Turloughbeg

Antoinette Lydon

Death record of Margaret Cooke Conroy 1933

Turloughbeg is in the civil parish of Kilcummin. The civil Parish corresponds with the following Church of Ireland parish of Kilcummin, Galway West. In general, the civil parish and the Church of Ireland parish are the same as is the case in the Kilcummin Oughterard area.

Turloughbeg is in the Electoral Division of Turlough, in Civil Parish of Kilcummin, in the Barony of Moycullen, in the County of Galway

Irish Form of Name: Túrlach

Translation: little dried lough

Civil Parish: Kilcummin View all place names in this civil parish.

Other Forms of the Name with authority source (if provided) in italics:

Turloughbeg

Turlough beg Boundary Surveyor

Turlough beg Local

Description:

Turloughbeg contains 266½ acres about 36 acres of which are under tillage, the remainder is mountain pasture. An old road passes through it, from N.W. to S.E. – also 3 ¾ acres of water.

Situation:

In the South Western extremity of the parish. Bounded on the North by Kilbricken, South by Gorrivnagh, West by the sea and E. by Russmuck

This is a list of townlands that share a border with this townland.

Some other placenames in or near this townland are…

Landlord

The landlord was Thomas B. Martin, Esq., Ballinahinch. Thomas B. Martin was a member of the Martin of Ross Family as stated in the Landed Estates Database.

  • Martin (Ross) – The Martin family were established beside Ross Lake in the barony of Moycullen, county Galway, from the late 16th century, where they purchased land from the O’Flahertys. They were Royalist supporters and were dispossessed of their property in the city of Galway by the Cromwellians. Robert Martin received a grant of 2,909 acres in the barony of Moycullen, by patent dated 21 Aug 1677. Jasper Martin of Ross, who died in 1700, had two sons Jasper and Richard, from whom descend the two branches of the family settled at Ross and Ballynahinch. Nicholas Martin, who died in 1811, married Elizabeth O’Hara, daughter of Robert O’Hara of Lenaboy, and according to Burke’s” Landed Gentry”, a grandniece of James O’Hara, 2nd Baron Tyrawley. Their grandson, James Martin of Ross, had sixteen children from his two marriages. His daughter, Maud, married H. Callwell and they were the parents of the author, J. M. Callwell. The youngest daughter of James Martin was Violet Florence Martin of the well-known literary team Somerville and Ross. The Martins of Ross owned 5,767 acres in county Galway in the 1870s. They advertised the sale of their estate in the Landed Estates’ Court in May 1885.
  • Martin (Ballynahinch) – A branch of the Anglo Norman family of Martin, one of the Tribes of Galway, was granted the O’Flaherty lands in the Connemara region in the mid-17th century. This family were a junior branch of the Martins of Ross and under the Acts of Settlement were granted vast estates in counties Galway, Mayo, Roscommon, Clare and Sligo. By a patent dated 1698 they were confirmed in the possession of their Connemara estate known as the Manor of Claremount by King William. The Westport Estate Papers document the sale of over 27,000 acres in the baronies of Moycullen and Ballynahinch by the trustees for the sale of Colonel John Browne’s estate to John Edwards for Richard Martin in 1699. The early generations of Martins lived at Birch Hall and Dangan, in the townland of Oranhill, parish of Rahoon, near Galway city. Richard Martin, better known as ‘Humanity Dick’, was the first member of the family to be reared as a Protestant. He was a famous duellist and founded the Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals. Ballynahinch Castle was built in the centre of his estate. His son Thomas Martin died in 1847 during the Famine and Thomas’s only daughter and heir, Mary Laetita, inherited a heavily encumbered estate. She married her cousin, Arthur Gonne Bell, and died in New York in 1850. The Martin estates were offered for sale in two sections in 1849. Their property close to Galway town included Dangan, Corcullen, Bushypark and Killeen. Their Connemara estate was acquired by the Law Life Assurance Society in 1852, to whom it was heavily mortgaged. In 1853 the estate of almost 200,000 acres was surveyed by Thomas Colville Scott for a prospective buyer. Richard Martin, second son of Richard ‘Humanity Dick’ Martin of Ballynahinch, is recorded as holding five townlands in the parish of Killannin, barony of Moycullen, county Galway, at the time of Griffith’s Valuation although he emigrated to Canada in 1833. He was also recorded as the occupier of Clareville, a Martin home in the village of Oughterard. Many of his descendants still reside in Canada. http://www.martinhistory.net/

Information from the Down Survey Website.

The Down Survey is a mapped survey. Using the Civil Survey as a guide, teams of surveyors, mainly former soldiers, were sent out under Petty’s direction to measure every townland to be forfeited to soldiers and adventurers. The resulting maps, made at a scale of 40 perches to one inch (the modern equivalent of 1: 50,000), were the first systematic mapping of a large area on such a scale attempted anywhere. The primary purpose of these maps was to record the boundaries of each townland and to calculate their areas with great precision. The maps are also rich in other detail showing churches, roads, rivers, castles, houses and fortifications. Most towns are represented pictorially and the cartouches, the decorative titles, of each map in many cases reflect a specific characteristic of each barony. (http://downsurvey.tcd.ie)

Townland of TURLOUGHBEG

Down Survey Name: Mountain 1670 Owner(s): Martin, Richard (Catholic); Clanrickard, Earl of (Protestant) County: Galway Barony: Muckullin Parish: Killcumyn

The down survey website will tell you who owned this townland in 1641 (pre Cromwell) and in 1671 (post Cromwell).

Down Survey Website

The Tithe Applotment Books

About the Records

Tithes were a tax on agricultural produce which was payable by the occupiers of agricultural land. They were the main source of income for the parish clergy of the Church of Ireland (the largest Protestant church and the church established by law). However, in many parishes a large part of the tithes was ‘appropriate’, which meant that they were payable to a bishop, cathedral chapter or another ecclesiastical recipient, or were ‘impropriate’, which generally meant that they were payable to a local landowner. The parishes used in the Tithe Applotment Books are civil or Church of Ireland parishes, which often differ in name and territory from Catholic parishes, Acts of Parliament of 1823 and 1832 provided for the conversion of tithes into a fixed charge on land, and specified the average price of wheat or oats in the parish in the seven years before 1821 as the basis on which the tithes would be calculated. They also extended the application of tithes to pasture, where previously they had been levied only on tillage.

This change in the law resulted in the valuation of individual holdings in almost all parishes containing agricultural land, in order to assess the portion of the tithes for which each occupier of land would be liable. The apportionment was recorded for each Church of Ireland parish in a Tithe Composition Applotment Book. The information was collected and the amounts were calculated by two Parochial Commissioners, one of whom was appointed by the cess-payers of the parish and the other by the relevant Diocese of the Church of Ireland. This procedure was carried out in over 2,500 parishes between the years 1823 and 1837.

The Tithe Applotment Books are in a variety of formats, from a few pages sewn together to elaborately bound volumes. In most cases they are written in manuscript throughout, although some consist of manuscript entries on printed questionnaires. The information in the books is broadly uniform and generally includes at least the name of occupier; the size of holding, the valuation and the tithe payable. In some cases, more detailed information is provided. Some volumes have maps and most have certificates and correspondence attached.

The sub-divisions of the parish were recorded. Some of these subdivisions, such as plough lands, ceased to be in official use after the six-inch survey of the Ordnance Survey was completed in the 1840s. Only productive land was subject to tithe, and the books usually distinguish between this tithable land and untithable land such as roads or mountains. Tithable land was in some cases classified by quality, and a money value was given to each class. In some cases, the proportion of tithe payable to the rector, vicar or lay proprietor of the tithes was set out. The column for observations was sometimes completed, with information about commonage, for example.

There are a number of other points that should be noted. The acreages given in the Tithe Applotment Books are in Irish or Plantation measure, which is 1.62 times larger than statute measure. Only occupiers of land at the time of the tithe composition are recorded, so not all heads of households living in a parish at the time are included. Only rural areas are systematically covered, although inhabitants of towns who held plots of cultivable land are included. The equivalent tax in urban areas, Minister’s Money, has left few records.

The Tithe Applotment Books are an important source of information for a wide variety of researchers of pre-Famine Ireland. They provide the first surviving national list of the occupiers of land, and are used by genealogists as a partial substitute for returns of the 1821 and 1831 censuses of population, which were destroyed in 1922. They also record information on the quality of land, and provide information on pre-Ordnance Survey territorial divisions, some of which were not recognized after the 1840s.

The National Archives hold the original Tithe Applotment Books only for the twenty-six counties of the Republic of Ireland. The books for the six counties of Northern Ireland are held in the Public Record Office of Northern Ireland in Belfast. (http://titheapplotmentbooks.nationalarchives.ie/search/tab/aboutmore.jsp)

John Connaly, Luke Conry, Roger Conry, Mark Conry & John Mialy had a total of 63 acres, 1 acre of 1st quality land with a payment of 1s 6d, 2 acres of 2nd quality land with a payment of 1s, and 60 acres of 5th quality land with a payment of ⅛d.

The Tithes payments went to Richard Martin Esq. Rev. James Daly & Rev. John Wilson.

http://titheapplotmentbooks.nationalarchives.ie/reels/tab//004587459/004587459_00449.pdf

Griffith Valuation 1855

In Griffith’s Valuation the area in Turloughbeg was a total of 269 acres, 3 rood & 25 perch of Houses, offices & land. The total annual ratable valuation for the land was £18-0s-0d, buildings was £4 0s 0d. The National school was exempt from paying.

Occupiers: Martin O’Mealy, Thomas O’Mealy, John Kealy, Anthony Conry, Matthias Conry, Thomas Conry, Bartholomew Nee, Michael Conry, National School.

Immediate Lessor: Directors of the Law Life Assurance Co.

View the heads of households in the townland at this time.

http://www.askaboutireland.ie/griffith-valuation/index.xml?action=doNameSearch&PlaceID=560593

Poor Law Union Ireland

In Ireland the Poor Relief Act of 1838 divided into districts or “unions” in which the local taxable inhabitants were to be financially responsible for all paupers in the area. In 1898 the Poor Law Union was adopted as the basic administrative division in place of the civil parish and barony. Further subdivision into 828 registration districts and 3,751 district electoral divisions followed. Townlands were not arranged according to these divisions with parish and barony retained as a means to make comparisons with records gathered before 1898.

The 1838 Act

The main provisions of the 1838 Act were:

  • The extension of the existing Poor Law Commissioners’ powers to Ireland, with the appointment of Assistant Commissioners who were to implement the Act in Ireland.
  • The division of the country into Poor Law Unions based on Irish electoral divisions which where they made up from townlands.
  • The creation of a Board of Guardians for each Union, two-thirds of whom were to be elected, the other third to be appointed ex officio.
  • The setting up of a workhouse in each Union.
  • The collection of a local poor-rate to finance the system.
  • Assistance for emigration.

Initially, 130 Unions were created, based upon 2,049 electoral divisions. The divisions were composed of townlands, a peculiarly Irish unit, traditionally of 120 Irish acres in area. (Between 1848 and 1850, an additional 33 Unions were created by subdividing and reorganizing the boundaries of some existing Unions, particularly in the west of the country.

Boards of Guardians were elected annually on 25th March. Only rate-payers were eligible for election, which effectively disenfranchised most of the native Irish who were usually tenants at this time. Rate-payers were allowed between one and six votes depending on the size of a valuation of their property.

What is a townland?

A townland is one of the smallest land divisions in Ireland. They range in size from a few acres to thousands of acres. Many are Gaelic in origin, but some came into existence after the Norman invasion of 1169.  Turloughbeg is a townland.

Population and Census Information

People who lived here:

You can retrieve a list of people who lived in this townland from 1827 to 1911. This list is compiled from the following resources.

  • The Tithe Applotment Books
  • Griffith’s Valuation
  • 1901 Census
  • 1911 Census

List of nineteenth century and early twentieth century inhabitants of this townland.

1841-1891 Census

1841 – 8 houses with 44 people living in Turloughbeg

1851 – 16 houses with 80 people,

1861 – 15 houses with 94 people,

1871 – 12 houses with 71 people,

1881- 12 houses (11 inhabited) with 70 people (33 males, 37 females). There were 13 outbuildings.

The valuation of Houses & Land in 1881 was £20 10s 0d.

1891 – 12 houses (10 inhabited) with 58 people (28 males, 30 females). There were 17 outbuildings.

The valuation of Houses & Land in 1891 was £22 10s 0d.

1901 Census

This is a return of the members of the family, visitors, boarders or servants who slept or abode in their house on the night of Sunday March 31st 1901 in Turloughbeg.

There were 13 houses listed in the townland of Turloughbeg. 64 (35 males/29 females) people lived in Turloughbeg; they were born in Co. Galway, America, Co. Fermanagh, Co. Clare & Co. Wexford. All the inhabitants were Roman Catholic. There was a total of 25 outbuildings in the townland.

Enumerators Extract (one form missing)

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/reels/nai000840086/

House & Building Returns

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/reels/nai000840087/

Out Office & Farm Steadings

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/reels/nai000840088/

House 1

Patrick Conroy aged 58 was head of the family; married to Margaret aged 43. They lived with their children John aged 23, Maryanne aged 21, Joseph aged 16, Maggie aged 13, Michael aged 11, James aged 7 & nephew Stephen Cooke aged 17.

Patrick was a farmer. John & Stephen were farmer’s sons; Maryanne was a farmer’s daughter; Joseph, Maggie, Michael & James were scholars. Patrick, Margaret, John, Maryanne, Stephen, Maggie & Michael could read & write and spoke Irish & English. Joseph could read & write. James could read; he spoke Irish & English.

They lived in a 3rd class house with 2 rooms and 2 front windows. They had a stable, coach house, cow house & piggery. This was a private dwelling.

Margaret Conroy (nee Cooke) died 26 Nov 1933 in Turloughbeg. She was a widow. (see attached record)

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Turlough/Turlough_Beg/1394318/

House 2

Patrick Conroy aged 42 was head of the family; married to Anne aged 45. They lived with their children Kate aged 10, Patrick aged 8 & his stepson Thomas Wallace aged 24.

Patrick was a farmer. Kate & son Patrick were scholars & Thomas was a farm servant. Patrick (father) & Mary could not read. Kate, Patrick (son) & Thomas could read & write. The entire family spoke Irish & English. Thomas was born in America.

They lived in a 3rd class house with 2 rooms and 2 front windows. They had a cow house, calf house & piggery. This was a private dwelling.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Turlough/Turlough_Beg/1394319/

House 3

Anthony Conroy aged 80 was head of the family; married to Catherine aged 68.

Anthony was a farmer & Catherine his housework. They could not read or write. Anthony spoke Irish & English; Catherine spoke only Irish.

They lived in a 3rd class house with 2 rooms and 2 front windows. They had a cow house & piggery. This was a private dwelling.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Turlough/Turlough_Beg/1394320/

House 4

Daniel Walshe aged 82 was head of the family; married to Catherine aged 61. They lived with their children John aged 29, Ellen aged 26, Sarah aged 22, Daniel aged 20 & boarder Mary Flynn aged 28.

Daniel was a farmer. Catherine & Ellen did housework. John & Daniel were farmer’s sons. Sarah was a farmer’s daughter & Mary was a lace teacher. The entire household could read & write. Daniel, Catherine, John, Ellen, Sarah & son Daniel spoke Irish & English. There is no entry on what languages that Mary Flynn spoke. Mary was born in Co. Fermanagh.

They lived in a 2nd class house with 3 rooms and 3 front windows. They had a stable, coach house, cow house, piggery & store. This was a private dwelling.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Turlough/Turlough_Beg/1394321/

Note: Mary Flynn married policeman Thomas Coleman on 17 September 1901. They had 4 children. Mary died between 1907 & 1911. Her husband & children lived in House 30 in the townland of Turlough in 1911.

House 5

Patrick Walsh aged 54 was head of the family; married to Annie aged 23. They lived with their children Patrick Joseph aged 3, Bridget Josephine aged 2, Marion aged 7 months and sister in law Julia King aged 14.

Patrick was a farmer & a publican. Julia was a scholar. Patrick, Annie & Julia could read & write and spoke Irish & English. Patrick Joseph spoke Irish & English. Patrick Joseph, Bridget Josephine & Marion could not read.

They lived in a 2nd class house with 3 rooms and 6 front windows. They had a stable, coach house, 2 cow houses, piggery & store. This was a Public House.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Turlough/Turlough_Beg/1394322/

House 6

Colman Conroy aged 50 was head of the family; married to Mary aged 30. They lived with their children John aged 10, Patrick aged 8, Martin aged 5, Barbara aged 3 & Colman aged 2 months.

Colman was a farmer; John, Patrick & Martin were farmer’s sons & Barbara was a scholar. The entire family could not read & spoke only Irish.

They lived in a 3rd class house with 1 room and 1 front window. This was a private dwelling.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Turlough/Turlough_Beg/1394323/

House 7

Patrick Conroy aged 50 was head of the family; married to Julia aged 40. They lived with their children Michael aged 18 & Bridget aged 5.

Patrick was a farmer; Michael was a farmer’s son and Bridget was a scholar. Patrick, Julia & Michael could not read and spoke only Irish. Bridget could read and spoke Irish & English.

They lived in a 3rd class house with 2 rooms and 1 front window. This was a private dwelling.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Turlough/Turlough_Beg/1394324/

House 8

Peter Conroy aged 80 was head of the family; married to Bridget aged 70.

Peter was a retired farmer. Peter & Bridget could not read; they spoke only Irish.

They lived in a 3rd class house with 2 rooms and no front window. This was a private dwelling.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Turlough/Turlough_Beg/1394325/

House 9

Thomas Conroy aged 54 was head of the family; married to Honor aged 50. They lived with their children Barbara aged 29, Colman aged 27 & Thomas aged 22; single.

Thomas was a farmer; Barbara was a farmer’s daughter; Colman & Thomas were farmer’s sons. The entire family could not read. Thomas, Colman & son Thomas spoke Irish & English. Julia & Barbara spoke only Irish.

They lived in a 3rd class house with 2 rooms and 2 front windows. They had a cow house & piggery. This was a private dwelling.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Turlough/Turlough_Beg/1394326/

House 10

John Conroy aged 50 was head of the family; married to Maggie aged 40. They lived with their children Bartley aged 19, Michael aged 17, John aged 7 & Ellen aged 5.

John was a farmer; Bartley & Michael were farmer’s sons; John & Ellen were scholars. The entire family could not read. John, Maggie & Ellen spoke only Irish. Bartley, Michael & John spoke Irish & English.

They lived in a 3rd class house with 2 rooms and 2 front windows. They had a cow house & piggery. This was a private dwelling.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Turlough/Turlough_Beg/1394327/

House 11

Patrick OConnor aged 64 was head of the family; married to Barbara aged 30 (this has to be an error). They lived with their children Coleman aged 24, Anne aged 22, Patrick aged 19 & granddaughter Kate Oconnor aged 9.

Patrick was a farmer; Coleman, Anne & son Patrick were farm labourers & Kate was a scholar. Patrick (father), Barbara & son Patrick could not read and spoke only Irish. Colman & Anne could not read; they spoke Irish & English. Kate could read & write and spoke Irish & English.

They lived in a 3rd class house with 2 rooms and 2 front windows. This was a private dwelling.

On the 1911 Census Barbara was listed as aged 73; they lived in House 9.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Turlough/Turlough_Beg/1394328/

House 12

Thomas McCormack aged 24 was head of the family; married to Josephine aged 22. They lived with their daughter Bridget aged 10 months; his sister Annie aged 19, brother John aged 9 & servant Bridget Joyce aged 13.

Thomas & Jospehine were National School teachers; Annie was an unemployed school teacher; John was a scholar & Bridget was a general domestic servant.

Thomas, Josephine, Annie & John could read & write and spoke Irish & English. Bridget could read and spoke Irish & English. Bridget (baby) could not read.

They lived in a 2nd class house with 3 rooms and 4 front windows. They had a fowl house. This was a private dwelling.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Turlough/Turlough_Beg/1394329/

House 13

Rosmuck National School

Census 1911

This is a return of the Members of the families in Turloughbeg, their visitors, boarders and servants who slept or abode in the house on the night of Sunday 2nd April 1911.

There were 14 houses (1 was Rosmuck National School) listed in the Townland of Turloughbeg. Of the people living in Turloughbeg all 77(39 males/38 females) were Roman Catholics.

People that lived in Turloughbeg were born included Co. Galway, Co. Cork & Co. Wexford. There were a total of 42 farm buildings and out offices which included stables, coaches, cow houses, piggeries, fowl houses, potato houses & a dairy.

Enumerators Extract

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/reels/nai002434290/

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/reels/nai002434291/

House & Building Returns

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/reels/nai002434292/

Out Offices & Farm Steadings

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/reels/nai002434294/

House 1

Patrick Walsh aged 67 was head of the family; married to Annie aged 33. They lived with their children Bridget Josephine aged 12, Marion aged 10, Hubert aged 9, John Edward aged 7, Margaret Frances aged 6, Annie Helena aged 2, Michl (Michael) Thomas aged 1, servant Patrick Nee aged 66, single & visitor Mary Anne Nee aged 65; married.

Patrick was a retired Head Constable of the R.I.C., Farmer & a Spirit dealer. Bridget Josephine, Marion, Hubert, John Edward & Margaret Frances were scholars. Patrick Nee was a farm servant. Patrick (father), Annie, Bridget Josephine, Marion, Hubert & John Edward could read & write and spoke Irish & English. Margaret Frances could read and spoke Irish & English. Annie Helena & Mich Thomas could not read. Patrick Nee & Mary Anne Nee could not read; they spoke Irish & English.

Patrick & Annie were married for 15 years; they had 9 children with 8 living at the time of the census.

From researching a little further Patrick married Annie King on 30 September 1895, her father’s name was Edward, she was from the townland of Derreen. Patrick’s father was also named Patrick; he was from Turloughbeg.

Their daughter listed as Marion on the census was born Mary Anne on 31 August 1900; she married Patrick Graney at St. Anne’s, Brentwood, New York on 9th November 1993.

They lived in a 1st class house with 9 rooms and 9 front windows. They had a stable, coach house, cow house, calf house, dairy, piggery, fowl house & a potato house. This was a public house.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Turlough/Turlough_Beg/471117/

House 2

Sarah Walsh aged 32 was head of the family. She lived with her brother Daniel aged 29, servant Margaret Flaherty aged 18 & boarder Mary Colbert aged 21; all single.

Daniel was a farmer’s son; Margaret was a domestic servant and Mary was a National School Teacher. The entire household could read & write and spoke Irish & English.

They lived in a 2nd class house with 6 rooms and 3 front windows. They had a stable, coach house, cow house, piggery, fowl house & a potato house. This was a private dwelling.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Turlough/Turlough_Beg/471118/

House 3

John Walsh aged 47 was head of the family; married to Kate aged 34. They lived with their children Thomas aged 6, Patk aged 5, John aged 3, twins Daniel & Mary Kate aged 8 months (born 19 July 1900).

John was a farmer. John & Kate could read & write and spoke Irish & English. Thomas & Patk could not read; they spoke English. John (son) spoke English.

John & Kate were married for 7 years; they had 5 children. They lived in a 2nd class house with 4 rooms and 3 front windows. They had a cow house, piggery & a fowl house. This was a private dwelling.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Turlough/Turlough_Beg/471119/

House 4

John Conroy aged 70 was head of the family; married to Margaret aged 60. They lived with their children Bartley aged 30, John aged 18 & Ellen aged 16.

John was a farmer; Bartley & John were farmer’s sons; Ellen was a farmer’s daughter. John, Margaret & Bartley could not read. John & Bartley spoke only Irish. John & Ellen could read & write.  Margaret, John & Ellen spoke Irish & English.

John & Margaret were married according to what was recorded on the census for 20 years; and had 2 children; however, they have 3 children listed on the Census return.

They lived in a 2nd class house with 3 rooms and 3 front windows. They had a cow house & piggery. This was a private dwelling.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Turlough/Turlough_Beg/471120/

House 5

Thomas Conroy aged 71 was head of the family; married to Nora aged 80. They lived with their son Thomas aged 30, daughter in law Mary aged 30, grandchildren Mary aged 5, Colman aged 4, Dudley aged 3 & Barbara aged 1.

John & Nora were farmers; Thomas was a farmer’s son; Mary (granddaughter) was a scholar. Mary (daughter in law) could read & write; the rest of the family could not read. The entire family spoke Irish & English.

Thomas & Nora were married for 45 years; they had 7 children with 3 living at the time of the census.

Thomas & Mary were married for 6 years; they had 4 children.

They lived in a 3rd class house with 2 rooms and 2 front windows. They had a cow house & piggery. This was a private dwelling.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Turlough/Turlough_Beg/471121/

House 6

Colman Conroy (aged not eligible) was head of the family; married to Mary aged 28. They lived with their children Colman aged 8, Bridget aged 7, Patrick aged 5 & Michael aged 2.

Colman was a farmer; his son Colman was a scholar. Colman (father), Bridget, Patrick & Michael could not read; they spoke only Irish. Mary & son Colman could read & write and spoke Irish & English.

Colman & Mary were married for 9 years; they had 4 children.

They lived in a 3rd class house with 2 rooms and 3 front windows. They had a cow house & piggery. This was a private dwelling.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Turlough/Turlough_Beg/471122/

House 7

Patrick Conroy aged 75 was head of the family; married to Julia aged 66. They lived with their children Michael aged 29 & Bridget aged 20.

Patrick was a farmer; Michael was a farmer’s son and Bridget was a housekeeper. Patrick, Julia & Michael could not read and spoke only Irish. Bridget could read and spoke Irish & English.

Patrick & Julia were married for 33 years; they had 3 children with 2 living at the time of the census.

They lived in a 3rd class house with 3 rooms and 1 front window. This was a private dwelling.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Turlough/Turlough_Beg/471123/

House 8

Colman Conroy aged 43 was head of the family; married to Mary aged 42. They lived with their children Patrick aged 18, Barbara aged 13, Colman aged 11, Thomas aged 7, Mary aged 5 & Bridget aged 2.

Colman was a farmer; Patrick was a farmer’s son; Barbara, Colman & Thomas were scholars. Colman, Mary (parents), Thomas, Mary & Bridget could not read & spoke only Irish. Patrick, Barbara & Colman could read & write and spoke Irish & English.

Colman & Mary were married for 21 years; they had 8 children.

They lived in a 3rd class house with 3 rooms and 1 front window. They had a cow house. This was a private dwelling.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Turlough/Turlough_Beg/471124/

House 9

Patrick Connor aged 75 was head of the family; married to Barbara aged 73. They lived with their sons Colman aged 40, Patrick aged 30; both single & granddaughter Kate Connor aged 16.

Patrick was a farmer; Colman, was a farm labourer; Patrick was a farmer’s son. Patrick & son Patrick could not read and spoke only Irish. Barbara & Colman could not read; they spoke Irish & English. Kate spoke Irish & English.

Patrick & Barbara were married for 50 years; they had 9 children with 5 living at the time of the census.

They lived in a 2nd class house with 4 rooms and 2 front windows. They had a cow house, piggery & a fowl house. This was a private dwelling.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Turlough/Turlough_Beg/471125/

House 10

Josephine McCormack aged 30 was head of the family; a widow. She lived with her children Bridget aged 10, Margaret aged 8, Patrick aged 7, Helena aged 5 and her sister Margaret O’Donohoe aged 32, single.

Josephine was a National School Teacher; the children were scholars. Josephine, Bridget, Margaret, Patrick & Margaret O’Donohoe could read & write and spoke Irish & English. Helena could not read or write; she spoke Irish & English. Josephine & her sister Margaret were born in Co. Wexford. Their father Daniel was a sergeant in the RIC when Josephine got married.

Josephine’s late husband’s name was Thomas. They lived in House 12 in 1901 when the census was taken.

They lived in a 2nd class house with 5 rooms and 4 front windows. They had a cow house & a fowl house. This was a private dwelling.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Turlough/Turlough_Beg/471126/

House 11

Patrick Conroy aged 52 was head of the family; married to Anne aged 60. They lived with their daughter Kate aged 21 & visitor Kate Lydon aged 8.

Patrick was a farmer. Kate was a farmer’s daughter. Patrick & Anne could not read; Kate, their daughter could read & write; they spoke Irish & English. Kate Lydon could read & spoke only Irish.

Patrick & Anne were married for 25 years; they had 2 children. They lived in a 2nd class house with 3 rooms and 2 front windows. They had a cow house, calf house, piggery, fowl house & a potato house. This was a private dwelling. They lived in House 2 in the 1901 Census.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Turlough/Turlough_Beg/471127/

House 12

Anthony Conroy aged 90 was head of the family; married to Catherine aged 80. They lived with servant David Conroy aged 70.

Anthony was a farmer. Anthony, Catherine & David could not read. Anthony & David spoke Irish & English; Catherine spoke only Irish.

Anthony & Catherine were married for 60 years; they had 10 children with 7 living at the time of the census.

They lived in a 2nd class house with 2 rooms and 2 front windows. They had a cow house & potato house. This was a private dwelling.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Turlough/Turlough_Beg/471128/

House 13

Patrick Conroy aged 30 was head of the family; single. He lived with his brothers Stephen aged 25, Michael aged 18, James aged 16, sister Margaret aged 20 and niece Molly Coyne aged 7, (Molly is transcribed incorrectly as the name on the census data base is Molloy).

Patrick was a farmer; Stephen, Michael & James were farmer’s sons; Margaret was a housekeeper & Molly was a scholar. Patrick, Stephen, Michael, James & Margaret could read and write and spoke Irish & English; Molly spoke Irish.

They lived in a 2nd class house with 4 rooms and 2 front windows. They had a stable, cow house, piggery, fowl house & a potato house.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Turlough/Turlough_Beg/471129/

House 14

Rosmuck National School

Church records of births, deaths and marriages:

Church records of births, deaths and marriages are available online at http://www.rootsireland.ie. To search these records, you will need to know the ‘church parish’ rather than the ‘civil parish’. (The civil parish is the pre-reformation parish and was frequently used as a unit of administration in the past.)

Turloughbeg is in the civil parish of Kilcummin.

Roman Catholic parishes:

This civil parish corresponds with the following Roman Catholic parish or parishes.

  • Carraroe
  • Kilannin
  • Kilcummin/Oughterard
  • Rosmuc

Church of Ireland parishes:

This civil parish corresponds with the following Church of Ireland parish.

  • Kilcummin

In general, the civil parish and the Church of Ireland parish are the same, but, this is not always the case.

Maps

It is located at 53° 20′ 43″ N, 9° 37′ 20″ W

Original OS map of this area.

Ireland was first mapped in the 1840s. These original maps are available online. Turloughbeg

Original OS maps at the Ordnance Survey of Ireland website.

Below is a link to the Ordnance Survey of Ireland website. It displays the original OS map that was created in the 1840s.

Turloughbeg

Information from Google Maps.

You can use this link to find this townland on Google Maps.

Google Maps

Information from the National Monuments Service. You can use this link to view a map of archaeological features. This link brings you to a website wherein you will have to search for your townland.

Archaeological map from the National Monuments Service

Townlands.ie Website

https://www.townlands.ie/galway/moycullen/kilcummin/turlough/turloughbeg/

Galway Library Website

http://places.galwaylibrary.ie/place/52581

This page was added on 29/08/2016.

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