Rosskeeda

Antoinette Lydon

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Rosskeeda is in the civil parish of Kilcummin. The civil Parish corresponds with the following Church of Ireland parish of Kilcummin, Galway West. In general, the civil parish and the Church of Ireland parish are the same as is the case in the Kilcummin Oughterard area

Irish Form of Name: Ros Cíde

Translation: Keedy’s wood or point

Civil Parish: Kilcummin View all place names in this civil parish.

Roskeeda is in the Electoral Division of Turlough, in Civil Parish of Kilcummin, in the Barony of Moycullen, in the County of Galway

Other Forms of the Name with authority source (if provided) in italics:

Rosskeeda

Ros Cíde

Ros cíde

Ruskeada Barony Map

Russkeeda Boundary Surveyor

Ruskeada County Map

Ruskeeda Local

Description:

Land in Rosskeeda is very bad. Contains 200 acres about 2/3 of this townland is under tillage; the remainder is mountain pasture and bog. There is nothing remarkable in this townland.

Situation:

In the South Western part of the parish. Bounded on all sides by Greatman’s Bay, except on the East where it bounded by the townland of Gorrivna.

Some other placenames in or near this townland are…

This is a list of townlands that share a border with this townland.

Landlord

Thomas B. Martin of Ballynahinch Castle.

Martin (Ross) – The Martin family were established beside Ross Lake in the barony of Moycullen, county Galway, from the late 16th century, where they purchased land from the O’Flaherty’s. They were Royalist supporters and were dispossessed of their property in the city of Galway by the Cromwellians. Robert Martin received a grant of 2,909 acres in the barony of Moycullen, by patent dated 21 Aug 1677. Jasper Martin of Ross, who died in 1700, had two sons Jasper and Richard, from who descend the two branches of the family settled at Ross and Ballynahinch. Nicholas Martin, who died in 1811, married Elizabeth O’Hara, daughter of Robert O’Hara of Lenaboy, and according to Burke’s ”Landed Gentry”, a grandniece of James O’Hara, 2nd Baron Tyrawley. Their grandson, James Martin of Ross, had sixteen children from his two marriages. His daughter, Maud, married H. Callwell and they were the parents of the author, J. M. Callwell. The youngest daughter of James Martin was Violet Florence Martin of the well-known literary team Somerville and Ross. The Martins of Ross owned 5,767 acres in county Galway in the 1870s. They advertised the sale of their estate in the Landed Estates’ Court in May 1885.

Martin (Ballynahinch) – A branch of the Anglo Norman family of Martin, one of the Tribes of Galway, was granted the O’Flaherty lands in the Connemara region in the mid 17th century. This family was a junior branch of the Martins of Ross and under the Acts of Settlement was granted vast estates in counties Galway, Mayo, Roscommon, Clare and Sligo. By a patent dated 1698 they were confirmed in the possession of their Connemara estate known as the Manor of Claremount by King William. The Westport Estate Papers document the sale of over 27,000 acres in the baronies of Moycullen and Ballynahinch by the trustees for the sale of Colonel John Browne’s estate to John Edwards for Richard Martin in 1699. The early generations of Martins lived at Birch Hall and Dangan, in the townland of Oranhill, parish of Rahoon, near Galway city. Richard Martin, better known as ‘Humanity Dick’, was the first member of the family to be reared as a Protestant. He was a famous duelist and founded the Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals. Ballynahinch Castle was built in the centre of his estate. His son Thomas Martin died in 1847 during the Famine and Thomas’s only daughter and heir, Mary Laetita, inherited a heavily encumbered estate. She married her cousin, Arthur Gonne Bell, and died in New York in 1850. The Martin estates were offered for sale in two sections in 1849. Their property close to Galway town included Dangan, Corcullen, Bushypark and Killeen. The Law Life Assurance Society acquired their Connemara estate in 1852, to which it was heavily mortgaged. In 1853 Thomas Colville Scott surveyed the estate of almost 200,000 acres for a prospective buyer. Richard Martin, second son of Richard ‘Humanity Dick’ Martin of Ballynahinch, is recorded as holding five townlands in the parish of Killannin, barony of Moycullen, county Galway, at the time of Griffith’s Valuation although he emigrated to Canada in 1833. He was also recorded as the occupier of Clareville, a Martin home in the village of Oughterard. Many of his descendants still reside in Canada. http://www.martinhistory.net/

Thomas B. Martin is a member of the Martin (Ross) family.

Downs Survey

The Down Survey website will tell you who owned this townland in 1641 (pre Cromwell) and in 1671 (post Cromwell).

The Down Survey is a mapped survey. Using the Civil Survey as a guide, teams of surveyors, mainly former soldiers, were sent out under Petty’s direction to measure every townland to be forfeited to soldiers and adventurers. The resulting maps, made at a scale of 40 perches to one inch (the modern equivalent of 1:50,000), were the first systematic mapping of a large area on such a scale attempted anywhere. The primary purpose of these maps was to record the boundaries of each townland and to calculate their areas with great precision. The maps are also rich in other detail showing churches, roads, rivers, castles, houses and fortifications. Most towns are represented pictorially and the cartouches, the decorative titles, of each map in many cases reflect a specific characteristic of each barony. (http/::downsurvey.tcd.ie)

Townland of ROSKEEDA

Down Survey Name: Mountain

1670 Owner(s): Martin, Richard (Catholic); Clanrickard, Earl of (Protestant)

County: Galway

Barony: Muckullin

Parish: Killcumyn

Information from the Down Survey Website.

The down survey website will tell you who owned this townland in 1641 (pre Cromwell) and in 1671 (post Cromwell).

Down Survey Website

The Tithe Applotment Books

About the Records

Tithes were a tax on agricultural produce which was payable by the occupiers of agricultural land. They were the main source of income for the parish clergy of the Church of Ireland (the largest Protestant church and the church established by law). However, in many parishes a large part of the tithes were ‘appropriate’, which meant that they were payable to a bishop, cathedral chapter or other ecclesiastical recipient, or were ‘impropriate’, which generally meant that they were payable to a local landowner. The parishes used in the Tithe Applotment Books are civil or Church of Ireland parishes, which often differ in name and territory from Catholic parishes, Acts of Parliament of 1823 and 1832 provided for the conversion of tithes into a fixed charge on land, and specified the average price of wheat or oats in the parish in the seven years before 1821 as the basis on which the tithes would be calculated. They also extended the application of tithes to pasture, where previously they had been levied only on tillage.

This change in the law resulted in the valuation of individual holdings in almost all parishes containing agricultural land, in order to assess the portion of the tithes for which each occupier of land would be liable. The apportionment was recorded for each Church of Ireland parish in a Tithe Composition Applotment Book. The information was collected and two Parochial Commissioners calculated the amounts, one of who was appointed by the cess-payers of the parish and the other by the relevant Diocese of the Church of Ireland. This procedure was carried out in over 2,500 parishes between the years 1823 and 1837.

The Tithe Applotment Books are in a variety of formats, from a few pages sewn together to elaborately bound volumes. In most cases they are written in manuscript throughout, although some consist of manuscript entries on printed questionnaires. The information in the books is broadly uniform and generally includes at least the name of occupier: the size of holding, the valuation and the tithe payable. In some cases more detailed information is provided. Some volumes have maps and most have certificates and correspondence attached.

The sub-divisions of the parish were recorded. Some of these subdivisions, such as ploughlands, ceased to be in official use after the six-inch survey of the Ordnance Survey was completed in the 1840s. Only productive land was subject to tithe, and the books usually distinguish between this tithable land and untithable land such as roads or mountains. Tithable land was in some cases classified by quality, and a money value was given to each class. In some cases the proportion of tithe payable to the rector, vicar or lay proprietor of the tithes was set out. The column for observations was sometimes completed, with information about commonage, for example.

There are a number of other points that should be noted. The acreages given in the Tithe Applotment Books are in Irish or Plantation measure, which is 1.62 times larger than statute measure. Only occupiers of land at the time of the tithe composition are recorded, so not all heads of households living in a parish at the time are included. Only rural areas are systematically covered, although inhabitants of towns who held plots of cultivable land are included. The equivalent tax in urban areas, Minister’s Money, has left few records.

The Tithe Applotment Books are an important source of information for a wide variety of researchers of pre-Famine Ireland. They provide the first surviving national list of the occupiers of land, and are used by genealogists as a partial substitute for returns of the 1821 and 1831 censuses of population, which were destroyed in 1922. They also record information on the quality of land, and provide information on pre-Ordnance Survey territorial divisions, some of which were not recognised after the 1840s.

The National Archives hold the original Tithe Applotment Books only for the twenty-six counties of the Republic of Ireland. The books for the six counties of Northern Ireland are held in the Public Record Office of Northern Ireland in Belfast. (http://titheapplotmentbooks.nationalarchives.ie/search/tab/aboutmore.jsp)

Tithe Applotment – Rosskeeda

Tim Hart, Michl Liddane, Thos Molloy, Philip Naughton, James Ridge, Thos Ridge & John Griffy had a total of 120 acres of land; 12 acres of land of 1st quality land with a payment of 1s 6d, 8 acres of 2nd quality land with a payment of 1s and 100 acres of 5th quality land with a payment of ⅛d.

http://titheapplotmentbooks.nationalarchives.ie/reels/tab//004587459/004587459_00449.pdf

Griffiths Valuation 1850’s

In Griffith’s Valuation the area was 199 acres 3 rood & 31 perches with a land value of £54 0s 0d. Value of Buildings was £3 15s 0d, and the total value is £57 15s 0d.

Occupiers

Thomas Newell, Anthony Newell, John Newell, Stephen Griffin, William Walsh, Patrick Conry, Mary Geary, James Thornton, Michael Newell, Colman Conry, Michael Joyce, Patrick Geary, Michael Geary & Patrick Halloran.

Immediate Lessor: Directors of the Law Life Assurance Co.

http://www.askaboutireland.ie/griffith-valuation/index.xml?action=doNameSearch&PlaceID=560502

View the heads of households in the townland at this time.

Out Offices and Land

The out office was a farm building, a cow house, piggery or barn. The land was very poor and sterile and people were always poverty-stricken. At this time most tenants were trying to eke out a living on 5 acres or less and a farmer needed at least 15.3 acres to survive.

Poor Law Union Ireland

In Ireland the Poor Relief Act of 1838 divided into districts or “unions” in which the local taxable inhabitants were to be financially responsible for all paupers in the area. In 1898 the Poor Law Union was adopted as the basic administrative division in place of the civil parish and barony. Further subdivision into 828 registration districts and 3,751 district electoral divisions followed. Townlands were not arranged according to these divisions with parish and barony retained as a means to make comparisons with records gathered before 1898.

The 1838 Act

The main provisions of the 1838 Act were:

  • The extension of the existing Poor Law Commissioners’ powers to Ireland, with the appointment of Assistant Commissioners who were to implement the Act in Ireland.
  • The division of the country into Poor Law Unions based on Irish electoral divisions, which were they, made up from townlands.
  • The creation of a Board of Guardians for each Union, two-thirds of who were to be elected, the other third to be appointed ex officio.
  • The setting up of a workhouse in each Union.
  • The collection of a local poor-rate to finance the system.
  • Assistance for emigration.

Initially, 130 Unions were created, based upon 2,049 electoral divisions. The divisions were composed of townlands, a peculiarly Irish unit, traditionally of 120 Irish acres in area. (Between 1848 and 1850, subdividing and reorganizing the boundaries of some existing Unions, particularly in the west of the country created an additional 33 Unions.

Boards of Guardians were elected annually on 25th March. Only ratepayers were eligible for election, which effectively disenfranchised most of the native Irish who were usually tenants at this time. Rate-payers were allowed between one and six votes depending on the size of a valuation of their property.

Townlands

A town land is one of the smallest land divisions in Ireland. They range in size from a few acres to thousands of acres. Many are Gaelic in origin, but some came into existence after the Norman invasion 1169. Rosskeeda is a townland.

Population & Census Information 

You can retrieve a list of people who lived in this townland from 1827 to 1911. This list is compiled from the following resources.

  • The Tithe Applotment Books
  • Griffith’s Valuation
  • 1901 Census
  • 1911 Census

1841/1891 Census

1841 – 37 houses with 207 people

1851 – 14 houses with 111 people

1861 – 28 houses with 139 people

1871 – 23 houses with 127 people

1881 – 23 houses with 144 people (73 males & 71 females) Valuation of Houses & Lands £57 15s 0d. There were 19 outbuildings in the townland in 1881.

1891 – 24 houses (2 uninhabited) with 113 people (58 males & 55 females) Valuation of Houses & Lands £58 0s 0d. There were 39 outbuildings in the townland in 1891.

1901 Census

This is a return of the member of the family, their Visitors, Boarders, and Servants who slept or abode in their house on the night of 31st of March 1901 in Rosskeeda. There were 19 houses listed in the townland of Rosskeeda. Of the people living in Rosskeeda 28 (13 females/15males) all were Roman Catholics.

All 28 People that lived in Rosskeeda were born in Co. Galway.

There were a total of 32 farm buildings and out offices.

Class of House: The class of house depended on the materials used in the roof, walls, number of rooms and number of front windows. A 1st class house was considered the highest standard.

Walls of the houses: The walls were of stone, brick, and concrete or of mud, wood or other perishable material. The house in Rosskeeda was built of stone, brick or concrete. There were no mud cabins.

Enumerators Extract

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/reels/nai000839921/

House & Building Return

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/reels/nai000839922/

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/reels/nai000839923/

Out Office & Farm Steadings

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/reels/nai000839924/

House 1

Bartley Conroy aged 53 was head of the family; married to Mary aged 48. They lived with their son Michael aged 18, Patrick Nee aged 52 & Maggie Toole aged 19.

Bartley was a farmer; Michael was a farmer’s son; Patrick was a farm servant & Maggie was a general domestic servant. Bartley, Mary & Michael could read & write and spoke Irish & English. Patrick & Maggie could not read; they spoke only Irish.

They lived with a 3rd class house with 2 rooms and 1 front window. They had a stable, coach house, cow house, piggery, fowl house & a potato house. This was a private dwelling.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Turlough/Roskeeda/1394178/

House 2

Patrick Nee aged 55 was head of the family; married to Bridget aged 52. They lived with their sons Colman aged 25, Patrick aged 22 & Thomas aged 19.

Patrick was a farmer; Colman, Patrick & Thomas were farmer’s sons. Patrick (father) Bridget, Patrick (son) & Thomas could not read. Colman could read. The entire family spoke Irish.

They lived in a 4th class house with 1 room & no front window. This was a private dwelling.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Turlough/Roskeeda/1394179/

House 3

Peter Melia aged 40 was head of the family; married to Barbara aged 30. They lived with their children Mary aged 12, Pat aged 10, Bridget aged 8, John aged 7, Maggie aged 4 & Michael aged 3.

Peter was a farmer; Barbara was a housekeeper; Mary & Bridget were farmer’s daughters; Pat was a farmer’s son; John, Maggie & Michael were scholars. The entire family could not read. Peter spoke Irish & English. Barbara, Mary, Pat Bridget, John, Maggie & Michael spoke only Irish.

They lived in a 3rd class house with 2 rooms and 2 front windows. This was a private dwelling.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Turlough/Roskeeda/1394180/

House 4

John O’Malley aged 22 was head of the family. He lived with his siblings Martin aged 20, Tom aged 18, Michael aged 15 & Mary aged 11; all single.

John, Martin & Tom were farmers; they could not read and spoke only Irish. Michael & Mary were scholars. Michael could read & write; he spoke Irish & English. Mary could not read; she spoke Irish & English.

They lived in a 3rd class house with 2 rooms and 2 front windows. They had a cow house, calf house, piggery & a potato house. This was a private dwelling. This was a private dwelling.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Turlough/Roskeeda/1394181/

House 5

Colman Newell aged 50 was head of the family; married to Barbara aged 42. They lived with their children Pat aged 10, Mary aged 8, Bridget aged 8, Colman aged 4 & Kate aged 2.

Colman was a farmer; Pat was a farmer’s son; Mary, Bridget, Colman (son) & Kate were scholars. Colman, Barbara, Colman (son) & Kate could not read; they spoke only Irish. Pat & Bridget could read and spoke only Irish. Mary could read; she spoke Irish & English.

They lived with a 3rd class house with 2 rooms and 1 front window. They had a cow house. This was a private dwelling.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Turlough/Roskeeda/1394182/

House 6

Michael Newell aged 60 was head of the family; married to Bridget aged 50. They lived with their children John aged 20, Bridget aged 18, Patrick aged 16 Stephen aged 12 Martin aged 8 & Mary aged 6.

Michael was a farmer; John was a seaman; Bridget was a lace maker; Patrick & Stephen were farmer’s son; Martin & Mary were scholars. The family spoke only Irish. Michael, Bridget, John, Bridget (daughter), Patrick & Stephen could not read. Martin & Mary could not read.

They lived with a 3rd class house with 2 rooms and 2 front windows. They had a cow house. This was a private dwelling.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Turlough/Roskeeda/1394183/

House 7

Patrick Welby aged 36 was head of the family; married to Mary aged 29. They lived with their children Colman aged 8, Martin aged 6 & Bridget aged 4.

Patrick was a farmer; Colman, Martin & Bridget were scholars. Patrick could not read & write and spoke Irish & English. Mary, Martin & Bridget could not read; they spoke only Irish. Colman could read; he spoke Irish & English.

They lived with a 3rd class house with 2 rooms and 1 front window. They had a cow house & piggery. This was a private dwelling.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Turlough/Roskeeda/1394184/

House 8

Colman Lydon aged 60 was head of the family; married to Mary aged 50. They lived with their daughter Barbara aged 20 and mother-in-law Barbara Newell aged 80.

Colman was a farmer; Barbara was a farmer’s daughter and Barbara Newell was a housekeeper. Colman, Mary & Barbara (mother in law) could not read and spoke only Irish. Barbara (daughter) could read and spoke Irish & English.

They lived with a 3rd class house with 2 rooms and 1 front window. They had a cow house & piggery. This was a private dwelling.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Turlough/Roskeeda/1394185/

House 9

Patrick Conroy aged 31 was head of the family; married to Anne aged 29. They lived with their son Joseph aged 9 months.

Patrick was a farmer and Anne was a housekeeper. Patrick, Anne & Joseph could not read. Patrick & Anne spoke Irish & English.

They lived with a 3rd class house with 2 rooms and 1 front window. They had a cow house. This was a private dwelling.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Turlough/Roskeeda/1394186/

House 10

John Newell aged 60 was head of the family; married to Mary aged 53. They lived with their children Anne aged 20 & Michael aged 18.

John was a farmer; Anne was a farmer’s daughter & Michael was a farmer’s son. John & Mary could not read; they spoke Irish. Anne & Michael could read; they spoke Irish & English.

They lived with a 3rd class house with 2 rooms and 2 front windows. They had a cow house & a piggery. This was a private dwelling.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Turlough/Roskeeda/1394187/

House 11

Bartley Conroy aged 45 was head of the family; married to Ellen aged 39. They lived with their children Thomas aged 15 & Ann aged 2.

Bartley was a farmer; Thomas was a farmer’s son & Ann was a farmer’s daughter. Bartley could not read; he spoke Irish & English. Ellen & Ann could not read; they spoke only Irish. Thomas could read & write and spoke Irish & English.

They lived with a 3rd class house with 2 rooms and 1 front window. They had a cow house & piggery. This was a private dwelling.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Turlough/Roskeeda/1394188/

House 12

Cummin Walsh aged 65 was head of the family; married Bridget aged 60. They lived with their children Martin aged 26, Honor aged 22; single & Mary aged 6.

Cummin was a farmer; Martin was a farmer’s son; Honor was a farmer’s daughter & Mary was a scholar. Cummin & Bridget could not read & spoke only Irish. Martin, Honor & Mary could read & write and spoke Irish & English.

They lived with a 3rd class house with 2 rooms and 2 front windows. They had a cow house, calf house & a piggery. This was a private dwelling.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Turlough/Roskeeda/1394189/

House 13

Denis Conroy aged 70 was head of the family; married to Mary aged 60. They lived with their son Bartley aged 22; single.

Denis was a farmer; Bartley was a farmer’s son. Denis & Mary could not read & spoke only Irish. Bartley could read & write and spoke Irish & English.

They lived with a 3rd class house with 2 rooms and 1 front window. They had a cow house & piggery. This was a private dwelling.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Turlough/Roskeeda/1394190/

House 14

Michael Newell aged 84 was head of the family; married to Bridget aged 70. They lived with their son Pat aged 35; married, grandsons Thomas aged 17 & Michael aged 7.

Michael was a farmer; Pat was a farmer’s son; Thomas & Michael were scholars. Michael & Bridget could not read; they spoke only Irish. Pat could not read; he spoke Irish & English. Thomas & Michael could read & write and spoke Irish & English.

They lived with a 3rd class house with 2 rooms and 2 front windows. They had a cow house & a piggery. This was a private dwelling.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Turlough/Roskeeda/1394191/

House 15

Thomas Newell aged 84 was head of the family; married to Ellen aged 80. They lived with widowed daughter Mary aged 50, boarder Patrick Conroy aged 22 & visitor Mary Connelly aged 12.

Thomas was a farmer; Mary was a housekeeper; Patrick was a farm servant & Mary Connelly was a scholar. Thomas, Ellen, Mary(daughter) & Patrick could not read; they spoke only Irish. Mary Connelly could read & write and spoke Irish & English.

They lived with a 3rd class house with 2 rooms and 1 front window. They had a cow house & a piggery. This was a private dwelling.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Turlough/Roskeeda/1394192/

House 16

Anthony Griffin aged 70 was head of the family; married to Ann aged 63. They lived with their children Anthony aged 24 & Winifred aged 22.

Anthony was a farmer; Anthony was a farmer’s son & Winifred was a seamstress.

Anthony (father), Ann & Winifred could not read; they spoke Irish. Anthony (son) could read and spoke Irish & English.

They lived with a 3rd class house with 2 rooms and 1 front window. This was a private dwelling.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Turlough/Roskeeda/1394193/

House 17

Anthony Newell aged 37 was head of the family; married to Barbara aged 30.

Anthony was a farmer; he could read & spoke Irish & English. Barbara could not read; she spoke Irish.

They lived with a 3rd class house with 2 rooms and 2 front windows. This was a private dwelling.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Turlough/Roskeeda/1394194/

House 18

Sarah Joyce aged 40 was head of the family; a widow. She lived with her children Pat aged 22, Colman aged 20, John aged 16, Tom aged 14, Myles aged 12, MaDarrah (Macdara) aged 8; twins Martin & Bartley aged 7.

Sarah was the farmer; her sons were all listed as farmer’s sons. The family could not read and spoke only Irish.

They lived with a 3rd class house with 2 rooms and 1 front window. They had a cow house & a piggery. This was a private dwelling.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Turlough/Roskeeda/1394195/

House 19

John Joyce aged 70 was head of the family; married to Barbara aged 60. They lived with their son Dudley aged 25; single.

John was a farmer; Dudley was a farmer’s son. The family could not read and spoke only Irish.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Turlough/Roskeeda/1394196/

1911 Census

This is a return of the Members of the families in Rosskeeda, their visitors, boarders and servants who slept or abode in the house on the night of Sunday 2nd April 1911.

There were 21 houses listed in the Townland of Rosskeeda. Of the people living in Rosskeeda all 93(44 males/49 females) were Roman Catholics.

People that lived in Rosskeeda were born included Co. Galway. There were a total of 45 farm buildings and out offices.

House 1

Bartley Conroy aged 68 was head of the family; married to Mary aged 60. They lived with their niece Delia Lydon aged 19.

Bartley was a farmer; Mary was a general house worker & Delia was a assistant house worker. Bartley, Mary & Delia could read & write and spoke Irish & English.

Bartley & Mary were married for 31 years; they had 1 child.

They lived with a 2nd class house with 4 rooms and 1 front window. They had a stable, coach house, cow house, piggery & fowl house. This was a private dwelling.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Turlough/Roskeeda/470959/

House 2

Peter O’Malley aged 56 was head of the family; married to Barbara aged 50. They lived with their children Bridget aged 20, John aged 15, Maggie aged 14, Michael aged 13, Barbara aged 10, Joseph aged 9, Annie aged 5, Nora aged 4 & Thomas aged 2.

Peter was a farmer; Bridget did crochet class; John & Michael were farmer’s sons; Maggie, Barbara, Joseph & Annie were scholars. Peter & John could not read; they spoke Irish & English. Barbara (mother) could not read; she spoke only Irish. Bridget & Michael could read & write and spoke Irish & English. John could not read; he spoke Irish & English. Joseph could read; he spoke Irish & English. Maggie & Annie spoke Irish & English. Annie, Nora & Thomas spoke only Irish.

Peter & Barbara were married for 25 years; they had 11 children with 10 living at the time of the census.

They lived with a 2nd class house with 3 rooms and 2 front windows. They had a cow house & piggery. This was a private dwelling.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Turlough/Roskeeda/470960/

House 3

Michael O’Malley aged 58 was head of the family; married. He lived with his children John aged 27, Michael aged 21, Joseph aged 17 & Mary aged 20.

Michael was a stone mason; John, Michael & Joseph were farmers. Michael (father) & John could not read. Michael (son), Joseph & Mary could read & write. Michael (father), Michael (son), Joseph & Mary spoke Irish & English. John could not read; he spoke Irish.

He was married for 26 years; he had 6 children.

They lived with a 2nd class house with 4 rooms and 3 front windows. They had a cow house, piggery, fowl house potato house & a store. This was a private dwelling.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Turlough/Roskeeda/470961/

House 4

Colman Newell aged 60 was head of the family; married to Barbara aged 46. They lived with their children Bridget aged 20, Colman aged 17, Kate aged 14, Norah aged 7 & John aged 4.

Colman was a farmer; Kate was a scholar. Colman, Norah & John could not read; they spoke only Irish. Barbara & Bridget could read & write and spoke Irish & English. Colman could not read; he spoke Irish & English. Kate could read & write; she spoke Irish.

Colman & Barbara were married for 26 years; they had 8 children with 7 living at the time of the census.

They lived with a 2nd class house with 3 rooms and 2 front windows. They had a cow house & a piggery. This was a private dwelling.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Turlough/Roskeeda/470962/

House 5

Colman Lydon aged 75 was head of the family; married to Mary aged 75. They lived with their niece Annie Newell aged 6

Colman was a farmer; he could not read and spoke Irish & English. Mary & Annie could not read and spoke only Irish.

Colman & Mary were married for 45 years; they had 6 children with 3 living at the time of the census.

They lived with a 3rd class house with 2 rooms and 2 front windows. They had a cow house & piggery. This was a private dwelling.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Turlough/Roskeeda/470963/

House 6

Michael Newell aged 68 was head of the family; married to Bridget aged 60. They lived with their children Martin aged 14 & Mary aged 17.

Michael was a farmer; Martin was a farmer’s son & Mary was a farmer’s daughter. Michael, Bridget & Martin could not read; they spoke only Irish. Mary could not read; she spoke Irish & English.

Michael & Bridget were married for 33 years they had 8 children with 4 living at the time of the census.

They lived with a 3rd class house with 2 rooms and 2 front windows. They had a cow house & a piggery. This was a private dwelling.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Turlough/Roskeeda/470964/

House 7

Michael Newell aged 35 was head of the family; married to Barbara aged 30. They lived with their children Annie aged 6, Pat aged 4 & Michael aged 2.

Michael was a farmer. Michael & the children could not read and spoke only Irish. Barbara could read & write and spoke Irish & English.

Michael & Barbara were married for 7 years; they had 3 children.

They lived with a 3rd class house with 2 rooms and 2 front windows. They had a cow house & a fowl house. This was a private dwelling.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Turlough/Roskeeda/470965/

House 8

Anthony Newell aged 60 was head of the family; married to Barbara aged 50.

Anthony was a farmer; he could read & write and spoke Irish & English. Barbara could not read; she spoke Irish.

Anthony & Barbara were married for 30 years.

They lived with a 3rd class house with 2 rooms and 1 front window. They had a cow house & a piggery.  This was a private dwelling.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Turlough/Roskeeda/470966/

House 9

John Newell aged 80 was head of the family; married to Mary aged 60. They lived with their son Michael aged 30.

John was a farmer & Michael was a farmer’s son. John could not read; he spoke Irish & English. Mary could not read; she spoke Irish. Michael could read & write; he spoke Irish & English.

John & Mary were married for 30 years; they had 6 children with 3 living at the time of the census.

They lived with a 3rd class house with 2 rooms and 2 front windows. They had a cow house & a piggery. This was a private dwelling.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Turlough/Roskeeda/470967/

House 10

Patrick Conroy aged 40 was head of the family; married to Barbara aged 35. They lived with their daughter Maggie aged 1; step daughter Barbara aged 5; boarders Annie Conroy aged 12 & Mary Conroy aged 10.

Patrick was a tailor; he could not read; he spoke Irish & English. Barbara could read & write; she spoke Irish & English. Barbara (step-daughter), Annie & Mary could not read and spoke only Irish.

Patrick & Barbara were married for 1 year; they had 1 daughter.

They lived with a 2nd class house with 3 rooms and 2 front windows. They had a cow house. This was a private dwelling.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Turlough/Roskeeda/470968/

House 11

Cummin Walsh aged 75 was head of the family; married Bridget aged 65. They lived with their son Martin aged 36, his wife Anne aged 27 & their daughter Mary aged 2.

Cummin was a farmer. Cummin & Bridget could not read & spoke only Irish. Martin & Anne could read & write and spoke Irish & English. Mary could not read and spoke only English.

Cummin & Bridget were married for 45 years; they had 11 children with 7 still living at the time of the census.

Martin & Anne were married 3 years; they had 1 daughter.

They lived with a 2nd class house with 3 rooms and 2 front windows. They had a cow house, calf house & a piggery. This was a private dwelling.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Turlough/Roskeeda/470969/

House 12

Denis Conroy aged 80 was head of the family; married to Mary aged 80. They lived with their son Bartly aged 30, daughter in law Ellen aged 29, granddaughters Mary aged 6, Maggie aged 4 & Bridget aged 2

Denis & Bartly were farmers. Denis, Mary, Mary (granddaughter), Maggie & Ellen could not read & spoke only Irish. Bartly could read & write and spoke Irish & English. Ellen could not read; she spoke Irish & English.

Denis & Mary were married for 54 years; they had 9 children with 6 living at the time of the census.

Bartly & Ellen were married for 7 years; they had 3 daughters.

They lived with a 2nd class house with 3 rooms and 2 front windows. They had a cow house, calf house & piggery. This was a private dwelling.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Turlough/Roskeeda/470970/

House 13

Patrick Newell aged 56 was head of the family; married to Bridget aged 50. They lived with their children Bridget aged 19 & Michael aged 18.

Colman was a farmer; Bridget was a farmer’s daughter & Michael was a farmer’s son. Patrick & Michael could not read; they spoke Irish & English.  Bridget (mother) could not read and spoke only Irish. Bridget (daughter) could read & write and spoke Irish & English.

Patrick & Bridget were married for 27 years; they had 5 children with 3 living at the time of the census.

They lived with a 3rd class house with 3 rooms and 1 front window. They had a cow house, piggery & fowl house. This was a private dwelling.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Turlough/Roskeeda/470971/

House 14

Mary Conroy aged 60 was head of the family; a widow. She lived with her son Patrick aged 32; single.

Patrick was a farmer; he could read & write and spoke Irish & English. Mary could not read and spoke only Irish.

They lived in a 3rd class house with 2 rooms and no front window. This was a private dwelling.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Turlough/Roskeeda/470972/

House 15

Anthony Griffin aged 80 was head of the family; married to Anne aged 8. They lived with their daughter Winifred aged 22.

Anthony was a retired farmer. Anthony, Anne & Winifred could not read; they spoke Irish.

Anthony & Anne were married for 50 years; they had 8 children with 5 living at the time of the census.

They lived with a 3rd class house with 2 rooms and 1 front window. They had a cow house. This was a private dwelling.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Turlough/Roskeeda/470973/

House 16

Patrick Conroy aged 48 was head of the family; married to Ann aged 47. They lived with their children Joseph aged 11 & Mary A aged 9.

Patrick was a farmer; Joseph & Mary A were scholars. Patrick & Ann could not read. Joseph & Mary A could read and write. The entire family spoke Irish & English.

Patrick & Ann were married for 15 years; they had 5 children with 2 living at the time of the census.

They lived with a 3rd class house with 2 rooms and 2 front windows. They had a cow house & a piggery. This was a private dwelling.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Turlough/Roskeeda/470974/

House 17

Patrick Welby aged 55 was head of the family; married to Mary aged 40. They lived with their children Colman aged 18, Martin aged 17, Bridget aged 16, Patrick aged 9, Annie aged 5 & Honor aged 2.

Patrick was a farmer; Colman & Martin were farmer’s sons. Bridget did crochet class & Patrick (son) was a scholar. Patrick, Colman, Bridget & Patrick (son) could read & write and spoke Irish & English. Mary, Martin, Annie & Honor could not read; they spoke only Irish.

Patrick & Mary were married for 19 years; they had 7 children with 6 living at the time of the census.

They lived with a 2nd class house with 4 rooms and 2 front windows. They had a cow house, piggery & fowl house. This was a private dwelling.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Turlough/Roskeeda/470975/

House 18

Sarah Joyce aged 58 was head of the family; a widow. She lived with her sons Myles aged 20, Dudley aged 19 and twins Martin & Bartley aged 16.

Sarah was the farmer. The family could not read and spoke only Irish.

They lived with a 3rd class house with 2 rooms and 1 front window. They had a cow house. This was a private dwelling.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Turlough/Roskeeda/470976/

House 19

Patrick Nee aged 55 was head of the family; a widower. He lived with his children Colman aged 38, Patrick aged 38 & Bridget aged 31, all single.

Patrick was a farmer; Colman & Patrick were farmer’s sons. Barbara was a housekeeper. Patrick (father) & Bridget could not read. Colman & son Patrick could read. The entire family spoke Irish.

They lived in a 3rd class house with 2 rooms & 2 front windows. They had a cow house & a piggery. This was a private dwelling.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Turlough/Roskeeda/470977/

House 20

Ellen Griffin aged 78 was head of the family; a widow. She lived alone.

Ellen could not read as she was blind. She spoke Irish & English.

She lived in a 3rd class house with 1 room & 1 front window. This was a private dwelling.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Turlough/Roskeeda/470978/

House 21

Ellen Joyce aged 78 was head of the family; a widow. She lived alone.

Ellen could not read; she spoke only Irish.

She lived in a 4th class house. This was a private dwelling.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Turlough/Roskeeda/470979/

Church records of births, deaths and marriages:

Church records of births, deaths and marriages are available online at http://www.rootsireland.ie.To search these records you will need to know the ‘church parish’ rather than the ‘civil parish’. (The civil parish is the pre-reformation parish and was frequently used as a unit of administration in the past.)

Rosskeeda is in the civil parish of Kilcummin.

Roman Catholic parishes:

This civil parish corresponds with the following Roman Catholic parish or parishes.

  • Carraroe
  • Kilannin
  • Kilcummin/Oughterard
  • Rosmuc

Church of Ireland parishes:

This civil parish corresponds with the following Church of Ireland parish.

  • Kilcummin

In general, the civil parish and the Church of Ireland parish are the same, but this is not always the case.

Maps

It is located at 53° 20′ 24″ N, 9° 39′ 13″ W.

Original OS map of this area.

Ireland was first mapped in the 1840s. These original maps are available online.

Rosskeeda

Original OS maps at the Ordnance Survey of Ireland website.

Below is a link to the Ordnance Survey of Ireland website. It displays the original OS map that was created in the 1840s.

Rosskeeda

Information from Google Maps.

You can use this link to find this townland on Google Maps.

Google Maps

Information from the National Monuments Service.

You can use this link to view a map of archaeological features. This link brings you to a website wherein you will have to search for your townland.

Archaeological map from the National Monuments Service

Townlands.ie Website

https://www.townlands.ie/galway/moycullen/kilcummin/turlough/roskeeda/

Galway Library Website

http://places.galwaylibrary.ie/place/53079

This page was added on 09/09/2016.

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