Cregg

Sandra O'Farrell & Antoinette Lydon

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Cregg is in the civil parish of Kilcummin. The civil parish corresponds with the following Church of Ireland parish of Kilcummin, Galway West. In general, the civil parish and the Church of Ireland parish are the same as is the case in the Kilcummin Oughterard area.

Irish Form of Name: Creag – Translation: Rupes scopulus, rock.

Cregg is in the Electoral Division of Oughterard, in Civil Parish of Kilcummin, in the Barony of Moycullen, in the County of Galway

Description: The land is very bad, bog and rocky pasture.

Other forms of name.

Cregg

Creag

Creg in the Boundary Surveyor

Cregg in the Barony Cess Book

Creg – Local

Cregg – Rector of Kilcummin

Cregg, alias Creggin, –

T.H.O’Flaherty Esq, Proprietor

Boundaries

Cregg is situated in the Northern extremity of the parish of Kilcummin.

Cregg borders the following other townlands:

Area

The area contains 394 ½ acres of land, about 120 acres under tillage and pasture, the remainder is plantation, bog and rocky pasture. The centre of the Galway and Oughterard road with the town of Oughterard forms its Northern boundary. There is a village situated in the centre part of this townland, a cave and a fort near its Eastern boundary and a small pool containing 6 acres of water, called Poulbwee, in the East of the town. The landlord was Captain O’Flaherty of Lemonfield.

Landlord

The landlord was Captain O’Flaherty. O’Flaherty is a member of the O’Flahertie (Lemonfield) family.

o    The O’Flaherties of Lemonfield are descended from the O’Flaherties of Aughnenure Castle near Oughterard, county Galway. Their estate was in the parish of Kilcummin, barony of Moycullen, county Galway, and Lemonfield, close to the village of Oughterard, was their seat from the mid-18th century. There are some 17th and 19th century records relating to them in the Westport Papers. The O’Flahertie estate of over 4500 acres was advertised for sale in 1854 and a reduced acreage of 2346 acres in 1864. Both rentals included lead mines and a black marble quarry. The Irish Times reports that the 1864 sale saw many of the lots bought by a Mr. Carpenter. In the 1870s the O’Flaherties owned 2340 acres in county Galway. By March 1916 they had accepted offers from the Congested Districts’ Board for parts of their estate.

o    Whitaker – The Reverend Charles Whitaker bought an estate of over 5000 acres in the parish of Kilcummin, barony of Moycullen, county Galway, from the sale of the St. George Moycullen estate in 1852-1853 and the O’Flahertie estate in 1854 (Cloghermore). He still owned the estate valued at £36 and amounting to over 4000 acres in the 1870s. His address was given as North Wales.

o    Burke (Derrymaclaugha) – Richard Burke was granted 1,943 acres in the Derrymaclaughna locality, barony of Clare, county Galway, by patent dated 16 Sept 1680.

The Tithe Applotment Books

About the Records

Tithes were a tax on agricultural produce which was payable by the occupiers of agricultural land. They were the main source of income for the parish clergy of the Church of Ireland (the largest Protestant church and the church established by law). However, in many parishes a large part of the tithes was ‘appropriate’, which meant that they were payable to a bishop, cathedral chapter or other ecclesiastical recipient, or were ‘impropriate’, which generally meant that they were payable to a local landowner. The parishes used in the Tithe Applotment Books are civil or Church of Ireland parishes, which often differ in name and territory from Catholic parishes, Acts of Parliament of 1823 and 1832 provided for the conversion of tithes into a fixed charge on land, and specified the average price of wheat or oats in the parish in the seven years before 1821 as the basis on which the tithes would be calculated. They also extended the application of tithes to pasture, where previously they had been levied only on tillage.

This change in the law resulted in the valuation of individual holdings in almost all parishes containing agricultural land, in order to assess the portion of the tithes for which each occupier of land would be liable. The apportionment was recorded for each Church of Ireland parish in a Tithe Composition Applotment Book. The information was collected and the amounts were calculated by two Parochial Commissioners, one of whom was appointed by the cess-payers of the parish and the other by the relevant Diocese of the Church of Ireland. This procedure was carried out in over 2,500 parishes between the years 1823 and 1837.

The Tithe Applotment Books are in a variety of formats, from a few pages sewn together to elaborately bound volumes. In most cases they are written in manuscript throughout, although some consist of manuscript entries on printed questionnaires. The information in the books is broadly uniform and generally includes at least the name of occupier; the size of holding, the valuation and the tithe payable. In some cases, more detailed information is provided. Some volumes have maps and most have certificates and correspondence attached.

The sub-divisions of the parish were recorded. Some of these subdivisions, such as plough lands, ceased to be in official use after the six-inch survey of the Ordnance Survey was completed in the 1840s. Only productive land was subject to tithe, and the books usually distinguish between this tithable land and untithable land such as roads or mountains. Tithable land was in some cases classified by quality, and a money value was given to each class. In some cases, the proportion of tithe payable to the rector, vicar or lay proprietor of the tithes was set out. The column for observations was sometimes completed, with information about commonage, for example.

There are a number of other points that should be noted. The acreages given in the Tithe Applotment Books are in Irish or Plantation measure, which is 1.62 times larger than statute measure. Only occupiers of land at the time of the tithe composition are recorded, so not all heads of households living in a parish at the time are included. Only rural areas are systematically covered, although inhabitants of towns who held plots of cultivable land are included. The equivalent tax in urban areas, Minister’s Money, has left few records.

The Tithe Applotment Books are an important source of information for a wide variety of researchers of pre-Famine Ireland. They provide the first surviving national list of the occupiers of land, and are used by genealogists as a partial substitute for returns of the 1821 and 1831 censuses of population, which were destroyed in 1922. They also record information on the quality of land, and provide information on pre-Ordnance Survey territorial divisions, some of which were not recognized after the 1840s.

The National Archives hold the original Tithe Applotment Books only for the twenty-six counties of the Republic of Ireland. The books for the six counties of Northern Ireland are held in the Public Record Office of Northern Ireland in Belfast. (http://titheapplotmentbooks.nationalarchives.ie/search/tab/aboutmore.jsp)

John Walsh, Mark Walsh, Mary Conry, Roget Conry, Matt Haherty (Faherty), Patt Haherty (Faherty), Myles McDonagh, Edmd Naughton, Martin Naughton, Patt Newell, Patt O’Donnell & Patt Walsh were listed as having land in Cregg. They had 20 acres of land. 5 acres of 1st quality land with a payment of 1s 6d, 5 acres of 2nd quality land with a payment of 6s and 10 of 5th quality land with a payment of ⅛d.

The Tithes payments went to Richard Martin Esq. James Daly & the Reverend John Wilson.

http://titheapplotmentbooks.nationalarchives.ie/search/tab/results.jsp?county=Galway&parish=Kilcummin&townland=Cregg&search=Search&sort=last_name_sort

Information from the Down Survey Website.

The Down Survey is a mapped survey. Using the Civil Survey as a guide, teams of surveyors, mainly former soldiers, were sent out under Petty’s direction to measure every townland to be forfeited to soldiers and adventurers. The resulting maps, made at a scale of 40 perches to one inch (the modern equivalent of 1: 50,000), were the first systematic mapping of a large area on such a scale attempted anywhere. The primary purpose of these maps was to record the boundaries of each townland and to calculate their areas with great precision. The maps are also rich in other detail showing churches, roads, rivers, castles, houses and fortifications. Most towns are represented pictorially and the cartouches, the decorative titles, of each map in many cases reflect a specific characteristic of each barony. (http://downsurvey.tcd.ie)

Townland of CREGG (Moycullen By)

No townland information available.

Down Survey Website

Griffith’s Valuation 1850s

In Griffith’s Valuation the area is 400 acres 23 perches with a land value of £4 0s 0d.

Occupiers of the Land and Property:

The occupiers of the land in Cregg at this time were:

Guardians of the poor of Oughterard Union, a Union Workhouse and land. Other occupiers; Brn Naughton, Patrick Walsh, Patrick Walsh (David), Thomas Naughton, Thomas Walsh (Michael) and David Walsh owned a house, offices and land, John Curley, Edmund Walsh, Patrick Connolly and Patrick Naughton owned a house and land, the following occupiers owned just land; Edmund Naughton, Brn Naughton, William Naughton, Edmund Joyce, Thomas Walsh and Ed Naughton.  

http://www.askaboutireland.ie/griffith-valuation/index.xml?action=doNameSearch&PlaceID=559816

View the heads of households in the townland at this time.

Poor Law Union Ireland

In Ireland the Poor Relief Act of 1838 divided into districts or “unions” in which the local taxable inhabitants were to be financially responsible for all paupers in the area. In 1898 the Poor Law Union was adopted as the basic administrative division in place of the civil parish and barony. Further subdivision into 828 registration districts and 3,751 district electoral divisions followed. Townlands were not arranged according to these divisions with parish and barony retained as a means to make comparisons with records gathered before 1898.

The 1838 Act

The main provisions of the 1838 Act were:

  • The extension of the existing Poor Law Commissioners’ powers to Ireland, with the appointment of Assistant Commissioners who were to implement the Act in Ireland.
  • The division of the country into Poor Law Unions based on Irish electoral divisions which were made up from townlands.
  • The creation of a Board of Guardians for each Union, two-thirds of whom were to be elected, the other third to be appointed ex officio.
  • The setting up of a workhouse in each Union.
  • The collection of a local poor-rate to finance the system.
  • Assistance for emigration.

Initially, 130 Unions were created, based upon 2,049 electoral divisions. The divisions were composed of townlands, a peculiarly Irish unit, traditionally of 120 Irish acres in area. (Between 1848 and 1850, subdividing and reorganizing the boundaries of some existing Unions, particularly in the west of the country created an additional 33 Unions.

Boards of Guardians were elected annually on 25th March. Only ratepayers were eligible for election, which effectively disenfranchised most of the native Irish who were usually tenants at this time. Ratepayers were allowed between one and six votes depending on the size of a valuation of their property.

What is a townland?

A townland is one of the smallest land divisions in Ireland. They range in size from a few acres to thousands of acres. Many are Gaelic in origin, but some came into existence after the Norman invasion of 1169. Cregg is a townland.

Population & Census Information

People who lived here:

You can retrieve a list of people who lived in this townland from 1827 to 1911. This list is compiled from the following resources.

  • The Tithe Applotment Books
  • Griffith’s Valuation
  • 1901 Census
  • 1911 Census

List of nineteenth century and early twentieth century inhabitants of this townland.

1841-1891 Census

1841 – 23 houses with 137 people

1851 – 22 house with 693 people (including inmates of the Oughterard Union Workhouse)

1861 – 17 houses with 154 people (including inmates of the Oughterard Union Workhouse)

1871 – 14 houses with 214 people (including inmates of the Oughterard Union Workhouse)

1881 – 15 houses (14 inhabited) with 159 people (73 males, 86 females). (including inmates of the Oughterard Union Workhouse)

There were 17 outbuildings.

The valuation of Houses & Land in 1881 was £95 16s 0d.

1891 – 13 houses (13 inhabited) with 143 people (74 males, 69 females); (including inmates of the Oughterard Union Workhouse).

There were 18 outbuildings.

The valuation of Houses & Land in 1891 was £104 17s 0d.

1901 Census – Cregg

This is a return of the members of the family, their Visitors, Boarders, Servants who slept or abode in their house on the night of Sunday March 31st 1901 in Cregg.

There were 17 houses listed in the Townland of Cregg. The people were Roman Catholic. The Oughterard Workhouse was also located in Cregg.

Class of House: The class of house depended on the materials used in the roof, walls, number of rooms and number of front windows. A 1st class house was considered the highest standard.

Walls of the houses: The walls were of stone, brick, concrete or of mud, wood or other perishable material.

Roofs:  Roofs were of slate, iron, tiles, thatch, wood or other perishable material. The roofs of houses were of thatch, wood or perishable material. Most likely they were thatched as there was ample reeds for thatching in the lakes.

House Occupancy: Each of the 17 houses was occupied by one family.

The people listed as Head of the Family were also listed as the lawful Landholder of the property.

Enumerators Extract

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/reels/nai000840651/

House & Building Return

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/reels/nai000840652/

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/reels/nai000840653/

Out Office & Farm Steading

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/reels/nai000840654/

House 1: Patrick Naughton aged 70 was head of the house. He was a farmer living with his wife, Helen aged 68. Also in the house on the night of the census was their daughter Bridget aged 27. They were all Catholic, Patrick and Helen were unable to read or write. They spoke both English and Irish. They lived in a 3rd class house with two windows to the front. Two rooms occupied 3 people. They had no additional buildings.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Oughterard/Cregg/1394602/

House 2: Philip Walsh aged 26 was listed as head of the house. He lived with his brother Mark aged 25. They both could read and write and spoke both Irish and English. They lived in a 3rd class house with 1 window. Two rooms occupied 2 people. They were both farmers and had 2 cow houses and 1 piggery.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Oughterard/Cregg/1394603/

House 3: Patrick Naughton aged 50 was listed as head of the family. He lived with his wife Catherine aged 40, daughter Honor 14 and 5 sons, Bryan 13, Patrick 12, Michael 10, Martin 7 and Edward aged 6. They could all read and write and the parents spoke both English and Irish, their children spoke just English. Patrick was a farmer and all his children were scholars. They lived in a 3rd class house with one window to the front. Three rooms occupied 8 people. They also had one cow house and a piggery.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Oughterard/Cregg/1394604/

House 4: John Cantwell aged 60 was head of the family. He lived with his wife Honoria aged 65. They both came originally from Tipperary. John spoke both English and Irish and could read and write, Honoria spoke only English and was unable to read and write. They lived in a second class house with 2 windows to the front, 3 rooms occupied 2 people. They also had 1 fowl house.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Oughterard/Cregg/1394605/

House 5: David Walsh aged 70 was head of the family. He lived with his wife Cecelia aged 64 and two sons Michael 26 and James aged 33. They were all farmers. They spoke English and Irish, Michael and James could read and write but their parents were unable to. They lived in a 3rd class house with 1 window. Two rooms occupied 4 people. They had 1 cow house and 1 piggery.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Oughterard/Cregg/1394606/

House 6: Dudley Walsh aged 62 was head of the family. He lived with his wife Maria aged 26, son David and daughter Barbara. Dudley and David were farmers; they could not read or write. They all spoke English and Irish except Barbara who spoke just English. They lived in a 3rd class house with 1 window, 3 rooms occupying 4 people. They had a cow house and a piggery.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Oughterard/Cregg/1394607/

House 7: Michael Curley aged 47 was listed as head of the family. He lived with his wife Bridget aged 46. also living in the house was their 3 sons John 19, Tom 10 and Peter aged 6 and their 3 daughters Bridget 14, Julia 8 and 4-year-old Teresa J. Michael was a shoemaker, John was listed as a farmer and the rest of the children were scholars. Michael, Bridget and John all spoke both English and Irish the rest of the family spoke just English. Michael and Bridget were unable to read or write. They lived in a 3rd class house with 1 front window. Two rooms occupied 8 people. They had one cow house.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Oughterard/Cregg/1394608/

House 8: Thomas Walsh aged 72 was a single farmer. He was head of the house. He was able to read and spoke both English and Irish. He had a 3rd class house with no front window. Two rooms occupied 1 person. He also had a cow house.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Oughterard/Cregg/1394609/

House 9: James Walsh aged 37 was head of the family. He lived with his wife Ellen aged 22. They had one son John Joseph aged 2 and a daughter Margaret A aged just 1 year. Also in the house on the night of the census was his brother David aged 35. They were both farmers. Neither James or David could read or write and they spoke Irish and English. David was blind in his left eye. Ellen was able to read and write. They lived in a 3rd class house with 2 windows in the front. Two rooms occupied 5 people. They also had a cow house, piggery and a barn.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Oughterard/Cregg/1394610/

House 10: Maurice Faherty aged 50 was listed as head of the family. He lived with his wife Bridget aged 46. They had 2 daughters Mary 19 and Bridget aged 15 and a son Michael aged 13. All of the family could both read and write. They all spoke English and Irish. Maurice was a farmer by occupation and his daughter Bridget was a lace maker. They lived in a 2nd class house with 3 windows to the front. Three rooms occupied 5 people. They also had a cow house and a piggery.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Oughterard/Cregg/1394611/

House 11: Anne Walsh aged 66 was head of the family. She was a widow and living with her was her daughter Honor 22 and son James 28. They were farmers and spoke English and Irish. Neither Anne nor her son James could read or write but Honor was able to read and write. They lived in a 3rd class house with two windows to the front. Three rooms occupied 3 people. They had a cow house and piggery.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Oughterard/Cregg/1394612/

House 12: Thomas Mannion aged 24 was head of the house. He lived with his sister Mary aged 16. Both of them could read and write and spoke Irish and English. Thomas worked on the railroad. They lived in a 2nd class house with 3 windows. Three rooms occupied 2 people. They had no extra buildings.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Oughterard/Cregg/1394613/

House 13: Mathias Molloy aged 80 is head of the family. He lived with his wife Anne aged 81, daughter Bridget Walsh aged 41, and grandson Laurence Walsh aged 7. Bridget Walsh was a widow. Mathias and Anne were unable to read or write. Bridget and her son were able to read and write. They all spoke Irish and English. Mathias and his daughter are both listed as farmers. They lived in a 3rd class house with 2 windows to the front. Two rooms occupied 4 people. They also had one cow house.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Oughterard/Cregg/1394614/

House 14: Martin Walsh aged 40 was head of the house. He lived with his wife Bridget aged 32. They were both listed as farmers. Martin was unable to read or write but Bridget could read and write. They both spoke both English and Irish. They had a 3rd class house with 2 windows to the front and 3 rooms occupying 2 people. They also had 1 cow house.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Oughterard/Cregg/1394615/

House 15: James Graham aged 50 was head of the family. He lived with his 4 sons, Thomas 17, John 13, James 11 and Francis aged 7 and his daughter Anne Jane aged 15. James was originally from Fermanagh, Thomas was born in Co Meath and his other children were born in Kildare. James was listed as a railway porter. They could all read and write. They lived in a 2nd class house with 3 windows to the front. Three rooms occupied by 6 people. They had no additional buildings.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Oughterard/Cregg/1394616/

House 16: Martin Keavy aged 34 lived in this house. He was a Station Master. He could read and write and spoke both Irish and English. He lived a 1st class house with 8 windows to the front. Eight rooms occupied just one person.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Oughterard/Cregg/1394617/

House 17: Hugh Flaherty aged 55 lived in this house. He was the porter of the Workhouse. He could read and write and spoke both Irish and English.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Oughterard/Cregg/1394618/

House 18 – The Workhouse

House 18.1: Anna Honoria Claney aged 58 was a widow. She was the Workhouse Matron. She spoke both English and Irish and could read and write.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Oughterard/Cregg/1394619/

House 18.2: Ellen O’Flaherty aged 60 was a teacher in the Workhouse. She spoke both English and Irish and could read and write.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Oughterard/Cregg/1394620/

House 18.3: Isadore D’arcy was named as head of the family. He was aged 30 and he lived with his wife Frances aged 32. He was a Master in the Workhouse and his wife was a nurse. They both spoke both English and Irish and could read and write.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Oughterard/Cregg/1394621/

House: 18.4: Bridget Melia aged 60 was a widow. She was a servant and could not read or write. She spoke both English and Irish.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Oughterard/Cregg/1394622/

House: 18.5: Maggie Melia aged 24 was a ward maid in the Workhouse hospital. She spoke both English and Irish.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Oughterard/Cregg/1394623/

In the 1901 Census, Form E was the workhouse return form. There was a separate form, Form I, to be completed for “Idiots & Lunatics” in institutions. The Oughterard Workhouse was built to accommodate 600 inmates. It occupied an 8-acre site at the South West of the town. At the West facing the road, a central entrance gate was flanked by 2 long blocks usually allocated to children’s accommodation and schoolrooms. To the rear a T-shaped main building contained kitchens, dining room and chapel at the centre with accommodation blocks for adult males and females to each side. At the rear was a separate hospital block.

According to the 1901 Census Building 18 was the main Workhouse, building 19 was the Workhouse Dispensary and Building 20 was the Workhouse National School.

The 1901 Census documents 73 inmates on Form E. There is no reference to the number of “Idiots & Lunatics” that were documents in any Form I.

All of the inmates documented on Form E in 1901 were only identifiable by their initials. They came from Oughterard and surrounding areas. They were mainly listed as labourers and the children were listed as scholars.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Oughterard/Cregg/1394624/

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Oughterard/Cregg/1394625/

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/reels/nai000840679/

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/reels/nai000840680/

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/reels/nai000840681/

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/reels/nai000840682/

1911 Census – Cregg

This is a return of the Members of families in Cregg, their visitors, boarders and servants who slept or abode in the house on the night of Sunday the 2nd of April 1911.

Description of the Houses

All the houses in Cregg were listed as private dwellings and were built of concrete or stone.  The roofs of the houses were of slate or tile with the exception of one of the houses which had a roof of wood, thatch or other perishable material. Most likely it was thatched. The heads of the families were listed as the landholders. One family lived in each property. The Class of the house depended on the material used in the roof, walls, number of rooms and number of front windows.

Enumerators Extract

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/reels/nai002436152/

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/reels/nai002436153/

House & Building Return

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/reels/nai002436154/

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/reels/nai002436155/

Out Office & Farm Steading

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/reels/nai002436156/

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/reels/nai002436157/

General Information – Houses 1-27

One house was listed as uninhabited and one family lived in each of the other 26 houses listed. They were mainly Roman Catholics with the exception of one Church of Ireland and the head of the family was the landholder. There were 53 males and 53 females a total of 106 persons living in the village.

House 1: Honor Halloran aged 55 was head of the family. She lived with her son John aged 33 and 2 daughters Anne 23 and Nora aged 19. Also in the house on the night of the census was her niece Nora Watters and Uncle Michael Halloran aged 74. They could all read and write and spoke Irish and English. John was listed as a tailor and Nora was a scholar. Honor had 10 children born alive with 8 still living. They lived in a 3rd class house with 2 windows to the front. Two rooms occupied by 5 persons. They had one stable and a shed.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Oughterard/Cregg/471397/

House 2: Bartly Walsh aged 40 was head of the family. He lived with his wife Norah aged 38 and infant daughter Bridget aged just 6 months. Norah could read and write while Bartly was unable to, they both spoke English and Irish. Bartly was employed on the railway. They lived in a 3rd class house with 2 windows at the front. Two rooms occupying 3 persons. They had no additional buildings.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Oughterard/Cregg/471398/

House 3: Bridget Walsh aged 76 was head of the family. She was a widow living with her son Michael aged 34. Bridget had 5 children born alive with 2 still living. Michael was a labourer. They both were unable to read or write and both spoke English and Irish. They lived in a 3rd class house with 1 window and 2 rooms occupying 2 people. They had no additional buildings.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Oughterard/Cregg/471399/

House 4: James Walsh aged 49 was head of the family. He lived with his sister Maggie and they were both single. They could both read and write and spoke both English and Irish. James was a fisherman by trade. They lived in a 3rd class house with 2 front windows. Two rooms occupied 2 people. They had no additional buildings.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Oughterard/Cregg/471400/

House 5: Thomas Toole aged 62 was head of the house. He lived on his own. Thomas could read and write and spoke both Irish and English. He was a shopkeeper. He lived in a 2nd class house with 4 front windows. Three rooms occupied by just one person. He had one cow house and a shed.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Oughterard/Cregg/471401/

House 6: Nicholas Egan aged 40 was head of the house. He lived with his wife Mary aged 35, two daughters Margaret Mary 11 and Annie Christina aged 2 and his 3 sons Bernard Joseph 8, John Patrick 6 and Francis Henry aged 4. Also in the house on the night of the census was his sister Mary 35, Mary Kate Welby 20, a servant and William Egan aged 16, also listed as a servant. Nicholas was a Victualler. They could all read and write and spoke both Irish and English. They lived in a 2nd class house with 6 windows, 6 rooms occupying 10 persons. They also had 2 stables.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Oughterard/Cregg/471402/

House 7: Michael Acton aged 55 was head of the family. He lived with his wife Mary aged 33. They had no children at the time. Both of them could read and write and both spoke English and Irish. Michael was a publican. They lived in a 2nd class house with 5 windows to the front. Two rooms occupied 2 persons. They had 2 stables and one store.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Oughterard/Cregg/471403/

House 8: John Halloran aged 28 was head of the family. He lived with his wife Mary aged 19, baby son James aged just 4 months and his mother Bridget Halloran aged 67. Bridget was a widow. John worked as a draper and this building was his shop. They all could read and write and spoke both English, his moth spoke English and Irish. They lived in a 2nd class house with 3 windows, 3 rooms occupied 4 persons.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Oughterard/Cregg/471404/

House 9: Hugh Ferguson aged 63 was head of the family. He lived with his wife Deborah aged 52, two daughters Julia Catherine 16 and Norah aged 12 and 2 sons Eughon Peitch 14 and Maurice M aged 11. Hugh originated from Co Leitrim, his wife came from Co Kerry and his children were all born in Co Galway. Deborah spoke both English and Irish, the rest of the family spoke just English. Their place of residence was a public house. It was second class with 4 windows to the front. Four rooms occupied 6 people. They had one piggery, one shed and a store.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Oughterard/Cregg/471405/

House 10: Laurence Connor aged 40 was head of the family. He lived with his wife Bridget aged 32. Also in the house on the night of the census was his daughter Mary aged 3 and son Laurence 2 and his sister Mary aged 48. They adults could read and write and spoke both Irish and English. Laurence was a Victualler and they resided in the shop. It was a 2nd class building with 4 front windows. Three rooms occupied 5 people. They also had a shed.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Oughterard/Cregg/471406/

House 11: Anne Connor, a widow aged 72 was head of the family. She lived with her son Patrick aged 24, she had 5 children still living at the time. They spoke Irish and English; Anne however was unable to read or write. They were both listed as farmers, living in a 3rd class house with 2 windows to the front. Two rooms occupied 2 people. They had one piggery.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Oughterard/Cregg/471407/

House 12: John Byrne aged 70 was head of the family. He lived with his wife Mary Anne aged 55, four sons Michael J 28, Robert P 27, James J 24 and Charles C aged 17 and his daughter Mary aged 20. John and his 4 sons were all bakers. Mary Anne had 13 children born alive and 11 were still living. They could all read and write. They lived in a 3rd class house with 2 windows to the front, 5 rooms occupied 7 persons. They had a stable, piggery and a barn.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Oughterard/Cregg/471408/

House 13: Michael McDonagh aged 58 was head of the house, he lived with his wife Bridget aged 67, stepson William Holmes 36 and niece Winnie Donnellan aged 26. Michael was unable to read and write, the rest of the family could. Michael was listed as a farmer by trade and William was a fisherman. They spoke English and Irish. They lived in a 3rd class house with 2 windows to the front, 2rooms occupied 4 people. They also had a stable.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Oughterard/Cregg/471409/

House 14: Patrick Gill aged 61 was head of the house. He lived with his wife Annie aged 43. Annie was born in Devonshire. They had 2 daughters Mary 23, Annie Jane 18 and a son Peter aged 21. They could all read and write. Patrick was a fisherman, Annie listed as a laundress, Mary was a teacher and Peter was also a fisherman. They had 6 children born alive and 3 still living. Patrick and Mary spoke both Irish and English, the rest spoke just English. They lived in a 3rd class house with 2 windows to the front. Two rooms occupied 5 people. They had no additional buildings.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Oughterard/Cregg/471410/

House 15: William Burke aged 53 was head of the family. He lived with his wife Catherine aged 56 and son Loughlin James aged 19. They could all read and write. William and his son were bakers. Catherine spoke both English and Irish, the others spoke just English. They had a 3rd class house with 2 windows to the front, two rooms occupied 3 people. They had no additional buildings.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Oughterard/Cregg/471411/

House 16: Bridget Heffernan aged 72 was head of the family. She lived with her two sons Michael aged 50 and Martin aged 32. She was a widow at the time. Martin was the only one that could read and write. Bridget spoke both Irish and English and was a farmer. Martin spoke English as did his brother. Martin was a shoemaker. Michael was an invalid. Bridget had 11 children born alive and only 3 still living. They lived in a 3rd class house, 2 rooms occupied 3 people and they had a workshop.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Oughterard/Cregg/471412/

House 17: Joseph Walsh aged 50 was head of the house. He lived with his wife Lezzie, aged 52. Lezzie was born in Liverpool. Also in the house the night of the census was his son Patrick Joseph 20 and his daughter Mary Bridget aged 12. They could all read and write. Joseph and his son were both tailors. They lived in a second class house with 3 windows to the front. Five rooms occupied 4 people. They had one stable.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Oughterard/Cregg/471413/

House 18: Sally Naughton aged 68 was head of the family. She was a widow living with her daughter Annie aged 21. They could not read or write and both spoke Irish and English. Annie was a lacemaker. They lived in a 3rd class house with two windows to the front. Two rooms occupied 2 people. They had no additional buildings.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Oughterard/Cregg/471414/

House 19: Mary Fahy aged 67 was head of the house. She was a widow living with her daughter Mary 24, son Peter 33 and a boarder Harry Weir aged 26. Harry was Church of Ireland. He was a groom. They could all read and write. Mary had 6 children born alive and 3 still living. They all spoke English and Irish with the exception of Harry who spoke just English. Peter was a labourer. They lived in a second class house with 2 windows. Five rooms occupied 4 persons. They also had a turf house.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Oughterard/Cregg/471415/

House 20: Thomas Naughton aged 50 was head of the family. He was a widower living with his son Patrick aged 19 and 3 daughters Teresa 14, Kate Anne 15 and Josephine aged 13. They could all read and write. Thomas was a Hotel Proprietor, he spoke both Irish and English while his children spoke just English. They lived in the hotel, 1st class with 5 windows to the front. It had 13 rooms occupying 5 people and guests. They also had one stable, 2 cow houses and 1 shed.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Oughterard/Cregg/471416/

House 21: Stephen Molloy aged 50 was head of the family. He lived with his wife Mary aged 40, 4 daughters Maggie 18, Mary Bridget 14, Nora 7 and Kathleen aged 4 and his 5 sons Michael 15, Thomas 13, Stephen 12, Peter 10 and Martin aged only 2. Stephen was a farmer and his wife was a dressmaker. Michael worked as a Telegraph Messenger. The remaining children were scholars. They could all read and write and spoke Irish and English. Mary had 12 children born alive and 11 still living. They lived in a 2nd class house with 3 front windows. Three rooms occupied 11 persons. They had no additional buildings.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Oughterard/Cregg/471417/

House 22: Mary Naughton aged 54 was head of the house. She was a widow and lived with her 2 sons, Pat 26 and John aged 18. Both of her sons were fishermen. They could all read and write and spoke English. Mary had 10 children born alive but only 4 still living. They lived in a 3rd class house with 2 windows, two rooms occupied 3 people. They had 1 piggery.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Oughterard/Cregg/471418/

House 23: The head of the house is not listed on census form. Edmond Naughton aged 28 completed the form, he was the son of the head of the family. Also there on the night of the census was Mary aged 30, daughter of the head of the family. They could both read and write and spoke Irish and English. Edmond is listed as a ‘car owner’. They lived in a 2nd class house with 2 windows to the front. Five rooms occupied 2 people. They also had 2 stables and 1 forge.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Oughterard/Cregg/471419/

House 24: Bridget McNabb aged 78 was head of the family. She was a widow and lived with her son-in-law William Kinnevy aged 28 and her daughter, Mary Anne Kinnevy aged 36 and Michael Daly a boarder aged 23. Bridget was born in Co Donegal; her daughter was born in Co Roscommon. Michael Daly came from Cork and William Kinnevy was from Co Galway. They all could read and write and spoke English and Irish. Bridget had 5 children born alive and 3 still living. Her son-in-law, William was a boat builder and Michael Daly was an agricultural instructor. They lived in a 2nd class house with 4 windows to the front. Four rooms occupied 4 people. They had no additional buildings.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Oughterard/Cregg/471420/

House 25: Margaret Clancy aged 84 was head of the family. She lived with her daughter Mary Leahy aged 52 and grandson John Leahy aged 21. Margaret and Mary were both widows. They could all read and write, John was listed as a student. Margaret had 10 children born alive and 3 still living. Mary had 2 born alive and both of them were still living. John was born in Belfast. All of them spoke both English and Irish. They lived in a 2nd class house with 2 windows. Three rooms occupied 3 people. They had no additional buildings.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Oughterard/Cregg/471421/

House 26: Patrick McDonagh aged 75 was head of the family. He lived with his wife Mary aged 76 and his son Patrick aged 27. Neither Patrick or his wife could read or write but their son could read and write. They all spoke English and Irish. Patrick Senior was a labourer and his son was a fisherman. Mary had 9 children born alive and 5 still living. They lived in a 3rd class house with one window at the front. Two rooms occupied 3 people. They had 1 cow house and 1 store.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Oughterard/Cregg/471422/

General Information: House 28-42

House 28 was the Oughterard Workhouse. Houses 29 on were private dwellings. There were 71 males and 61 females, 132 in total. They were all Roman Catholics with the exception of 2 male Church of Ireland.

House 28: The Workhouse 1911

The Workhouse was a 1st class building. It had 30 windows to the front of the building. Out offices included one stable, one piggery, one turf house, one workshop and a laundry.

Form E listed all the inmates of the Workhouse that were there on the night of the census 1911 with the exception of “Idiots and Lunatics”. There were 53 persons listed on Form E, 28 of these were in the Workhouse Hospital.

Form I was the census form to be completed for “Idiots & Lunatics”. There were 12 entries on the night of the census. These 12 were aged between 8 years of age to 87 years of age. The inmates were listed as suffering from “Imbecitity” or Dementia. They were accommodated in House 28.2.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Oughterard/Cregg/912284/

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Oughterard/Cregg/912285/

Information on the people in the Workhouse.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/reels/nai002435379/

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/reels/nai002435380/

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/reels/nai002435381/

House 28.3: Isadore D’arcy aged 40 was head of the house. He lived with his wife Frances D’arcy aged 46. Isadore was Master of the Workhouse, his wife was Head Nurse. Frances was from Kings County, Isadore from Galway.  Four of their children were born in Dublin. They had two daughters Angela Mary 9 and Rosalie Mary aged 6 and three sons, Cyril Michael 8, Isadore Patrick 5 and Francis Maurice aged 3. The children were all scholars. Also living in this part of the Workhouse was Bridget Conroy aged 16, she was a servant and spoke English and Irish. Kate Walsh aged 28 was Matron of the Workhouse. She could read and write and spoke Irish and English. Nellie Kinneavy aged 25 was a nurse, Mary Laffey aged 28 was a temporary nurse. Mary Hickey aged 24 was Hospital Wardsmaid, she came from America and could speak both Irish and English, Delia Molloy aged 55 was a Hospital Wardmaid, she was unable to read or write. Denis Nee aged 36 was the Workhouse Porter.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Oughterard/Cregg/912286/

House 29: Patrick J Smallhorn aged 27 was head of the family. He lived with his wife Mary aged 24, son John aged 3 and daughter Mary aged just one. Patrick was born in Co Roscommon. He was the Station Master. They lived in a 1st class house with 7 windows to the front. Five rooms occupied 4 people. They had one fowl house, 1 turf house, a shed and 2 stores.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Oughterard/Cregg/912287/

House 30: Norah Naughton aged 23 has head of the family. She lived with her brother Bryan aged 22. Bryan was a Railway Porter. They were both single and could read and write. They lived in a 2nd class house with 3 windows. Three rooms occupied by 2 people. They had one turf shed.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Oughterard/Cregg/912288/

House 31: Martin Walsh aged 67 was head of the family. He lived with his wife Bridget aged 43. Martin was a farmer; he was unable to read or write. Bridget and Martin were married for 20 years and had no children. She could read and write. They both spoke Irish and English. They lived in a 3rd class house with 2 windows to the front. Two rooms occupied 2 people. They had a cow house.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Oughterard/Cregg/912289/

House 32: Mathias Molloy aged 90 was head of the family. Mathias was a widower, he lived with his sister Bridget Keady aged 84 and his daughter Bridget Walsh aged 52 and his grandson Laurence Walsh aged 16. Bridget Keady was a widow, she was unable to read and write as she was both blind and deaf. Bridget Walsh was also a widow, both Bridget and her son could read and write. Bridget Walsh was listed as a farmer. They lived in a 3rd class house with 2 windows. Two rooms occupied 4 people. They had one cow house.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Oughterard/Cregg/912290/

House 33: Thomas Mannion aged 37 was head of the family. He lived with his wife Delia Mannion aged 32 and son William aged 1. Also in the house the night of the census was a relative, Kathleen McCoy aged 31. Kathleen was single. They could all read and write and spoke both Irish and English. Thomas worked as a Railway Gauger.  They lived in a 2nd class house with 3 windows to the front. Three rooms occupied 3 people. They had no additional buildings.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Oughterard/Cregg/912291/

House 34: James Walsh aged 50 was head of the family. He lived with his wife Bridget aged 28, son Thomas aged 3 and daughter Mary Anne aged 5. James was a farmer; he was unable to read or write. Bridget was able to read and write. They both spoke Irish and English. They had a 3rd class house with 2 windows to the front. Three rooms occupied 4 people. They also had 1 cow house and one barn.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Oughterard/Cregg/912292/

House 35: Maurice Faherty aged 54 was head of the family. He was a widower and lived with his son Michael aged 23 and daughter-in-law Maggie aged 21. They could all read and write. Maurice and Michael were farmers and spoke both English and Irish. They lived in a 3rd class house with 2 windows to the front. Two rooms occupying 3 persons. They also had a cow house.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Oughterard/Cregg/912293/

House 36: James Walsh aged 69 was head of the house. He lived with his wife Ellen aged 31, brother David aged 59 and three sons John Joe 12, David Francis 8 and Michael aged 7 and one daughter Maggie Anne aged 11. James was a farmer, he was unable to read or write and his brother was unable to read and write. The children were all scholars and spoke just English while the adults spoke both English and Irish. They lived in a 3rd class house with one window. Two rooms occupied 7 people. They had one cow house.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Oughterard/Cregg/912294/

House 37: Bridget Curley was head of the family. Bridget was 62 years old and lived with her son Peter 19 and daughter Maggie aged 16. She had 11 children born alive and 10 still living. Bridget was a widow, she was unable to read or write and spoke Irish and English. Peter and Maggie could both read and write and also spoke Irish and English. They lived in a 3rd class house with 1 window. Three rooms occupied 3 people. They had one cow house and a barn. No occupation was listed.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Oughterard/Cregg/912295/

House 38: Maria Walsh aged 71 was head of the family. She lived with her son David 38 and daughter in law Mary aged 32, her grandson Dudley aged 2 and 4 granddaughters, Delia Anne 6, Maria 5, Barbara 2 and baby Kate aged just 5 months. Maria was a widow and was unable to read and write. Her daughter in law Mary was unable to read and write either. David was a farmer. The adults all spoke both English and Irish. They lived in a 2nd class house with 3 windows. Three rooms occupied 8 people. They had a cow house and a barn.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Oughterard/Cregg/912296/

House 39: Celia Walsh aged 80 was head of the family. She lived with her 2 sons James 48 and Michael 39 and her daughter Mary aged 46. Celia was a widow; she was unable to read or write. James, Michael and Mary were all single, they could all read and write. James was a farmer. They all spoke both Irish and English. They lived in a 3rd class house with 1 window. Two rooms occupied 4 people. They had one cow house and a barn.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Oughterard/Cregg/912297

House 40: Patrick Naughton aged 67 was head of the family. He lived with his wife Catherine aged 50 and 3 sons Patrick 21, Martin 17 and Edward aged 16. Catherine had 5 children born alive and all 5 still living. They could all read and write and spoke Irish and English. Patrick was a farmer and his boys all farmer’s sons. They lived in a 3rd class house with 1 window. Three rooms occupied 6 people. They had one cow house and one piggery.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Oughterard/Cregg/912298/

House 41: Phillip Walsh aged 46 was head of the house. He lived with a boarder, Mark Walsh aged 45. Phillip was a farmer, he spoke both Irish and English. Mark was a labourer and spoke just English. They lived in a 3rd class house with 1 window. Two rooms occupied 2 people. They had one cow house.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Oughterard/Cregg/912299/

House 42: Patrick Naughton aged 77 was a widower, living on his own. He was a farmer, unable to read and write and he spoke Irish and English.

He lived in a 3rd class house with 1 window, two rooms occupied by 1 person. He had no additional buildings.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Oughterard/Cregg/912300/

Church records of births, deaths and marriages:

Church records of births, deaths and marriages are available online at http://www.rootsireland.ie.  To search these records, you will need to know the ‘church parish’ rather than the ‘civil parish’. (The civil parish is the pre-reformation parish and was frequently used as a unit of administration in the past.)

Cregg is in the civil parish of Kilcummin.

 

Roman Catholic parishes:

This civil parish corresponds with the following Roman Catholic parish or parishes.

  • Carraroe
  • Kilannin
  • Kilcummin/Oughterard
  • Rosmuc

Church of Ireland parishes:

This civil parish corresponds with the following Church of Ireland parish.

  • Kilcummin

In general, the civil parish and the Church of Ireland parish are the same, but, this is not always the case.

Maps

It is located at 53° 25′ 13″ N, 9° 19′ 45″ W.

Original OS map of this area. Ireland was first mapped in the 1840s. These original maps are available online.

Cregg

Original OS maps at the Ordnance Survey of Ireland website.

Below is a link to the Ordnance Survey of Ireland website. It displays the original OS map that was created in the 1840s.

Cregg

Information from Google Maps.

You can use this link to find this townland on Google Maps

Google Maps

Information from the National Monuments Service.

You can use this link to view a map of archaeological features. This link brings you to a website wherein you will have to search for your townland.

 

Archaeological map from the National Monuments Service

Galway Library Website

http://places.galwaylibrary.ie/place/52118

Townlands.ie Website

https://www.townlands.ie/galway/moycullen/kilcummin/oughterard/cregg/

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

This page was added on 19/08/2014.

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