Tonacrick

Antoinette Lydon

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Tonacrick is in the civil parish of Kilcummin. The civil Parish corresponds with the following Church of Ireland parish of Kilcummin, Galway West. In general, the civil parish and the Church of Ireland parish are the same as is the case in the Kilcummin Oughterard area.

Irish Form of Name: Tóin a Cnoic

Translation: bottom of the hill

Civil Parish: Kilcummin

View all place names in this civil parish.

Tonacrick is in the Electoral Division of Kilcummin, in Civil Parish of Kilcummin, in the Barony of Moycullen, in the County of Galway

Other Forms of the Name with authority source (if provided) in italics:

Tonacrick

Tóin a Cnoic

Tóin a chnuic Base of the hill

Toneaknnick Barony Cess Book

Thoanaghruck Boundary Surveyor

Tonaghnick County Map

Tonacnuck Local

Description:

Tonacrick contains 101½ acres about 90 acres of which are under tillage and pasture, the remainder is rocks (large boulders).

Situation:

In Russaveal townland. In the southern part of the parish.

This is a list of townlands that share a border with this townland.

Rossaveel

Information from Joyce’s Place Names

Translation according to P. W. Joyce:

Tonacrick in Galway, and Tonacrock in Mayo; Ton-a’-cnuic, bottom or back of the hill. In both n is changed to r for ease of pronunciation. See Crock [reproduced below].

Crock is often used for knock (hill); it is an attempt to sound cnoc, in which the two sounds of c (or k) and n are heard: but as this is difficult to English-speaking tongues, the n is replaced by r, which is easy. In Inishowen in Donegal this change of cnoc or knock to crock is very common; but it is found in many other districts.

Landlord

James Blake is a member of the Blake (Drum, Tully and Gortnamona) family.

Blake (Drum, Tully & Gortnamona)– In his genealogy of the Blake’s of Drum, Tully and Gortnamona, Martin J. Blake refers to a grant dated 22 Aug 1677 of the lands of Drum and others in the barony of Moycullen, county Galway, to Walter Blake. A descendant, Patrick Blake of Drum, was Mayor of Galway in 1771 and his eldest son, Valentine, married Anne Burke of Gortnamona, near Ballinasloe. About 500 acres belonging to the Blake’s, devisees of Nicholas A. Burke, in the baronies of Leitrim, Longford and Clonmacnowen, were advertised for sale in July 1853. This family of Blake’s owned a large estate in the parishes of Killannin, Kilcummin and Moycullen, barony of Moycullen, county Galway, at the time of Griffith’s Valuation. In the 1870s Valentine [Fitzpatrick] Blake of Gortnamona is recorded as the owner of 17,335 acres in county Galway though Walford notes that he had died in 1870 and his son, Valentine Blake, born in 1868, was a Ward in Chancery.

Information from the Down Survey Website

The Down Survey is a mapped survey. Using the Civil Survey as a guide, teams of surveyors, mainly former soldiers, were sent out under Petty’s direction to measure every townland to be forfeited to soldiers and adventurers. The resulting maps, made at a scale of 40 perches to one inch (the modern equivalent of 1: 50,000), were the first systematic mapping of a large area on such a scale attempted anywhere. The primary purpose of these maps was to record the boundaries of each townland and to calculate their areas with great precision. The maps are also rich in other detail showing churches, roads, rivers, castles, houses and fortifications. Most towns are represented pictorially and the cartouches, the decorative titles, of each map in many cases reflect a specific characteristic of each barony. (http://downsurvey.tcd.ie)

Townland of TONACRICK

Down Survey Name: Mountain

1670 Owner(s): Martin, Richard (Catholic); Clanrickard, Earl of (Protestant)

County: Galway

Barony: Muckullin

Parish: Killcumyn

The down survey website will tell you who owned this townland in 1641 (pre Cromwell) and in 1671 (post Cromwell).

Down Survey Website

The Tithe Applotment Books

About the Records

Tithes were a tax on agricultural produce which was payable by the occupiers of agricultural land. They were the main source of income for the parish clergy of the Church of Ireland (the largest Protestant church and the church established by law). However, in many parishes a large part of the tithes was ‘appropriate’, which meant that they were payable to a bishop, cathedral chapter or another ecclesiastical recipient, or were ‘impropriate’, which generally meant that they were payable to a local landowner. The parishes used in the Tithe Applotment Books are civil or Church of Ireland parishes, which often differ in name and territory from Catholic parishes, Acts of Parliament of 1823 and 1832 provided for the conversion of tithes into a fixed charge on land, and specified the average price of wheat or oats in the parish in the seven years before 1821 as the basis on which the tithes would be calculated. They also extended the application of tithes to pasture, where previously they had been levied only on tillage.

This change in the law resulted in the valuation of individual holdings in almost all parishes containing agricultural land, in order to assess the portion of the tithes for which each occupier of land would be liable. The apportionment was recorded for each Church of Ireland parish in a Tithe Composition Applotment Book. The information was collected and the amounts were calculated by two Parochial Commissioners, one of whom was appointed by the cess-payers of the parish and the other by the relevant Diocese of the Church of Ireland. This procedure was carried out in over 2,500 parishes between the years 1823 and 1837.

The Tithe Applotment Books are in a variety of formats, from a few pages sewn together to elaborately bound volumes. In most cases they are written in manuscript throughout, although some consist of manuscript entries on printed questionnaires. The information in the books is broadly uniform and generally includes at least the name of occupier; the size of holding, the valuation and the tithe payable. In some cases, more detailed information is provided. Some volumes have maps and most have certificates and correspondence attached.

The sub-divisions of the parish were recorded. Some of these subdivisions, such as plough lands, ceased to be in official use after the six-inch survey of the Ordnance Survey was completed in the 1840s. Only productive land was subject to tithe, and the books usually distinguish between this tithable land and untithable land such as roads or mountains. Tithable land was in some cases classified by quality, and a money value was given to each class. In some cases, the proportion of tithe payable to the rector, vicar or lay proprietor of the tithes was set out. The column for observations was sometimes completed, with information about commonage, for example.

There are a number of other points that should be noted. The acreages given in the Tithe Applotment Books are in Irish or Plantation measure, which is 1.62 times larger than statute measure. Only occupiers of land at the time of the tithe composition are recorded, so not all heads of households living in a parish at the time are included. Only rural areas are systematically covered, although inhabitants of towns who held plots of cultivable land are included. The equivalent tax in urban areas, Minister’s Money, has left few records.

The Tithe Applotment Books are an important source of information for a wide variety of researchers of pre-Famine Ireland. They provide the first surviving national list of the occupiers of land, and are used by genealogists as a partial substitute for returns of the 1821 and 1831 censuses of population, which were destroyed in 1922. They also record information on the quality of land, and provide information on pre-Ordnance Survey territorial divisions, some of which were not recognized after the 1840s.

The National Archives hold the original Tithe Applotment Books only for the twenty-six counties of the Republic of Ireland. The books for the six counties of Northern Ireland are held in the Public Record Office of Northern Ireland in Belfast. (http://titheapplotmentbooks.nationalarchives.ie/search/tab/aboutmore.jsp)

Patt Faherty, Thos Joyce, Martin Mollay & Patt Mollay had 25 acres of land; 5 acres 2nd quality with a payment of 1s, 6 acres 3rd quality with a payment of 3d, 7 acres of 4th quality land with a payment of ½d & 7 acres of 5th quality land with a payment of ⅛d per acre.

The Tithes payments went to Richard Martin Esq. James Daly & the Reverend John Wilson.

http://places.webworld.org/people/2453

http://titheapplotmentbooks.nationalarchives.ie/reels/tab//004587459/004587459_00435.pdf

Griffiths Valuation 1855

In Griffith’s Valuation the land area in Tonacrick; there was a total of 101 acres, 1 rood & 25 perch with a value of £27-10s-0d.

Occupiers:

Martin Conneely, William Conneely, Edmund Costello, Honoria Faherty, Thomas Flaherty, Martin Folan, Peter Malone & James Scanlon.

Immediate Lessor: Patrick Blake

http://www.askaboutireland.ie/griffith-valuation/index.xml?action=doNameSearch&PlaceID=525000

View the heads of households in the townland at this time.

Poor Law Union Ireland

In Ireland the Poor Relief Act of 1838 divided into districts or “unions” in which the local taxable inhabitants were to be financially responsible for all paupers in the area. In 1898 the Poor Law Union was adopted as the basic administrative division in place of the civil parish and barony. Further subdivision into 828 registration districts and 3,751 district electoral divisions followed. Townlands were not arranged according to these divisions with parish and barony retained as a means to make comparisons with records gathered before 1898.

The 1838 Act

The main provisions of the 1838 Act were:

  • The extension of the existing Poor Law Commissioners’ powers to Ireland, with the appointment of Assistant Commissioners who were to implement the Act in Ireland.
  • The division of the country into Poor Law Unions based on Irish electoral divisions which were themselves made up from townlands.
  • The creation of a Board of Guardians for each Union, two-thirds of whom were to be elected, the other third to be appointed ex officio.
  • The setting up of a workhouse in each Union.
  • The collection of a local poor-rate to finance the system.
  • Assistance for emigration.

Initially, 130 Unions were created, based upon 2,049 electoral divisions. The divisions were composed of townlands, a peculiarly Irish unit, traditionally of 120 Irish acres in area. (Between 1848 and 1850, an additional 33 Unions were created by subdividing and reorganizing the boundaries of some existing Unions, particularly in the west of the country.

Boards of Guardians were elected annually on 25th March. Only rate-payers were eligible for election, which effectively disenfranchised most of the native Irish who were usually tenants at this time. Rate-payers were allowed between one and six votes depending on the size of a valuation of their property.

Out Offices and Land

The out office was a farm building, a cow house, piggery or barn. The land was very poor and sterile and people were always poverty-stricken. At this time most tenants were trying to eke out a living on 5 acres or less and a farmer needed at least 15.3 acres to survive.

What is a townland?

A townland is one of the smallest land divisions in Ireland. They range in size from a few acres to thousands of acres. Many are Gaelic in origin, but some came into existence after the Norman invasion of 1169. Tonacrick is a townland.

Population & Census Information

People who lived here:

You can retrieve a list of people who lived in this townland from 1827 to 1911. This list is compiled from the following resources.

  • The Tithe Applotment Books
  • Griffith’s Valuation
  • 1901 Census
  • 1911 Census

List of nineteenth century and early twentieth century inhabitants of this townland.

1841-1891 Census

1841 – 14 houses with 102 people

1851 – 19 houses with 120 people

1861 – 19 houses with 122 people

1871 – 22 houses with 134 people

1881 – 20 houses (20 inhabited) with 137 people (74 males, 63 females). There were 12 outbuildings.

The valuation of Houses & Land in 1881 was £27 10s 0d.

1891 – 20 houses (20 inhabited) with 120 people (65 males, 55 females). There were 9 outbuildings.

The valuation of Houses & Land in 1891 was £27 10s 0d.

1901 Census

This is a return of the members of the family, visitors, boarders or servants who slept or abode in their house on the night of Sunday March 31st 1901 in Tonacrick.

There were 23 houses listed in the Townland of Tonacrick. The people were all Roman Catholics and they were born in Co. Galway. 129 people lived in Tonacrick (77 males and 52 females) in the townland.

The was no Enumerators Extract or Out Office & Farm Steading returns added for this townland.

House & Building Return

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/reels/nai000813423/

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/reels/nai000813424/

House 1

John Lydon aged 29 was head of the family; married to Sarah aged 28. They lived with their children Michl aged 3, Honor aged 2, Mary aged 1, Pat aged 3 months and servant Pat Kennedy aged 14.

John was a farmer. Pat was a farm servant. John & Sarah could read & write; they spoke Irish & English. Pat Kennedy, Michl & Honor could not read; They spoke Irish & English. Mary & Pat Lydon could not read.

They lived in a 2nd class house with 2 rooms and 3 front windows. This was a private dwelling.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Kilcummin/Tonacrick/1377728/

House 2

John Flaherty aged 35 was head of the family; married to Mary aged 30. They lived with their son Stephen aged 2.

John was a farmer. John & Stephen could not read; Mary could read & write. John, Mary & Stephen spoke Irish & English.

They lived in a 3rd class house with 2 rooms and 2 front windows. This was a private dwelling.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Kilcummin/Tonacrick/1377729/

House 3

John Costello aged 45 was head of the family; married to Bridget aged 43. They lived with their children Stephen aged 25, Mary aged 21, Edward aged 16, Michl aged 13, Martin aged 9, Bridget aged 8 & Anne aged 6.

John was a farmer; Stephen, Edward & Michl were farmer’s sons. Mary was a farmer’s daughter. Martin & Bridget were scholars. John, Bridget (mother), Mary & Anne could not read; Stephen, Edward, Michl, Martin & daughter Bridget could read & write. The entire family spoke Irish & English.

They lived in a 3rd class house with 2 rooms and 2 front windows. This was a private dwelling.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Kilcummin/Tonacrick/1377730/

House 4

Pat Costello aged 56 was head of the family; married to Anne aged 49. They lived with their children Thomas aged 20, Martin aged 17, Pat aged 15, Bridget aged 9 & Michl aged 5.

Pat was a farmer. Thomas & Martin were farmer’s sons. Pat (son) & Bridget were scholars. Pat (father) & Thomas could not read; they spoke Irish & English. Anne & Michl could not read; they spoke only Irish. Martin, son Pat & Bridget could read & write and spoke Irish & English. They lived in a 3rd class house with 2 rooms and 2 front windows. This was a private dwelling.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Kilcummin/Tonacrick/1377731/

House 5

Michl Conneely aged 48 was head of the family; married to Margaret aged 46. They lived with their children William aged 20, Tom aged 16, Honor aged 12, John aged 8, James aged 6, Coleman aged 4, Matt aged 2 & Sally aged 6 months.

Michl was a farmer. William & Tom were farmer’s sons. Honor, John & James were scholars. Michl, Margaret & William could not read; Tom could read; Honor & John could read & write; they spoke Irish & English. James could read; Coleman & Matt could not read; they spoke only Irish. Sally could not read. They lived in a 3rd class house with 2 rooms and 1 front window. This was a private dwelling. http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Kilcummin/Tonacrick/1377732/

House 6

Honor Folan aged 42 was head of the family; a widow. She lived with her sons Martin aged 14 & Colman aged 13.

Honor was a farmer; she could not read and spoke only Irish. Martin & Colman were farmer’s sons.  Martin could read & write; Colman could read; they spoke Irish & English.

They lived in a 3rd class house with 2 rooms and 2 front windows. This was a private dwelling.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Kilcummin/Tonacrick/1377733/

House 7

Coleman Costello aged 61 was head of the family; married to Mary aged 52 they lived with their children Michl aged 21, Maria aged 16, Barbara aged 19 & Honor aged 14.

Coleman was a farmer; Michl was a farmer’s son; Barbara was listed as a lace – scholar; Maria & Honor were scholars. Colman & Mary could not read; they spoke only Irish. The children could read & write and spoke Irish & English. They lived in a 3rd class house with 2 rooms and 2 front windows. This was a private dwelling.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Kilcummin/Tonacrick/1377734/

House 8

John Flaherty aged 82 was head of the family; a widower. He lived with his son John aged 32, daughter in law Anne aged 30 and grandchildren Martin aged 10, Honor aged 8, Pat aged 6, Agnes aged 3 & Matt aged 1. John was a farmer. John was a farmer’s son. The entire family could not read. John (grandfather), Honor, Pat, Agnes & Matt spoke Irish. John (son), Anne & Martin spoke Irish & English. They lived in a 3rd class house with 2 rooms and 2 front windows. This was a private dwelling.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Kilcummin/Tonacrick/1377735/

House 9

Honor Flaherty aged 67 was head of the family; a widow. She lived with her son Martin aged 39, daughter in law Bridget aged 31 & grandson Stephen aged 1.  Honor was a farmer; Martin was a farmer’s son. The entire family could not read. Honor & Martin spoke Irish & English. Bridget spoke only Irish. They lived in a 3rd class house with 2 rooms and 1 front window. This was a private dwelling.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Kilcummin/Tonacrick/1377736/

House 10

Mary Curran aged 54 was head of the family; a widow. She lived with her sons Martin aged 23 & Thomas aged 20.

Mary was a farmer; she could not read and spoke only Irish. Martin & Thomas were farmer’s sons; they could read & write and spoke Irish & English.

They lived in a 3rd class house with 2 rooms and 2 front windows. This was a private dwelling. http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Kilcummin/Tonacrick/1377737/

House 11

Mary Scanlon aged 48 was head of the family; a widow. She lived with her children Pat aged 30 & Margaret aged 18.

Mary was a farmer; she could not read and spoke only Irish. Pat was a farmer’s son; Margaret was a farmer’s daughter; they could read & write and spoke Irish & English.

They lived in a 3rd class house with 2 rooms and 2 front windows. This was a private dwelling. http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Kilcummin/Tonacrick/1377738/

House 12

Peter Scanlon aged 54 was head of the family; married to Sarah aged 50. They lived with their children James aged 26, Winnie aged 24, Martin aged 20 & Pat aged 16.

Peter was a farmer; James, Martin & Pat were farmer’s sons; Winnie was a farmer’s daughter. Peter, James & Winnie could not read; they spoke Irish & English. Sarah could not read; she spoke only Irish. Martin & Pat could read & write and spoke Irish & English.

They lived in a 3rd class house with 2 rooms and 2 front windows. This was a private dwelling. http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Kilcummin/Tonacrick/1377739/

House 13

Patrick Flaherty aged 62 was head of the family; married to Maria aged 64. They lived their sons Stephen aged 27 & Pat aged 22.

Patrick was a farmer; he could not read & spoke Irish & English. Stephen & Pat were farmer’s sons. Stephen could read & write; Pat could read; both spoke Irish & English. Maria could not read & spoke only Irish.

They lived in a 3rd class house with 2 rooms and 2 front windows. This was a private dwelling.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Kilcummin/Tonacrick/1377740/

House 14

Mark Beaty aged 62 was head of the family; married to Anne aged 70. They lived with their children Coleman aged 21, Sarah aged 18 & Michl aged 14.

Mark was a farmer; he could not read & spoke Irish & English. Coleman & Michl were farmer’s sons; they could read & write and spoke Irish & English. Sarah was a farmer’s daughter; she could read & spoke Irish & English. Anne could not read & spoke only Irish.  They lived in a 3rd class house with 2 rooms and 2 front windows. This was a private dwelling. http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Kilcummin/Tonacrick/1377741/

House 15

John Ashe aged 51 was head of the family; married to Margaret aged 42. They lived with their sons Bartly aged 22, Pat aged 20, Peter aged 17, James aged 14, Coleman aged 10 & Michl aged 4.

John was a farmer; Bartly, Pat & Peter were farmer’s sons. James & Coleman were scholars. John & Michl could not read; they spoke Irish & English. Margaret could not read & spoke only Irish. Bartly, Pat, Peter, James & Coleman could read & write and spoke Irish & English.

They lived in a 3rd class house with 2 rooms and 2 front windows. This was a private dwelling.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Kilcummin/Tonacrick/1377742/

House 16

Peter Faherty aged 50 was head of the family; married to Honor aged 49. They lived with their children Patrick aged 20, Mary aged 17, Bridget aged 14 & Anne aged 11.

Peter was a farmer. Patrick was a farmer’s son; Mary was a farmer’s daughter; Bridget & Anne were scholars. Peter & Honor could not read or write; they spoke only Irish. The children could read & write and spoke Irish & English.

They lived in a 3rd class house with 2 rooms and 1 front window. This was a private dwelling. http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Kilcummin/Tonacrick/1377743/

House 17

Michl Curran aged 45 was head of the family; a widower. He lived with his sons John aged 13 & Michl aged 11.

Michl was a farmer. Michl (father) & Pat could not read and spoke only Irish. Michl (son) could read and spoke Irish & English.

They lived in a 3rd class house with 2 rooms and 1 front window. This was a private dwelling.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Kilcummin/Tonacrick/1377744/

House 18

William Conneely aged 60 was head of the family; married to Mary aged 45. They lived with their children Julia aged 22, William aged 20, Mary aged 16, John aged 14, Martin aged 12, Maggie aged 8 & Bridget aged 7.

William was a farmer; Julia & Mary were farmer’s daughters; William was a farmer’s son; John, Martin, Maggie & Bridget were scholars. William (father) could not read; he spoke Irish & English. Mary could not read; she spoke only Irish. All the children could read & write & spoke Irish & English.

They lived in a 3rd class house with 2 rooms and 2 front windows. This was a private dwelling.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Kilcummin/Tonacrick/1377745/

House 19

Tom Folan aged 42 was head of the family; married to Bridget aged 37. They lived with their children Mary aged 10, Pat aged 4 & Margaret aged 1.

Tom was a farmer; he could not read; he spoke Irish & English. Bridget & Pat could not read; they spoke only Irish. Mary could read & write and spoke Irish & English. Margaret could not read.

They lived in a 3rd class house with 2 rooms and 2 front windows. This was a private dwelling.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Kilcummin/Tonacrick/1377746/

House 20

Michel Malone aged 39 was head of the family; married to Kate aged 35. They lived with their children Coleman aged 13, Peter aged 10, Pat aged 4, Honor aged 1 & uncle Coleman aged 59.

Michel was a farmer. Peter was a scholar. Michel & Coleman (uncle) could read & write and spoke Irish & English. Kate, Coleman (son) & Pat could not read; they spoke only Irish. Peter could not read; he spoke Irish & English. Honor could not read.

They lived in a 3rd class house with 2 rooms and 2 front windows. This was a private dwelling.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Kilcummin/Tonacrick/1377747/

House 21

Bartly Faherty aged 70 was head of the family; a widower. He lived with his children Pat aged 26, Coleman aged 20 & Mary aged 18.

Bartly was a farmer. Pat & Coleman were farmer’s sons & Mary was a farmer’s daughter. Bartly & Coleman could not read; Pat & Mary could read & write. The entire family spoke Irish & English.

They lived in a 3rd class house with 2 rooms and 2 front windows. This was a private dwelling.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Kilcummin/Tonacrick/1377748/

House 22

Thomas Faherty aged 81 was head of the family; a widower. He lived with his son Coleman aged 42, daughter in law Kate aged 32 & grandchildren Bridget aged 6, Thomas aged 4, Mary aged 3 & Kate aged 1.

Thomas was a farmer; Coleman was a farmer’s son. The entire family could not read. Colman & Kate spoke Irish & English. Thomas, Bridget, Thomas (grandson) & Mary spoke Irish.

They lived in a 3rd class house with 2 rooms and 2 front windows. This was a private dwelling.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Kilcummin/Tonacrick/1377749/

House 23

James Malone aged 25 was head of the family; married to Barbara aged 19. James was a farmer; he could not read and spoke only Irish. Barbara could read & write and spoke Irish & English.

They lived in a 3rd class house with 2 rooms and 2 front windows. This was a private dwelling.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Kilcummin/Tonacrick/1377750/

Census 1911 – Tonacrick

This is a return of the Members of the families in Tonacrick, their visitors, boarders and servants who slept or abode in the house on the night of Sunday 2nd April 1911.

There were 24 houses listed in the Townland of Tonacrick. Of the people living in Tonacrick all 140(81 males/59 females) were Roman Catholics.

People that lived in Tonacrick were born included Co. Galway. There were a total of 38 farm buildings and out offices which included stables, cow houses & piggeries.

Enumerators Extract

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/reels/nai002390602/

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/reels/nai002390603/

House & Building Return

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/reels/nai002390604/

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/reels/nai002390605/

Out Offices & Farm Steadings

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/reels/nai002390606/

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/reels/nai002390607/

House 1

John Lyden aged 41 was head of the family; married to Sarah aged 34. They lived with their children Michael aged 13, Norah aged 12, Mary aged 11, Patrick aged 10, Coleman aged 9, Maggie aged 7, Peter aged 5, Kate aged 3 & father in law Peter Malone aged 85.

John was a farmer. Michael was a farmer’s son. Norah, Mary, Patrick & Coleman were scholars. John, Sarah, Peter Malone, Maggie, Peter (son), & Kate could not read; they spoke only Irish. Coleman could read; he spoke Irish & English. Michael, Norah, Mary & Patrick could read & write; they spoke Irish & English.

John & Sarah were married for 14 years; they had 9 children with all 9 living at the time of the census.

They lived in a 3rd class house with 2 rooms and 2 front windows. They had a stable & cow house. This was a private dwelling. http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Kilcummin/Tonacrick/457646/

Note: The spelling of this families’ surname was Lydon in 1901.

House 2

Bartly Faherty aged 75 was head of the family; a widower. He lived with his son Patrick aged 38, daughter in law Barbara aged 40 and grandson Bartly aged 2.

Bartly was a farmer. Patrick was a farmer’s son. The entire family could not read and spoke Irish. Patrick & Barbara were married for 6 years; they had 2 children with 1 living at the time of the census.

They lived in a 3rd class house with 2 rooms and 2 front windows. They had a stable & a cow house. This was a private dwelling.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Kilcummin/Tonacrick/457647/

House 3

Coleman Faherty aged 60 was head of the family; married to Kate aged 61. They lived with their children Bridget aged 17, Thomas aged 14, Mary aged 13, Kate aged 11, Patrick aged 9 & Coleman aged 9.

Coleman was a farmer. Bridget was a farmer’s daughter; Thomas was a farmer’s son; Mary was scholar. Coleman, Kate (mother), Bridget, Thomas, Patrick & Coleman (son) could not read; they spoke only Irish. Mary & Kate (daughter) could read & write and spoke Irish & English.

Coleman & Kate were married for 17 years; they had 6 children.

They lived in a 3rd class house with 2 rooms and 2 front windows. They had a stable & cow house. This was a private dwelling. http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Kilcummin/Tonacrick/457648/

House 4

James Malone aged 51 was head of the family; married to Barbara aged 30. They lived with their children Barbara aged 8, Mary aged 6, Sarah aged 3 & Bartly aged 4 months.

James was a farmer; Barbara (daughter) & Mary were scholars. James & Sarah could not read and spoke only Irish. Barbara, daughter Barbara & Mary could read & write and spoke Irish & English. Bartly could not read.

James & Barbara were married for 10 years; they had 4 children.

They lived in a 3rd class house with 2 rooms and 1 front window. They had a stable, cow house & piggery. This was a private dwelling. http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Kilcummin/Tonacrick/457649/

House 5

Michael Malone aged 56 was head of the family; married to Kate aged 46. They lived with their children Coleman aged 25, Peter aged 23, Bridget aged 16, Patrick aged 14, Norah aged 12, Thomas aged 10, Mary aged 8 & Joseph aged 6.

Michael was a farmer. Coleman & Peter were farmer’s sons.  Patrick, Norah, Thomas, Mary & Joseph were scholars. Michael, Kate, Coleman & Peter could not read and spoke only Irish. Bridget, Patrick, Norah & Thomas could read & write; they spoke Irish & English. Joseph could read; he spoke Irish & English. Michael & Kate were married for 27 years; they had 8 children.

They lived in a 3rd class house with 2 rooms and 2 front windows. They had a cow house. This was a private dwelling. http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Kilcummin/Tonacrick/457650/

House 6

Thomas Folan aged 60 was head of the family; married to Bridget aged 50. They lived with their children Coleman aged 30, Mary aged 25, Patrick aged 17, Maggie aged 15, Ann aged 12 & Bridget aged 3.

Thomas was a farmer; Coleman & Patrick were farmer’s sons; Mary was a farmer’s daughter & Ann was a scholar. Thomas, Bridget, Coleman & Mary could not read; they spoke only Irish. Patrick, Maggie & Ann could read & write and spoke Irish & English. Bridget could not read; she spoke Irish & English. Thomas & Bridget were married for 32 years; they had 6 children.

They lived in a 3rd class house with 2 rooms and 2 front windows. They had a stable & cow house This was a private dwelling. http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Kilcummin/Tonacrick/457651/

House 7

William Conneely aged 71 was head of the family; married to Mary aged 60. They lived with their children John aged 27, Maggie aged 22, Bridget aged 18 & grandson Patrick Conneely aged 5.

William was a farmer; John was a farmer’s son; Maggie was a farmer’s daughters. William could read; he spoke Irish. Mary could not read; she spoke Irish. John & Maggie could read & write & spoke Irish & English. Bridget could read & write; she spoke Irish. Patrick could not read. William & Mary were married for 36 years; they had 8 children with 6 living at the time of the census.

They lived in a 2nd class house with 2 rooms and 3 front windows. They had a stable & cow house This was a private dwelling. http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Kilcummin/Tonacrick/457652/

House 8

Mark Beatty aged 70 was head of the family; married to Ann aged 70. They lived with their son Patrick aged 40, daughter in law Mary aged 25 and granddaughter Mary aged 1 month.

Mark was a farmer; Patrick was a farmer’s son. Mark could read & spoke Irish & English. Ann, Patrick & Mary could not read and spoke Irish. Baby Mary could not read.

Mark & Ann were married for 42 years; they had 8 children with 5 living at the time of the census. Patrick & Mary were married for 1 year; they had 1 child.

They lived in a 2nd class house with 2 rooms and 3 front windows. They had a stable, cow house & a piggery. This was a private dwelling. http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Kilcummin/Tonacrick/457653/

House 9

Patrick Flaherty aged 76 was head of the family; married to Maria aged 75.

Patrick was a farmer. Patrick & Maria could not read; they spoke Irish. They were married for 50 years; they had 8 children with 5 living at the time of the census.

They lived in a 3rd class house with 2 rooms and 2 front windows. This was a private dwelling. http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Kilcummin/Tonacrick/457654/

House 10

Stephen Flaherty aged 45 was head of the family; married to Julia aged 32. They lived with their children Mary aged 7, Patrick aged 6, Maria aged 4 & Barbara aged 2.

Stephen was a farmer. Stephen & the children could not read; they spoke Irish. Julia could read; she spoke Irish & English. Stephen & Julia were married for 8 years; they had 5 children with 4 living at the time of the census.

They lived in a 3rd class house with 1 room and 1 front window. They had a stable. This was a private dwelling. http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Kilcummin/Tonacrick/457655/

House 11

Peter Faherty aged 73 was head of the family; a widower. He lived with his son Patrick aged 33, daughter in law Ellen aged 23 & grandson Peter aged 8 months.

Peter was a farmer; he could not read; he spoke Irish. Patrick was a farmer’s son. Patrick & Ellen could read & write and spoke Irish & English. Baby Peter could not read. Patrick & Ellen were married for 1 year; they had 1 child.

They lived in a 3rd class house with 2 rooms and 1 front window. They had a stable & cow house. This was a private dwelling. http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Kilcummin/Tonacrick/457656/

House 12

Michael Curran aged 60 was head of the family; a widower. He lived with his sons John aged 22 & Michael aged 20.

Michael was a farmer. John & Michael were farmer’s sons. Michael (father) could not read and spoke only Irish. John & Michael (son) could read and spoke Irish & English.

They lived in a 3rd class house with 2 rooms and 2 front windows. They had a cow house & a piggery. This was a private dwelling. http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Kilcummin/Tonacrick/457657/

House 13

Margaret Ashe aged 60 was head of the family; a widow. She lived with her sons Peter aged 22, James aged 21, Coleman aged 20 & Michael aged 18.

Margaret was a farmer; she could not read; she spoke Irish. Peter, James, Coleman & Michael were farmer’s sons. The could read & write and spoke Irish & English.

They lived in a 3rd class house with 2 rooms and 2 front windows. They had a cow house. This was a private dwelling. http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Kilcummin/Tonacrick/457658/

House 14

Mary Scanlon aged 70 was head of the family; a widow. She lived with her son Patrick aged 48, daughter in law Annie aged 30 & grandchildren Patrick aged 8, Maggie aged 7, Michael aged 3 & James aged 2 months.

Mary was a farmer; Patrick was a farmer’s son & grandson Patrick was a scholar. Mary, son Patrick, Maggie & Michael could not read and spoke only Irish. Annie & grandson Patrick could read & write and spoke Irish & English. Baby James could not read. Patrick & Annie were married for 9 years; they had 5 children with 4 living at the time of the census.

They lived in a 3rd class house with 2 rooms and 2 front windows. They had a stable, cow house & a piggery. This was a private dwelling. http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Kilcummin/Tonacrick/457659/

House 15

Peter Scanlon aged 80 was head of the family; a widower. He lived with his son James aged 40, daughter in law Mary aged 32 and grandchildren Patrick aged 6, Martin aged 4, Mary aged 2 & Peter aged 1 month.

Peter was a farmer. James was a farmer’s son. Peter, James, Mary & Martin could not read; they spoke Irish. Patrick could read; he spoke Irish & English. Grandchildren Mary & Peter could not read. James & Mary were married for 7 years; they had 4 children with all 4 living at the time of the census.

They lived in a 3rd class house with 2 rooms and 2 front windows. They had a cow house. This was a private dwelling. http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Kilcummin/Tonacrick/457660/

House 16

Mary Curran aged 70 was head of the family; a widow. She lived with her son Martin aged 36, daughter in law Honor aged 36 & grandson Thomas aged 5.

Mary was a farmer; Martin was a farmer’s son. Mary, Martin & Thomas could not read and spoke only Irish. Honor could read & write and spoke Irish & English. Martin & Honor were married for 7 years; they had 1 son.

They lived in a 3rd class house with 2 rooms and 2 front windows. They had a cow house. This was a private dwelling. http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Kilcummin/Tonacrick/457661/

House 17

Martin Flaherty aged 49 was head of the family; married to Bridget aged 44. They lived with their children Thomas aged 8, John aged 6, Norah aged 4, Patrick aged 2 & his mother Honor aged 76.

Martin was a farmer. Thomas & John were scholars; they could read. Martin, Bridget, Honor, Norah & Patrick could not read. The entire family spoke Irish. Martin & Bridget were married for 12 years; they had 5 children with 4 living at the time of the census.

They lived in a 3rd class house with 2 rooms and 2 front windows. They had a cow house. This was a private dwelling. http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Kilcummin/Tonacrick/457662/

House 18

John Flaherty aged 50 was head of the family; a widower. He lived with his children Martin aged 19, Honor aged 16, Patrick aged 14, Agnes aged 12, Matthew aged 10, Mary aged 8, Annie aged 6 & Coleman aged 4.

John was a farmer. Martin was a farmer’s son. Agnes & Matthew were scholars. John, Honor, Mary, Annie & Coleman could not read & spoke only Irish. Martin, Patrick, Agnes & Matthew could read & write and spoke Irish & English.

They lived in a 3rd class house with 2 rooms and 2 front windows. They had a cow house. This was a private dwelling. http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Kilcummin/Tonacrick/457663/

House 19

Michael Conneely aged 56 was head of the family; married to Maggie aged 55. They lived with their children Patrick aged 30, John aged 21, James aged 19, Coleman aged 17, Matthew aged 12 & Sarah aged 11.

Michael was a farmer; Patrick, John, James & Coleman were farmer’s sons. Matthew & Sarah were scholars. Michael could read; John, James, Coleman, Matthew & Sarah could read & write; they spoke Irish & English. Maggie & Patrick could not read; they spoke only Irish. Michael & Maggie were married for 33 years; they had 12 children with 10 living at the time of the census.

They lived in a 3rd class house with 2 rooms and 2 front windows. This was a private dwelling. http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Kilcummin/Tonacrick/457664/

House 20

Coleman Costello aged 72 was head of the family; married to Mary aged 70 they lived with their son Michael aged 32.

Coleman was a farmer; Michael was a farmer’s son. Colman & Mary could not read; they spoke only Irish. Michael could read & write; he spoke Irish & English. Coleman & Mary were married for 45 years; they had 8 children with 5 living at the time of the census. They lived in a 2nd class house with 2 rooms and 3 front windows. They had a stable, cow house & piggery. This was a private dwelling. http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Kilcummin/Tonacrick/457665/

House 21

John Costello aged 70 was head of the family; married to Bridget aged 70. They lived with their children Martin aged 25, Bridget aged 19 & Ann aged 15.

John was a farmer; Martin was a farmer’s son. Bridget was a farmer’s daughter. John & Bridget (mother) could not read; they spoke only Irish. Martin, daughter Bridget & Anne could read & write; they spoke Irish & English. John & Bridget were married for 41 years; they had 8 children with all 8 living at the time of the census. They lived in a 3rd class house with 1 room and 2 front windows. They had a stable & cow house. This was a private dwelling. http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Kilcummin/Tonacrick/457666/

House 22

Honor Folan aged 69 was head of the family; a widow. She lived with her son & Coleman aged 26.

Honor was a farmer; Coleman was a farmer’s son. They could not read and spoke only Irish.

They lived in a 3rd class house with 1 room and 2 front windows. They had a cow house. This was a private dwelling. http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Kilcummin/Tonacrick/457667/

House 23

Patrick Costello aged 72 was head of the family; married to Ann aged 70. They lived with their children Thomas aged 35, Bridget aged 25 & Michael aged 19.

Patrick was a farmer. Thomas & Michael were farmer’s sons. Patrick could not read or write; he spoke only Irish. Ann & Thomas could not read; they spoke only Irish. Bridget & Michael could read & write and spoke Irish & English. Patrick & Ann were married for 39 years; they had 6 children with 5 living at the time of the census.

They lived in a 3rd class house with 2 rooms and 2 front windows. They had a stable & a cow house. This was a private dwelling. http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Kilcummin/Tonacrick/457668/

House 24

John Faherty aged 59 was head of the family; a widower. He lived with his sons Stephen aged 12, Coleman aged 10, Patrick aged 8 & Martin aged 4.

John was a farmer. Stephen was a farmer’s son & Coleman was a scholar. John, Stephen, Patrick & Martin could not read; Coleman could read. The entire family spoke Irish.

They lived in a 3rd class house with 2 rooms and 2 front windows. They had a cow house. This was a private dwelling.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Kilcummin/Tonacrick/457669/

Church records of births, deaths and marriages:

Church records of births, deaths and marriages are available online at http://www.rootsireland.ie. To search these records, you will need to know the ‘church parish’ rather than the ‘civil parish’. (The civil parish is the pre-reformation parish and was frequently used as a unit of administration in the past.)

Tonacrick is in the civil parish of Kilcummin.

Roman Catholic parishes:

This civil parish corresponds with the following Roman Catholic parish or parishes.

  • Carraroe
  • Kilannin
  • Kilcummin/Oughterard
  • Rosmuc

Church of Ireland parishes:

This civil parish corresponds with the following Church of Ireland parish.

  • Kilcummin

In general, the civil parish and the Church of Ireland parish are the same, but, this is not always the case.

Maps

It is located at 53° 15′ 16″ N, 9° 33′ 23″ W.

Original OS map of this area.

Ireland was first mapped in the 1840s. These original maps are available online.

Tonacrick

Original OS maps at the Ordnance Survey of Ireland website.

Below is a link to the Ordnance Survey of Ireland website. It displays the original OS map that was created in the 1840s.

Tonacrick

Information from Google Maps.

You can use this link to find this townland on Google Maps.

Google Maps

Information from the National Monuments Service.

You can use this link to view a map of archaeological features. This link brings you to a website wherein you will have to search for your townland.

Archaeological map from the National Monuments Service

Galway Library Website

http://places.galwaylibrary.ie/place/52523

Townlands.ie Website

https://www.townlands.ie/galway/moycullen/kilcummin/kilcummin/tonacrick/

This page was added on 03/08/2016.

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