed Estates’ Court in May 1885.

 Information on the owner’s family from the Landed Estates Database; this information will display in a new window:

Robert Martin is a member of the Martin (Ross) family.

Down’s Survey

Down Survey Name: Corre
1641 Owner(s): O’Flahertye, Murragh McBrien (Catholic)
1670 Owner(s): Kelly, Donnogh (Catholic)
County: Galway
Barony: Muckullin
Parish: Killcumyn
Profitable land: 12 plantation acres
Forfeited: 12 plantation acres

http://downsurvey.tcd.ie/landowners.php#mc=53.41283,-9.21095&z=14

The Tithe Applotment Books:

About the Records

Tithes were a tax on agricultural produce which was payable by the occupiers of agricultural land. They were the main source of income for the parish clergy of the Church of Ireland (the largest Protestant church and the church established by law). However, in many parishes a large part of the tithes were ‘appropriate’, which meant that they were payable to a bishop, cathedral chapter or other ecclesiastical recipient, or were ‘impropriate’, which generally meant that they were payable to a local landowner. The parishes used in the Tithe Applotment Books are civil or Church of Ireland parishes, which often differ in name and territory from Catholic parishes, Acts of Parliament of 1823 and 1832 provided for the conversion of tithes into a fixed charge on land, and specified the average price of wheat or oats in the parish in the seven years before 1821 as the basis on which the tithes would be calculated. They also extended the application of tithes to pasture, where previously they had been levied only on tillage.

This change in the law resulted in the valuation of individual holdings in almost all parishes containing agricultural land, in order to assess the portion of the tithes for which each occupier of land would be liable. The apportionment was recorded for each Church of Ireland parish in a Tithe Composition Applotment Book. The information was collected and the amounts were calculated by two Parochial Commissioners, one of whom was appointed by the cess-payers of the parish and the other by the relevant Diocese of the Church of Ireland. This procedure was carried out in over 2,500 parishes between the years 1823 and 1837.

The Tithe Applotment Books are in a variety of formats, from a few pages sewn together to elaborately bound volumes. In most cases they are written in manuscript throughout, although some consist of manuscript entries on printed questionnaires. The information in the books is broadly uniform and generally includes at least the name of occupier; the size of holding, the valuation and the tithe payable. In some cases more detailed information is provided. Some volumes have maps and most have certificates and correspondence attached.

The sub-divisions of the parish were recorded. Some of these subdivisions, such as ploughlands, ceased to be in official use after the six inch survey of the Ordnance Survey was completed in the 1840s. Only productive land was subject to tithe, and the books usually distinguish between this tithable land and untithable land such as roads or mountains. Tithable land was in some cases classified by quality, and a money value was given to each class. In some cases the proportion of tithe payable to the rector, vicar or lay proprietor of the tithes was set out. The column for observations was sometimes completed, with information about commonage, for example.

There are a number of other points that should be noted. The acreages given in the Tithe Applotment Books are in Irish or Plantation measure, which is 1.62 times larger than statute measure. Only occupiers of land at the time of the tithe composition are recorded, so not all heads of households living in a parish at the time are included. Only rural areas are systematically covered, although inhabitants of towns who held plots of cultivable land are included. The equivalent tax in urban areas, Minister’s Money, has left few records.

The Tithe Applotment Books are an important source of information for a wide variety of researchers of pre-Famine Ireland. They provide the first surviving national list of the occupiers of land, and are used by genealogists as a partial substitute for returns of the 1821 and 1831 censuses of population, which were destroyed in 1922. They also record information on the quality of land, and provide information on pre-Ordnance Survey territorial divisions, some of which were not recognised after the 1840s.

The National Archives hold the original Tithe Applotment Books only for the twenty-six counties of the Republic of Ireland. The books for the six counties of Northern Ireland are held in the Public Record Office of Northern Ireland in Belfast. (http://titheapplotmentbooks.nationalarchives.ie/search/tab/aboutmore.jsp)

Tithes Applotment Books of 1829

Martin Hallaran, Thos Hallaran, Bartly Hallaran, Patt Mealy, Wm Mealy, Tom Sweeney, Micl Sweeney

They had a total of 100 acres, 13 acres of 1st quality land with a payment of 1s6d, 8 acres of 2nd quality land with a payment of 1s, 25 acres of 3rd quality land with a payment of 3d, 30 acres of 4th quality land with a payment of ½d and 24 acres of 5th quality land with a payment of ⅛d.

The Tithes payments went to Richard Martin Esq. James Daly & John Wilson.

http://titheapplotmentbooks.nationalarchives.ie/search/tab/results.jsp?surname=&firstname=&county=Galway&parish=&townland=corranellistrum&search=Search

http://titheapplotmentbooks.nationalarchives.ie/reels/tab//004587459/004587459_00445.pdf

 Griffiths Valuation 1850’s

In Griffith’s Valuation the area was 234 acres, 0 rood & 22 perch of land. The valuation of the land was £44 0s 0d, Buildings £4 0s 0d. Total £48.

Occupiers

Thomas Halloran, John Halloran, Pk. Halloran (Martin), Pt. Halloran (Martin), Lr. Halloran (Martin), Patk. Halloran (Tom), Pet. Halloran (Peter), Martin Halloran

Immediate Lessor

Robert Martin

http://www.askaboutireland.ie/griffith-valuation/index.xml?action=doNameSearch&PlaceID=560273

Out Offices and Land

The out office was a farm building, a cow house, piggery or barn. The land was very poor and sterile and people were always poverty-stricken. At this time most tenants were trying to eke out a living on 5 acres or less and a farmer needed at least 15.3 acres to survive.

Poor Law Union Ireland

In Ireland the Poor Relief Act of 1838 divided into districts or “unions” in which the local taxable inhabitants were to be financially responsible for all paupers in the area. In 1898 the Poor Law Union was adopted as the basic administrative division in place of the civil parish and barony. Further subdivision into 828 registration districts and 3,751 district electoral divisions followed. Townlands were not arranged according to these divisions with parish and barony retained as a means to make comparisons with records gathered before 1898.

The 1838 Act

The main provisions of the 1838 Act were:

  • The extension of the existing Poor Law Commissioners’ powers to Ireland, with the appointment of Assistant Commissioners who were to implement the Act in Ireland.
  • The division of the country into Poor Law Unions based on Irish electoral divisions which were themselves made up from townlands.
  • The creation of a Board of Guardians for each Union, two-thirds of whom were to be elected, the other third to be appointed ex officio.
  • The setting up of a workhouse in each Union.
  • The collection of a local poor-rate to finance the system.
  • Assistance for emigration.

Initially, 130 Unions were created, based upon 2,049 electoral divisions. The divisions were composed of townlands, a peculiarly Irish unit, traditionally of 120 Irish acres in area. (Between 1848 and 1850, an additional 33 Unions were created by subdividing and reorganizing the boundaries of some existing Unions, particularly in the west of the country.

Boards of Guardians were elected annually on 25th March. Only rate-payers were eligible for election, which effectively disenfranchised most of the native Irish who were usually tenants at this time. Rate-payers were allowed between one and six votes depending on the size of a valuation of their property.

Townlands

A town land is one of the smallest land divisions in Ireland. They range in size from a few acres to thousands of acres. Many are Gaelic in origin, but some came into existence after the Norman invasion 1169. Corranellistrum is a townland.

Population and Census Information

People who lived here:

You can retrieve a list of people who lived in this townland from 1827 to 1911. This list is compiled from the following resources.

  • The Tithe Applotment Books
  • Griffith’s Valuation
  • 1901 Census
  • 1911 Census

List of nineteenth century and early twentieth century inhabitants.

Census 1841/1851/1861/1871/1881/1891

1841 there were 7 houses with 48 people

1851 there was 9 houses with 53 people.

1861 there was 11 houses with 60 people.

1871 there was 10 houses with 56 people.

1881 10 houses with 43 people (20 males, 23 females) with 17 outbuildings. The valuation of Houses & Land in 1881 was £48.

1891 9 house with 24 people (12 males, 12 females); with 10 outbuildings. The valuation of Houses & Land in 1891 was £48.

1901 Census

This is a return of the member of the family, their Visitors, Boarders, and Servants who slept or abode in their house on the night of 31st of March 1901 in Corranellistrum. There were 9 houses listed in the townland of Corranellistrum. Of the people living in Corranellistrum, 23 were Roman Catholics.

All 23 People were born in Co. Galway.

There were a total of 17 farm buildings and out offices which included stables, cow houses, piggeries & barns.

Class of House: The class of house depended on the materials used in the roof, walls, number of rooms and number of front windows. A 1st class house was considered the highest standard.

Walls of the houses: The walls were of stone, brick, and concrete or of mud, wood or other perishable material. The house in Corranellistrum was built of stone, brick or concrete. There were no mud cabins.

House Occupancy:  9 Houses were occupied on the night of the Census.

Enumerators Extract

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/reels/nai000841279/

House & Building Return

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/reels/nai000841280/

Return of Out Office & Farm Steading

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/reels/nai000841281/

House 1

Ellen Halloran aged 35, single was head of the family; she lived with a visitor Mary Anne Griffin aged 16.

Ellen was a farmer; Mary Anne was a servant. Ellen & Mary Anne could read & write and spoke Irish & English.

They lived in a 2nd class house with 2 rooms & 3 front windows. They had a cow house. This premise was a Private Dwelling.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Wormhole/Corranellistrum/1394965/

House 2

Patt Halloran aged 45, single was head of the family. He lived alone.

Patt was a farmer; he could read & write and spoke Irish & English.

He lived in a 3rd class house with 2 rooms & 2 front windows. They had a stable and a cow house. This premise was a Private Dwelling.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Wormhole/Corranellistrum/1394966/

House 3

Catherine Donnellan aged 60 was head of the family, a widow; she lived with nephew John Halloran aged 26, single and Aunt Bridget Ralphe aged 82, a widow.

Catherine & Bridget were farmers; John was an Agricultural labourer. Catherine & Bridget could not read; they spoke Irish & English; John could read & write and spoke Irish & English.

They lived in a 3rd class house with 2 rooms & 2 front windows. They had a cow house; a piggery & a barn. This premise was a Private Dwelling.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Wormhole/Corranellistrum/1394967/

House 4

Honor Halloran aged 40 was head of the family, she lived with her nephew Patrick Sweeney aged 25, both single.

Honor was a farmer; Patrick was an Agricultural labourer. Honor could not read; Patrick could read & write; they both spoke Irish & English.

They lived in a 3rd class house with 2 rooms & no front window. They had a cow house & a piggery. This premise was a Private Dwelling.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Wormhole/Corranellistrum/1394968/

House 5

Catherine Murray aged 55 was head of the family; a widow she lived with her niece Kate Griffin aged 14.

Catherine was a farmer; Kate was a scholar. Catherine could not read. Kate could read & write; they both spoke Irish & English.

They lived in a 2nd class house with 2 rooms & 3 front windows. They had no outbuildings. This premise was a Private Dwelling.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Wormhole/Corranellistrum/1394969/

House 6

Tom Halloran aged 42 was head of the family; married to Mary aged 23, they lived with their daughter Mary aged 2 months.

Tom was a farmer; he could not read; Mary could read & write. They both spoke Irish & English.

They lived in a 2nd class house with 2 rooms & 3 front windows. They had a cow house & a piggery. This premise was a Private Dwelling.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Wormhole/Corranellistrum/1394970/

House 7

Martin Halloran aged 45 was head of the family; married to Maggie aged 34; they lived with their children Margaret aged 5, Anne aged 3, Peter aged 2 & Pat aged 1.

Martin was a farmer; they children were all listed as infants. Martin & Maggie could read & write and spoke Irish & English.

They lived in a 2nd class house with 2 rooms & 3 front windows. They had a stable, a cow house, a piggery & a barn. This premise was a Private Dwelling.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Wormhole/Corranellistrum/1394971/

House 8

Pat Halloran aged 45 was head of the family; he lived with his sister Honor aged 34, both single.

Pat was a farmer, Honor was a housekeeper. Pat could not read; Honor could read & write; they both spoke Irish & English.

They lived in a 3rd class house with 2 rooms & 1 front window. They had a cow house & a piggery. This premise was a Private Dwelling.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Wormhole/Corranellistrum/1394972/

House 9

Stephen Griffin aged 48 was head of the family; a widower he lived with his son John aged 20.

Stephen was a farmer; John was a farmer’s son. They both could read & write and spoke Irish & English.

They lived in a 3rd class house with 2 rooms & 1 front window. They had a cow house. This premise was a Private Dwelling.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Wormhole/Corranellistrum/1394973/

Census 1911

This is a return of the Members of the families in Corranellistrum, their visitors, boarders and servants who slept or abode in the house on the night of Sunday 2nd April 1911.

There were 8 houses listed in the Townland of Corranellistrum. A total of 24 (10 males/14 females) living in Corranellistrum, all were Roman Catholic.

People that lived in Corranellistrum were born included Co. Galway. There were a total of 12 farm buildings and out offices which included 1 stable, 6 Cow Houses, & 5 Piggeries.

Enumerators Extract

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/reels/nai002436557/

House & Building Return

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/reels/nai002436559/

Return of Out Office & Farm Steading

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/reels/nai002436561/

House 1

Stephen Griffin aged 88 was head of the family; a widower he lived alone.

Stephen was a farmer; he could read & write and spoke Irish & English.

He lived in a 3rd class house with 2 rooms & 1 front window. He had a cow house. This premise was a Private Dwelling.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Wormhole/Corranellistrum/471546/

House 2

Annie Halloran aged 54, single was head of the family. She lived alone.

Annie was a farmer; she could read & write and spoke Irish & English.

She lived in a 3rd class house with 2 rooms & 2 front windows. She had a piggery and a cow house. This premise was a Private Dwelling.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Wormhole/Corranellistrum/471547/

House 3

Catherine Donnellan aged 71 was head of the family, a widow; she lived with her cousin John Halloran aged 38, his wife Mary Ellen aged 38 & their children Patrick Martin aged 3 & Anna Mary aged 1.

Catherine & John were farmers; Catherine could not read; she spoke Irish & English. John & Mary Ellen could read & write and spoke Irish & English.

John & Mary Ellen were married for 4 years; they had 2 children with both living at the time of the census.

They lived in a 3rd class house with 2 rooms & 2 front windows. They had a cow house & a piggery. This premise was a Private Dwelling.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Wormhole/Corranellistrum/471548/

House 4

Martin Halloran aged 65 was head of the family; married to Margaret aged 48; they lived with their children Anne aged 14, Peter aged 13, Patrick aged 12, John aged 9, Honor aged 7 & Sarah aged 4.

Martin was a farmer; Anne, Pater, Patrick, John & Honor were scholars. Martin, Margaret, Anne, Pater, Patrick & John could read & write and spoke Irish & English. Honor spoke Irish & English.

Martin & Margaret were married for 17 years; they had 8 children with 7 still living at the time of the census.

They lived in a 2nd class house with 3 rooms & 3 front windows. They had a cow house & a piggery. This premise was a Private Dwelling.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Wormhole/Corranellistrum/471549/

House 5

Thomas Halloran aged 57 was head of the family; married to Mary aged 34, they lived with their children Honor aged 9, Patrick aged 6 & Kate aged 3.

Tom was a farmer; Honor & Patrick were scholars. Tom could not read; Mary & Honor could read & write. Tom & Mary spoke Irish & English.

Tom & Mary were married for 14 years; they had 4 children with all 4 still living at the time of the census.

They lived in a 2nd class house with 2 rooms & 3 front windows. They had a stable, a cow house & a piggery. This premise was a Private Dwelling.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Wormhole/Corranellistrum/471550/

House 6

Pat Halloran L aged 69 was head of the family; he lived with his sister Honor aged 63, both single.

Pat was a farmer. Pat & Honor could not read; they both spoke Irish & English.

They lived in a 3rd class house with 2 rooms & 1 front window. They had a cow house. This premise was a Private Dwelling.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Wormhole/Corranellistrum/471551/

House 7

Honor Halloran aged 67 was head of the family, single, she lived alone.

Honor was a farmer. Honor could not read; she spoke Irish & English.

She lived in a 3rd class house with 2 rooms & 1 front window. She had a piggery. This premise was a Private Dwelling.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Wormhole/Corranellistrum/471552/

House 8

Ellen Halloran aged 55, single was head of the family; she lived alone.

Ellen was a farmer; she could read & write and spoke Irish & English.

She lived in a 3rd class house with 2 rooms & 1 front window. She had no out buildings. This premise was a Private Dwelling.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Wormhole/Corranellistrum/471553/

Church records of births, deaths and marriages:

Church records of births, deaths and marriages are available online at http://www.rootsireland.ie. To search these records you will need to know the ‘church parish’ rather than the ‘civil parish’. (The civil parish is the pre-reformation parish and was frequently used as a unit of administration in the past.)

Corranellistrum is in the civil parish of Kilcummin.

Catholic parish:

  • This civil parish corresponds with the following Roman Catholic parish or parishes.
  • Clonbern & Kilkerrin in Galway East.
  • Carraroe in Galway West.
  • Kilannin in Galway West.
  • Kilcummin/Oughterard in Galway West.
  • Rosmuc in Galway West.

Church of Ireland parish:

This civil parish corresponds with the following Church of Ireland parish.

  • Kilcummin in Galway West.

In general, the civil parish and the Church of Ireland parish are the same, but, this is not always the case.

Map

It is located at 53° 24′ 46″ N, 9° 12′ 36″ W.

Ireland was first mapped in the 1840s. These original maps are available online.

Corranellistrim

Below is a link to the Ordnance Survey of Ireland website.

Corranellistrim

Information from Google Maps:

You can use this link to find this townland on Google Maps.

Google Maps

Information from the National Monuments Service:

You can use this link to view a map of archaeological features. This link brings you to a website wherein you will have to search for your townland.

Archaeological map from the National Monuments Service

 

Church records of births, deaths and marriages:

Church records of births, deaths and marriages are available online at http://www.rootsireland.ie. To search these records you will need to know the ‘church parish’ rather than the ‘civil parish’. (The civil parish is the pre-reformation parish and was frequently used as a unit of administration in the past.)

Corranellistrim is in the civil parish of Kilcummin.

Catholic parish:

This civil parish corresponds with the following Roman Catholic parish or parishes.

  • Clonbern & Kilkerrin in Galway East.
  • Carraroe in Galway West.
  • Kilannin in Galway West.
  • Kilcummin/Oughterard in Galway West.
  • Rosmuc in Galway West.

Church of Ireland parish:

This civil parish corresponds with the following Church of Ireland parish.

  • Kilcummin in Galway West.

In general, the civil parish and the Church of Ireland parish are the same, but, this is not always the case.

Information from the Galway Library Website:

http://places.galwaylibrary.ie/asp/fullresult.asp?id=52192 

 Information from townlands.ie website

http://www.townlands.ie/galway/moycullen/kilcummin/wormhole-ed/corranellistrum/

 

This page was added on 13/02/2015.

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