Dinish

Antoinette Lydon

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Dinish is in the civil parish of Kilcummin. The civil Parish corresponds with the following Church of Ireland parish of Kilcummin, Galway West. In general, the civil parish and the Church of Ireland parish are the same as is the case in the Kilcummin Oughterard area.

 

Dinish is in the Electoral Division of Gorumna, in Civil Parish of Kilcummin, in the Barony of Moycullen, in the County of Galway

 

Irish Form of Name:  Dinis .i. Duibh-Inis

Civil Parish:  Kilcummin View all place names in this civil parish.

Other Forms of the Name with authority source

Dinish

Dinis .I.

Duibh-Inis

Dinis

Deenish Barony Cess Book

Dynrshe Barony Map

Dynish Boundary Surveyor

Dinish Rector of Kilcummin

Description:

A large island, containing 93¼ acres, the greater part of which is rocky tillage. There are 8 houses on it, a Lough containing 2½ acres, it contains 2 Lime Kilns, a well and near its N. Eastern shore stands a Trigl. Station of the same name.

Situation:

An island in the sea which belongs to Lettermile.

Information from the Down Survey Website.

The Down Survey is a mapped survey. Using the Civil Survey as a guide, teams of surveyors, mainly former soldiers, were sent out under Petty’s direction to measure every townland to be forfeited to soldiers and adventurers. The resulting maps, made at a scale of 40 perches to one inch (the modern equivalent of 1: 50,000), were the first systematic mapping of a large area on such a scale attempted anywhere. The primary purpose of these maps was to record the boundaries of each townland and to calculate their areas with great precision. The maps are also rich in other detail showing churches, roads, rivers, castles, houses and fortifications. Most towns are represented pictorially and the cartouches, the decorative titles, of each map in many cases reflect a specific characteristic of each barony. (http://downsurvey.tcd.ie)

Townland of DINISH

Down Survey Name: Dounalban

1641 Owner(s): O’Flahertye, Murragh McBrien (Catholic)

1670 Owner(s): Blake, Walter (Protestant)

County: Galway

Barony: Muckullin

Parish: Killcumyn

Unprofitable land: 14 plantation acres

Profitable land: 54 plantation acres

Forfeited: 54 plantation acres

The down survey website will tell you who owned this townland in 1641 (pre Cromwell) and in 1671 (post Cromwell).

Down Survey Website

 The Tithe Applotment Books

About the Records

Tithes were a tax on agricultural produce which was payable by the occupiers of agricultural land. They were the main source of income for the parish clergy of the Church of Ireland (the largest Protestant church and the church established by law). However, in many parishes a large part of the tithes was ‘appropriate’, which meant that they were payable to a bishop, cathedral chapter or other ecclesiastical recipient, or were ‘impropriate’, which generally meant that they were payable to a local landowner. The parishes used in the Tithe Applotment Books are civil or Church of Ireland parishes, which often differ in name and territory from Catholic parishes, Acts of Parliament of 1823 and 1832 provided for the conversion of tithes into a fixed charge on land, and specified the average price of wheat or oats in the parish in the seven years before 1821 as the basis on which the tithes would be calculated. They also extended the application of tithes to pasture, where previously they had been levied only on tillage.

This change in the law resulted in the valuation of individual holdings in almost all parishes containing agricultural land, in order to assess the portion of the tithes for which each occupier of land would be liable. The apportionment was recorded for each Church of Ireland parish in a Tithe Composition Applotment Book. The information was collected and the amounts were calculated by two Parochial Commissioners, one of whom was appointed by the cess-payers of the parish and the other by the relevant Diocese of the Church of Ireland. This procedure was carried out in over 2,500 parishes between the years 1823 and 1837.

The Tithe Applotment Books are in a variety of formats, from a few pages sewn together to elaborately bound volumes. In most cases they are written in manuscript throughout, although some consist of manuscript entries on printed questionnaires. The information in the books is broadly uniform and generally includes at least the name of occupier; the size of holding, the valuation and the tithe payable. In some cases, more detailed information is provided. Some volumes have maps and most have certificates and correspondence attached.

The sub-divisions of the parish were recorded. Some of these subdivisions, such as plough lands, ceased to be in official use after the six-inch survey of the Ordnance Survey was completed in the 1840s. Only productive land was subject to tithe, and the books usually distinguish between this tithable land and untithable land such as roads or mountains. Tithable land was in some cases classified by quality, and a money value was given to each class. In some cases, the proportion of tithe payable to the rector, vicar or lay proprietor of the tithes was set out. The column for observations was sometimes completed, with information about commonage, for example.

There are a number of other points that should be noted. The acreages given in the Tithe Applotment Books are in Irish or Plantation measure, which is 1.62 times larger than statute measure. Only occupiers of land at the time of the tithe composition are recorded, so not all heads of households living in a parish at the time are included. Only rural areas are systematically covered, although inhabitants of towns who held plots of cultivable land are included. The equivalent tax in urban areas, Minister’s Money, has left few records.

The Tithe Applotment Books are an important source of information for a wide variety of researchers of pre-Famine Ireland. They provide the first surviving national list of the occupiers of land, and are used by genealogists as a partial substitute for returns of the 1821 and 1831 censuses of population, which were destroyed in 1922. They also record information on the quality of land, and provide information on pre-Ordnance Survey territorial divisions, some of which were not recognized after the 1840s.

The National Archives hold the original Tithe Applotment Books only for the twenty-six counties of the Republic of Ireland. The books for the six counties of Northern Ireland are held in the Public Record Office of Northern Ireland in Belfast. (http://titheapplotmentbooks.nationalarchives.ie/search/tab/aboutmore.jsp)

No information available.

Griffith Valuation 1855

In Griffith’s Valuation was linked to Illauncosheen.

Occupiers

Stephen Larkin, Coleman Loftus, Michael McDonagh, Bridget O’Donnell, Michael O’Donnell & Patrick O’Donnell.

Immediate Lessor: Henry Comerford.

View the heads of households in the townland at this time.

http://www.askaboutireland.ie/griffith-valuation/index.xml?action=doNameSearch&PlaceID=559203

Poor Law Union Ireland

In Ireland the Poor Relief Act of 1838 divided into districts or “unions” in which the local taxable inhabitants were to be financially responsible for all paupers in the area. In 1898 the Poor Law Union was adopted as the basic administrative division in place of the civil parish and barony. Further subdivision into 828 registration districts and 3,751 district electoral divisions followed. Townlands were not arranged according to these divisions with parish and barony retained as a means to make comparisons with records gathered before 1898.

The 1838 Act

The main provisions of the 1838 Act were:

  • The extension of the existing Poor Law Commissioners’ powers to Ireland, with the appointment of Assistant Commissioners who were to implement the Act in Ireland.
  • The division of the country into Poor Law Unions based on Irish electoral divisions which were made up from townlands.
  • The creation of a Board of Guardians for each Union, two-thirds of whom were to be elected, the other third to be appointed ex officio.
  • The setting up of a workhouse in each Union.
  • The collection of a local poor-rate to finance the system.
  • Assistance for emigration.

Initially, 130 Unions were created, based upon 2,049 electoral divisions. The divisions were composed of townlands, a peculiarly Irish unit, traditionally of 120 Irish acres in area. (Between 1848 and 1850, subdividing and reorganizing the boundaries of some existing Unions, particularly in the west of the country created an additional 33 Unions.

Boards of Guardians were elected annually on 25th March. Only ratepayers were eligible for election, which effectively disenfranchised most of the native Irish who were usually tenants at this time. Ratepayers were allowed between one and six votes depending on the size of a valuation of their property.

What is a townland?

A townland is one of the smallest land divisions in Ireland. They range in size from a few acres to thousands of acres. Many are Gaelic in origin, but some came into existence after the Norman invasion of 1169. Dinish is a townland.

Population & Census Information

People who lived here:

You can retrieve a list of people who lived in this townland from 1827 to 1911. This list is compiled from the following resources.

  • The Tithe Applotment Books
  • Griffith’s Valuation
  • 1901 Census
  • 1911 Census

List of nineteenth century and early twentieth century inhabitants of this townland.

1841-1891 Census

1841 – 11 houses with 59 people

1851 – 10 house with 60 people

1861 – 14 houses with 75 people

1871 – 14 houses with 64 people

1881 – 14 houses (14 inhabited) with 74 people (37 males, 37 females). There were 4 outbuildings.

The valuation of Houses & Land in 1881 was £28 2s 0d.

1891 – 11 houses (10 inhabited) with 50 people (21 males, 29 females). There were 5 outbuildings.

The valuation of Houses & Land in 1891 was £28 10s 0d.

1901 Census

This is a return of the members of the family, visitors, boarders or servants who slept or abode in their house on the night of Sunday March 31st 1901 in Dinish.

There were 12 houses listed in the Townland of Dinish. The people were all Roman Catholics and they were born in Co. Galway. 56 people lived in Dinish (35 males and 21 females) in the townland. There was a National School in the townland. There were 5 farm buildings and out offices which included cow houses & piggeries.

Enumerators Extract

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/reels/nai000838800/

House & Building Return

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/reels/nai000838801/

Out Office & Farm Steadings

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/reels/nai000838802/

House 1

Pat Loftus aged 30 was head of the family; single. He lived with his cousins Bridget Feeny aged 56, a widow and John Feeny aged 10.

Pat was a farmer and John was a scholar; they could read & write. Bridget could not read. Pat, Bridget & John spoke Irish & English. The family were Roman Catholic. They lived in a 3rd class house with 2 rooms and 1 front window. This was a private dwelling.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Gorumna/Dinish/1393460/

House 2

Myles Flaherty aged 35 was head of the family; married to Margaret aged 33. They lived with his mother in law Anne Flaherty aged 60, and children Pat aged 14, Myles aged 8, Coley aged 5, Micl (Michael) aged 3 and Bartley aged 7 months.

Myles was a farmer. Son Myles, Coley & Micl (Michael) were scholars. Myles (father) could read. Margaret, Anne, Michl & Bartley could not read. Pat, Myles (son) & Coley could read & write. The entire family spoke Irish & English. The family were Roman Catholic.

They lived in a 3rd class house with 2 rooms and 1 front window. This was a private dwelling.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Gorumna/Dinish/1393461/

House 3

Pat McDonogh aged 40 was head of the family; married to Bridget aged 40. They lived with their daughters Mary aged 20 & Bridget aged 17.

Pat was a farmer. The entire family could not read; they spoke Irish & English. The family were Roman Catholic.

They lived in a 3rd class house with 1 room and 1 front window. This was a private dwelling.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Gorumna/Dinish/1393462/

House 4

John Larkin aged 61 was head of the family; married to Sarah aged 50. They lived with their children Bridget aged 20, Julia aged 18, Stephen aged 16, John aged 12, Mary aged 11, Sarah aged 9 & Michael aged 7.

John was a farmer; John, Mary, Sarah & Michael were scholars. The entire family could read & write and spoke Irish & English. The family were Roman Catholic.

They lived in a 4th class house with 1 room and 2 front windows. This was a private dwelling.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Gorumna/Dinish/1393463/

House 5

Tim Loftus aged 48 was head of the family; married to Nappy aged 28. They lived their sons Tom aged 12, Colmon aged 10, Micl aged 8, Pat aged 8, Tim aged 6, John aged 4, Anthony aged 3, Bartley aged 1 10 months and Redmond aged 6 months. From records I found that Redmond was born on 28 December 1900.  His mother’s name was Penelope Lee.

Tim was a farmer. Tom, Colman, Micl, Pat, Tim, John & Anthony were scholars. Tim, Nappy, Tom, Colman, Micl, Pat, Tim & John could read & write. Anthony, Bartley & Redmond could not read. The entire family spoke Irish & English. The family were Roman Catholic

They lived in a 3rd class house with 1 room and 1 front window. They had a piggery. This was a private dwelling.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Gorumna/Dinish/1393464/

House 6

Thomas McGing aged 70 was head of the family; a widower. He lived alone.

Thomas was a wool weaver; he could not read or write. He spoke Irish & English. He was Roman Catholic.

Thomas lived in a 4th class house with 1 room and no front window. This was a private dwelling.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Gorumna/Dinish/1393465/

House 7

Thomas McDonogh aged 48 was head of the family; a widower. He lived with his children Bridget aged 18 & Micl aged 15

Thomas was a farmer. Thomas, Bridget and Micl could read & write and spoke Irish & English. The family were Roman Catholic.

They lived in a 3rd class house with 1 room and 1 front window. They had a cow house. This was a private dwelling.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Gorumna/Dinish/1393466/

House 8

Simeon Keely aged 60 was head of the family; married to Bridget aged 70. They lived with their children Thomas aged 25, Maggie aged 18, John aged 16 & Patk aged 8.

Simeon was a farmer. Patk was a scholar. Simeon, Bridget & Thomas could not read. Maggie, John & Patk could not read or write. The entire family spoke Irish & English. The family were Roman Catholic.They lived in a 3rd class house with 1 room and 1 front window. They had a cow house. This was a private dwelling.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Gorumna/Dinish/1393467/

NOTE: The ages given for this family do not add up as there is no way the Bridget aged 70 was n mother to Patk aged 8. I cannot find any records for this family.

House 9

Robert Audley aged 50 was head of the family; a widower. He lived with his children Bridget aged 11 & Pat aged 10.

Robert was a farmer; he could not read. Bridget & Pat could read & write. Robert, Bridget & Pat spoke Irish & English. The family were Roman Catholic. They lived in a 3rd class house with 1 room and 1 front window. They had a piggery. This was a private dwelling.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Gorumna/Dinish/1393468/

House 10

Mary O’Donnell aged 32 was head of the family; single. She lived alone.

Mary was a farmer; she could not read and spoke only Irish. She was Roman Catholic. She lived in a 4th class house with 1 room and no front window. This was a private dwelling.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Gorumna/Dinish/1393469/

House 11 – Dinish National School

House 12

Pat Conneely aged 30 was head of the family; married to Honor aged 32. They lived with their children Mary aged 6, Julia aged 5, Thomas aged 2, Patk aged 1 month and his step sister Maggie Larkin aged 80.

Pat was a farmer; Mary & Julia were scholars. Pat, Honor & Mary could read & write. Maggie, Julia, Thomas & Patk could not read. The entire family spoke Irish & English. The family were Roman Catholic. They lived in a 3rd class house with 2 rooms and 1 front window. They had a cow house. This was a private dwelling.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Gorumna/Dinish/1393470/

Census 1911

This is a return of the Members of the families in Dinish, their visitors, boarders and servants who slept or abode in the house on the night of Sunday 2nd April 1911.

There were 11 houses (1 uninhabited & a National School) listed in the Townland of Dinish. Of the people living in Dinish all 52 (33 males/19 females) were Roman Catholics.

People that lived in Dinish were born included Co. Galway & America. There were a total of 9 farm buildings and out offices which included cow houses, a piggery & a barn.

Enumerators Extract

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/reels/nai002431951/

House & Building Return

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/reels/nai002431953/

Out Offices & Farm Steadings

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/reels/nai002431955/

House 1

Patrick Loftus aged 48 was head of the family. He lived with his cousins Anne Bullaston aged 40 and John Feeney aged 19, all single.

Patrick was a farmer and John was a farm servant.  Patrick & John could read & write. Anne could not read. They all spoke Irish & English. The family were Roman Catholic.

They lived in a 3rd class house with 2 rooms and 2 front windows. They had a cow house. This was a private dwelling.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Gorumna/Dinish_Island/470250/

House 2

Myles Flaherty aged 62 was head of the family; married to Margaret aged 47. They lived with their children Myles aged 18, Colman aged 15, Michael aged 13 and Bartly aged 11, Brigid aged 8, Mary aged 8, Joseph aged 7, Anne aged 4, Margaret aged 2 & Thomas aged 2 months & mother in law Anne Flaherty aged 75, a widow.

Myles was a farmer. Son Myles & Colman were farmer’s sons. Michael, Bartly, Brigid, Mary, Joseph & Anne were scholars. Myles (father), Myles (son), Colman, Michael, Bartly, Brigid, Mary, Joseph, Anne & Anne (grandmother) could read & write. Margaret (mother), Margaret (Daughter) & Thomas could not read.

All the family with the exception of baby Thomas spoke Irish & English. The family were Roman Catholic.

Myles & Margaret were married for 19 years; they had 11 children with 10 living at the time of the census.

They lived in a 3rd class house with 2 rooms and 2 front windows. They had a cow house. This was a private dwelling.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Gorumna/Dinish_Island/470251/

House 3

Brigid McDonagh aged 70 was head of the family; a widow. She lived with her son in law Bartly McDonagh aged 36, daughter Mary aged 30, & grandchildren Thomas aged 1 & Brigid aged 4 months.

Brigid was a farmer & Bartly was a farm servant. Brigid (Grandmother), Mary, Thomas & Brigid (granddaughter) could not read. Bartly could read & write. Brigid (Grandmother), Bartly & Mary spoke Irish & English. The family were Roman Catholic.

Bartly & Mary were married for 3 years; they had 2 children with both living at the time of the census.

They lived in a 3rd class house with 1 room and 1 front window. They had a cow house. This was a private dwelling.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Gorumna/Dinish_Island/470252/

House 4

John Larkin aged 61 was head of the family; a widower. He lived his sons John aged 25 & Michael aged 16.

John was a farmer; John & Michael were farmer’s sons. The entire family could read & write and spoke Irish & English. The family were Roman Catholic. They lived in a 4th class house with 1 room and no front window. This was a private dwelling.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Gorumna/Dinish_Island/470253/

House 5

Patrick Conneely aged 49 was head of the family; married to Honor aged 52. They lived with their children Mary aged 15, Julia aged 14, Thomas aged 12, Patrick aged 10 and Martin aged 6.

Patrick was a farmer; Mary & Julia were farmer’s daughters. Thomas, Patrick & Martin were scholars. Patrick, Mary, Julia, Thomas, son Patrick & Martin could read & write. Honor could not read. The entire family spoke Irish & English. The family were Roman Catholic. Patrick & Honor were married for 16 years; they had 5 children with all 5 living at the time of the census.

They lived in a 3rd class house with 2 rooms and 1 front window. They had a cow house. This was a private dwelling.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Gorumna/Dinish_Island/470254/

House 6

Robert Audley aged 50 was head of the family; a widower. He lived alone.

Robert was a farmer; he could not read; he spoke Irish & English. Robert was Roman Catholic. He lived in a 3rd class house with 2 rooms and 1 front window. He had a cow house & a piggery. This was a private dwelling.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Gorumna/Dinish_Island/470255/

House 7

Colman Kealy aged 35 was head of the family; married to Brigid aged 35. They lived with their children Colman aged 3, Mary aged 2, Brigid aged 8 months, widowed mother Brigid aged 70 and brother Patrick aged 19, single.

Colman was a farmer; Patrick was a farm servant. Colman, Colman(son), Mary, Brigid (grandmother) & Brigid (daughter) could not read. Brigid (mother) & Patrick could read and write. All the family with the exception of baby Brigid spoke Irish & English. The family were Roman Catholic.

Colman & Brigid were married for 4 years; they had 3 children with all 3 living at the time of the census. They lived in a 3rd class house with 2 rooms and 1 front window. This was a private dwelling.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Gorumna/Dinish_Island/470256/

House 8

Thomas McGuinn aged 82 was head of the family; a widower. He lived alone.

Thomas was a wool weaver/farmer; he could not read. He spoke Irish & English. He was Roman Catholic. Thomas lived in a 4th class house with 1 room and no front window. This was a private dwelling.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Gorumna/Dinish_Island/470257/

House 9

Timothy Loftus aged 70 was head of the family; married to Penelope aged 46. They lived their sons Thomas aged 22, Colman aged 20, Michael aged 18, Timothy aged 16, John aged 14, Anthony aged 12, Bartly aged 11, Redmond aged 10, Martin aged 8 & Mary aged 6.

Timothy was a farmer. Tom, Colman, Michael, Timothy & John were farmer’s sons. Anthony, Bartly, Redmond, Martin & Mary were scholars. The entire family could read and write; they spoke Irish & English. The family were Roman Catholic.

Timothy & Penelope were married for 23 years; they had 12 children with 11 living at the time of the census. (From the census records; it would appear that the son Pat died since the 1901 census; he was 8 years old in the 1901 census.

They lived in a 2nd class house with 3 rooms and 2 front window. They had a cow house & a barn. This was a private dwelling.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Gorumna/Dinish_Island/470258/

House 10 – Dinish National School

House 11 – Private Dwelling not inhabited.

 Church records of births, deaths and marriages:

Church records of births, deaths and marriages are available online at http://www.rootsireland.ie.  To search these records, you will need to know the ‘church parish’ rather than the ‘civil parish’. (The civil parish is the pre-reformation parish and was frequently used as a unit of administration in the past.)

Dinish is in the civil parish of Kilcummin.

Roman Catholic parishes:

This civil parish corresponds with the following Roman Catholic parish or parishes.

  • Carraroe
  • Kilannin
  • Kilcummin/Oughterard
  • Rosmuc

Church of Ireland parishes:

This civil parish corresponds with the following Church of Ireland parish.

  • Kilcummin

In general, the civil parish and the Church of Ireland parish are the same, but, this is not always the case.

 Maps

 It is located at 53° 15′ 44″ N, 9° 45′ 19″ W.

Original OS map of this area. Ireland was first mapped in the 1840s. These original maps are available online.

Dinish

Original OS maps at the Ordnance Survey of Ireland website.

Below is a link to the Ordnance Survey of Ireland website. It displays the original OS map that was created in the 1840s.

Dinish

Information from Google Maps.

You can use this link to find this townland on Google Maps

Google Maps

Information from the National Monuments Service.
You can use this link to view a map of archaeological features. This link brings you to a website wherein you will have to search for your townland.

Archaeological map from the National Monuments Service

Galway Library Website

http://places.galwaylibrary.ie/place/52660

Townlands.ie Website

https://www.townlands.ie/galway/moycullen/kilcummin/gorumna/dinish/

This page was added on 08/07/2016.

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