Camus Eighter

Text - Treasa NicDhonncha, Hyperlinks - Antoinette Lydon

Camus Eighter is in the civil parish of Kilcummin. The civil parish corresponds with the following Church of Ireland parish of Kilcummim, Galway West. In general, the civil parish and the Church of Ireland parish are the same as is the case in the Kilcummin, Oughterard area.

Camus Eighter is in the Electoral Division of Camus, in Civil Parish of Kilcummin, in the Barony of Moycullen, in the County of Galway
Irish Form of Name: Camus Iochtair

Translation: lower winding

O’Donovan’s Field Name Books

Other Forms of the Name:

Camus Eighter
Camus Iochtair
Camus Eighter Boundary Surveyor
Cammus Eighter Barony Cess Book
Cammaseeghter County Map
Camuseighter Local
Comaseighter Barony Map
Kammas Inquis. Temp. Eliz.

Description:

The land in Camus Eighter is not good contains 1,744½ acres of land about 60 acres of which are under tillage with 85½ acres of water. The remainder is mountain pasture.

Camus Eighter borders the following other townlands:

Situation:

In the South Western part of the parish. Bounded on the North by Camus Ooghter and Derryvrisk, on the East by Crucknagorivna and Lettermuckoo, on the South by Kinvarra and on the West by Camus Ooghter.

Proprietor:

Thomas B. Martin of Ballynahinch Castle. Thomas B. Martin is a member of the Martin (Ross) family.

Landed Estates Database:

  • Martin (Ross) – The Martin family were established beside Ross Lake in the barony of Moycullen, county Galway, from the late 16th century, where they purchased land from the O’Flahertys. They were Royalist supporters and were dispossessed of their property in the city of Galway by the Cromwellians. Robert Martin received a grant of 2,909 acres in the barony of Moycullen, by patent dated 21 Aug 1677. Jasper Martin of Ross, who died in 1700, had two sons Jasper and Richard, from whom descend the two branches of the family settled at Ross and Ballynahinch. Nicholas Martin, who died in 1811, married Elizabeth O’Hara, daughter of Robert O’Hara of Lenaboy, and according to Burke’s ”Landed Gentry”, a grandniece of James O’Hara, 2nd Baron Tyrawley. Their grandson, James Martin of Ross, had sixteen children from his two marriages. His daughter, Maud, married H. Callwell and they were the parents of the author, J. M. Callwell. The youngest daughter of James Martin was Violet Florence Martin of the well known literary team Somerville and Ross. The Martins of Ross owned 5,767 acres in county Galway in the 1870s. They advertised the sale of their estate in the Landed Estates’ Court in May 1885.
  • Martin (Ballynahinch) – A branch of the Anglo Norman family of Martin, one of the Tribes of Galway, was granted the O’Flaherty lands in the Connemara region in the mid 17th century. This family were a junior branch of the Martins of Ross and under the Acts of Settlement were granted vast estates in counties Galway, Mayo, Roscommon, Clare and Sligo. By a patent dated 1698 they were confirmed in the possession of their Connemara estate known as the Manor of Claremount by King William. The Westport Estate Papers document the sale of over 27,000 acres in the baronies of Moycullen and Ballynahinch by the trustees for the sale of Colonel John Browne’s estate to John Edwards for Richard Martin in 1699. The early generations of Martins lived at Birch Hall and Dangan, in the townland of Oranhill, parish of Rahoon, near Galway city. Richard Martin, better known as ‘Humanity Dick’, was the first member of the family to be reared as a Protestant. He was a famous duellist and founded the Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals. Ballynahinch Castle was built in the centre of his estate. His son Thomas Martin died in 1847 during the Famine and Thomas’s only daughter and heir, Mary Laetita, inherited a heavily encumbered estate. She married her cousin, Arthur Gonne Bell, and died in New York in 1850. The Martin estates were offered for sale in two sections in 1849. Their property close to Galway town included Dangan, Corcullen, Bushypark and Killeen. Their Connemara estate was acquired by the Law Life Assurance Society in 1852, to whom it was heavily mortgaged. In 1853 the estate of almost 200,000 acres was surveyed by Thomas Colville Scott for a prospective buyer. Richard Martin, second son of Richard ‘Humanity Dick’ Martin of Ballynahinch, is recorded as holding five townlands in the parish of Killannin, barony of Moycullen, county Galway, at the time of Griffith’s Valuation although he emigrated to Canada in 1833. He was also recorded as the occupier of Clareville, a Martin home in the village of Oughterard. Many of his descendants still reside in Canada. http://www.martinhistory.net/

Information from the Down Survey Website:

The Down Survey website will tell you who owned this townland in 1641 (pre Cromwell) and in 1671 (post Cromwell).

The Down Survey is a mapped survey. Using the Civil Survey as a guide, teams of surveyors, mainly former soldiers, were sent out under Petty’s direction to measure every townland to be forfeited to soldiers and adventurers. The resulting maps, made at a scale of 40 perches to one inch (the modern equivalent of 1:50,000), were the first systematic mapping of a large area on such a scale attempted anywhere. The primary purpose of these maps was to record the boundaries of each townland and to calculate their areas with great precision. The maps are also rich in other detail showing churches, roads, rivers, castles, houses and fortifications. Most towns are represented pictorially and the cartouches, the decorative titles, of each map in many cases reflect a specific characteristic of each barony. (http://downsurvey.tcd.ie)

Townland of CAMUS EIGHTER

Down Survey Name: Commas (Commascroume, Commaslicky, Commasoreavy)
1670 Owner(s): Meredith, Sir Thomas (Protestant)
County: 
Galway
Barony: 
Muckullin
Parish: 
Killcumyn

Down Survey website

The Tithe Applotment Books

About the Records

Tithes were a tax on agricultural produce which was payable by the occupiers of agricultural land. They were the main source of income for the parish clergy of the Church of Ireland (the largest Protestant church and the church established by law). However, in many parishes a large part of the tithes were ‘appropriate’, which meant that they were payable to a bishop, cathedral chapter or other ecclesiastical recipient, or were ‘impropriate’, which generally meant that they were payable to a local landowner. The parishes used in the Tithe Applotment Books are civil or Church of Ireland parishes, which often differ in name and territory from Catholic parishes,

Acts of Parliament of 1823 and 1832 provided for the conversion of tithes into a fixed charge on land, and specified the average price of wheat or oats in the parish in the seven years before 1821 as the basis on which the tithes would be calculated. They also extended the application of tithes to pasture, where previously they had been levied only on tillage.

This change in the law resulted in the valuation of individual holdings in almost all parishes containing agricultural land, in order to assess the portion of the tithes for which each occupier of land would be liable. The apportionment was recorded for each Church of Ireland parish in a Tithe Composition Applotment Book. The information was collected and the amounts were calculated by two Parochial Commissioners, one of whom was appointed by the cess-payers of the parish and the other by the relevant Diocese of the Church of Ireland. This procedure was carried out in over 2,500 parishes between the years 1823 and 1837.

The Tithe Applotment Books are in a variety of formats, from a few pages sewn together to elaborately bound volumes. In most cases they are written in manuscript throughout, although some consist of manuscript entries on printed questionnaires. The information in the books is broadly uniform and generally includes at least the name of occupier; the size of holding, the valuation and the tithe payable. In some cases more detailed information is provided. Some volumes have maps and most have certificates and correspondence attached.

The sub-divisions of the parish were recorded. Some of these subdivisions, such as ploughlands, ceased to be in official use after the six inch survey of the Ordnance Survey was completed in the 1840s. Only productive land was subject to tithe, and the books usually distinguish between this tithable land and untithable land such as roads or mountains. Tithable land was in some cases classified by quality, and a money value was given to each class. In some cases the proportion of tithe payable to the rector, vicar or lay proprietor of the tithes was set out. The column for observations was sometimes completed, with information about commonage, for example.

There are a number of other points that should be noted. The acreages given in the Tithe Applotment Books are in Irish or Plantation measure, which is 1.62 times larger than statute measure. Only occupiers of land at the time of the tithe composition are recorded, so not all heads of households living in a parish at the time are included. Only rural areas are systematically covered, although inhabitants of towns who held plots of cultivable land are included. The equivalent tax in urban areas, Minister’s Money, has left few records.

The Tithe Applotment Books are an important source of information for a wide variety of researchers of pre-Famine Ireland. They provide the first surviving national list of the occupiers of land, and are used by genealogists as a partial substitute for returns of the 1821 and 1831 censuses of population, which were destroyed in 1922. They also record information on the quality of land, and provide information on pre-Ordnance Survey territorial divisions, some of which were not recognised after the 1840s.

The National Archives hold the original Tithe Applotment Books only for the twenty-six counties of the Republic of Ireland. The books for the six counties of Northern Ireland are held in the Public Record Office of Northern Ireland in Belfast. (http://titheapplotmentbooks.nationalarchives.ie/search/tab/aboutmore.jsp)

Tithe Applotment Record for Camus Eighter

Landholders

Listed in the Tithe Applotment book for Camus Eighter in 1829 are;

Denis Coneely and Thomas Mc Donagh & Co.

Land Liable for Tithe

The total land liable for tithes in Camus Eighter was 20 acres. This was broken up into five separate columns according to the quality of land. In Camus Eighter the 4th and 5th rate quality land was left blank.

  • 7 acres of 1st rate quality land with a tithe of 1s 6d per acre.
  • 7 acre of 2nd rate quality land with a tithe of 1s per acre.
  • 6 acres of 3rd rate quality land with a tithe of 3d per acre.

Tithes Payable

The proportion of tithes payable to Richard Martin Esq. was 9s 6d, the proportion of tithes payable to Reverend James Daly was 4s 9d, and the proportion of tithes payable to Reverend John Wilson was 4s 9d.

http://titheapplotmentbooks.nationalarchives.ie/search/tab/results.jsp?county=Galway&parish=Kilcummin&townland=Lower+Gommess&search=Search&sort=last_name_sort

Griffith’s Valuation 1850s

In Griffith’s Valuation the area is 1830 acres 0 roods and 15 perches with a land value of £34 18s 0d and a building value of £4 0s 0d with a total value of £38 18s 0 d. The area of water was 85 acres 2 roods and 10 perches.

Occupiers of the Land:

The occupiers of the land at this time were:

Michael Walsh (Peter), Mary Sullivan, Patrick Hare, Patrick Doherty, Martin Mc Donagh, Bartholomew Joyce, Martin Kelly, Martin Naughton, Thomas Naughton, Thomas Martin, Patrick O’Mealy, Martin Welby, Patrick Joyce, Stephen Kelly, Patrick Walsh and Thomas Joyce.

The Landlord or immediate leasers was Directors of the Law Life Assurance Co.

Ownership of Land and Property

Michael Walsh (Peter) owned a herd’s house, office and land. Mary Sullivan, Patrick Doherty, Martin Mc Donagh, Bartholomew Joyce, Martin Kelly, Thomas Naughton, Patrick O’Mealy, Patrick Joyce, Patrick Walsh and Thomas Joyce each owned a house and land. Patrick Hare, Martin Naughton, Thomas Martin, Martin Welby and Stephen Kelly each owned a house, office and land.

Annual Valuation

The total annual valuation of rateable property in Camus Eighter came to £38 18s 0d.

Land Rates: Michael Walsh (Peter) paid £1110s 0d, Mary Sullivan, Patrick Hare, Patrick Doherty and Martin Mc Donagh each paid £1 7s 0d, Bartholomew Joyce and Thomas Joyce each paid £1, Martin Kelly, Thomas Naughton, Thomas Martin, Patrick O’Mealy and Patrick Walsh each paid £1 10s 0d, Martin Naughton and Martin Welby each paid £2 and Stephen Kelly paid £3.

Building Rates: Everyone paid £5 each.

http://www.askaboutireland.ie/griffith-valuation/index.xml?action=doNameSearch&PlaceID=559125

Out Offices and Land

The out office was a farm building, a cow house, piggery or barn. The land was very poor and sterile and people were always poverty-stricken. At this time most tenants were trying to eke out a living on 5acres or less and farmers needed at least 15.3 acres to survive.

Poor Law Union Ireland

In Ireland the Poor Relief Act of 1838 divided into districts or “unions” in which the local taxable inhabitants were to be financially responsible for all paupers in the area. In 1898 the Poor Law Union was adopted as the basic administrative division in place of the civil parish and barony. Further subdivision into 828 registration districts and 3,751 district electoral divisions followed. Townlands were not arranged according to these divisions with parish and barony retained as a means to make comparisons with records gathered before 1898.

The 1838 Act

The main provisions of the 1838 Act were:

  • The extension of the existing Poor Law Commissioners’ powers to Ireland, with the appointment of Assistant Commissioners who were to implement the Act in Ireland.
  • The division of the country into Poor Law Unions based on Irish electoral divisions which were themselves made up from townlands.
  • The creation of a Board of Guardians for each Union, two-thirds of whom were to be elected, the other third to be appointed ex officio.
  • The setting up of a workhouse in each Union.
  • The collection of a local poor-rate to finance the system.
  • Assistance for emigration.

Initially, 130 Unions were created, based upon 2,049 electoral divisions. The divisions were composed of townlands, a peculiarly Irish unit, traditionally of 120 Irish acres in area. (Between 1848 and 1850, an additional 33 Unions were created by subdividing and reorganizing the boundaries of some existing Unions, particularly in the west of the country.

Boards of Guardians were elected annually on 25th March. Only rate-payers were eligible for election, which effectively disenfranchised most of the native Irish who were usually tenants at this time. Rate-payers were allowed between one and six votes depending on the size of a valuation of their property.

Townlands

A townland is one of the smallest land divisions in Ireland. They range in size from a few acres to thousands of acres. Many are Gaelic in origin, but some came into existence after the Norman invasion of 1169

Camus Eighter is a townland.

Other placenames in this townland:

Some other placenames in or near this townland are …

Census 1841/ 1891

In 1841 there were 35 houses with 199 people living in Camus Eighter.

1851, 22 houses with 102 people,

1861, 26 houses with 128 people,

1871, 21 house with 135 people

1881 29 houses (28 inhabited, 1 uninhabited) with 159 people (75 males, 84 females). The valuation of Houses & Land in 1881 was £39 0s 0d. There was 9 outbuildings.

1891 26 houses (25 inhabited, 1 uninhabited) with 155 people (71 males, 84 females). The valuation of Houses & Land in 1881 was £38 12s 0d. There was 41 outbuildings..

1901 Census

This is a return of the members of the family, their Visitors, Boarders, Servants who slept or abode in their house on the night of Sunday March 31st 1901 in Camus Eighter.

General Information

There were 27 houses listed in the townland of Camus Eighter. 26 of the houses were inhabited; house No. 27 was used as a fish watch house. All the people were Roman Catholic and were born in County Galway.

Farm Buildings and Out Offices

Description of the Houses

Class of House: The class of house depended on the materials used in the roof, walls, number of rooms and number of front windows. A 1st class house was considered the highest standard.

Walls of the houses: The walls were of stone, brick, and concrete or of mud, wood or other perishable material. The houses in Camus Eighter were built of stone, brick or concrete. There were no mud cabins.

Roofs: Roofs were of slate, iron, tiles, thatch, wood or other perishable material. The roofs of houses were of thatch, wood or perishable material. They were most likely thatched.

House Occupancy

25 0f the 27 houses were listed as private dwellings and were occupied by 1 family. House No. 7 was listed as a shop and was occupied by 1 family; House No. 27 was listed as a fish watch house and was uninhabited. The people listed as the head of the family was also listed as the lawful landholder with the exception of house No. 1 and house No. 16(see below). There was a total population of 179, with 79 males and 100 females residing in the townland.

Enumerators Extract

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/reels/nai000838077/

House & Building Returns

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/reels/nai000838078/

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/reels/nai000838079/

Out Offices & Farm Steadings

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/reels/nai000838080/

House No. 1 (1 occupant)

Bridget McDonagh aged 98 was the head of the family. Bridget was a widow and lived alone. She was a housekeeper and had 1 cow house. Bridget could not read and spoke Irish. She lived in a class 3 house with 1 front window. 1 person occupied 2 available rooms. Coleman Welby is listed as the legal landholder of the property.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Camus/Camus_Eighter/1392952/

House No. 2 (4 occupants)

Michael Canivan aged 62 was the head of the family. He was a farmer and had a cow house and a piggery. Michael was a widower and lived with his son John aged 20 and his daughters Barbra aged 18 and Anne aged 16. They were listed as farmer’s son and framer’s daughters. Only the youngest in the house, Anne, could read and write and she and John spoke Irish and English, everyone else spoke Irish. They lived in a class 3 house with 2 front windows. 4 people occupied 3 available rooms.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Camus/Camus_Eighter/1392953/

House No. 3 (5 occupants)

John Keane aged 63 was the head of the family. John lived with his wife Anne aged 60. John was a farmer and had a cow house and a potato house. Also living in the house were his daughters Honour and Maggie who were both aged 19 and his son Joseph aged 16. John, Anne and Maggie could not read, Honour and Joseph could read and write. John Honour and Joseph spoke Irish and English, Anne and Maggie spoke Irish. They lived in a class 3 house with 12 front windows. 5 people occupied 2 available rooms.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Camus/Camus_Eighter/1392954/

House No. 4 (7 occupants)

Peter Lydon aged 40 was the head of the family. He was a famer and had a cow house. Peter lived with his wife Maggie aged 32. Also living in the house were his daughters Mary aged 9, Maggie aged 7 and Bridget aged 3 and his sons Patrick aged 2 and James whose age is not given. No one in the house could read, and they all spoke Irish. They lived in a class 3 house with 1 front window. 7 people occupied 3 available rooms.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Camus/Camus_Eighter/1392955/

House No. 5 (4 occupants)

John Lydon aged 50 was the head of the family. He lived with his wife kate aged 40. John was a farmer and had a cow house. Also living in the house were his daughters Bridget aged 13 and Maggie aged 11. Neither John nor Kate could read and spoke only Irish. Bridget and Maggie could read and write and spoke Irish and English. They lived in a class 3 house with 1 front window. 4 people occupied 2 available rooms.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Camus/Camus_Eighter/1392956/

House No. 6 (8 occupants)

Patrick Mannion aged 56 was the head of the family. He lived with his wife Bridget aged 38. Patrick was a farmer and had a cow house and a piggery. Also living in the house were his son John aged 20, daughter Bridget aged 18, son Colman aged 10, daughter Mary aged 8 , son Martin aged 7 and daughter Kate aged 4. No one in the house could read and only Patrick and Bridget senior spoke Irish and English, everyone else spoke only Irish. They lived in a class 2 house with 3 front windows. 8 people occupied 3 available rooms.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Camus/Camus_Eighter/1392957/

House No. 7 (9 occupants)

Colman Welby aged 37 was the head of the family. Colman was a farmer and had a cow house. He lived with his wife Bridget aged 32. Also living in the house were his daughters Mary aged 8 and Anne aged 7, his sons Patrick aged 6 and Colman aged 5, his daughter Bridget aged 4, his son John aged 2 and his daughter Maggie aged 1. Coleman could read and write, and Bridget and the 4 eldest children could read, the 3 youngest could not read. The 3 youngest in the house spoke Irish and the rest spoke Irish and English. They lived in a class 2 house with 3 front windows. The house is listed as a shop and not as a private dwelling. 9 people occupied 5 available rooms.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Camus/Camus_Eighter/1392958/

House No. 8 (8 occupants)

Martin Welby aged 37 was the head of the family. He lived with his wife Bridget aged 33. Martin was a farmer and had a cow house and a piggery. Also living in the house were his sons Martin aged 9 and Patrick aged 7, his daughters Mary aged 5 and Bridget aged 3 and his son Colman aged 1. Martin’s aunt Honor Conroy aged 84 also resided in the house. Honor was a housekeeper and was widowed. Martin could read and write, his children Patrick and Mary could read and no one else could. Martin and his children Partick and Mary spoke Irish and English and everyone else spoke only Irish. They lived in a class 2 house with 3 front windows. 8 people occupied 3 available rooms.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Camus/Camus_Eighter/1392959/

House No. 9 (8 occupants)

Thomas Welby aged 42 was the head of the family. He lived with his wife Honor aged 34. Thomas was a farmer and had a piggery. Also living in the house were his daughters Mary aged 11, Anne aged 9, Maggie and Bridget both aged 6, his son Martin aged 3 and his daughter Honor aged 1. His four eldest children are listed as scholars. Apart from his eldest daughter Mary no one could read in the house. They all spoke Irish and English. They lived in a class 3 house with 2 front windows. 8 people occupied 2 available rooms.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Camus/Camus_Eighter/1392960/

House No. 10 (7 occupants)

Thadey Joyce aged 60 was the head of the family. He lived with his wife Bridget aged 50. Thadey was a farmer and had a cow house. Also living with his daughter Barbra aged 22 and sons Patrick aged 20, Anthony aged 18, Colman aged 15, and John aged 10. No one in the house could read and they all spoke Irish except Anthony who spoke Irish and English. They lived in a class 3 house with 1 window. 7 people occupied 3 available rooms.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Camus/Camus_Eighter/1392961/

House No. 11 (6 occupants)

Coleman Kelly aged 40 was the head of the family. He lived with his wife Anne aged 41. Coleman was a farmer and had no out houses. Living with them in the house were his son Thomas aged 12 and his daughter Mary aged 9 who were both scholars. Coleman’s sister in law Margaret Kelly aged 35 also lived in the house. Margaret was single and a housekeeper. His mother in law Mary Naughton aged 80 also lived in the house. Mary was a widow and a retired farmer. Coleman, Anne and Mary Naughton could not read or write, Margaret could read and write and Thomas and Mary could read. Coleman, Anne and Mary Naughton spoke Irish everyone else spoke Irish and English. They lived in a class 3 house with 1 front window. 6 people occupied 3 available rooms.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Camus/Camus_Eighter/1392962/

House No. 12 (8 occupants)

Patrick Conneely aged 50 was the head of the family. He lived with his wife Mary aged 50. Patrick was a farmer and had 4 out houses, 1 cow house, 1 piggery, 1 barn ad 1 potato house. Also living in the house were his sons Martin aged 22 and John aged 20, his daughter Mary aged 18, his son Peter aged 16, his daughter Bridget aged 14 and his son Patrick aged 10. John and his 2 youngest children, who were both scholars, could read and write. Everyone but his wife Anne spoke Irish and English, she spoke Irish.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Camus/Camus_Eighter/1392963/

House No. 13 (10 occupants)

Pat Joyce aged 50 was the head of the family. He lived with his wife Mary aged 50. Pat was a farmer and had 1 stable and 1 cow house. Also living in the house were his son Tom aged 20, his daughters Mary aged 16 and Bridget aged 14, his sons John aged 12, Coleman aged 8 and Pat aged 5, his daughter Barbra aged 4 and his son Martin aged 3. The three eldest children were farmer’s son and daughters and the rest of the children, apart from the youngest were scholars. Pat, Mary, Tom and the three youngest children could not read, everyone else could read and write. Pat, Mary and Tom spoke Irish everyone else spoke Irish and English. They lived in a class 3 house with 1 front window. 10 people occupied 3 available rooms.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Camus/Camus_Eighter/1392964/

House No. 14 (8 occupants)

Martin Naughton aged 47 was the head of the family. He lived with his wife Sarah aged 45. Martin was a farmer and had 2 out offices, a cow house and a piggery. Also living in the house were his son Thomas aged 20, his daughters Mary aged 18 and Anne aged 15, his sons Barthly aged 13 and Martin aged 10 and his daughter Nora aged 5. In the house only Thomas and Barthly could read. All the children apart from the youngest were listed as farmer’s sons and daughters; Nora was listed as a scholar. Martin, Sarah and their son Martin spoke Irish everyone else spoke Irish and English. They lived in a class 3 house with 1 front window. 8 people occupied 3 available rooms.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Camus/Camus_Eighter/1392965/

House No. 15 (9 occupants)

Michael Naughton aged 47 was the head of the family. He lived with his wife Margaret aged 38. Michael was a farmer and had 2 out offices, a cow house and a piggery. Also living in the house were his daughters Mary aged 17, Bridget aged 15, Anne aged 13, Honor aged 11, Barbara aged 9, and Mary aged 7 and his son Thomas aged 5. All the girls were listed as farmer’s daughters. Michael could read and write and spoke Irish and English, no one else in the house could read and they spoke Irish. They lived in a class 3 house with 1 front window. 9 people occupied 2 available rooms.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Camus/Camus_Eighter/1392966/

House No. 16 (5 occupants)

John Walsh aged 36 was the head of the family. He lived with his wife Mary aged 27. John was a farmer and had 2 out offices, a fowl house and a store. Mary was a housekeeper. Also living in the house were his daughters Mary aged 6 and Honor aged 4 and his son John aged 2. Mary was listed as a farmer’s daughter. John could read and write no one else in the family could read. John and Mary spoke Irish and English and everyone else spoke Irish. They lived in a class 3 house with 0 front windows. 5 people occupied 2 available rooms. No one is listed as the lawful landholder of the property.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Camus/Camus_Eighter/1392967/

House No. 17 (6 occupants)

Peter Conneely aged 50 was the head of the family. He lived with his wife Mary aged 50, Peter was a farmer and had 3 out offices. Mary was a housekeeper. Also living in the house were his son Thomas aged 27, his daughters Bridget aged 20 and Honor aged 16 and his son Michael aged 14. Peter’s children were all listed as farmer’ sons and daughters. Honor was the only one in the house who could read and write, everyone else could not read. They all spoke Irish and English. They lived in a class 3 house with 0 front windows. 6 people occupied 2 available rooms.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Camus/Camus_Eighter/1392968/

House No. 18 (4 occupants)

John Malley aged 60 was the head of the family. He was a farmer and had 1 out office. John was a widower and lived with his son Patrick aged 35, who was married, his daughter in law Annie aged 24, who was a housekeeper, and his daughter Maggie aged 30, who was single. Patrick and Maggie were listed as a farmer’s son and daughter. No one in the house could read, they all spoke Irish and Patrick spoke Irish and English. They lived in a class 3 house with 1 front window. 4 people occupied 3 available rooms.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Camus/Camus_Eighter/1392969/

House No. 19 (6 occupants)

Martin Welby aged 84 was the head of the house. He was a farmer and had 4 out offices. Martin was a widower and lived with his son James aged 28, his daughter in law Mary aged 26, his granddaughter Mary aged 5 and his grandson Martin aged 2. His other grandson Martin aged 16 also lived in the house, he was a farm servant. James was a farmer’s son and Mary was a housekeeper. No one in the home could read and write apart from James and Mary. They all spoke Irish and James, Mary and Martin aged 16 spoke Irish and English. They lived in a class 3 house with 2 front windows. 6 people occupied 3 available rooms.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Camus/Camus_Eighter/1392970/

House No. 20 (6 occupants)

Barbra Martyn aged 60 was the head of the family. She was a farmer and had 3 out offices. Barbra was a widow and lived with her sons John aged 30, Anthony aged 27 and Tom aged 22 and her daughters Anne aged 21 and Bridget aged 20. All her children were listed as farmer’s sons and daughters and were all single. Only Bridget could read and write, they all spoke Irish and John and Bridget spoke Irish and English. They lived in a class 3 house with 2 front windows. 6 people occupied 3 available rooms.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Camus/Camus_Eighter/1392971/

House No. 21 (10 occupants)

Patrick Haire aged 52 was the head of the family. He lived with his wife Mary aged 44. Patrick was a farmer and had 2 out offices. Also living in the house were his son Patrick aged 17, his daughters Bridget aged 16 and Annie aged 14, his son Thomas aged 12, his daughters Barbra aged 10, Honor aged 9 and Ellen aged 7 and his son Michael aged 5. Patrick Bridget and Annie were listed as a farmer’s son and daughters, the rest of the children, apart from the youngest, were scholars. Patrick, Mary, their eldest and their two youngest children could not read and spoke Irish, everyone else could read and write and spoke Irish and English. They lived in a class 3 house with 1 front window. 10 people occupied 3 available rooms.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Camus/Camus_Eighter/1392972/

House No. 22 (5 occupants)

Mary Haire aged 50 was the head of the family. She was a farmer and had no out offices. Mary was a widow and lived with her daughter Bridget aged 24, her son Pat aged 22 and her daughters Annie aged 18 and Barbara aged 15. All her children were listed as a farmer’s son and daughters and single. Only the youngest, Barbara could read and write. They all spoke Irish and the two youngest spoke Irish and English. They lived in a class 4 house with 0 front windows. 5 people occupied 1 available room.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Camus/Camus_Eighter/1392973/

House No. 23 (8 occupants)

Patrick Joyce aged 45 was the head of the family. He lived with his wife Barbara aged 34. Patrick was a farmer and had no out offices. Also living in the house were his son John aged 14, and his daughters Anne aged 10, Mary aged 8, Nora aged 6, Sarah aged 4 and Barbara aged 1. John, Anne and Mary were a farmer’s son and daughters and Nora was a scholar. No one could read apart from John. They all spoke Irish and John, Anne, Mary and Norah spoke Irish and English. They lived in a class 3 house with 1 front window. 8 people occupied 3 available rooms.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Camus/Camus_Eighter/1392974/

House No. 24 (8 occupants)

Honor Keane aged 48 was the head of the family. She was a land owner and a farmer and had 3 out offices. Honor was a widow and lived with her son Bartly aged 22, her daughter Barbra aged 19, her son John aged 17, her Daughters Mary aged 14 and Barbra aged 11, and her sons Colman aged 10 and Martin aged 8. Her three eldest were listed as farmer’s sons and daughter and the other children were scholars. They could all read and write apart from Honor and they all spoke Irish and English. They lived in a class 3 house with 2 front windows. 8 people occupied 3 available rooms.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Camus/Camus_Eighter/1392975/

House No. 25 (8 occupants)

Bartly Walsh aged 50 was the head of the family. He lived with his wife Mary aged 50. Bartly was a farmer and had 1 out office. Also living in the house were his sons Pat aged 20 and Bartly aged 17, his daughter Mary aged 12, son Thomas aged 8, daughter Bridget aged 6 and son Colman aged 3. Bartly, Mary, their eldest son and two youngest children could not read, the other children could read and write. Bartly, Mary, their eldest and their youngest child spoke Irish; the other children spoke Irish and English. 5 members of the family were sick on the 31st of March 1901.They lived in a class 4 house with no front windows. 8 people occupied 1 available room.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Camus/Camus_Eighter/1392976/

House No. 26 (11 occupants)

Peter Conroy aged 40 was the head of the family. He lived with his wife Mary aged 37. Peter was a farmer and had no out office. Also living in the house were his daughters Mary aged 15 and Anne aged 14, his son Colman aged 12, his daughters Norah aged 10 and Bridget aged 8, his son Pat aged 6 and his daughters Kate aged 5, Barbra aged 3 and Ellen whose age is not given. Peter and Mary and their three youngest children could not read. Their children Bridget and Pat could read and the rest could read and write. Peter and Mary and the two youngest children spoke Irish the rest of the children spoke Irish and English. They lived in class 3 house with 1 window. 11 people occupied 2 rooms.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Galway/Camus/Camus_Eighter/1392977/

House No. 27 (0 occupants)

This house is listed on Form B.1. House and Building Return as a Fish Watch House and has no occupants. Peter Conroy of house 26 is the lawful landholder.

1911 Census

This is a return of the Members of families in Camus Eighter, their visitors, boarders and servants who slept or abode in the house on the night of Sunday the 2nd of April 1911.

Description of the Houses

All the houses in Camus Eighter were listed as private dwellings and were built of concrete or stone. The roofs of the houses were of wood, thatch or other perishable material. Most likely they were thatched. The heads of the families were listed as the landholders except house 1 and house 9 (see below). One family lived in each property. The Class of the house depended on the material used in the roof, walls, number of rooms and number of front windows. Most of the houses came under “2’ in the census form meaning that there could be 2, 3, or 4, rooms in the house. One house came under ‘1’ which meant there was 1 room in the house.

General Information

One family lived in each of the 27 houses listed. They were all Roman Catholics and the head of the family was the landholder except house 1and house 9. There were a total of 160 people living in the village, 85 males and 75 females. There were a total of 58 farm buildings in the village. These were 1 stable, 1 coach house, 35 cow houses, 7 calf houses, 9 piggeries, 4 fowl houses and 1 potato house.

Enumerators Extract

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/reels/nai002430604/

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/reels/nai002430606/

House & Building Returns

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/reels/nai002430607/

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/reels/nai002430608/

Out Offices & Farm Steadings

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/reels/nai002430609/

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/reels/nai002430610/

House No. 1 (8 occupants)

Barbra Martin (Tom) aged 75 was the head of the family. She was a widow and had 8 children born alive and 6 still living. Also living in the house were her son John aged 47, his wife Anne aged 35, her son Tom aged 32, her grandson Thos aged 6 and her granddaughters Mary aged 5, Anne aged 2 and Barbara whose ages is not given. John and Anne were married 8 years and had 4 children born alive and 4 children still living. Tom was single. Barbra’s occupation was not given but hers sons John and Tom were listed as farmers; they had 4 out offices, 2 cow houses, 1 piggery and 1 fowl house. Only Anne and Tom could read and write, they all spoke Irish and Anne and Tom spoke Irish and English. They lived in a class 3 house with 2 front windows. 8 people occupied 3 available rooms. John Martin is listed as the lawful landholder of the property.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Camus/Camus_Eighter/469749/

House No. 2 (5 occupants)

Honor Keane (Norah Keane on the building return form) aged 62 was the head of the family. She was a farmer and had 3 out offices, 1 cow house, 1 calf house and 1 piggery. Honor was a widow and had been married for 38 years, she had 9 children born alive and 8 children still living. She lived with her sons John aged 25, Martin aged 21 and Colman aged 23 and her daughter Barbara aged 19, all of whom were single. Honor’s sons were listed as farmer’s sons. Honor could not read, everyone else in the house could read and write. They all spoke Irish and English. They lived in a class 3 house with 2 front windows. 5 people occupied 4 available rooms.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Camus/Camus_Eighter/469750/

House No. 3 (2 occupants)

Mary Walsh (Bartly) aged 54 was the head of the family. She was a farmer and had 2 out offices, 1 cow house and 1 piggery. Mary was a widow and had been married for 30 years. She had 7 children born alive and 7 still living. Mary lived with her sons Nat aged 26 and Thomas aged 24, her daughter Bridget aged 20 and her son Colman aged 14. Nat and Thomas were listed as farmer’s sons and Colman was a scholar. Mary, Nat nor Colman could read, Thomas and Bridget could read only. They all spoke Irish, Thomas, Bridget and Colman spoke Irish and English.

They lived in a class 3 house with 1 front window. 5 people occupied 2 available rooms.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Camus/Camus_Eighter/469751/

House No. 4 (5 occupants)

Patt Joyce (Bartley) aged 56 was the head of the family. He lived with his wife Barbar aged 53. They were married 30 years and had 9 children born alive and 7 children still living. Patt was a farmer and had 1 out office, a piggery. Also living in the house were his daughters Honour aged 16, Sarah aged 14 and Bab aged 11. Patt, Barbar and Honour could not read and spoke Irish, Sarah and Bab could read and spoke Irish and English. They lived in a class 3 house with 1 front window. 5 people occupied 3 available rooms.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Camus/Camus_Eighter/469752/

House No. 5 (8 occupants)

Patrick Hare aged 65 was the head of the family. He lived with his wife Mary aged 54. They were married 34 years and had 12 children born alive and 10 children still living. On the original document it states that Patrick had 6 children still living but this figure has been crossed out and appears to have been an error. Patrick was a farmer and had 2 cow houses. Mary did house work. Also living in the house were his sons Patrick aged 30 and Thomas aged 25, both labourers, his daughters Nora aged 20 and Ellen aged 18, both doing house work, and his sons Michael aged 15 and Martin aged 8, both scholars. Patrick, Mary and their son Patrick could not read and spoke Irish, everyone else could read and spoke Irish and English. They lived in a class 2 house with 3 front windows. 8 people occupied 3 available rooms.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Camus/Camus_Eighter/469753/

House No. 6 (2 occupants)

Mary Hare aged 70 was the head of the family. She was a farmer and had 1 cow house. Mar y was a widow and lived with her son Pat aged 32 and single. Neither could read and they both spoke Irish. They lived in a class 3 house with 1 front window. 2 people occupied 2 available rooms.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Camus/Camus_Eighter/469754/

House No. 7 (9 occupants)

James Welby aged 37 was the head of the family. He lived with his wife Mary aged 30. They were married 14 years and had 7 children born alive and 7 still living. James was a farmer and had 3 out houses, 2 cow houses and 1 calf house. Also living in the house were his daughter Mary aged 12, his sons Martin aged 10, James aged 8 and Pat aged 7, his daughters Anne aged 6 and Bridget aged 4 and his son Michael aged 1. James, Mary, Mary and Martin could read and write and spoke Irish and English, the rest of the house apart from 1 year old Michael spoke Irish. They lived in a class 2 house with 3 front windows. 9 people occupied 3 available rooms.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Camus/Camus_Eighter/469755/

House No. 8 (9 occupants)

Pat Joyce aged 60 was the head of the family. He lived with his wife Mary aged 44. They were married 37 years and had 9 children born alive and 9 children still living. Pat was a farmer and had 3 out offices, 1 cow house, 1 calf house and 1 piggery. Also living in the house were his sons Thomas aged 25, John aged 23, Colman aged 19, Patrick aged 17, Martin aged 12 and Bartly aged 10 and his daughter Bab aged 13. Pat, Mary, Thomas and Patrick could not read everyone else could read and write. Everyone spoke Irish, John, Colman and Bab spoke Irish and English. They lived in a class 2 house with 3 front windows. 9 people occupied 4 available rooms.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Camus/Camus_Eighter/469756/

House No. 9 (3 occupants)

John O’Malia aged 80 was the head of the family. John was a farmer and had 1 cow house. John was a widower and lived with his son Pat Melia aged 45 and his son’s wife Margaret aged 40. Pat and Margaret were married 13 years. Pat was a farmer and was named on the House and Building Return form as the head of the family and the lawful landholder. No one in the house could read and they all spoke Irish. They lived in a class 3 house with 2 front windows. 3 people occupied 2 available rooms.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Camus/Camus_Eighter/469757/

House No. 10 (6 occupants)

Martin Naughton aged 65 was the head of the family. He lived with his wife Sarah aged 60. They were married for 40 years and had 10 children born alive and 10 children still living. Martin was a farmer and had 2 cow houses. Also living in the house were his daughter Maggie aged 24, his son Martin aged 20 and his daughters Sarah aged 15 and Honour aged 12. The two youngest children could read and write and everyone spoke Irish. They lived in a class 3 house with 2 front windows. 6 people occupied 3 available rooms.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Camus/Camus_Eighter/469758/

House No. 11 (6 occupants)

Michael Naughton aged 53 was the head of the family. He lived with his wife Maggie aged 50. They were married 30 years and had 11 children born alive and 8 children still living. Michael was a farmer and had 2 cow houses and 1 calf house. Also living in the house were his daughters Barbara aged 16 and Maggie aged 14, his son Thomas aged 12 and his daughter aged Kate aged 8. Everyone could read and write except Michael’s wife Maggie who could not read, and everyone spoke Irish. They lived in a class 2 house with 3 front windows. 6 people occupied 4 available rooms.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Camus/Camus_Eighter/469759/

House No. 12 (3 occupants)

Annie Kelly (Colman) aged 68 was the head of the family. She was a farmer and had 1 cow house. Annie was married for 24 years and had 2 children born alive and 2 still living. She lived with her son Tom aged 20 and her daughter Mary aged 23, who were both single. Annie and Tom could not read and Mary could read and write. They all spoke Iris and Tom and Mary spoke Irish and English. They lived in a class 3 house with 2 front windows. 3 people occupied 3 available rooms.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Camus/Camus_Eighter/469761/

House No. 13 (8 occupants)

Thady Joyce aged 72 was the head of the family. He lived with his wife Bridget aged 70. They were married for 40 years and had 8 children born alive and 8 children still living. Thady was a farmer and had 2 cow houses and 1 fowl house. His daughter Barbra Canavan aged 36 also lived in the house, Barbra was a widow. Also living in the house were his sons Colman aged 24 and John aged 22, his grandsons Nat Canavan aged 5 and John aged 4 and his granddaughter Mary aged 2. No one in the house could read and they all spoke Irish, Colman spoke Irish and English. They lived in a class 3 house with 2 front windows. 8 people occupied 3 available rooms.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Camus/Camus_Eighter/469760/

House No. 14 (5 occupants)

Patrick Conneely aged 70 was the head of the family. He lived with his wife Mary aged 68. They were married for 45 years and had 6 children born alive and 6 children still living. Patrick was a farmer and had 4 out offices, 1 stable, 1 coach house, 1 cow house and 1 calf house. His son Martin aged 40 and his wife Barbara aged 20 also lived in the house as did Patrick’s other son Patrick aged 20. Patrick was single. Mary and Barbara did house work and Martin and Patrick were labourers. Patrick, Mary and Martin could not read and Barbara and Patrick could read and write. They all spoke Irish and Patrick, Martin, Barbara and Patrick spoke Irish and English. They lived in a class 3 house with 2 front windows. 5 people occupied 3 available rooms.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Camus/Camus_Eighter/469762/

House No. 15 (9 occupants)

Martin Welby aged 46 was the head of the family. He lived with his wife Bridget aged 44. They were married for 19 years and had 8 children born alive and 7 children still living. Martin was a farmer and had 3 out offices, 1 cow house, 1 calf house and 1 piggery. Also living in the house were his sons Martin aged 18 and Pat aged 16, his daughters Mary aged 15 and Bridget aged 13 and his sons Colman aged 11, Tommy aged 9 and Michael aged 4. Martin and Pat were listed as farmer’s sons and the rest of the children, apart from the youngest, were listed as scholars. Everyone could read and write except for Bridget and Martin aged 18 who could not read. They all spoke Irish and English apart from Bridget and the two youngest children who spoke Irish. They lived in a class 2 house with 3 front windows. 9 people occupied 3 available rooms.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Camus/Camus_Eighter/469763/

House No. 16 (11 occupants)

Coleman Welby aged 47 was the head of the family. He lived with his wife Mary aged 45. They were married for 20 years and had 10 children born alive and 9 children still living. Coleman was a farmer and had 4 out offices, 12 cow houses, 1 piggery and 1 potato house. Also living in the house were his daughters Mary aged 19 and Anne aged 18, his sons Patrick and Coleman both aged 16, his daughter Bridget aged 13, his son John aged 11, his daughter Margaret aged 9, his son Martin aged 7 and his daughter Nora aged 2. Patrick, Coleman, Bridget, John, Margaret and Martin were scholars. Everyone apart from Coleman’s wife Mary and the youngest child could read and write and they all spoke Irish and English apart from the youngest child. They lived in a class 2 house with 3 front windows. 11 people occupied 4 available rooms.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Camus/Camus_Eighter/469764/

House No. 17 (2 occupants)

John Keane aged 73 was the head of the family. He was a farmer and had 1 cow house. John was a widower and had 1 child still living. He lived with his daughter Maggie aged 26. Maggie was a lace maker and single. Neither John nor Maggie could read and John spoke Irish and English and Maggie spoke Irish. They lived in a class 3 house with 2 front windows. 2 people occupied 3 available rooms.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Camus/Camus_Eighter/469765/

House No. 18 (7 occupants)

Peter Lydon aged 60 was the head of the family. He lived with his wife Maggie aged 50. They were married for 22 years and had 9 children born alive and 6 children still living. Peter was a farmer and had 1 cow house. Also living in the house were high daughter Mary aged 19, and his sons Pat aged 10 and James aged 8. No one in the house could read and they all spoke Irish. They lived in a class 3 house with 2 front windows. 7 people occupied 2 available rooms.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Camus/Camus_Eighter/469766/

House No. 19 (8 occupants)

Pat Mannion aged 66 was the head of the family. He lived with his wife Bridget aged 50. They were married for 32 years and had 14 children born alive and 10 children still living. Pat was a farmer and had 1 cow house, 1 piggery and a fowl house. Also living in the house were his sons Coleman aged 20, Martin aged 14 and Peter aged 6 and his daughters Mary aged 18, Katrin aged 10 and Anne aged 8. Everyone could read apart from Pat, Coleman and Peter, they all spoke Irish and Coleman and Martin spoke Irish and English. They lived in a class 2 house with 3 front windows. 8 people occupied 3 available rooms.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Camus/Camus_Eighter/469767/

House No. 20 (2 occupants)

John Lydon aged 60 was the head of the family. He was a farmer and had 2 cow houses. John was a widower and lived with his daughter Maggie aged 18. John could not read and spoke Irish. Maggie could read and write and spoke Irish and English. They lived in a class 3 house with 1 front window. 2 people occupied 2 available rooms.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Camus/Camus_Eighter/469768/

House No. 21 (5 occupants)

John Flaherty aged 40 was the head of the family. He lived with his wife Anne aged 30. They were married for 6 year and had 3 children born alive and 3 children still living. John was a farmer and had 2 cow houses. Also living in the house were his son Coleman aged 5, his daughter Mary aged 4 and his son Patrick aged 1. Only Anne could read and write. John and Anne spoke Irish and English and the children spoke Irish. They lived in a class 2 house with 3 front windows. 5 people occupied 3 available rooms.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Camus/Camus_Eighter/469769/

House No. 22 (1 occupant)

Michael Canavan aged 75 was the head of the family. He was a farmer and had 2 cow houses. Michael was a widower and lived alone. He lived in a class 3 house with 2 front windows. 1 person occupied 2 available rooms.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Camus/Camus_Eighter/469770/

House No. 23 (11 occupants)

Thomas Welby aged 54 was the head of the family. He lived with his wife Nora aged 45. They were married for 22 years and had 10 children born alive and 10 children still living. Thomas was a farmer and had 1 cow house and 1 piggery. Also living in the house were his daughters Annie aged 18, Maggie and Bridget both aged 15, his son Martin aged 12, his daughter Honor aged 11, his sons Johney aged 9, Pat aged 7 and Tommy aged 3 and his daughter Marie whose age is not given. Maggie, Bridget, Martin Honor and Johney were scholars. They could all read and write apart from the youngest children. They all spoke Irish and English apart from Pat and Tommy who spoke Irish and the youngest child for whom the information is not given. They lived in a class 2 house with 3 front windows. 11 people occupied 3 available rooms.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Camus/Camus_Eighter/469771/

House No. 24 (5 occupants)

Peter Conneely aged 74 was the head of the family. He lived with his wife Mary aged 72. They were married for 44 years and had 8 children born alive and 7 children still living. Peter was a farmer and had 1 cow house and 1 calf house. Also living in the house were his son Michael aged 20, his daughter Honor aged 23 and Thomas aged 40. They were all single and Michael was listed as a farmer’s son. Honor was the only one who could read and write and they all spoke Irish and English. They lived in a class 2 house with 3 front windows. 5 people occupied 3 available rooms.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Camus/Camus_Eighter/469772/

House No. 25 (10 occupants)

John Walsh aged 46 was the head of the family. He lived with his wife Mary aged 36. They were married for 17 years and had 8 children born alive and 8 children still living. John was a farmer and had 1 cow house. Also living in the house were his daughters Mary aged 16 and Nora aged 10, his sons John aged 12 and Pat aged 8, his daughter Bridget aged 6, his son Martin aged 4, his daughter Maggie aged 2 and his son Tom whose age is not given. His daughter Mary was a lace maker and Nora, John and Pat were scholars. Mary, Nora, John and Pat could read and write, they all spoke Irish and Mary Nora and John spoke Irish and English. They lived in a class 3 house with 1 front window. 10 people occupied 2 available rooms.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Camus/Camus_Eighter/469773/

House No. 26 (8 occupants)

Peter Conroy aged 50 was the head of the family. He lived with his wife Mary aged 48. They were married for 25 years and had 10 children born alive and 10 children still living. Peter was a farmer and had 1 cow house and 1 fowl house. Also living in the house were his sons Coleman aged 20 and Pat aged 16, his daughters Kate aged 14, Barbara aged 12 and Ellen aged 10 and his daughter’s son Peter aged 7. Coleman and Pat were listed as Farmer’s sons and the three youngest were scholars. Everyone could read and write apart from Peter and Mary. Peter, Mary and his grandson, Peter spoke Irish, everyone else spoke Irish and English. They lived in a class 3 house with 1 front window. 8 people occupied 2 available rooms.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Camus/Camus_Eighter/469774/

House No. 27 (1 occupant)

Sarah Cloonen aged 63 was the head of the family. She was a farmer and had no out offices. Sarah was a widow and lived alone. She could not read and spoke Irish. She lived in a class 4 house with no front window. 1 person occupied 1 available room.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Galway/Camus/Camus_Eighter/469775/

Church records of births, deaths and marriages:

Church records of births, deaths and marriages are available online at http://www.rootsireland.ie. To search these records, you will need to know the ‘church parish’ rather than the ‘civil parish’. (The civil parish is the pre-reformation parish and was frequently used as a unit of administration in the past.)

Camus Eighter is in the civil parish of Kilcummin.

Catholic parish:

  • This civil parish corresponds with the following Roman Catholic parish or parishes.
  • Clonbern & Kilkerrin in Galway East.
  • Carraroe in Galway West.
  • Kilannin in Galway West.
  • Kilcummin/Oughterard in Galway West.
  • Rosmuc in Galway West.

Church of Ireland parish:

This civil parish corresponds with the following Church of Ireland parish.

  • Kilcummin in Galway West.

In general, the civil parish and the Church of Ireland parish are the same, but, this is not always the case.

Map

It is located at 53° 21′ 22″ N, 9° 32′ 58″ W.

Ireland was first mapped in the 1840s. 

Camus Eighter

Original OS maps at the Ordnance Survey of Ireland website 

Information from Google Maps:

Information from the National Monuments Service:

You can use this link to view a map of archaeological features.

Archaeological map from the National Monuments Service

Townlands.ie Website

http://www.townlands.ie/galway/moycullen/kilcummin/camus/camus-eighter/

Galway Library Website

http://places.galwaylibrary.ie/asp/fullresult.asp?id=51996

This page was added on 13/02/2015.

Comments about this page

  • Hi,

    First names – Aeneas and Penelope referred to by Mary Joyce.

    Penelope – Female: A Weaver – Greek. Source: New Elizabethan Reference Dictionary.
    This name is also recorded in the Moycullen Catholic parish records, mainly 19th century. Weaving was prominent in rural communities in that period.

    As regard to the name Aeneas – Masculine – Greek. Source: Dictionary of First Names – Tiger Books International, London.

    It may be a local gaelic version of Enda.

    Regards,

    Rick

    By Rick (07/09/2017)
  • Can anyone tell me why the names Aeneas and Penelope appear so much around Camus, Rosmuc and Carna please? Would it have been because of a particular hedge school master? Is there any tradition or folklore explaining it?

    By Mary Joyce (25/08/2017)
  • I have done a fair amount of work on families from this area and am happy to share material with others researching families from the Camus area, (particularly Joyce & McDonogh families).

    By Mary Joyce (21/08/2017)
  • I find it fascinating to read about the people living here over a century ago – thank you so much for including the census results on this site.

    By C Stephenson (27/05/2017)

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